Bucknell Review

Articles

Vol. 47, No. 2, June

Introduction
IT is now a commonplace observation that our globalized economy and digitized technology have made the distant areas of the world interdependent and in some ways more familiar and accessible to one another. The purpose of the eight essays in this issue...
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Finding Inspiration in the Far East: The Two Different Best Possible Worlds of Leibniz
WHEN Voltaire gleefully pokes fun at the outrageously naive optimism of Dr. Pangloss in Candide, the target of his unsparing laughter is not so much an inept fictional character as one well-recognized major European religious and philosophical tradition...
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New Perspectives of the Jesuits and Science in China: 1600-1800
Narrative accounts of the history of science worldwide from 1500-1800 have, until recently, been portrayed mainly through European frames of reference, even when comparative themes are stressed. Hence, the contested nature of the interaction since...
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Wisselwerkingen Redux: Ceramics, Asia, and the Netherlands
EVER since the seventeenth century, the Dutch have found enduring fascination in the ceramic wares of Asia. This interest presents an especially long-lived and dynamic example in the visual arts of the Low Countries' function as a crossroads of cultures....
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The Body of the Saracen Princess in la Belle Helene De Constantinople
THE French chansons de geste tell of battles between East and West, and frequently love complicates war when Oriental princesses fall in love with captive Christian knights. The enamored Saracen princess is a recurrent figure in the chansons de geste...
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Blurring Distinctions: Autobiography and Identity in Bruce Chatwin's the Songlines
MANY commentators on The Songlines (1987) have expressed reservations about the disparity between the book's ambitious intellectual aims and its form as a travel narrative. Unlike most travel writing, The Songlines has a thesis--that all humans are...
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The Falun Gong: A Virtual Meeting of East and West
AN underlying assumption of Enlightenment thought is that modernization, including scientific progress and technological superiority, goes hand in hand with secularization. In this view, which has carried through postmodern times, modernization leads...
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Hmong in Transition
IN 1989, met a Hmong family from Fresno, California who told me that there were half a million refugees from the Indochina wars in camps in Thailand and that over one hundred thousand Hmong had fled from Laos. I was surprised by the number of refugees...
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Zero and One: Toward a Buddhist-Jewish Interfaith Dialogue
The task of this essay is to continue the interfaith dialogue between Buddhism and Judaism that was initiated by such noted thinkers as Martin Buber and Masao Abe, among others. Yet, before we begin this task, we must ask two preliminary questions....
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Vol. 47, No. 1, January

Introduction
THE history of translation is also the history of the foreign. That which for centuries has been varyingly interpreted as "other" to the domestic has been treated as a category either to be welcomed or to be obliterated and subsumed under the domestic....
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Retranslations: The Creation of Value
Inscriptions and Institutions TRANSLATION, like every cultural practice, involves the creation of values, linguistic and literary, religious and political, commercial and educational, as the particular case may be. What makes translation unique...
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The Wilderness and Its Voices: Translating Schneider's Novel Schlafes Bruder
Introduction ROBERT Schneider's first novel Schlafes Bruder received both critical and popular acclaim on its publication in 1992. Since then it has been translated into more than twenty languages and filmed by Joseph Vilsmaier. It revolves around...
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Translating Myth: The Task of Speaking Time and Space
To hear significance is to translate. --George Steiner A text lives on only if it is at once translatable and untranslatable. --Jacques Derrida MYTH is a mode of communication, which is by its very nature always already a translation. These primeval...
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Intracultural Translations: Validating Regional Identities in Nineteenth-Century German Realism
Ik kann't nich hochdutsch seggen, Wat mi in'n Bussen sitt, Dat is man halwes Snacken, Dat Best will doch nich mit. --Alwine Wuthenow Hence the German ... can always be superior to the foreigner and understand him fully, even better than the foreigner...
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Sacrificing Sense to Sound: Mimetic Translation and Feminist Writing
WRITING about her work translating certain Cuban and Argentinian writers, Suzanne Jill Levine describes wordplay, a feature of her source texts, as follows: "Puns discover a coincidence, a potential affinity, a homonymy already latent in language....
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Names in Annie Proulx's Accordion Crimes and Close Range: Wyoming Stories and Their Hebrew Translation
"Bob Joe," [Silvano] said quietly in American, burning with hatred for Sicilians. "My name are Bob Joe. I work for you, please." "It's these Pranken, these paws, that will build our farms and the town. Let the name show the work of our hands" ......
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"The Task of the Translator" in Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude and Brossard's Mauve Desert
The title of Douglas Robinson's 2001 study asks the question: Who translates?" (1) This essay addresses that same question; however, whereas Robinson's work focuses on the translator's subjectivity (or subjectivities), my attention is turned more toward...
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The Death of the Authors A.K.A. Twilight of the Translators
For the old gods, after all, things came to an end long ago; and verily, they had a good gay godlike end. They did not end in "twilight," though this lie is told. Instead: one day they laughed themselves to death. That happened when the most godless...
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Contemporary French Poetry and Translation
FOR the last twenty or thirty years, contemporary French poetry has been turning to the translation of other poetry from different languages into French. The reasons for this are as numerous as the interconnections between translation and the circumstances...
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"Happy Babel?" Translation in Europe
Europe est fondle sur les traductions. --Henri Meschonnic ROMANIAN-Americanwriter Andrei Codrescu tells the following story: One August evening in 1956, when I was ten years old, I heard a thousand-year-old shepherd wrapped in a cloak of smoke...
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Vol. 46, No. 2, June

Introduction: Freedom's Absent Horizon in the Technological World
TECHNOLOGY has consistently transformed the world by a process that seems to be constantly accelerating. Yet, the process of technological innovation is all too often discussed as though it were occult and inevitable. (1) The struggle to understand...
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Cult@edu.Com
THINGS are shifting we are caught a and in middle that seems to have neither a clear beginning nor evident ending. This situation is not, of course, new, for we are always betwixt and between without any certainty of where we have come from and where...
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New Media and the Natural World: The Dialectics of Desire
AN earlier version of this essay was solicited for a collection that languished for several years. After months of struggling to revise this antediluvian (ca. 1994) paper, I scrapped most of it in 1999 to confront the problems posed by the last half...
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Doing What Comes Generatively: Three Eras of Representation
Scenes photographed in a straightforward way are presumed to have contained the people/objects depicted. Unless obviously montaged or otherwise manipulated, the photographic attraction resides in a visceral sense that the image mirrors palpable realities....
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"New World" Citizenship in the Cyberspatial Frontier
To the frontier the American intellect owes striking characteristics. That coarseness of strength combined with acuteness and inquisitiveness; that practical, inventive turn of mind, quick to find expedients; that masterful grasp of material things,...
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Hegelian Buddhist Hypertextual Media Inhabitation
Our moment has absorbed the linguistic turn of modern epistemology, to move now into a pictorial turn ... The challenge to the disciplines of Arts and Letters is to invent or design the practice of this syncretic writing ... The basic reality of the...
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Digital Hybridity and the Question of Aesthetic Opposition
IS there a fanatical inevitability in the capacity of electronic media to absorb all forms of human expression and experience into data formats? In his discussions of aesthetics and ideology, Theodor Adorno continually reiterated the caveat that when...
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The Cyborg and the Net: Figures of the Technological Subject
AT this moment in the evolution or devolution of the postmodern, technological subject, two figures have emerged that evoke the dreams and anxieties associated with an imagined future into whose reality we are rapidly rushing. The cyborg and the net:...
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Shelf Life
"There's dying, then there's dying." --William Gibson, Mona Lisa Overdrive ********** HERE'S a loose, provisional, hypothesis to start, which I advance with no particular terminological caution: namely that there's a difference to be thought...
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Vol. 46, No. 1, January

The Art of Idolatry: Violent Expressions of the Spiritual in Contemporary Performance Art
THE traditional Western conception of religious art includes paintings, sculpture, and prints of beautiful Madonnas, biblical scenes, and devotional images. In the twenty-first century manifestations of the spiritual in art have significantly changed....
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Symbolic Politics: Public Funding of the Arts
SOCIAL scientists have produced a vast literature in recent decades on the symbolic elements of politics. Many sociologists have argued that the rise of conservative political movements is a reaction to modernity and that public policy issues should...
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Introduction: A Religious Studies Approach to Religion and the Arts
What is to become "our world" must first be "created," and every creation has a paradigmatic model--the creation of the universe by the gods. --Mircea Eliade IN the beginning, God created ..." With these opening words, the sacred scriptures of...
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Religion and the Arts
CHAIM Potok's novel My Name Is Asher Lev describes the life of a young Jewish painter living in New York City. (1) At a critical moment in the story Lev decides to paint a work that conveys the suffering his mother experienced during long separations...
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How to Read a Church
AFTER houses and retail stores, one of the most abundant and ubiquitous features of the built landscape of the United States is its churches--or, more broadly, houses of worship. From giant metropolises like New York and Los Angeles to tiny crossroads...
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Textures of a Religious Life: The Vernacular Religious Art of Sister Ann Ameen
As the days went by I longed to do something for Jesus in the mission field. One afternoon, I was looking out the window watching a young man building a house. He had it all sheeted up with black Donna Kona [tar siding]. As I looked, a man's...
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"And Art Shall Say, `Let There Be Light'": Religious Imagery and the Nineteenth-Century Musical Imagination
IT is quite common to think of certain musical works such as Bach's fugues or Beethoven's symphonies as though they were sacred texts in which the "Commandments" of music are wondrously revealed anew at each performance. Composers of these sacred texts...
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Rebuilding Babel: Science, Fiction, and a New Divinity
Man has ... become a kind of prosthetic God. --Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents I would rather be a cyborg than a goddess. --Donna J. Haraway, "A Cyborg Manifesto" THE paradigmatic tale of God's punishment of humans...
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"I'd Rather Light a Candle Than Curse Your Darkness": Bringing Religion to Light in Raising Arizona
IN 1987 Joel and Ethan Coen released their second feature film, Raising Arizona, to mixed reviews. Hailed by some as a technical triumph, the movie was generally disregarded for its interpretive merit, and few movie analysts--neither those who enjoyed...
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