Early Childhood Folio

Articles

Vol. 16, No. 2, Fall

Comment
This issue of Early Childhood Folio has a diverse range of articles focusing on highly relevant and current pedagogical issues. Several involve case studies, where in-depth analysis enables opportunities for learning and development afforded by pedagogy...
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The Interview: Geraldine McDonald
When Geraldine McDonald started her research career, there was virtually no serious focus on the early childhood years. She has been one of the influential thinkers and powerful advocates who have helped ensure a huge shift in attitudes and attention...
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Pedagogy beyond the Gate: The Ngahere Project
Introduction Taking children into the outdoors, as a primary site for learning and discovery, has been an important aspect of New Zealand early childhood education (ECE) for many years (Ministry of Education, 1996, 2009). In recent years a number...
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Beyond "Killing, Screaming and Being Scared of Insects": Learning and Teaching about Biodiversity in Early Childhood Education
Introduction Young children in many early childhood settings around the world are demonstrating their awareness of the impact they may have on the environment, and consequently developing a disposition towards a more sustainable way of living (Elliott,...
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The Early Childhood-School Relationship: Overcoming Invisible Barriers
Introduction The literature on the early childhood--school relationship has identified this relationship as being dominated by differences, and--more often than not--these differences are unable to be reconciled (e.g., Moss, 2008). This article...
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Applying a Model of Participation Rights in Home-Based Early Childhood Settings: A Case Study
Background The notion of children's participation in its many guises, and the value of children taking a lead role in their lives and learning with others, has developed from evolving theory and thinking about effective learning and development...
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Whakapapa: Culturally Valid Assessment in Early Childhood
E kore au e ngaro; he kakano i ruiruia mai i Rangiatea. I will never be lost; the seed was sown in Rangiatea. --traditional Maori proverb Introduction This article illustrates how traditional Maori forms of knowing, such as whakapapa, can...
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Centre-Parent Communication about Children's Learning
The context: New Zealand early childhood education New Zealand, for about 5 years, was in a unique situation when government grants were at a level that made it possible for education and care centres to employ 100 percent qualified teachers. The...
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Vol. 16, No. 1, Spring

Comment
This issue of Early Childhood Folio ranges from a big-picture and readable review of the main debates within the literature about play in Western settings, to a small, qualitative, in-depth case study of a single child and the use of narrative inquiry...
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The Interview: Jane Ritchie
This is the first in a series of interviews with researchers whose work has made a difference in the area of early years education. Sarah Boyd interviews University of Waikato Emeritus Professor Jane Ritchie. Jane Ritchie recalls driving around...
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Chinese Immigrants in New Zealand Early Childhood Settings: Perspectives and Experiences
This article discusses the perspectives and experiences of Chinese immigrant parents in New Zealand early childhood settings. The findings suggest that the parents' behaviors is aimed at raising children with an understanding of both New Zealand and...
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Exploring Te Ao Maori: The Role of Museums
Museums offer many opportunities for developing knowledge of the bicultural heritage of Aotearoa New Zealand. This article reports on research involving a kindergarten located in a national museum. It discusses children's growing understanding of te...
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The Five Debates: Simplifying the Contemporary Play Literature
This article reviews the literature on the play-based curriculum, which is characterised by tension and debate. It aims to present the literature in a simplified and accessible way, suggesting it can be helpful to see it as falling into five debates...
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Looking, Listening-In and Making Meaning: An Infant's Encounters at Childcare
The Infants' Lives in Childcare research project aims to investigate what life is like for infants in group care from the perspective of infants themselves (Sumsion et al., 2011). The project is funded through the Australian Research Council and supported...
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Wellbeing and Narrative Identity
I recently undertook an investigation in an early childhood centre in Auckland to develop knowledge about children's lived experience of wellbeing. Wellbeing is a significant aspect of New Zealand early childhood education, being one of the major strands...
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Children's Working Theories: The Neglected Sibling of Te Whariki's Learning Outcomes
What's your working theory about the concept of working theories? While Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996) has two overall learning outcomes, dispositions and working theories, we know far more about the former than the latter. At a meeting a...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, Fall

Comment
It is with great pleasure that we write an introduction to this special issue of the Early Childhood Folio on key learning competencies across place and time. Publication of these working papers (adapted and edited for the Early Childhood Folio) from...
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Te Tuangi (the Clam): A Metaphor for Teaching, Learning and the Key Competencies
This article reports on one aspect of the Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project Key Learning Competencies across Place and Time: Kimihia te ara totika, hei oranga mo to ao. The project was designed to explore research questions relating...
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"Stone Crazy": A Space Where Intentional Teachers and Intentional Learners Meet
At New Brighton Community Preschool and Nursery, "continuity" was one of the topics of research interest during the Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project entitled Key Learning Competencies across Place and Time: Kimihia te ara totika,...
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Assessment of Key Competencies, Literacy and Numeracy: Can These Be Combined?
This article begins with a question about the assessment of key competencies in a primary school classroom. It was one of the questions that was interesting to us as we participated in a Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project entitled...
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Relating to Others: Three Layers of Knowing
During research on a Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project entitled Key Learning Competencies across Place and Time: Kimihia te ara totika, hei oranga mo to ao, directed by Margaret Carr and Sally Peters at the University of Waikato,...
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Reshaping the Learning Disposition Domains: Rethinking the Language for Infants and Toddlers
During our participation in a Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project entitled Key Learning Competencies across Place and Time: Kimihia te ara totika, hei oranga mo to ao, we were invited, as part of the action research design, to...
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Co-Constructed Pathways of Learning: A Case Study
As part of a 2005-7 Teaching and Learning Research Initiative (TLRI) project entitled Key Learning Competencies across Place and Time: Kimihia te ara totika, hei oranga mo to ao, we contributed research from our classroom at Discovery 1 School in Christchurch....
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Vol. 15, No. 1, Spring

Comment
The articles in this edition of Early Childhood Folio are likely to generate thinking that challenges taken-for-granted practice and beliefs. They all draw on research within early childhood settings. The first is a provocative article by Jayne...
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Dust under the Whariki: Embracing the Messiness of Curriculum
Introduction--Curriculum seen as a battle between order and disruption As all New Zealand teachers know, Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996) conceptualises curriculum as "the sum total of all activities" (p. 10, my emphasis). Such an expansive...
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Learning Scientific Knowledge from and with Others
Introduction Researcher concern that New Zealand early childhood teachers' lack of scientific content knowledge influences their ability to support children's scientific interests has been evident for the past 20 years (Fleer, 2001). Past research...
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Can I Play? Children's Participation Strategies in Early Childhood Settings
Introduction A number of elements have been found to affect children's peer relationships in play. Social pretend play requires mutual agreement on the interpretive frame and the maintenance of willing collaboration by the children in the construction...
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To Intervene, or Not to Intervene, That Is the Question
Introduction This study was initiated to address the perception that increasingly younger children are being identified as antisocial in the United Kingdom, creating a downward spiral towards their being labelled as antisocial or prosocial early...
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Exploring Games of Chase in the Early Childhood Curriculum
Introduction This article is based on a PhD research project that explored games of chase with children at an early childhood centre. Playing games of chase can be a valuable learning experience for young children by contributing to multiple and...
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Matching Parents' Efforts: How Teachers Can Resist Heteronormativity in Early Education Settings
Introduction How do you recognise and resist heteronormativity in early education settings? What kinds of experiences are welcoming for same-genderparented families? (1) When same-gender-parented families seek recognition, how might early-years...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, Fall

Comment
This edition of Early Childhood Folio brings together a range of articles that are likely to provoke the reader by questioning some common practices and contributing examples of new pedagogical approaches and ways to encourage breadth, depth and complexity...
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Being "Sociocultural" in Early Childhood Education Practice in Aotearoa
Introduction Since 1996, early childhood educators in Aotearoa have worked under the rubric of the first national early childhood curriculum, Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996). Te Whariki has been recognised for its sociocultural emphasis...
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Te Kakano (the Seed): Growing Rich Mathematics in ECE Settings
How can we grow rich authentic mathematics in early childhood settings? This article focuses on Te Kakano (the seed), a metaphor for growing rich mathematics. Early childhood educators are likely to be familiar with the Te Kakano framework from Book...
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Seeing Things Differently: Student Teaches and the Arts in Early Childhood Settings
Introduction In New Zealand early childhood education (ECE), a sociocultural orientation has been adopted in curriculum provision and assessment practices (Ministry of Education, 1996, 2004, 2007b, 2009a, 2009b). Sociocultural theories, based on...
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Collaborating with Children and Whanau in Assessment for Learning
In 2010, assessment in early childhood education has increased in importance for both teachers and parents in anticipation of testing for literacy and numeracy in the first years of school. The early childhood curriculum, Te Whariki, is linked to a...
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Unravelling Children's "Freedom of Choice"
Unravelling children's "freedom of choice" The discourse of children's freedom of choice is deeply embedded in early childhood education, so to focus an article on issues of power and control in relation to the resources and equipment that children...
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Food for Thought: Breastfeeding and Early Childhood Education Services
Introduction In 2009 the Ministry of Health contracted the authors of this article (Carol and Judith) to draft breastfeeding guidelines for early childhood centres as a continuation of the work previously undertaken by Farquhar and Galtry (2003)....
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Vol. 14, No. 1, Spring

Comment
Since its beginnings in 1983, the Early Childhood. Folio has undergone a number of changes. This edition marks another one: the decision to publish two issues a year. This major milestone recognises the place that the Folio has as New Zealand's leading...
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Becoming Ecologically Sustainable in Early Childhood Education
Introduction Three years ago, when we began a research project with a focus on ecological sustainability in early childhood education, there was much less attention paid to this global issue than there is now. Internationally, education in general,...
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Developing Leadership through Blended Action Learning
Introduction Those in leadership positions in the New Zealand early childhood education sector have few opportunities to engage in leadership development programmes, particularly comprehensive long-term programmes that allow them to focus on strengthening...
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Advocating for Infants' Rights in Early Childhood Education
Introduction In a society that is not used to giving weight to the views of children of any age, we will need to be strong advocates in minute particulars if children without the voice of mature language users are to be listened to and taken account...
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Finding Our Way: Interpreting Reggio in a New Zealand Context
Introduction The early childhood education system of the Italian city Reggio Emilia has had a strong impact on early childhood educators around the world. There are a number of elements of the Reggio approach that are seen as providing inspiration...
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Settling Infants and Toddlers into Early Care and Education
Introduction Starting at an early childhood centre is one of the biggest transitions a young child will make. It can be an extremely stressful time for the child, and for their parents and whanau. This is a report of an action research project that...
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Sameness-as-Fairness: Early Childhood Professionals Negotiating Multiculturalism in Childcare
Introduction The early childhood profession has a long-standing commitment to understanding and supporting diverse families, including the wide spectrum of ethnic and cultural backgrounds families bring to early childhood settings. In Australia,...
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Vol. 13, Annual

Comment
This 13th issue of Early Childhood Folio represents the diversity and quality of research being undertaken in New Zealand through university theses, and by researchers and teachers working together in collaborative partnerships. All of the articles...
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Supporting the Transition from Early Childhood Education to School: Insights from One Centre of Innovation Project
Introduction This article presents some of the findings from a three-year (2005-8) Centre of Innovation research project at Mangere Bridge Kindergarten in Auckland. The Centre of Innovation programme, funded by the Ministry of Education, was designed...
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ICT and the Greatest Technology: A Teacher's Mind
My three years as national team leader of the Early Childhood Education Information and Communication Technology Professional Learning (ECE ICT PL) programme has given me plenty of time to observe and puzzle over the inclusion of Information and Communication...
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Strengthening Responsive and Reciprocal Relationships in a Whanau Tangata Centre
In March 2005 the general manager of the Wellington Region Free Kindergarten Association and Jeanette Clarkin-Phillips (University of Waikato) began discussions about setting up a research partnership to support the teachers at Taitoko Kindergarten...
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Finding out about Children's Literacies in Family Contexts: Vignettes from Wadestown Kindergarten
Between 2006 and 2009 Wadestown Kindergarten, as a designated Centre of Innovation, investigated multimodal literacies and their roles in communicative competence and meaning making (Simonsen et al., 2009). This focus links with the Communication strand...
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Distributed Leadership Utilising Everyone's Strengths
Research shows that leadership plays a significant role in the process of educational change and improvement (Day, Harris, Hadfield, Tolley, & Beresford, 2000; Fullan, 1992; Hargreaves, 1994; Sergiovani, 2001). There are many different theories...
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"But Who Are the Parents?" Examining Heteronormative Discourses in New Zealand Government Early Childhood Reports and Policy
In this article I'll show the rise and fall of heteronormative discourses in New Zealand government early childhood education reports and policy. On the basis of findings from a recent research project that studied heteronormativity in early childhood...
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Kaupapa Maori Assessment: A Journey of Meaning Making
Introduction This article describes the journey of a Maori early childhood centre towards an assessment framework that embeds Maori epistemologies, ideas of valued learning and cultural norms and understandings. The information presented is based...
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Spotlight on Leadership: An Interview with Professor Viviane Robinson
It was her own three-year stint as head of The University of Auckland's School of Education that really sparked Viviane Robinson's interest in leadership. "That sort of experiential, gut-level feeling for it gave me a much stronger sense that there...
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Vol. 12, Annual

Comment
This issue of Early Childhood Folio goes to publication as the second New Zealand Council for Educational Research national survey of early childhood education services is being released. The national survey was conducted in late 2007. It questioned...
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"Even When We're Big We'll Still Be Friends": Working Theories in Children's Learning
Te Whariki Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996) has been widely acclaimed as a curriculum document intended to cater for children from birth to five years. It has been noted for its progressive and nonprescriptive bases, emphasis on learning...
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Ripples of Action: Strengthening Environmental Competency in an Early Childhood Centre
Ripples are ever increasing circles of movement that gather momentum and spread beyond the point where they're initiated. Each ripple has its own momentum, yet when it touches another it increases momentum, changing form and pattern as it continues...
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Spotlight on ICT in Early Childhood Education: An Interview with Ann Hatherly
Ann Hatherly believes Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has much to offer learning and teaching in early childhood centres around New Zealand. Ann works for CORE Education (www.coreed.net), which is contracted by the Ministry of...
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The Electric Teacher: Philosophical Pathways to Being an Empowered Early Childhood Educator
Imagine your shock when you discover that you are not a real teacher, you have just been programmed to think you are real. You are an electric teacher. But do not worry, being an electric teacher can be an authentic journey in teaching and learning....
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Children's Interest in Media-Inspired Play and Teacher Reactions: Resistance in the Playground
In this article I discuss children's interest in media-inspired play at their early childhood centre and possible reasons for their resistance to centre and/or teacher restrictions to some of these play scenarios. It is based on recent research...
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On Our Best Behaviour: Lesbian-Parented Families in Early Childhood Education
Aotearoa New Zealand's early childhood curriculum document Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996) consistently promotes strong partnerships with all families and whanau. The foreword, introduction, and implementation sections emphasise a curriculum...
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The Development of Mathematical Language in a Young Child: A Pilot Study
Mathematics is a language, for the communication of ideas. During their preschool years, children develop a mathematical language base which they build on through further exposure to mathematical ideas. Teachers need to be aware of the early development...
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"If You Don't Know Her, She Can't Talk": Noticing the Tensions between Deficit Discourses and Inclusive Early Childhood Education
This article argues that, as teachers, we need to be aware of and attentive to the beliefs, assumptions, and attitudes that underlie our culture and society and how these relate to our thinking and behaviour in our work. This is particularly important...
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Documenting for Inclusion: How Do We Create an Inclusive Environment for All Children?
Botany Downs Kindergarten started its three-year journey as a Centre of Innovation (COI) in 2006. COIs are part of the New Zealand Government's initiatives for improving the quality of early education (Ministry of Education, 2002). The aims of the...
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How Do Home-Based Co-Ordinators Support Educators to Notice, Recognise, and Respond to Children's Learning?
Home-based services are important providers of early childhood education. Government statistics show that between 1990 and 2004, the number of New Zealand children enrolled in licensed home-based services rose from 1611 to 9922 (Ministry of Education,...
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Vol. 11, Annual

Comment
A new feature in this issue of Early Childhood Folio is an interview with an experienced researcher talking about three important messages from research. It is fitting that the first interview is with Emeritus Professor Anne Smith who is renowned for...
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Young Children Breaking the Rules: A Sociocultural Interpretation
In this article, I explore why young children challenge and break adults' rules. I briefly review others' explanations of this phenomenon and draw on my doctorate study to offer teachers an alternative way of understanding this more challenging aspect...
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Narrative Activity: Mediating the Complexities in Learning
A feature of groups of young children's playfulness is their exuberant energy; the mirth, glee, and exhilaration in playfulness is expressed in their bodies. Observing children's everyday playfulness in early childhood centres contributed to my decision...
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"Relationships and Interactions": A Research Project on Supporting Parents Alongside Children's Education (SPACE) Programme in a Playcentre
Playcentres are internationally recognised early childhood organisations that are unique to New Zealand. The Playcentre movement began as a parent co-operative during the 1940s to support families and promote new developments in early childhood education....
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Investigating Multiple Literacies: Wadestown Kindergarten C0I
Since 2002, the Centre of Innovation (COI) research programme, funded by the Ministry of Education, has enabled teachers to work with researchers to document and enhance their innovative approaches to learning and teaching within their early childhood...
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Participatory-Research Methods with Young Children: Experiences from the Field
For some time now, many childhood sociologists and early childhood researchers have argued that children are active participants in research and not merely passive recipients of experiences (Clark & Moss, 2001). Alongside a growing interest in...
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Subject Knowledge Enhances the Documentation of Young Children's Mathematical Learning
This article is informed by the findings from a recent research project that investigated how expertise in the teaching and learning of mathematics in early childhood could be enhanced. It involved five teachers from three West Auckland kindergartens....
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What Is It about the Monkey Bars?
The outdoors has long been seen as a significant and important aspect of children's lives within New Zealand. Early childhood educators have historically recognised the benefits of being outside and physically active. Today, many more experts and researchers...
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Thinking Skills in the Early Years: A Literature Review
Reprinted from practical research for education, 36 2006 A team of researchers at the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) carried out a literature review exploring thinking skills in the early years (for children aged three to seven)....
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Spotlight on Children's Issues: An Interview with Anne Smith
Anne Smith has whipped across the Tasman to look after sick grandchildren in Melbourne when I catch up with her. The practical and personal has always been right up there, informing her research into children's issues and her strong advocacy on their...
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On the First NZCER National Survey of Early Childhood Education Services: 2003-2004
In late 2003/early 2004 NZCER researchers surveyed early childhood services around the country talking to parents, managers and teachers about all aspects of what was being provided. We were able to survey about IS percent of the sector--weighted...
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Vol. 10, Annual

Comment
This issue of Early Childhood Folio comes at a time of considerable interest by practitioners, politicians, and policy advisers in research and thinking about early childhood education settings as contexts for participation, learning, and collaboration....
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New Forms of an Old Art-Children's Storytelling and ICT
I have worked in early childhood for a number of years I and for the last eight have been the head teacher at Westmere Kindergarten. Over this time my own interest in Internet and communication technology (ICT) has increased and this has led to seeing...
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Redefining Professionalism in Early Childhood Practice: A Ground-Up Approach: Views from Teachers in Care and Education Settings
As a sector, early childhood education in Aotearoa New Zealand continues to experience significant changes. Many of the current changes are a result of the Government's 10-year strategic plan for early childhood education launched in September 2002:...
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Children and Disability in Early Childhood Education: "Special" or Inclusive Education?
In this article I look at how "special" education thought and practice can act as a barrier to inclusion in early childhood education for children with disabilities and their families. I suggest that changes in thought and practice are necessary if...
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Enacting a Whakawhanaungatanga Approach in Early Childhood Education
The decline in Maori in children's enrolment in kohanga reo and the corresponding increase in the proportion of Maori children attending education and care centres (Ministry of Education, 2004) has major implications for both the majority of Maori...
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Learning Dispositions and Key Competencies: A New Curriculum Continuity across the Sectors?
This year, 2006, marks an exciting new curriculum development in Aotearoa New Zealand that will affect the early childhood sector as well as primary and secondary schools. Curriculum reform has resulted in proposed changes to the school curriculum...
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Continuity of Learning: Adding Funds of Knowledge from the Home Environment
In comparison to previous generations, families these days are leading increasingly complex lives. Children often have a diversity of experiences from various learning communities before they begin school. For example, they may have been involved in...
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Aspiring to Quality-Culturally Constructed
The concept of quality, as used in industry and construction, was first applied to education and the social services in the 1980s. Since then the question of how to define and describe quality in early childhood services has been a matter for debate,...
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