Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 4, 2014

Full- and Part-Time Work: Gender and Welfare-Type Differences in European Working Conditions, Job Satisfaction, Health Status, and Psychosocial Issues
The increase in the frequency of part-time employment (PTE) has been related to two main causes: first, the massive incorporation of women into the labor market to facilitate family life, and second, the increasing demand for a more flexible work force...
Heavy Work and Disability Pension - a Long Term Follow-Up of Swedish Construction Workers
Extending working life has become an important societal challenge, and there is a considerable debate how workers can maintain their work ability as they get older (1-3). The work environment is important as physical and psychosocial demands in certain...
How to Become a Successful Researcher: Tips for Early Career Researchers
Academia is a world on its own with many hidden rules that can be confusing for early career researchers (ECR). Moreover, research is highly competitive. A young scientist pursuing an academic career faces a future of writing applications for fellowships...
Is Temporary Employment a Risk Factor for Work Disability Due to Depressive Disorders and Delayed Return to Work? the Finnish Public Sector Study
Depressive disorders have emerged as a major public and occupational health problem, especially in high- and middle-income countries (1, 2), where major depressive disorders ranked second in years lost due to disability in 2010. This burden of depression,...
Occupational Asbestos Exposure and Risk of Oral Cavity and Pharyngeal Cancer in the Prospective Netherlands Cohort Study
Together, oral cavity cancer (OCC) and pharyngeal cancer (PhC) are the eighth most frequently occurring neoplasms worldwide, giving rise to 482 000 new cases in 2008 (1). The main risk factors for OCC and PhC are (excessive) alcohol consumption and all...
Occupational Lifting during Pregnancy and Child's Birth Size in a Large Cohort Study
Even though physically strenuous work is generally discouraged during pregnancy, handling of heavy loads at work is not unusual among pregnant women even in a well-regulated welfare state like Denmark. In the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC), 12%...
Philosophy of Epidemiology, New Directions in the Philosophy of Science
Philosophy of Epidemiology, New Directions in the Philosophy of Science by Alex Broadbent. Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan, 2013. 228 pages. ISBN: 978-0-230-35512-5. (Price £55.00).Although the practice of epidemiology gives rise to many philosophical...
Role of the Work-Unit Environment in the Development of New Shoulder Pain among Hospital Workers: A Longitudinal Analysis
In many countries, upper-limb musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major concern in the working population, and shoulder pain is the most frequent condition (1, 2). A recent worldwide systematic review of experimental and observational studies on nurses'...
The Contribution of Major Diagnostic Causes to Socioeconomic Differences in Disability Retirement
The large number of disability retirees is a major concern in many developed countries. In Finland 7.5%, (ie, 203 000 of the working-age population) have retired due to work disability. Each year, over 20 000 persons retire due to disability. In 2011,...
The Importance of Preventing Work-Related Disability
In many developed countries, policies are enacted to increase labor force participation among older workers and to extend the age of statutory retirement in response to the ageing of society. Within Europe, the employment rate among 55-65-year olds has...
Trajectories of Productivity Loss over a 20-Year Period: An Analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
Productivity loss at work due to health problems represents a serious concern in today's workforce. The Commonwealth Fund estimates approximately $260 billion in lost productivity for health reasons per year in the United States alone (1). As the workforce...
Walks4Work: Assessing the Role of the Natural Environment in a Workplace Physical Activity Intervention
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the greatest sources of health risk in the UK, accounting for 39% of mortalities (1). Modifiable risk factors of CVD include hypertension, obesity, smoking, diabetes, and sedentary behavior. Stress, although not...
Work Ability as Prognostic Risk Marker of Disability Pension: Single-Item Work Ability Score versus Multi-Item Work Ability Index
Work disability has become a major occupational health problem in developed economies. On average 6% of the working population in OECD countries received disability pension (DP) benefits in 2009 (1). DP recipient rates are highest in Sweden (11%), Norway...
Work-Related Gender Differences in Physician-Certified Sick Leave: A Prospective Study of the General Working Population in Norway
Higher rates of female sick leave have been reported in Scandinavia (1-4) and other European countries (5). The gender-segregated labor market has been discussed as an important factor in observed gender differences in sick leave (6). According to official...
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