Journal of Social and Psychological Sciences

Articles

Vol. 11, No. 1, January

Does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Need to Rediscover Its Existential Soul?
INTRODUCTION Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has become a dominant psychotherapy for a wide range of mental disorders (Hofmann & Asmundson, 2008). When looking into the historical roots of CBT it becomes evident that its tradition does not...
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Why Do Critical Psychologists Argue against the Use of Experiments in Psychological Research?
INTRODUCTION As a starting point it would be useful to outline the basic premises through which both cognitive-experimental and critical psychology are based upon. Cognitive-experimental psychology attempts to model itself on what it perceives the...
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Can Perceived Schema Expectations Affect Retrieval Accuracy?
INTRODUCTION In order to understand the dynamics between schema expectations, memory accuracy and recall, it is vital to understand what memory is and what are its principal components. As previously highlighted, it is through memory that one constructs...
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Are Humans Hard-Wired to Take Risks in Order to Achieve Their Goals?
INTRODUCTION As an initial starting point it would be useful to briefly define risk and examine what it entails. In this respect, some have defined risk as "An action that jeopardises something of value" (Reber, 1985: 17). From this vantage point,...
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History of Psychology and the Role of Ethics in the Discipline
INTRODUCTION One can trace the development of contemporary ethics back to the Vienna Circle and its associated philosophers, researchers and theorists attempt to demarcate science from pseudo-science (Wlash, Teo & Baydala, 2014). It was at this...
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Personality Types and the Enjoyment of Horror Movies
INTRODUCTION The Psychophysiology of Fear: Better safe than dead Fear is thought to be one of humans' most primal emotions. It provides one with basic and vital information concerning the existence of an immediate danger (LeDoux, 1991). In this...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, July

Job Performance and Employee Engagement - the Validity of Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (Uwes-9)
INTRODUCTION Job satisfaction and dissatisfaction has become paradigmatic for much research, theory and practice. This topic has become very prominent much due to the fact that it has a direct impact upon employee motivation and productivity. It...
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The Effects of Irrelevant Background Speech on Serial Recall Memory
INTRODUCTION Goal oriented tasks involve filtering through the vast array of sensory and attending to stimuli selectively (Kemker et al, 2009). Similarly, when recalling events, individuals must engage with internal selection processes and subsequently...
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Word Frequency and Generation Effects in Free Recall
INTRODUCTION It is thought that active learning techniques such as learning through experience, self-testing, self-explaining and paraphrasing information are highly beneficial (Slamecka & Graf, 1978). It is well documented that a common underlying...
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The Effects of Stress on Personality
INTRODUCTION It has been argued that stress is an unavoidable day-to-day phenomenon which can cause both short-term discomfort, and long term consequences (Lecic-Tosevski, Vukovic & Stepanovic, 2011). Early stress researchers have defined stress...
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Can Psychologist Explain Why Do People Commit Crime?
INTRODUCTION Defining Crime and Criminal Behaviour As an initial starting point it would be useful top briefly define crime and criminal behaviour. It is thought that crime is a type of action or omission which constitutes an offence punishable...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, January

Understanding the Nature and Aetiology of Schizophrenia
As an initial starting point, one should briefly define Schizophrenia and outline its key characteristics. It is well established that Schizophrenia is a highly devastating psychiatric syndrome which affects 1% of the world's population (Schultz &...
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The Neuropsychology of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease
It is well established that neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) pose major public health concern in the world's aging population. PD and AD are thought to be among the most common forms of neurodegenerative...
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What Is the Relationship between Working Memory and a Heightened Sense of Arousal?
INTRODUCTION Motivation is a concept which has generated a substantial amount of research. This concept is of significant interest given that it can provide useful insights into understanding the underlying drive of individuals' actions and behaviour....
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The Process of Racialization from the Colonial Period to the Present Time
INTRODUCTION Understanding Racism and the process of Racialization As an initial it would be useful to define racialization in terms of entails. This process consists in ascribing racial identities to social groups, who would otherwise not identify...
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Understanding Childhood Absence Epilepsy
INTRODUCTION Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE) is thought to be a general form of epilepsy which is believed to affect the entire brain (Chen, Lu, Pan, Zhang, Wu, Xu & Ding, 2003). CAE is an idiopathic and generalised non-convulsive form of epilepsy...
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Early Childhood and Development of a Difficult Sense of Self: Can It Hinder Good Relationships with Others?
INTRODUCTION The nature and Sense of Self As an initial starting point, it would be useful to briefly explore what we mean by self and how it develops to become 'difficult' and actually hinder relationships with others. In this respect, it is...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, July

Hope, Meaning in Life and Well-Being among Drug Addicts
Drug addiction continues to be one of the most significant problems of today's world. Today no country in the world is secure and safe from the menace of drug abuse. Even in the most powerful & developed country America, this menace is widely reported....
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Economic Crisis as a Social Pathology: Crisis-Related Patients and Clinical Assessment
The recent socioeconomic crisis has left deep scars on people's everyday life. Reduction in incomes (Katz, 2010), debts (Brown, Taylor, & Price, 2005), job losing and poverty (Jahoda, 1988) are among the adverse ramifications of economic downturn...
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Human Experimental Psychology and Learning Theory: A Critical Review
The Decline of Classical Behaviourist Learning Theory Understanding the process through which individuals learn and how behaviour and cognition may change as a consequence has generated much research, debate and scholarship. Early studies postulated...
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Living with Liver Disease: Potential Benefits of Psychological Therapies to Mitigate Anxiety and Depression
Liver disease, a progressive and, when severe, debilitating condition, is caused by a number of factors, including congenital clotting disorders, viral hepatitis, and autoimmune problems. However, the most common cause of liver disease is alcohol abuse,...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, January

Is There a Link between Implicit/explicit Measures of Sexual Prejudice and Beliefs in Free Will?
INTRODUCTION When studying the differences between beliefs in free will, one usually manipulates disbelief in free will as a comparison. Thus, the concept free will is operationalized in this paper as the belief that humans are capable of being...
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Critical Psychology versus Experiemntal Psychology: The Case of Schizophrenia
INTRODUCTION Cognitive-experimental psychology models itself on what it perceives the natural sciences to be (Pereira, 2008; Norman, 2013). This approach is thought to hold the ideological position that human behaviour is objectively measurable...
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The Effects of City Life on Mental Health, Well-Being and Perceived Stress Levels
INTRODUCTION Some argue that modernization has made western societies more individualistic and more prone to stress (Veenhoven, 1998). Furthermore, in contemporary society more people live in cities than in rural areas. The United Nations estimates...
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The Relationship between Mindfulness and Student Counterproductive Behaviour
INTRODUCTION Mindfulness as a concept has established itself in the mainstream arena and continues to increase exponentially (Brown et al., 2007; Shapiro, Carlson, Astin, & Freedman, 2006. One should note that a simple Google search on the term...
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Differences in Qualitative and Quantitative Research on Intelligence Quotient and Cognitive Ability
Psychometric research adopting quantitative methods make use of hypothesis testing in order to measure differences between scores (Cohen, 1992). First of all, researchers must find an operational definition of variables such as intelligence and then...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, July

The Relationship between Social Media Use and Personality
INTRODUCTION It is well established that social relationships are a vital component of human life (Murray & Greenberg, 2006). It has also been postulated that human beings are sociable in nature (Berkman, 1995). In this respect, it has been...
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Review: The Relationship between Effective Coaching and Athletes' Perceptions of Their Own Capabilities
Self-Efficacy in Sport The competitive nature of modern day sports and its required high proficiency standards places enormous pressure on athletes to strive towards achieving optimal performance. Working towards developing the best possible level...
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Alchool Consumption among University Students: Can Self-Regulation Play a Predictive and Moderating Role?
Heavy drinking culture has become a particular characteristic of student life on many university campuses (Gore et al., 2011). This view is shared by Webb, Ashton, Kelly and Kamali (1997), who asserted that the vast majority of university students...
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Shared Decision-Making among Individuals with Severe Mental Ilness: A Systematic Review
INTRODUCTION Changes in consumer legislation meant that patients diagnosed with mental health disorders were allowed to be more involved in their treatment process. Previous studies have provided convincing evidence to suggest that patients have...
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Cultural Adaptations in Mental Health and Behavioural Interventions
INTRODUCTION As an initial starting point it should be evident that culture is thought to influence the way in which individuals perceive themselves and their surroundings (Greene & Lee, 2002). Given that culture is fluid, cultural adaptation...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January

The Importance of Models of Self-Confidence in Sports Performance
Defining Self-Confidence (SC) Self-confidence (SC) is defined by many as the sureness of feeling that one is competent and trusts his/her own ability to execute a given task (Mamassis & Doganis, 2004, Covassin & Pero, 2004). It is interesting...
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Organisational Theories of Human Learning and Employee Development Initiatives
Organisational learning has become the focus of much research and scholarship (Walters, 2012). Within the context of a learning organisation, individuals are seen as major key players given that they act either to produce results or to learn relevant...
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Factor Prediction of Fear of Crime: The Role of Depression, Anxiety and Media
INTRODUCTION Fear of crime has become paradigmatic for much research and scholarship, despite the decrease of crime rates. This might be due to the fact that more people experience fear of crime than experience an actual victimisation of crime....
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Gender Differences in Social Support among Undergraduate Students during Transition to University Life
INTRODUCTION University and tertiary education institutions have increasingly become concerned with how individuals transition from high school into university life (Ramsay, Tranter, Sumner, & Barrett, 1996). This is a topic of significant importance...
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Is There a Relationship between White Noise and Physiological Level of Arousal?
INTRODUCTION The present study pragmatically examines the relationship between arousal and cognitive attention. Motivation has become paradigmatic for much research and scholarship, but the intricacies surrounding motivational factors arousal are...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, July

The Comforts of Madness
BOOK REVIEW: 'THE COMFORTS OF MADNESS' By PAUL SAYER (1989) In the book The Comforts of Madness by Paul Sayer (1989) one of the most conspicuous emerging themes is the way in which the institution entrusted to care for Pete's disability systematically...
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The Enigma of Job Satisfaction
Job satisfaction is thought to be related to a wide range of employee outcomes and it has been shown to be linked to absenteeism (Tharenou, 1993), work commitment (Meyer & Allen, 1997; Meyer, Allen, & Smith, 1993) and salary (Mobley, Griffeth,...
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Is Psychodynamic Theory Necessary for an Effective Theory of Child Development?
Before making any assumptions of the efficacy and relevance of the psychodynamic approach to child development, it would be useful as an initial starting point to briefly outline its roots. The psychodynamic school of thought emerged through the work...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, January

How Social Conformity Can Affect Hiring Decisions?
INTRODUCTION Social influence has become particularly relevant in the workplace, specifically in board rooms, and human resources departments where strategic decisions have to be made. Previous studies have established both theoretical basis and...
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What Is the Relationship between Goal Achievement, Appraisal and Performance Motivation?
INTRODUCTION Educational psychology has developed a theoretical framework as means of accounting for individuals' motivation to learn (Maehr, 1989; Elliot, 1999). It has been postulated that goals of learning play a pivotal role in influencing the...
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Review: Is There a Relation between Cannabis Use and Bipolar Disorder?
INTRODUCTION As an initial starting point, it would useful to note that the co-morbidity of mental health disorders and substance abuse has led to much research and scholarship over the past 20 years. For instance, one should note that substance...
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Examining the Causes and Impact of Stress in the Workplace
INTRODUCTION In order to remain competitive and 'survive' market pressures businesses and corporations need to remain competitive. Competitiveness is often translated in terms of increased productivity and efficiency in the workplace. In this way,...
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To What Extent Empathy and Theory of Mind Are Important in Working as a Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist?
INTRODUCTION As an initial starting point it would be useful to highlight the fact that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has become a very popular therapeutic technique. I could trace CBT back to the work of Aaron Beck (1967; 1976) and Albert...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Review: A Face-Specific N170?-The Controversy Goes On
Event Related Potential studies of face processing Event Related Potential (ERP) studies on face recognition have isolated an early occipito-temporal negative component (N1) which is often associated with visual processing and encoding (see Bentin...
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For How Long Can Psychology Maintain Its 'Scientific' Status?
As an initial starting point it would be useful acknowledge that positivist psychologists hold the ideological position that Psychology should strive towards acquiring objectively measurable data about human behaviour (Sloan, 2000). Moreover, traditional...
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Connectionist and Dual Route-Models of Reading: What Insights Can Be Gained by Synthesizing Both Models?
A brief background to connectionist modelling As an initial starting point it would be useful to briefly outline what connectionist modelling entails. The connectionist approach emerged through developments in computer science, specifically the...
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Review: The Neuroanatomical Substrates of Cognitive Control
Top-down and Bottom-up mechanisms involved in selective attention Although not identical, a somewhat similar distinction to automatic and controlled mechanisms can be made between bottom-up and top-down processing, which also attempts to investigate...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, July

Looking toward the Future: Predicting Retirement Satisfaction
Many retirees experience a decrease in life satisfaction after retirement. One explanation for the dissatisfaction is that retirement was not as one had expected (i.e., feelings about retirement were inaccurately predicted). Planning for retirement...
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What Makes a Difference in On-Line Impressions? Avatars, Attribution, and Cognitive Processes
In an on-line chat room, users encounter their conversation partners in a casual manner and interact through the exchange of messages usually without knowing each other. During the conversation, the interacting subjects form the first impressions of...
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An Alternative Model of Self-Forgiveness
Throughout life, people inevitably transgress by offending others, themselves, or a religious/spiritual figure by failing to uphold others', personal, or spiritual standards. When transgressors have empathy for their victims, take responsibility, and...
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Parental Support as Mediator between Optimism and Depression in Early Adolescents
At the beginning of 21st century depression is considered one of the major mental health problems. However, the data are often contradictory with respect to the prevalence of the phenomenon: depression may range from about 10-30% in the general population...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Early Academic Self Concepts and the Racial Achievement Gap
The aim of this essay is to examine the racial achievement gap in American education through the lens of Erik Erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial development: industry vs. inferiority (Erikson, 1950). To set the stage, I will argue that the well-documented...
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How Egyptian Children See 25th January Revolution as Reflected in Their Drawings
Drawing for children is an expression of the inner self and a communication method Children draw "what they know" in their own style. In other words, the perception functions, sensibility/emotions and motor functions interact, and there, the factor...
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Reflections on Nigeria's Foreign Policy
INTRODUCTION The study intend to assess perspectives on Nigeria's foreign policy from the year 1960 till 2007. Our curiosity and historical inquisitiveness at this inquiry is predicated on four major strands. First, the beginning of the period of...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, July

Effect of Gender and Home Environment on Educational Aspirations of Indian Adolescents
INTRODUCTION Educational Aspirations refer to the early impressions of one's own academic abilities and the highest level of education an individual expects to attain has also been linked to academic achievement. Today's modern society expects everyone...
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Attachment and Grit: Exploring Possible Contributions of Attachment Styles (from Past and Present Life) to the Adult Personality Construct of Grit
Introduction A newly conceptualized personality trait known as grit (Duckworth et al., 2007) has been recently validated to have significant long-term impacts on perseverance and resolve. Past research surrounding grit has focused largely on its...
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The Effect of Gender and Literacy on Executive Planning of Epileptic Patients
Introduction Epilepsy constitutes the second most categories of Neurological Disorders, following Stroke and mood problems (Carlson, 1992). Each year an average of 15,500 people learns that they have epilepsy, 44% are diagnosed before the age of...
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Women Empowrement: A Reality or Myth
Introduction "The world of humanity has two wings one is women and other man. Not until both wings are equally developed can the bird fly" This statement clearly focused on the importance of women in our society. Women constitute an important segment...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, January

Mediating Role of Psychosocial Factors on the Relationship between Downsizing and Employees' Commitment to Work among Federal Civil Servants in Nigeria
The study of employees' commitment in the aftermath of downsizing exercise becomes important because organizations are required to maintain a core of committed individuals who will sustain life in organizations after a reduction in the work force....
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Women Empowerment through SHGs-A Case Study of Jharkhand State in India
The total world population comprises of 50% women. As far as the social status of women is concerned it has been seen that in the Indian context in most states women are not treated as equal to men in most places. This gender discrimination is very...
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Post-Radicalisation Identity: Understanding 'Collective Identity' within Radical Islamist Groups
To an outsider, the need to belong to Hizb ut-Tahrir (1) (henceforth, HT) appears to be somewhat irrational because involvement can lead to considerable disadvantage. Abid Javaid, for example, was dismissed from his Home Office job after a BBC television...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, July

Ear Disease in Hamlet
"To spleet the ears of the groundlings"--Hamlet In the historical moment in which Shakespeare's Hamlet was composed, the ear was coded as an admonishing organ, the avenue for hearing sermons. Though Protestant preachers in Shakespeare's day attacked...
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Gender Differences in Emotional Intelligence among Indian Adolescents
Emotions are central to the issues of human survival and adaptation. They motivate the development of moral behavior, which lies at the very root of civilization. Emotions influence empathic and altruistic behavior, and they play a role in the creative...
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To Think or Not to Think-A Phenomenological and Psychoanalytic Perspective on Experience, Thinking and Creativity
"Thoughts are a nuisance," says Bion's patient in Learning from Experience; "I don't want them" (1962b:34-35). "Thinking", writes Arendt in The Life of the Mind, is "equally dangerous to all creeds and, by itself, does not bring forth any new creed"...
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The Housewives Biggest Groups in Inactive Labor Force: Case of Turkey
1. Introduction: A labor market has been defined as an area within which mutual adjustment of supply and demand for labor are carried out. It is observed that there is a difference adjustment supply and demand for labor by sex. Therefore, gender is...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, January

Psychological and Social Impacts of Halitosis: A Review
Introduction Olfaction, which is the special sense of smell, has a role in the enjoyment and selection of food, defence and sexual behaviours especially in lower animal. Today it is widely recognised that the sense of smell is closely linked to...
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Co-Relational Study of Body Types and Fundamental Neurotic Reactions among Adolescents of Urban Sector of Peshawar, Pakistan
1. INTRODUCTION The potential effect of body type on personality and psychological well being has been a source of concern and researcher interest since the evolution of human beings. Many scholars believe that behaviour is related to individual's...
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Modeling the Processes of Social-Pediatric Service: Innovative Approach in Social Work
The tradition of children health protection was established by Catherine II in 1763 while signing the Manifest about founding in Moscow the Imperial Moscow Foster Home, which became the Science Children Health Center of Russian Medical Academy of Science...
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Review of Helen Hackett's: Shakespeare and Elizabeth: The Meeting of Two Myths: Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2009
REVIEW Helen Hackett appropriately uses the word 'myths' to characterise the apotheosis of the author William Shakespeare into a cultural deity and Elizabeth Tudor, his Queen, into an icon of virginity with ambiguous masculine/feminine powers. Hackett...
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Editorial: The Fragmentation of Social and Psychological Science
The division between Psychology and Sociology into increasingly smaller fields of expertise has made communication between both disciplines virtually impossible. Suddenly, these two subjects seem to have lost the ability to talk to each other. It is...
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Home-Grown Terror in a Globalized World
One of the recent news threads to have emerged in the mainstream media coverage of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq is the spate of home-grown terrorists--Americans who have attempted to or succeeded in perpetrating violence against the United States...
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Conceptualizing Non-Governmentals: Still Searching for Conceptual Clarity
Introduction In 1945, the United Nations (UN) coined the term "Non-Governmental " (NGO) and since then, there has been a continuous proliferation of NGOs particularly due to government and market failure in both Northern and Southern countries (Edwards...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, July

Coping Strategies of Street Children in Nigeria
The past few decades have seen the proliferation of street children in Nigeria. This is evident in the number of children seen on the street scavenging, begging, hawking and soliciting. Oloko (1999) expressed that the phenomenon of street children...
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Gender Differences in Perceptions of Home Environment among Indian Adolescents
Introduction Children grow up in several environments. Home, school, and community are the setting for social and intellectual experiences from which they acquire and develop the skills, attitudes and attachments which characterize them as individuals...
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The Native Impact: Traditional Societies and Indian Forest Conservation
Since the turn of the 20th century, there has been significant industrial development across the world. This development has nearly exhausted the global forest resources. So much so that after 1961, 500 million hectares of tropical forests have been...
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Cognitive-Emotional Interactions: Evidence from Sad Facial Expressions
Introduction This article aims to elucidate how cognition and emotion can be united to understand the cognitive-emotional interaction occurring within the brain. The interactions between emotion and cognition could be defined at two levels namely,...
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The Relationship between Interdependent Self-Construal and Psychological Wellbeing: Mediating Roles of Important Human Values
Human values or value systems, which are about things we attach importance to, go a long way to influence our overall behaviours. Indeed, knowledge of what an individual or a group of individuals holds as important , and of the degree of importance...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, January

Editorial: 'Defragmenting' Mind and Thought
Contrary to what dominant approaches in psychology assume, there is a dimension to human behaviour and experience that may not be objectively measurable. Favouring a 'pure' objectivist epistemology quite often leads to dismissing the importance of...
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Stress: Sham Epidemic or Pathway to Ill Health? A Sociological Analysis of a Contested Concept
Introduction Stress is 'one of the most pervasive metaphors for personal and collective suffering', according to Helman (2000:202). His insight is illuminating, given the lack of a comprehensive and widely agreed definition of stress (Willemsen...
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The Novel as a Work of Mourning (Trauerarbeit)-A Performative Response to Loss: Reading William Faulkner's as I Lay Dying, Absalom, Absalom!, and Requiem for a Nun as 'Prose Elegies'-An Alternative to Postmodern Melancholy
The Novel as a Work of Mourning (trauerarbeit)--a Performative Response to Loss: Reading William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, Absalom, Absalom!, and Requiem for a Nun as 'Prose Elegies'--An Alternative to Postmodern Melancholy. "To elegize is to sing...
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Walter Benjamin and Psychoanalysis: On Dream and Revolution in Benjamin
Introduction This article deals with Walter Benjamin's interpretation of psychoanalysis. Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) is known as a member of Frankfurt School. The Frankfurt School is sometimes considered as a research group that attempted the synthesis...
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Cultural Narcissism Is Not a Generational Phenomenon
This paper was presented at the: International and Interdisciplinary Conference of Human Rights, Individualism and Globalization. Sponsored by the Center for Spirituality, Ethics and Global Awareness Bethany College School of Arts and Sciences (April...
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Vol. 1, No. 2, July

Additive or Multiplicative Perceptual Noise? Two Equivalent Forms of the ANCHOR Model
Introduction Ever since the seminal work of Thurstone (1927) subjective continua occupy a prominent place in psychological theory. This notion captures in a convenient and general way two complementary aspects of the perceptual system: its systematicity...
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Women Executives in the Gaming Industry: Can They Break through the Glass Ceiling?
Despite comprising almost 50% of the total U.S. labor force, and 51.3% of employees in the U.S. casino industry (Price, Waterhouse, & Coopers, 2003), women are still underrepresented in high levels of business management. (According to Price,...
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Beyond Therapy: Autonomist Movements against "Mental Illness"
For autonomists, "mental illness" diagnoses and various psy practices are social constructions. Survivor and client movements provide spaces for examining those constructions and developing alternative constructions. These spaces can involve actual...
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Coping Measures of Patients with Chronic Illness in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Institution
Introduction In Nigeria, chronic illness may be responsible for 24 percent of all deaths in the year 2005 and the situation may become worse by 2015(WHO, 2005). Some of the common chronic illness such as diabetics, heart disease, stroke and type...
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Taking Stock of the Biopsychosocial Model in the Field of 'Mental Health Care'
This paper will review the legacy of the bio-psychosocial model in the field of 'mental health care'. The latter, placed in speech marks because it is typically more about responding to presumed mental disorder than promoting mental health, can...
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What Contributions Have Biological Approaches Made to Our Understanding of Gender and Sexuality?
Biologists believe that the source of human behaviour resides inside of us and that the differences between males and females can actually be found in our body components such as cell compositions, set up and anatomical parts such as differences...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, January

Editorial: Dialoguing across Disciplines
In the quest for understanding the nature of reality and the best way of studying it, knowledge is 'fragmented' into an array of expertise areas. This process, may provide greater depth of analysis of any given study subject. Nevertheless, such...
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Body Double as Body Politic: Psychosocial Myth and Cultural Binary in Fatal Attraction
When Fatal Attraction appeared in 1987 it was generally dismissed as a formulaic Hollywood horror movie. The narrative is all too predictable (particularly for those familiar with Adrian Lyne's other work): a happily married Manhattan attorney Dan...
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Are Men 'Cleverer' Than Women? Deconstructing the Dogma of Female Intellectual Inferiority
Traditional psychologists hold the ideological position that 'intelligence' is objectively measurable and consists of 'cognitive' traits (Cernovsky, 1991). They assume that language is a passive 'tool' through which 'intelligence' can be conceptualized...
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Sport Psychological Skill Levels and Related Psychosocial Factors That Distinguish between Rugby Union Players of Different Participation Levels
Introduction The International Rugby Board repealed the rules on amateurism after the 1995 Rugby World Cup and as a result rugby became a professional sport (Treasure et al., 2000). Shortly after the 1995 World Cup tournament, Cox and Yoo (1995)...
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