Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 3, May

A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Occupational Health and Safety Training
Objectives Training is regarded as an important component of occupational health and safety (OHS) programs. This paper primarily addresses whether OHS training has a beneficial effect on workers. The paper also examines whether higher engagement OHS...
Bullying at Work and Onset of a Major Depressive Episode among Danish Female Eldercare Workers
Objective The aim of this study was to analyze whether exposure to workplace bullying among 5701 female employees in the Danish eldercare sector increases the risk of onset of a major depressive episode (MDE).Methods Participants received questionnaires...
Health Risk Behaviors and Morbidity among Hospital Staff - Comparison across Hospital Ward Medical Specialties in a Study of 21 Finnish Hospitals
Objective This study examined whether indicators of poor health and health risk behaviors among hospital staff differ between the ward specialties.Methods Across 2 1 hospitals in Finland, 8003 employees (mean age 42 years, 87% women, 86% nurses) working...
Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Basic Education Schools and Teachers' Sickness Absences - a Register-Linkage Study
Objectives We examined whether having a high percentage of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in basic education schools increases the risk of sickness absence among teachers and whether this risk is dependent on the pupil-teacher ratio (PTR),...
Sensitization and Chronic Beryllium Disease at a Primary Manufacturing Facility, Part 1: Historical Exposure Reconstruction
Objectives Previous epidemiologie studies of beryllium sensitization (BeS) and chronic beryllium disease (CBD) have reported inconsistent exposure-response relationships, likely due to exposure misclassification. The objective of this study was to develop...
Sensitization and Chronic Beryllium Disease at a Primary Manufacturing Facility, Part 2: Validation of Historical Exposures
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a job exposure matrix (JEM) constructed for the period 1994-1999. Historical exposure estimates (HEE) for the JEM were constructed for all job and year combinations by applying temporal...
Sensitization and Chronic Beryllium Disease at a Primary Manufacturing Facility, Part 3: Exposure-Response among Short-Term Workers
Objectives Exposure-response relations for beryllium sensitization (BeS) and chronic beryllium disease (CBD) using aerosol mass concentration have been inconsistent, although process-related risks found in most studies suggest that exposure-dependent...
Studying the Effect of the Psychosocial Work Environment on Risk of Ill-Health: Towards a More Comprehensive Assessment of Working Conditions
The Nordic countries have a long tradition of research studying the impact of the psychosocial work environment on health (1, 2). Fittingly, the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health has been a key place for the presentation and discussion...
Synthesizing Study Results in a Systematic Review
A single study rarely suffices to underpin treatment or policy decisions. This creates a strong imperative for systematic reviews. Authors of reviews need a method to synthesize the results of several studies, regardless of whether or which statistical...
Tossing and Turning - Insomnia in Relation to Occupational Stress, Rumination, Fatigue, and Well-Being
Objectives This study of a large and heterogeneous sample of 52 1 0 daytime employees was designed to shed more light on the work effort-recovery mechanism by examining the cross-sectional relations between subjective sleep quality and (i) psychosocial...
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