Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 23, July-December

A Description of Within-Family Resource Exchange Networks in a Malawian Village
AbstractIn this paper we explore patterns of economic transfers between adults within household and family networks in a village in Malawi's Rumphi district, using data from the 2006 round of the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health. We fit...
Age-Adjusted Disability Rates and Regional Effects in Russia
AbstractWe provide three measures of age-standardized disability rates for each Russian region and show that most, though not all, of the regional patterns in disability prevalence disappear with standardization. Disability prevalence remains unusually...
Age, Relationship Status, and the Planning Status of Births
AbstractIn the United States historically, births to older mothers have been more likely to be planned than births to younger mothers, and births to unmarried women have been less likely to be planned than births to married women. As the average age...
A Modified New Method for Estimating Smoking-Attributable Mortality in High-Income Countries
AbstractPreston, Glei, and Wilmoth (2010) recently proposed an innovative regression-based method for estimating smoking-attributable mortality in developed countries based on observed lung cancer death rates. Their estimates for females, however, differ...
A Review of the Antecedents of Union Dissolution
AbstractThe question of what factors contribute to the stability of coresidential partnerships has attracted the attention of many social scientists. This study summarizes recent research on the determinants of union dissolution within a set of substantive...
Asking God about the Date You Will Die: HIV Testing as a Zone of Uncertainty in Rural Malawi
AbstractTesting for HIV is becoming more available in Africa. Global advocates of testing see it as key to AIDS prevention. However, testing is not always perceived as a good thing by people at risk. Here, we consider testing from the perspective of...
Beyond the Local Marriage Market: The Influence of Modernization on Geographical Heterogamy
AbstractThis study examines whether the increase of geographical heterogamy in the nineteenth and early twentieth century is related to modernization. Specifically, we test whether mass communication and mass transport enhanced the likelihood of a geographically...
Children's Experiences of Family Disruption in Sweden: Differentials by Parent Education over Three Decades
AbstractThis paper examines the living arrangements of Swedish children from 1970 through 1999 using the Level of Living Survey. Sweden, with low levels of economic inequality and a generous welfare state, provides an important context for studying socioeconomic...
Circular Migration Patterns and Determinants in Nairobi Slum Settlements
AbstractThis paper measures migration flows and determinants in two slum settlements in Nairobi City between 2003 and 2007. The results confirm the high intensity of migration with a quarter of the total slum population and a third of those aged 15-30...
Completing Incomplete Cohort Fertility Schedules
AbstractThis paper develops a simple age-period-cohort framework in completing incomplete cohort fertility schedules, and makes full use of 1917-2005 U.S. data to obtain robust outcomes. Empirically, we indicate that the period effect is the key to transforming...
Contraceptive Use and Intent in Guatemala
AbstractGuatemala is characterized by low contraceptive use rates and one of the highest fertility rates in the Western Hemisphere. These rates are particularly extreme for the poorest segment of the population and for the indigenous population. However,...
Ethnic Differentials in the Timing of Family Formation: A Case Study of the Complex Interaction between Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Level, and Marriage Market Pressure
AbstractEthnic differentials in the timing of family formation in Fiji cannot be adequately explained by the norms, characteristics, minority group, and interaction hypotheses. The missing dimensions are socioeconomic level within ethnicity and time,...
Family Life in Power Couples: Continued Childbearing and Union Stability among the Educational Elite in Sweden, 1991-2005
AbstractThis article studies continued childbearing and union stability among "power couples," or dual-career couples. The determinants of these events are analysed multivariately using longitudinal data on couples from population registers in Sweden,...
Family Size, Adolescents' Schooling and the Demographic Transition: Evidence from Brazil
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to address whether and how the changing family sizes of cohorts born before and after the demographic transition are associated with increasing schooling in Brazil. Multivariate analyses of nationally representative...
Income, Health, and Well-Being in Rural Malawi
AbstractThis paper attempts to isolate the causal link of income on health status and subjective well-being for the rural population in Malawi using three waves of household panel data spanning the period 2004-2008 from the Malawi Diffusion and Ideational...
'Just Living Together': Implications of Cohabitation for Fathers' Participation in Child Care in Western Europe
AbstractThis article tests the assumption that cohabitation makes a difference in the allocation of childcare responsibilities within couples. It has often been assumed that cohabiting individuals are less likely to adhere to traditional gender ideologies...
Measuring Pregnancy Planning: An Assessment of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy among Urban, South Indian Women
AbstractWe evaluated the psychometric properties of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy among Indian women using classical methods and Item Response Modeling. The scale exhibited good internal consistency and internal structure, with overall scores...
Model Migration Schedules Incorporating Student Migration Peaks
AbstractThis paper proposes an extension of the standard parameterized model migration schedule to account for highly age-concentrated student migration. Many age profiles of regional migration are characterized by sudden 'spiked' increases in migration...
Multi-Residence in France and Australia: Why Count Them? What Is at Stake? Double Counting and Actual Family Situations
AbstractWith the increasing diversity of family situations, growing numbers of people, including children, have more than one home. In France, nearly 4% of inhabitants are likely to be counted twice in surveys; while in Australia, the proportion is less...
Patterns of Asexuality in the United States
AbstractIn this paper we use data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to ascertain and analyze patterns of asexuality in the United States. We endeavor to extend the earlier work of Bogaert (2004) on this topic, which focused on patterns...
Premarital Cohabitation and Divorce: Support for the "Trial Marriage" Theory?
AbstractA number of studies show that premarital cohabitation is associated with an increased risk of subsequent marital dissolution. Some argue that this is a consequence of selection effects and that once these are controlled for premarital cohabitation...
Revisiting the Mortality of France and Italy with the Multiple-Cause-of-Death Approach
AbstractIn this paper we revisit the mortality profiles of France and Italy in 2003 using the multiple-cause-of-death approach. The method leads to a substantial upward reassessment of the role played by certain conditions - e.g. diseases of the blood...
Senescence vs. Sustenance: Evolutionary-Demographic Models of Aging
AbstractHumans, and many other species, suffer senescence: mortality increases and fertility decreases with adult age. Some species, however, enjoy sustenance: mortality and fertility remain constant. Here we develop simple but general evolutionary-demographic...
Sensitivity of Life Disparity with Respect to Changes in Mortality Rates
AbstractThis article is concerned with sensitivity analysis of life disparity with respect to changes in mortality rates. A relationship is derived that describes the effect on life disparity caused by a perturbation of the force of mortality. Recently...
Siblings and Human Capital: A Comparison between Italy and France
AbstractThis paper investigates how family size affects children's human capital, comparing Italy and France. We tested the dilution effect in these countries, starting with the assumption that the higher the number of siblings, the fewer parental resources...
Sibship Size and Status Attainment across Contexts: Evidence from the Netherlands, 1840-1925
AbstractThis paper investigates the effects of sibship size on status attainment across different contexts and subgroups. Resource dilution theory predicts that with larger sibship size, children's status outcomes fall. However, the empirical record...
Studying Historical Occupational Careers with Multilevel Growth Models
AbstractIn this article we propose to study occupational careers with historical data by using multilevel growth models. Historical career data are often characterized by a lack of information on the timing of occupational changes and by different numbers...
The Association between Resilience and Survival among Chinese Elderly
AbstractBased on the unique longitudinal data of the elderly aged 65+ with a sufficiently large sub-sample of the oldest-old aged 85+ from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we construct a resilience scale with 7 indicators for the Chinese...
The Differential Impact of Mortality of American Troops in the Iraq War: The Non-Metropolitan Dimension
AbstractThis study investigates the disproportionate impact of mortality among United States troops in Iraq on rural communities. We advance scholarly research and popular accounts that suggest a non-metropolitan disadvantage by disaggregating the risk...
The Early Socioeconomic Effects of Teenage Childbearing: A Propensity Score Matching Approach
AbstractA large body of literature has documented a negative correlation between teenage childbearing and teen mothers' socioeconomic outcomes, yet researchers continue to disagree as to whether the association represents a true causal effect. This article...
The Impact of Unemployment on the Transition to Parenthood
AbstractThis paper seeks to advance our understanding about the impact of unemployment on fertility. From a theoretical perspective, both negative and positive effects might be expected. Existing empirical studies have produced contradictory results,...
The Implications of Marital Instability for a Woman's Fertility: Empirical Evidence from Italy
AbstractUsing a sample of Italian women interviewed in 2003 in the survey "Family and Social Subject," this paper investigates two issues: (1) how a woman's family life-course (union status and parity/ages of children born in the first marriage) influences...
The Relationship Context of Nonmarital Childbearing in the U.S
AbstractUsing Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort data, we present estimates of nonmarital births in the United States in 2001, both within and outside of cohabiting unions. We additionally examine how mother and father characteristics are...
Variations in Attitudinal Gender Preferences for Children across 50 Less-Developed Countries
AbstractWhile a number of studies have examined gender preferences for children by studying behavioral measures, such as skewed sex ratios, sex imbalance in infant mortality, and sibling size/order; attitudinal measures have been analyzed less systematically....

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