Hmong Studies Journal

Articles

Vol. 17, 2016

The Centrality of Ethnic Community and the Military Service Master Frame in Hmong Americans' Protest Events and Cycles of Protest, 1980-2012
The Centrality of Ethnic Community and the Military Service Master Frame in Hmong Americans' Protest Events and Cycles of Protest, 1980-20121In response to historical disenfranchisement, racial discrimination and other forms of exclusion and oppression...
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The Hmong in Argentina and Their 'Convergence' with the Rankülche
IntroductionArgentina is one of the least known destinations of the Hmong diaspora after the 1975 United States' defeat in the Laotian Civil War. Their arrival, together with other Southeast Asians from refugee camps in Thailand, and a lack of research...
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The Qing Response to the Miao Kings of China's 1795-7 Miao Revolt *
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)IntroductionThe 1795-7 uprising of China's west Hunan "Miao" es (Hmong) hill people against the encroachment of Han Chinese settlers was a watershed in both the history of the region and the local Miao's...
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Frontier Livelihoods: Hmong in the Sino-Vietnamese Borderlands
AbstractThis article consists of a book review of Frontier Livelihoods: Hmong in the Sino-Vietnamese Borderlands, a scholarly work focused on the socioeconomic experiences of the Hmong residing in Northern Vietnam.Keywords: Hmong, Vietnam, BorderlandsFrontier...
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Evaluation of a Pilot Nutrition Education Program Delivered by Hmong Community Health Workers (CHWs)
IntroductionMany members of the Hmong population in the United States suffer from comparatively bad health. Moreover, disease prevention messaging that has traditionally been used through various media and healthcare outlets is not as successful with...
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Comparative Racialization and Unequal Justice in the Era of Black Lives Matter: The Dylan Yang Case
With national attention increasingly focused in recent years on miscarriages of justice involving young men of color, this piece zooms in on a case well known to many Hmong Americans, but little noted by others. The Wisconsin teen conflict between Hmong...
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Vol. 16, 2015

Hmong Women and Education: Challenges for Empowerment in the Lao PDR
Introduction/BackgroundBeing both a minority and a woman implies having to overcome double the number of barriers to receive an education. This is especially true for Hmong women in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), who generally receive...
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Tebchaws: A Theory of Magnetic Media and Hmong Diasporic Homeland
Introduction: Magnetic DiasporaIn the bottom drawer of a steel cabinet in the audio/visual room of the Hmong Archives1, a colorful cluster of audio cassettes rests. Neatly ordered in plastic cases, many of the tapes appear worn and aged. Their vintage...
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Negotiating Two Cultures: Hmong American College Women's Experiences of Being a Daughter
IntroductionAfter the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the Hmong immigrated to the U. S. as refugees. They are considered newer Asian immigrants whose experience of migration is quite different from groups who voluntarily immigrate (Rumbaut, 2006; C. Y. Vang,...
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Hmong Sexual Diversity: Beginning the Conversation
How to begin a conversation about Hmong sexualities? Why have such a conversation at all? And what do we mean when we say "sexualities"? In this paper, three scholars with very disparate positionalities recount one approach to starting a dialogue on...
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Hmong American Leadership and Unity in the Post-Vang Pao Era
IntroductionThe passing of General Vang Pao (hereafter GVP) on January 6, 2011, at the age of 81, ended an historical era for Hmong Americans and the larger Hmong diaspora. He was an iconic figure in the historical development of modern, non-clan leaders...
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Dreams of the Hmong Kingdom: The Quest for Legitimation in French Indochina, 1850-1960
Dreams of the Hmong Kingdom: The Quest for Legitimation in French Indochina, 1850-1960, by Mai Na M. Lee. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 2015. 430 pages.AbstractThis article provides a book review of Mai Na M. Lee's Dreams of the Hmong Kingdom:...
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Displacing and Disrupting: A Dialogue on Hmong Studies and Asian American Studies
Introduction:During the last three decades, Midwest states have witnessed remarkable demographic transformations. Hmong Americans have come to constitute the largest Asian American communities in these states. As the 1.5 generation and the second generation...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, 2014

Mental Health and Hmong Americans: A Comparison of Two Generations
AbstractEarly studies of Hmong refugees in the U.S. indicated high rates of mental distress related to post-migration stressors such as grief and loss, poverty, and social adversity. This study explores the mental health status of two generations of...
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Welcoming Remarks
AbstractText of the Welcoming comments made by Dr. Yang Dao to attendees at the Hmong Across Borders Conference held at the University of Minnesota in October 2013.Keywords: Hmong History, Hmong StudiesHonorable Dignitaries,Distinguished Guests,Ladies...
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Constructing a Governing Rationale: Developing Lao Hmong Refugees at Wat Tham Krabok
AbstractIn this paper I argue that Thai discourses of modernization and development have been taken up by the leaders and other prominent monks at Wat Tham Krabok Buddhist Temple (WTK) in central Thailand's Saraburi Province and directed at governing...
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Reflections on "Crossing Borders in Birthing Practices": Hmong in Northern Thailand and Saint Paul, Minnesota
AbstractAs a family physician and medical anthropologist, I have interacted with pregnant women and their families in Minnesota since 1983 and in one Hmong village in Northern Thailand since 1988. In the previous article I describe our recent research...
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Crossing Borders in Birthing Practices: A Hmong Village in Northern Thailand (1987-2013)
AbstractBackground: Over the past several decades in Northern Thailand, there has been a contest of authoritative knowledge between the Hmong traditional birth system and the Thai biomedical maternity system. In this paper, we explore the contest in...
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Hmong across Borders or Borders across Hmong? Social and Political Influences upon Hmong People: Keynote Speech
AbstractThe Hmong are a transnational ethnic people, because of their dispersal from China into Southeast Asia in the early 19th century and from Southeast Asia to Western countries from 1975 onward. However, even within the context of Southeast Asia...
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Hmong Research-Then and Now: Closing Keynote Speech
Abstract:This article consists of the text of a speech delivered by Dr. Bruce T. Downing as the closing keynote speech at the Hmong Across Borders conference at the University of Minnesota in October 2013. The speech discusses how the author became involved...
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Acknowledgements for the Hmong across Borders Conference at the University of Minnesota, October 4-5, 2013
AbstractThis short article presents brief information about the funders, institutions and funders that made the successful Hmong Across Borders conference that was held at the University of Minnesota in October 2013 possible.Keywords: Hmong, Hmong StudiesOn...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, 2014

Chao Fa Movies: The Transnational Production of Hmong American History and Identity
AbstractFilms made by and for particular social and ethnic peoples can reveal a great deal about identity issues. Here, I examine the cultural production, the content, and the socio-cultural and political significance of three Chao Fa-inspired Hmong...
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Prevalence of Periodontal Disease in the Fresno Hmong Community
ABSTRACTThere has been no research conducted in the past or present to examine the dental health of the Hmong population in California. Having lived and emigrated from the hills of developing countries, such as Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand, where there...
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Soul Calling: A Photographic Journey through the Hmong Diaspora
Pickford, Joel. Soul Calling: A Photographic Journey through the Hmong Diaspora. Heyday, Berkeley, California, 2012, 264 pp.Hmong Studies Journal, 15(1): 1-4.People say a picture is worth a thousand words. This is especially true with the photographic...
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Stressing Success: Examining Hmong Student Success in Career and Technical Education
AbstractThis study examines factors affecting the academic performance of Hmong students at Chippewa Valley Technical College in Eau Claire, WI. Factors specifically analyzed for their impact upon student success are socioeconomic status, family support,...
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Hog's Exit: Jerry Daniels, the Hmong, and the CIA
Morrison, Gayle L. Hog's Exit: Jerry Daniels, the Hmong, and the CIA. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 2013. 431 pages.Hmong Studies Journal, 15(1): 1-5.Hog's Exit: Jerry Daniels, the Hmong, and the CIA, by Gayle L. Morrison. Lubbock, TX: Texas...
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Commentary: Utilizing Community-Engaged Approaches to Investigate and Address Hmong Women's Cancer Disparities
Hmong Studies Journal, 15(1): 1-18.IntroductionIn recent years, awareness of and attention to health disparities in Hmong communities in the United States (U.S.) has been increasing. Based on a growing collection of regional and local studies, we know...
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Vol. 14, 2013

Of Pride and Pencils: Deconstructing the Role of Ethnic Pride in Hmong Adolescent Identity Formation
AbstractThis study examines the ways that Hmong adolescents describe ethnic pride and how their descriptions are informed by perceptions of collective and social identities. Data from semi-structured interviews with 25 Hmong adolescents age 12-18 were...
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Genetic Research with Hmong-Ancestry Populations: Lessons from the Literature and a Pilot Study
AbstractGenetic research with Hmong-ancestry populations has examined differentiation among other Southeast Asian groups and select health conditions; however, there have been few discussions of specific methodological approaches in the literature. Studies...
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Can You "Stand Your Ground" If You Are Hmong? Revisiting Wisconsin V. Vang in Light of Florida V. Zimmerman
AbstractThe 2012 shooting death of Trayvon Martin is widely seen as an unintended outcome of prejudice and misperception and therefore frequently is called a "tragedy." That is also the interpretation that the Hmong American media had of events in Wisconsin...
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YouTube and the Hmong Qeej
AbstractThis paper focuses on the iconic Hmong musical instrument, the qeej, and its presence in cyberspace on YouTube videos. Hmong in the west now engage in an implicit auto-ethnography using this technology presenting new constructions of themselves...
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Mental Health of Hmong Americans: A Metasynthesis of Academic Journal Article Findings
AbstractThe mental health of Hmong Americans has been studied since their arrival in the United States. The purpose of this metasynthesis is to utilize a qualitative approach to analyze academic journal article studies that assess mental health issues...
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Minority Status and Schooling of the Hmong in Vietnam
AbstractThis study examines the disproportionately poor academic performance of the Hmong among the minorities in Vietnam by using Ogbu's cultural ecological theory (Ogbu, 2003). Societal and school factors have been assumed by many policy makers and...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, 2012

Making Ends Meet: Hmong Socioeconomic Trends in the U.S
AbstractThis article examines Hmong socioeconomic trends from 1990 to 2010. A review of economic indicators across states and in relation to the U.S. population reveals that on an aggregate level, the Hmong American population's socioeconomic status...
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Revisiting 37 Years Later: A Brief Summary of Existing Sources Related to Hmong and Their Mental Health Status
AbstractThis paper discusses the complexities of assessing the current mental illness rate of the Hmong in the United States utilizing existing refereed journal articles as well as other sources. It is not intended to discuss mental health cultural competency...
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Til Divorce Do Us Part: Divorce, Sex, and State of Residence among Hmong Americans1
AbstractData from the American Community Survey (ACS) 2008-2010 were used to analyze the relationship between current marital status (divorced versus married) and sex, and to examine how this relationship varies for the Hmong across states. Women, when...
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Hmong Population and Demographic Trends in the 2010 Census and 2010 American Community Survey
AbstractUtilizing 2010 data from the U.S. Census and the American Community Survey, this article discusses shifting Hmong population trends at the national, regional, metropolitan and census tract level. The article also assesses contemporary Hmong demographics...
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Health Disparities Research in the Hmong American Community: Implications for Practice and Policy
AbstractSince the first wave of their arrival to the U.S. over 30 years ago, the Hmong population has grown substantially. Although the focus on health disparities has led to improvements in recent decades in the health of the U.S. population as a whole,...
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Hmong Americans' Educational Attainment: Recent Changes and Remaining Challenges1
AbstractUsing U.S. Census data from 1990 to 2010, this paper examines Hmong Americans' language use, English language ability, school attendance, high school dropout rate, and educational attainment. The data reveal significant improvements in Hmong...
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Vol. 13, No. 1, 2012

Shamanism: Indications and Use by Older Hmong Americans with Chronic Illness
AbstractThis article reports qualitative interviews from an ethnographic study that explored in part, the health seeking behaviors of and for older Hmong Americans with chronic illness. The study occurred over a 36-month period in the St. Paul / Minneapolis...
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The Grammar and Vocabulary Challenges of Generation 1.5 Hmong College Women in Academia
AbstractHigher education institutions in the United States are seeing steadily increasing numbers of Generation 1.5 students from long-term immigrant populations. As part of this trend, more and more Hmong young people are successfully completing graduate...
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Commentary: Mis-Education in K-12 Teaching about Hmong Culture, Identity, History and Religion
AbstractThis commentary article discusses several examples of inaccurate information about the Hmong presented in contemporary materials produced by school district staffand/or published by mainstream publishers in the United States for use with the...
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Commentary: Gender-Based Violence among the (H)mong1
AbstractPrepared for the Seminar on Cultural Factors in the Prevention and Promotion of Gender- Based Violence held at UNESCO Bangkok on 17-18 May 2012, this article presents the current state of the subject in the patrilineal, patrilocal and patriarchal...
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Commentary: A Framework for a Twenty-First Century Hmong Leadership
AbstractThe passing of General Vang Pao in January 2011 invoked many emotions throughout the Hmong communities in America and abroad and became an impetus for transitional leadership efforts in the Hmong American community. As such, the authors were...
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Hmong Students' Perceptions of Their Family Environment: A Consensual Qualitative Analysis of Family Photos1
AbstractAlthough various studies have examined the home environment of low-income families and its impact on children's development, limited research has been done to investigate the impact of home environment on Hmong American families, especially those...
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The Importance of Family for a Gay Hmong American Man: Complicating Discourses of "Coming Out"
AbstractThis article draws on research with a gay Hmong young man to illustrate the ways in which coming out discourses fail to take into account the central importance of family and kinship for gay Hmong Americans. It draws on the narratives of a gay...
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Singing as Social Life: Three Perspectives on Kwv Txhiaj from Vietnam
Singing as Social Life: Three Perspectives on Kwv Txhiaj from VietnamAbstractDespite the recent influx of predominantly foreign-produced recordings of Hmong popular music, the vocal art form of kwv txhiaj still plays an important role in the daily lives...
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Hmong and American: From Refugees to Citizens
Her, Vincent K., & Buley-Meissner, Mary Louise. Hmong and American: From Refugees to Citizens. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2012, 278 pp.While much research has been done on the Hmong, few studies have focused specifically on Hmong...
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At Secret's End
At Secret's End Review of American Hmong: A Memoir Play -a solo stage performance by Teng YangAt the modest Rites and Reason black box theater at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, I had the privilege of watching - indeed being caught up in...
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The Evolution of Hmong Self-Help Organizations in Minnesota
The Evolution of Hmong Self-Help Organizations in MinnesotaAbstractThe Hmong have several types of self-help organizations, classified accordingly to their purposes, to assist the Hmong to adapt to life in American culture. The central research question...
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The Mediated Figure of Hmong Farmer, Hmong Studies, and Asian American Critique
The Mediated Figure of Hmong Farmer, Hmong Studies, and Asian American CritiqueAbstractThe objective of this article is two-fold: First, it argues for critical engagement between Hmong Studies and Asian American Studies. Second, to illustrate the productivity...
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An Introduction to Hmong Culture
Cha, Ya Po. An Introduction to Hmong Culture. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2010, 207 Pages.Employing an 'insider' approach to explore and discuss Hmong life-ways, culture, and traditions, Cha (2010) focuses on salient themes ranging from Hmong history,...
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