Australian Journal of Music Education

Articles

No. 2, July

Centenary Chronicle Chapter 1
I begin by acknowledging the traditional custodians of the land we meet on today, the Ngunnawal and Ngambri people and pay my respects to their elders past and present, and also acknowledge, especially in this year of Canberra's 100th anniversary,...
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Transforming the Landscape through Music Creation and Performance
Let me first say that I'd like to pay respect to the traditional custodians of this land upon which we stand. In about 2008, I was interviewed by my local rag, the Sydney Morning Herald. It was the usual gamut of questions--about my childhood, my...
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Learning to Listen: 15th Annual Peggy Glanville-Hicks Address 2013
Listening is a magnetic and strange thing, a creative force. ... When we are listened to, it creates us, makes us unfold and expand. (Karl Menninger) Listening is an activity that connects us deeply to others. It can change how we perceive the world,...
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Participatory Learning Walks: Reflective Practice for the Conductor-Music Educator
Introduction This paper examines 'learning walks' as a mechanism for reflective practice in music education, specifically exploring the application of an adapted (participatory) learning walk model to an ensemble music education context. Learning...
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Mission Impossible or Possible Mission? Changing Confidence and Attitudes of Primary Preservice Music Education Students Using Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory
Introduction Since the days of the Greek philosophers, music education has been considered an important part of a child's development (Gillespie, 1992; Kelstrom, 1998; Miller & Coen, 1991; Robitaille & O'Neal, 1981). Often music education...
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Developing the Music Pre-Service Teacher through International Service Learning
The University of Western Sydney service learning program In the Master of Teaching Secondary Course, the program 'Professional Experience 3'(known as PE3) at the University of Western Sydney (UWS) involves pre-service teachers completing 60 hours...
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'Extra-Musical Effects' and Benefits of Programs Founded on the Kodaly Philosophy
The study of music is often advocated as having 'extra-musical effects' and benefits contributing to the development of the whole child. Research suggests that learning to think in one area of application can enrich thinking in other areas of application...
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Initiate, Create, Activate: Practical Solutions for Making Culturally Diverse Music Education a Reality
Introduction The 'global village' states Palmer (2004), "has become a cliche, but it is real. We are as close to each other as CNN, e-mail, and the World Wide Web allow" (p. 132). With the increased globalisation of society and advances in technology,...
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Are the Arts Important in Schooling? Clear Messages from the Voices of Pre-Service Generalist Teachers in Australia
Introduction Beliefs about the teaching of Arts education inform a teacher's capability to teach the Arts. If beliefs are positive, the teacher is more likely to engage with Arts experiences in their classroom (Garvis & Pendergast, 2010). If...
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Life in the Real World: How to Make Music Graduates Employable
Life in the Real World: How to Make Music Graduates Employable Edited Dawn Bennett, 2012, Common Ground paperback 284 pp. ISBN 978-161229-079-9 The genesis of this book comes from an International Society for Music Education seminar presented...
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No. 1, January

First Inversion: A Rationale for Implementing the 'Flipped Approach' in Tertiary Music Courses
Introduction Arguably, current models of tertiary learning and teaching are unsustainable. Innovations in digital technologies have begun to transform higher education to the point that universities must embrace change and stay abreast of trends...
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Questioning Assumptions. Vivienne: A Case Study of E-Learning in Music Education
Introduction E-learning provides many affordances for higher education, including improved access to tertiary education for geographically distant students via ubiquitous communication technologies. However, is e-learning appropriate to all domains?...
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Developing Children's Self Initiated Music Making through the Creation of a Shared Ethos in an Early Years Music Project
Research aim The Changing Places project was premised on a set of philosophical ideas about pedagogy and practice in music. These were outlined in a position paper, Changing Places: Openness, pedagogy and Heidegger written by the two researchers...
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Aural Dictation Affects High Achievement in Sight Singing, Performance and Composition Skills
Introduction As a performing musician, secondary school music teacher and tertiary lecturer, I enjoy participating in and facilitating musical development in others. I have always believed that the best teachers are those who continuously strive...
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Musical and Personal Success: Perceptions of Australian Males in Choir
Introduction This paper discusses some of the findings surrounding the notion of success in the context of males in choir. The findings have been taken from doctoral research, which has investigated male participation in choir and how it is influenced...
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The Generalist and the Specialist: Serendipity in Preservice Education
In 2009, the Melbourne Graduate School of Education (MGSE) produced a report on research commissioned by the Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD) that examined classroom music education in Victorian state primary...
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The Afghanistan National Institute of Music: An Interview with Ahmad Sarmast by David Forrest
Australian Journal of Music Education 2013:1, 76-82 Over the last few years there has been a good deal of international coverage of your work and the development of the Afghanistan National Institute of Music. Could I start with asking what was...
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No. 2, July

Where Is Music?: A Philosophical Approach Inspired by Steve Dillon
Prologue Both authors have been fortunate enough to work with Steve throughout his life in various contexts. Steve was always passionate about music education but it was more than that. He was passionate about music and its importance in people's...
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Sharing Ownership in Multicultural Music: A Hands-On Approach in Teacher Education in South Africa
Introduction and background context Africa boasts 54 countries with over 3000 ethnic groups speaking over 2000 languages (Zijlma, 2011). The rich diversity of its people and language contributes to the wide spectrum of music and culture. This article...
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"It All Begins with the Beat of a Drum": Early Australian Encounters with Orff Schulwerk
Introduction Orff Schulwerk is an internationally recognized creative music pedagogy developed by German composer Carl Orff and his colleague Gunild Keetman (Orff, 1978; Frazee, 1987; Goodkin, 2001). Since its re-emergence in the 1950s the Orff...
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Root Tone: A Holistic Approach to Tone Pedagogy of Western Classical Flute
Introduction A major challenge encountered by every serious flute learner is how to achieve and sustain a good tone across all registers. An ideal tone is a complex composite comprising various components whose integration and interactions are vital...
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The Provision of Classroom Music Programs to Regional Victorian Primary Schools
In November 2005, Professor Margaret Seares reported to the Honorable Dr. Brendan Nelson, Minister for Education, Science and Training on what was the most extensive review of music in the history of Australian education. In The National Review of...
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What Would Peggy Do? 14th Annual Peggy Glanville-Hicks Address 2012
Just in case some of you are wondering about what to expect from the original blurb for this address: the pie-graphs didn't quite work out, and powerpoint is so boring, don't you agree? For reasons of a rare dysfunctional condition I have called...
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The Bands Culture in Victoria, Australia: Live Music Benefits Career Paths, Employment and Community
Introduction This paper is a study of live music centred around the performance bands' culture in the State of Victoria, framed with the support given to performers by Arts Victoria (the State Ministry for the Arts), Small Business Victoria (Department...
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City Beats: A Creative Community Partnership Initiative at ArtPlay
Introduction ArtPlay is a unique public arts space managed by the City of Melbourne. (1) It caters for children aged from three to thirteen and provides dynamic and diverse opportunities for social engagement and cultural expression. A key feature...
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The Art of Pianism Meets Science, Sustainable Performance: Use of Arm Weight
Introduction A primary goal of piano performance is for a pianist, when conveying musical images, to produce the appropriate tempo, dynamic, tone and timbre. It embraces a very complex skill, taking years of training for the achievement of proficiency....
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No. 1, January

Direct Instruction and Music Literacy: One Approach to Augmenting the Diminishing?
Introduction Secondary school music teachers are facing the increasing problem of diminishing class time in an increasingly crowded curriculum (Burke, 2007). The creation of the Arts Learning Area has seen the teaching time available for class music...
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'You Are My Sunshine My Only Sunshine': Current Music Activities in Kindergarten Classrooms in Queensland, Australia
Introduction Music is an important component of early years learning programs. Advocates for arts education have continuously argued the importance of the arts in the early childhood classroom (see Eisner, 2002). The arts offer very young children...
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Curriculum Mapping and ePortfolios: Embedding a New Technology in Music Teacher Preparation
Introduction In this article we discuss the mapping of student ePortfolios across the content of a four year undergraduate degree program in music teacher preparation at an Australian university. This is the final stage of a project over the years...
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Preparing for Portfolio Careers in Australian Music: Setting a Research Agenda
Introduction Although the word conservatorio as a place for learning music goes back to sixteenth century Italy, the establishment of most early conservatoires took place at the beginning of the nineteenth century when the demands of European classical...
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Transformative Music Invention: Interpretive Redesign through Music Dialogue in Classroom Practices
Introduction The unique nature of music in the curriculum can offer particular opportunities for learning through semiotic import that promotes cognitive growth in problem solving, critical reflection, and the synthesis of ideas. In music events...
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A Snapshot: Multicultural Music Teaching in Schools in Victoria, Australia, Portrayed by School Teachers
Introduction Australia is a country of migrants and many cultures (Bowen, 2011). From the Second World War to 2006-2007, more than 6.6 million migrants from around 230 countries have settled in Australia. The Australian Government's commitment to...
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Teaching Music as a University Elective Course through E-Learning
Introduction Background Recently there has been a paradigm shift away from the traditional teacher-centered classroom, in which the instruction occurs with an instructor and the students at the same time and place, toward a learner-centered classroom,...
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Music Teaching and Learning in a Regional Conservatorium, NSW, Australia
Introduction Regional Conservatoriums of Music New South Wales (NSW), Australia are unique in that they are not associated with a tertiary institution and receive part funding from the State Government of NSW Department of Education and Training....
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No. 2, July

Editorial
This issue of the Australian Journal of Music Education focuses on issues related to the study and teaching of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander musics and cultures. This responds to a number of agendas throughout the broad curriculum of education...
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Kapua Gutchen: Educator, Mentor and Innovator of Torres Strait Islander Music, Dance and Language at Erub (Darnley Island), Torres Strait
Introduction The contributions of local community members to Indigenous education can be an important component in curriculum programs (Davis, 2004). Not only those designed to attain 'mainstream' goals but also those designed to imbue students...
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Stories of Reconciliation: Building Cross-Cultural Collaborations between Indigenous Musicians and Undergraduate Music Students in Tennant Creek
Introduction As we board the Greyhound bus for Tennant Creek late one afternoon in June we don't quite know what to expect. We have equipped ourselves for thirty-six hours of travelling and two weeks at Winanjji-kari Music Centre as best we can,...
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Teachers Make a Difference to the Study of Aboriginal Music in NSW
Introduction In New South Wales (NSW), high school music teachers are responsible for educating students about Aboriginal music(s) and culture(s) within a mandatory focus on Australian music. Two NSW secondary schools have made changes to their...
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Screen Worlds, Sound Worlds and School: A Consideration of the Potential of the Ethnomusicology of Australian Indigenous Film for Music Education
Introduction In this article we discuss the potential of Indigenous film for meaningful classroom engagement with Australian indigenous music. Selected Indigenous films, we believe, can serve as a profitable starting point in educational encounters...
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Music Education Research in Australia 2010-11
The 2011 update of the BAMER (Bibliography of Australian Music Education Research) database has recently been published on the 'Australian Music Education Information and Resources' website at <http://australian-music-ed.info/BAMER/>. The 'Australian...
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No. 1, January

Ruth Flockart and Dr Wood: A Crucial Relationship in the Development of Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College Music Program
Introduction Too often we overlook the importance of collegiality and familial support in the work of school music teachers. Influences upon school music programs such as curriculum, funding and social changes are often considered as influential,...
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Non-Formal Learning: Clarification of the Concept and Its Application in Music Learning
Topics and issues around informal and formal learning/education have been widely discussed by various music educators (Campbell, 1991a, 1991b; Folkestad, 2005, 2006; Green, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008; North & Hargreaves, 2008; Sefton-Green, 2003)....
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Parental Support in the Development of Young Musicians: A Teacher's Perspective from a Small-Scale Study of Piano Students and Their Parents
Parents stepping farther There is compelling evidence that the confident and skilled playing of most young performers is supported by caring parents who are committed to help their children along the challenging, yet incredibly fulfilling journey...
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German Lieder in the Perception of the Modern Australian Listener and/ or Singer: A Survey at the 30th National Liederfest
German Romantic Art Songs The combination of words and music in song lies at the beginning of all music making; each time has entrusted to its songs its most spontaneous emotions, its most fleeting moods and its most secret feelings; thus the song...
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Cultural Diversity in Australia: Promoting the Teaching and Learning of South African Music
Setting the scene: the Australian context Although this article focuses on the insights of three South African voices on the teaching of African Music in Melbourne (Australia) it is necessary to provide a brief outline of the Australian context...
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An Engaged Approach to Redesigning a Bachelor of Music Education
Introduction Education degrees are constantly evolving in order to remain relevant and valuable to political priorities and new educational paradigms. This evolution is vital to ensure university qualifications provide the skills and essential attributes...
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There's a Fine Line between Pleasure and Pain: Why Students Enrol in Higher Degrees in Music and Music Education
Background After 339 pages, 80,000 words (1 word for every hair loss), 1460 days, 3 wise men, 1 tolerant partner, 1 supportive mother, and heavy medication--I've been awarded my Doctorate of Philosophy. I wouldn't recommend it even to masochists....
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Tabitha's One Teacher Rural School: Insights into the Arts through the Use of a Story Constellation
Introduction This story constellation examines the lived experiences and associated teacher self-efficacy of Tabitha Jones, a third year teacher who is also the principal of a rural one teacher school in Queensland, Australia. It explores her daily...
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No. 2, July

Young Children and Music: Adults Constructing Meaning through a Performance for Children
Background and introduction This paper reports on research carried out in an early learning centre for pre-school children where arts programs, delivered by specialist teachers, are included in the centre's program for all children. In this research...
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A Music Collaboration with Early Childhood Teachers
Introduction This paper discusses some early findings of a research project involving a collaboration with a small group of early childhood teachers in a rural area of New South Wales (NSW). The participants had identified themselves as lacking...
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Middle Years Teachers' Past Experiences of the Arts: Implications for Teacher Education
Introduction In the 21st Century knowledge economy there is an increasing demand for creative, flexible, adaptable and innovative members of the workforce and of the general community (UNESCO, 2006). Concomitantly, education systems are expected...
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In Their Voice: Lower Secondary School Students' Beliefs about Playing Musical Instruments, and the Impact of the Instrument Lesson upon Those Beliefs
Introduction Learning a musical instrument has well documented cognitive and emotional benefits for young people. Many young Western Australians play instruments, and this is reflected in Australian Bureau of Statistics figures indicating that approximately...
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The Perilous Path from Proposal to Practice: A Qualitative Program Evaluation of a Regional Music Program
An evaluation of a particular project has its greatest implications for projects that will be put in place in the future. (Cronbach and Associates 1983, p. 409) Introduction In 2004, a committee of educators from a regional secondary school in...
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Experiences and Understandings: Student Teachers' Beliefs about Multicultural Practice in Music Education
Introduction In Australia in 2005, the National Review of School Music Education (NRSME) reported that music was poorly resourced and often neglected. The NRSME found that "there is a need for immediate priority on improving and sustaining the quality...
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A Ten Year Follow-Up Investigation of Preservice Generalist Primary Teachers' Background and Confidence in Teaching Music
Introduction Entry level preservice teachers bring with them a wide variety of background and experiences in the different subjects they are to learn and teach (Jensen & Rowley, 2004). What preservice teachers learn is influenced by the assumptions,...
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Cassie: A Gifted Musician. Socio-Cultural and Educational Perspectives Related to the Development of Musical Understanding in Gifted Adolescents
Statement of the problem and research questions In this case study, the aim was to discuss specific problems inherent in the notion of musical understanding as an outcome of music education. The case study focused on the integration and interplay...
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Gesture as a Tool of Communication in the Teaching of Singing
Teaching Singing Efficient communication is unarguably a key aspect of all teaching, as a teacher's knowledge, skill and wisdom are only of help if they can be successfully put across to the student. The nature of its subject makes the teaching...
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Trauma-Related Dissociation as a Factor Affecting Musicians' Memory for Music: Some Possible Solutions
Introduction Handling the demands of complex mental processing of musical material is essential for any musician. The requirement of highly developed memory skills applies most evidently to performers, but also to music teachers, researchers and...
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Dalcroze Eurhythmics: Interaction in Australia in the 1920s
In Australia, the interaction between Dalcroze Eurhythmics, physical education, movement and dance as well as music teaching in the years before and after World War I is puzzling. Although musical, rhythmical and aural training aspects are at the heart...
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Musical Futures in Victoria
Background Numerous academics, reports and teachers have noted that music in secondary schools as a school subject is frequently not a popular and stimulating element of the curriculum: in fact, it seems to be of little interest or relevance to...
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Music Education Research in Australia-2009-2010
The BAMER (Bibliography of Australian Music Education Research) database has recently been fully revised and updated, and all current information has transferred to a new BAMER website at <http://australian-music-ed.info/ BAMER/>. The BAMER website...
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Kodaly Today
Houlahan, M. & Tacka, P. (2008). Kodaly Today New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780-19-531409-0, Pb, 617pp. Kodaly Today was written by Mfcheal Houlahan and Philip Tacka after working with music instructors for over a decade "to learn...
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Piano Lessons
Anna Goldsworthy (2009). Piano Lessons. Melbourne: Black Inc. ISBN 9781863954433, PB, 224pp Piano Lessons is an elegantly crafted piece of writing from its organisation, through its array of characters, to the descriptive account of learning music....
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No. 1, January

What We Want: The Music Preferences of Upper Primary School Students and the Ways They Engage with Music
Introduction "The grade 6s are my least favourite year level to teach. They're so hard to engage so you end up spending most of the lesson trying to keep them under control--and even that doesn't always happen." Primary school music...
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Attributions for Success: Exploring the Potential Impact on Music Learning in High School
Introduction: Attribution theory and self-efficacy The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of students' self-perceptions and beliefs about their abilities in affecting their educational outcomes and achievements. There are close links...
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Shifting the Cantus Firmus: Australian Music Educators and the ERA
Background In fourth species counterpoint, some notes are sustained in the added part while others in the given part move against them, often creating dissonance or instability. As Australian academics add more and more parts to the roles they play,...
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Benefits of a Classroom Based Instrumental Music Program on Verbal Memory of Primary School Children: A Longitudinal Study
Introduction Musicians have been found to demonstrate enhanced cognitive and psychosocial functioning when compared with non-musicians, demonstrating superior verbal memory ability (Chan, Ho, & Cheung, 1998; Costa-Giomi, 2004; Ho, Cheung, &...
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Intercultural Musicianship: A Collective and Participatory Form of Music Exchange across the Globe
Providing opportunity for intercultural exchange Globalisation and the rapid advancement of technology have contributed to the expansion of Marshall McLuhan's (1967) envisioned 'global village' and intercultural exchange. Communication technology...
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The Enhancement of Musical and Other Learning for Both Teachers and Students through a Weekly Choir Session
Introduction Primary schools are such busy demanding places. Educators are concerned with a crowded curriculum and high emphasis placed on the development and cultivation of literacy and numeracy concepts. Teachers are generally concerned with the...
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Responding to the Challenge: Giving Pre-Service Classroom Teachers a Musical Language and Understanding
Introduction Pre-service teaching degree programs respond to many outside influences such as political change, professional requirements, and academic integrity. Higher education reforms have a heavy impact, usually requiring a limiting of resources...
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Forrest, D. (Ed) (2010). Journeying: Reflections on Doctoral Studies by Australian Music Educators
Forrest, D. (Ed) (2010). Journeying: Reflections on Doctoral Studies by Australian Music Educators. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing ISBN 978 1 92150975 9. 281pp. David Forrest has performed yet another service to music educators by his...
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Musictime!-Ros McMillan
Musictime!--Ros McMillan MusicTime! 2nd edn. 2005, Hal Leonard Australia. ISBN 0 7329 5078 3 MusicTime Too! 2000, Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 0 7329 5499 1 MusicTime! Teachers Notes Reprinted 2007, Hal Leonard Australia. ISBN 978-0-9803225-9-0...
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Marsh, K. (2008). the Musical Playground: Global Traditions and Changes in Children's Songs and Games
Marsh, K. (2008). The Musical Playground: global traditions and changes in children's songs and games. New York: Oxford University Press. This book, by Kathryn Marsh, is based on her doctoral studies and subsequent research funded by the Australian...
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No. 2, July

Editorial
Welcome to this special focus edition of the Australian Journal of Music Education, Transforming Disability: Music in Special Education. The portrayal in the visual media of people with disabilities include Tim (based on a novel of Australian author,...
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The Effect of Participation in a Music Mentorship Program on the Self Esteem and Attitudes of At-Risk Students
Introduction A growing number of students today are at risk for dropping out of school, under employment, teen parenthood, incarceration, and ultimately becoming nonproductive members of society (Vaughn, Bos & Schumm, 2006). Risk factors are...
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Improvisation as Communication: Students with Communication Disabilities and Autism Using Call and Response on Instruments
The deficits in social reciprocity that are critical to the diagnosis of an ASD reflect an intrinsic inability to read and comprehend the feelings, experiences, and motives of others. These basic social understanding skills allow interpretation of...
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Researching and Developing Music Provision in Special Schools in England for Children and Young People with Complex Needs
Introduction The House of Commons Select Committee on Education (2006) estimated that around 18% of all pupils in England were categorised as having Special Educational Needs (SEN). "Around 3% of all children (250,000) had a statement of SEN and...
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Getting Better All the Time: Using Music Technology for Learners with Special Needs
Introduction However, profound an individual's degree of cognitive, sensory or physical impairment may be, very strong responses to music and sound can frequently be observed (McPhail, 2002). However, as Ockelford (2008) observes: "music education...
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Don't Hang Your Dreams in a Closet: Sing Them, Paint Them, Dance Them, Act Them
About two years ago I attended a UNESCO sponsored conference on The Arts in Portugal with Bella Irlicht, Principal of Port Phillip Specialist School, and Pam Russell--two of the major forces behind this symposium. After the conference in Lisbon...
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No. 2, Annual

Editorial
Welcome to the first electronic issue of the Australian Journal of Music Education. As early childhood increasingly receives more attention from the research community and the significance of the early years for future well-being and development are...
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Music with Very Young Children: Then and Now
The first kindergartens, child care centres and training colleges In 1895 the desire to keep slum children off the streets of Sydney led charity workers to set up a free kindergarten in Woolloomooloo, and in 1897 they formed the Kindergarten Union...
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Notes on Jonathan: A Child's Experience of a Music Program in a Childcare Setting
Introduction In this paper I describe the manifold effects of a concerted music program on an individual child--'Jonathan'. Over 15 weeks one music session per week was held with a group of 17 three to four year old children in a community child...
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Music in Early Childhood Education: Teachers' Levels of Confidence and Happiness
Introduction Music has been widely acknowledged as one of the essential components in early childhood education. Researchers have referred to several positive impacts of music on young children's development, including the enhancement of emotional...
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The Intentional and Deliberate Provision of Music in Early Childhood Settings in NSW, Australia
The components of the Framework A curriculum framework is not the same as a curriculum. A 'framework' is a written guideline whilst 'curriculum' is what actually 'happens' in the classroom'; a framework is a way of making sense of what is happening...
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Music Technology: A Vehicle for Young Children's Music Learning
Introduction Computer-based music technology is a normal medium for composition and performance realisation in the contemporary music industry and in leisure markets and this has been the case for some time. Almost a decade ago WiIliams and Webster...
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Choir and Strings-A Magical Music Experience in Early Childhood: A Report on a Collection of Early Childhood Songs Arranged for Voice and Strings, with Narrative
Introduction A narrative by Catherine Banney entitled The Magic Music School provided the framework for ten children's songs arranged by David Banney for voice and strings which were performed at the Newcastle Conservatorium of Music Concert Hall....
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No. 1, Annual

Making Space as White Music Educators for Indigenous Australian Holders of Song, Dance and Performance Knowledge: The Centrality of Relationship as Pedagogy
A narrative to begin We sat underneath the shade of a mango tree at the Sandridge, an outstation located on Yanyuwa traditional country approximately 30km west of the remote town of Borroloola in the south west Gulf country of the Northern Territory....
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A Study on the Factors Influencing the Talent Development of a Musically Gifted Adolescent in Singapore Using Gagne's DMGT-Based Analysis
Introduction Talent development in music is a complex phenomenon. The literature documents a number of musical talent developmental studies, broadly divided into those examining the effects of the characteristics of the environment (Bloom, 1985;...
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Musculoskeletal Injuries in Elite Pianists: Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors
Introduction In recent years, there has been growing recognition that playing a musical instrument is analogous to athletic performance due to the intense level of demand and practice, emphasis on speed and accuracy and stress of competition.(Quarrier,...
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Performance Anxiety and the Inner Critic: A Case Study
Introduction Since the mid 1980s, research has demonstrated that musicians at all levels of training and expertise may suffer from physical, psychological and occupational stress problems (Lederman, 1989). Performance anxiety (PA) significantly...
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Arts/music Learning and the Development of Learners' Life-Long Creative Capacity
Introduction Changes within communities and workplaces are and will continue to be on going. Knowledge is becoming increasingly diverse and quickly changing. There will, for example, be new types of employment and technologies in the future that...
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Are Resources Solely to Be Blamed? the Current Situation on Music Education Facilities, Computer and Music Technology Resources in Victoria
Introduction The National Review of School Music Education (NRSME) has clearly stated that: While there are examples of excellent music education in schools, many Australian students miss out on effective music education because of...
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Music Education Research in Australia-2008
The two major conferences held during 2008 at which Australian music education researchers presented papers and/or contributed to symposia were the 28th World Conference of the International Society for Music Education and the 30th Annual Conference...
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