Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military

Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military is a magazine specializing in Defense topics.

Articles

Vol. 20, No. 3-4, Fall-Winter

Bibliographies of Women and the Military in History
Ancient / Late Antiquity Baron, Salo Wittmayer. A social and religious history of the Jews. 2nd, rev. and enl. ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952. Blashfield, Jean F. Hellraisers, Heroines, and Holy Women. New York: Superlative House,...
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Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer

Problematic Patriotism: Stephanie Hollenstein's World War I Drawings and Paintings
The World War I drawings and paintings of the Austrian artist Stephanie Hollenstein (1886-1944) represent a short but intense episode in a productive, forty-year career. One of few painters ever to have emerged from the province of Vorarlberg with...
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With High Hopes: Women Contract Surgeons in World War I
"And what shall we say of the women ... Their contribution in the great result is beyond appraisal. They have added a new luster to the annals of American womanhood." --President Wilson With the start of World War I (WWI), the government sent...
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Nationalism, Militarism and Gender Politics: Women in the Military
There have been various explanations of different nationalisms (Feinberg, 1997) that focus on various dimensions and aspects (Breuilly, 1994; Gellner, 1983; Anderson, 1983; Connor, 1993; Kedourie, 1970). However, the task of putting forth the gender...
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Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring

A Habit of Violence Grown Ordinary (1): Constraints on Muslim Women's Participation in War
On 2 August 1990, Iraq invaded its neighbor Kuwait. For the next seven months, until Kuwait was liberated by an American-led coalition in February 1991, the Kuwaiti population was subjected to a brutal and terrifying occupation. Many Kuwaitis were...
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Contemporary European History
(Theme Issue: Gender and War in Europe c. 1918-1949), Vol. 10, Part 3, November 2001. Gender and War in Europe c. 1918-1949 "Certain things go inevitably with war and are war. The main thing is fighting, winning, killing and being killed, being...
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Fall-Winter

"The Weakest Link": Women in Two Dutch Peacekeeping Units. (Articles)
abstract The aim of this article is to examine the experience of the Dutch female peacekeepers that serve in Bosnia and Kosovo and to analyze the ways in which they are envisaged and treated by their male peers and how they view themselves. By focusing...
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Standing Tall with Sarah Bowman: The Amazon of the Border. (Articles)
Since there are numerous and conflicting stories concerning Sarah Bowman, an American woman who accompanied General Zachary Taylor's army in the Mexican War from 1846 to 1848, it is sometimes hard to separate truth from folklore. It is generally agreed,...
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Ann B. Carl. A WASP among Eagles: A Woman Military Test Pilot in World War II
Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1999. 132 pp. Photographs, index. $19.95 (cloth) ISBN 1-56098-899-1; $14.95 (paper), ISBN 1-56098-870-3. A Time To Remember A WASP Among Eagles: A Woman Military Test Pilot in World War II is Ann Baumgartner...
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Kazimiera J. Cottam, Ed. Women in Air War: The Eastern Front of World War II
Nepean, Ontario, Canada: New Military Publishing, 1997. 313 pp. Illustrations, translator's introduction, bibliography. $20.95 (paper) ISBN 0-9682702-1-2. Her Weapon Was An Aircraft The Soviet Armed Forces, in dire need of flyers at the beginning...
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Kazimiera J. Cottam, Ed. Women in War and Resistance: Selected Biographies of Soviet Women Soldiers
Nepean, Ontario, Canada: New Military Publishing, 1998. 451 pp. Illustrations, notes, appendix, bibliography. $24.95 (paper), ISBN 0-9682702-2-0. Distaff Defense of the Eastern Front It is a common misconception that access of Soviet women to...
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Sharon Hanly Disher. First Class: Women Join the Ranks at the Naval Academy
Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1998. 361 pp. Index. No price listed (cloth), ISBN 1-557-50165-3. First Women At Annapolis Surprisingly, or perhaps not, none of the women who were members of the first gender-integrated class to attend Annapolis...
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Lettie Gavin. American Women in World War I
Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 1999. xi + 240 pp. Map, chapter endnotes, appendices, and index. $32.50 (cloth), ISBN 0-87081-432-X. Reviewed for H-Minerva by Kay Sexton, Birkbeck College, University College, London In this text, Lettie...
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Margaret Randolph Higonnet, Jane Jenson, Sonya Michel, and Margaret Collins Weitz, Eds. Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars
New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1987. 309 pp. Illustrations, notes, bibliography, and index. $19.00 (paper), ISBN 0-300-03687-6. Reviewed for H-Minerva by Anne Kelsch, Department of History, University of North Dakota The multidisciplinary...
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Molly Merryman. Clipped Wings: The Rise and Fall of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) of World War II
New York: University Press, 1998. 237 pp. Illustrations, notes, bibliography, and index. $20.00 (paper) ISBN 0-8124-75568-2. Reviewed for MINERVA by Rhonda L. Smith, Department of History, Eastern Kentucky University Women Airforce Service Pilots...
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Josette Dermody Wingo. Mother Was a Gunner's Mate: World War II in the Waves
Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994. vii + 234 pp. $15.95 (paper), ISBN 1-557-50960-3. Reviewed for H-Minerva by Matthew J. Flynn, Ohio University A recounting of one woman's experience in World War II is a welcomed book in that it reinforces...
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Deborah Montgomerie. the Women's War: New Zealand Women 1939-45
Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland Univeristy Press, 2001. 200 pp. Index. $24.95 (paper), ISBN 1-8694-0244-8. Reviewed for H-Minerva by Kathryn Spurling, School of History, University College (UNSW), Australian Defense Force Academy, Canberra, Australia...
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Donna M. Dean. Deep Six: A Novel of Life, Death, Deception, and Betrayal
Palo Alto: Palo Alto Press, 2001. 208 pp. Index. $14.95 (paper) 1-8899-0119-9. Great Characters, Weak Story Deep Six is a novel that unfolds during the late 1940's in Marin City, California. It follows the course of a friendship developed between...
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Diane Burke Fessler. No Time for Fear: Voices of American Military Nurses in World War II
University Press, 1996. xv + 280 pp. Bibliography, Further Reading and index, photographs, maps and cartoons. (Cloth), ISBN 0870134167; (paper) 080713440X. But For Them The War Might Have Been Worse When most people think of WWII, the images...
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Michele J. Nacy. Members of the Regiment: Army Officer's Wives on the Western Frontier, 1865-1890
Contributions in American History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. ix + 128 pp. Preface, bibliography, four appendixes, and index. $55.00 (cloth) ISBN 0-313-30998-1. One Sphere, One Army Divided into an introduction and eight chapters, this...
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Olga Gruhzit-Hoyt. A Time Remembered: American Women in the Vietnam War
Novato, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1999. xi + 250 pp. Acknowledgments, introduction, illustrations, bibliographical references, and index. $27.95 (cloth), ISBN 0-89141-669-2. A Difficult Read A Time Remembered by Olga Gruhzit-Hoyt, is a collection...
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Minerva's Bookshelf
The Horror Trains: A Polish Woman Veteran's Memoirs of World War II. By Wanda E. Pomykalski ($50) An inspiring story of patriotism, courage, and endurance. After enduring captivity in Soviet prisons, Wanda became a woman soldier, assigned as clerk...
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Vol. 19, No. 2, Summer

Everything Old Is New Again: The Use of Gender-Based Terrorism against Women. (Articles)
While entire communities suffer the consequences of armed conflict and terrorism, women and girls are particularly affected because of their status in society and their sex. Parties to the conflict often rape women with impunity, sometimes using systematic...
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Kady Brownell, a Rhode Island Legend. (Articles)
On a foggy March day in 1862, a Rhode Island teenager named Kady Brownell saved the bacon of her 5th Rhode Islanders at the Battle of New Bern, North Carolina. She risked her life by running in front of a line of other Union soldiers who were preparing...
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Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring

Women Nurses in the Spanish-American War
On April 25, 1898, Congress voted to go to war against Spain, and thus began America's entry into what would be known as the Spanish-American War.(1) In the great rush to volunteer, men crowded the Army recruiting offices. Women soon followed, seizing...
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Fall-Winter

Ready for Work and Defense: Visual Propaganda and Soviet Women's Military Preparedness in the 1930s
When scholars think of Soviet visual propaganda of the 1930s, it is the images of socialist realism that usually spring to mind. Life was not depicted with all of its flaws and hardships. Instead, an ideal world of plenty populated by happy citizens...
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Heroes, Lovers, Victims -- Partisan Girls during the Great Fatherland War
An analysis of documents from the spetsotdel of the former Komsomol Archive The most famous names in Soviet partisan mythology belong to young girls. Zoia Kosmodem'ianskaia, Liza Chaikina, Ania Lisitsina, Marite Mel'nikaite and Zinaida Portnova...
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Russia's Mothers-Voices of Change
"If they can't help me, no one can." A mother waiting for assistance from the Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia. Three events led to the decline of the Russian military and subsequent ascendance of Russia's mothers as voices for military...
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Women in the Russian Armed Forces: A Marriage of Convenience?
`History demonstrates that the number of women in the armed forces increases when society is in extreme conditions. The current situation in Russia exactly corresponds to that definition ... In such a situation it is completely intolerable to ignore...
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Vol. 18, No. 2, Summer

Alice Lydia Ward an Almost Forgotten U.S. Navy Nurse
During the centuries since that long ago wintery November day when the Pilgrims arrived in America, millions of American women have bravely defended their homes and country when the need arose. Indian attacks, other predators, even pirates along the...
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Emancipation or Exploitation?
The Women's Land Army in the Second World War "The Land Army fights in the fields. It is in the fields of Britain that the most crucial battle of the present war may well be fought and won."(1) The British Government used the power of persuasion,...
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Phyllis Schlafly's Battle against the ERA and Women in the Military(1)
Raped American female POW's in Iraq, Kelly Flynn, and the Tail Hook scandal, these are some of the phantoms that haunt any discussion of women's service in the military. The debate has lasted over thirty years coveting a variety of issues in an attempt...
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Vol. 18, No. 1, Spring

Introduction
A military family is a kinship group which is "military" by virtue of the military occupation of at least one of the family members. Military families come in all sizes, shapes, and ethnic mixes. Military families reflect the history, and the diversity...
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Military Wives in China, 1127-1279
During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127 to 1279), China faced unceasing foreign invasions. In 1127 the Chinese were driven to the south of the Yangzi River. Few thought that China could resist the huge military machine of Jin (1115-1234), an alien nation...
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American Military Families Overseas and Early Cold War Foreign Relations
In the years after World War II, the United States sent hundreds of thousands of service personnel (mostly men) overseas, to bases around the globe, as part of a long campaign to contain communism. It is during this period that the government also...
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Forgotten Women? Did Americans Care about Wives of American Servicemen in Vietnam
Forgotten Women? Did Americans care about wives of American servicemen in Vietnam?. Or were many wives' suspicions well-founded, was W. H. Auden right? About suffering they were never wrong/The Old Masters: how well they understood Its human position;...
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Fall-Winter

Introduction
After talking to many of the fellow-participants and the representatives of several women's organizations, I came to the conclusion that such conferences were worthwhile only if we could find frameworks which would enable us to continue the scientific...
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Women, War, and Military in Eastern Europe
As I was collecting material for my new book about the relationship between women and World War II, I interviewed women who experienced the siege of Budapest in the winter of 1944-45.(1) I discovered that what women were most often reading in the light...
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Women in the Austrian Armed Forces
Politico-Historical Background During the last decades many countries offered women the possibility of joining the Armed Forces. In Austria the first high-level political discussion of women joining the military took place in late spring 1995. The...
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National Report: Czech Republic
The history of women in the modern Czech military began during the Second World War, when some 200 women fought alongside men in battles on the Eastern and Western fronts. After the war most of these women were discharged from the military. The military...
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On the Back of the Third Wave or, the Woman's Way to a Military Career
The development of our armed forces, one aspect of our civilization, offers the opportunity to observe interesting processes and phenomena, particularly in their relations with closer and more distant surroundings. One of the most fascinating, although...
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Women in the Armed Forces the Case of Romania
The problems women face in Romania's armed forces are not all that different from those they face in Romanian society in general. Power and decision-making positions are hard to attain. Thus, for example, in the Romanian government there are no women,...
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Women in the Slovenian Armed Forces
I will try to present to you as best I can the current situation of women in the Slovenian Armed Forces from my point of view as an outside observer. In general, the Slovenian Armed Forces reflect the situation in Slovenian politics (only five female...
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The Role of Women in the Armed Forces of NATO Countries: Military Constraints and Professional Identities
The fight to fight and lead wars has until very recently always been considered an exclusively masculine prerogative. With the exception of war heroines and mythological figures, women have effectively taken part in combat only in exceptional circumstances....
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Leadership Considerations and Lessons Learned in a Mixed Gender Environment
A military force in which mutual respect, trust, and loyalty are lacking is not an effective force, it is a hollow shell, nothing more than a gang of individuals, lacking cohesion and common purpose, each acting alone and looking out for his or her...
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The Establishment of the Hungarian Women Soldier's Section and Its Justification
Today, the number of women who, after conscious consideration, choose and take up military service as a career is ever growing, due to family background, the growing prestige of the profession, or perhaps a desire for a challenge. Today, when women...
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Training of Women Officers
To begin with, let me introduce myself. I am the director general at Janos Bolyai Military Technical College, which was, in 1994, the first institution in Hungary to admit women into the four-year undergraduate education to train officers. At present,...
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Training Possibilities for Women
The flow of women into the army started as a spontaneous process, supported by the military leadership. Constitutional regulations created practical opportunities for women, based on aptitude, to perform all duties in the Hungarian Armed Forces under...
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Women Soldiers and Human Resources Policy
Today, when the army is making fundamental changes in its human resources policy, it is important to consider the question of female personnel more thoroughly. The situation of women soldiers requires detailed investigation since it is controlled by...
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Women in the Hungarian Armed Forces
The number of professional and contractual female soldiers in the Hungarian Armed Forces increased annually during the 1990s. The growth in the number of female soldiers in ensign and junior officer positions was especially noteworthy. Presently women...
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Career Picture, Values Orientation, and Sentiments of Szolnok ATC Students
As a graduating ATC student I carried out a survey among students who had specialized in Air Traffic Control at the Institute of Aviation Officers at the Miklos Zrinyi National Defense University. The 27 respondents included 13 women, of whom 14 (and...
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Career-Socialization of Women College Students
In 1998, a survey was carried out which involved all the women students (years one to four) in the two Hungarian military colleges. The aim of the research was to survey, within a motivational research context, all those family and other motivations...
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