Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 18, January-June

Cohort Fertility Patterns and Breast Cancer Mortality among U.S. Women, 1948-2003
AbstractEpidemiological research has shown that women who have early and numerous births have reduced risks of being diagnosed with breast cancer. We use U.S. Vital Statistics and Census data and age-period-cohort models to examine whether cohort fertility...
Constant Global Population with Demographic Heterogeneity
AbstractTo understand better a possible future constant global population that is demographically heterogeneous, this paper analyzes several models. Classical theory of stationary populations generally fails to apply. However, if constant global population...
Correlated Mortality of Siblings in Kenya: The Role of State Dependence
AbstractRandom-effect models have been useful in demonstrating how unobserved factors are related to infant or child death clustering. Another potential hypothesis is state dependence whereby the death of an older sibling affects the risk of death of...
Does Income Inequality Really Influence Individual Mortality? Results from a 'Fixed-Effects Analysis' Where Constant Unobserved Municipality Characteristics Are Controlled
AbstractThere is still much uncertainty about the impact of income inequality on health and mortality. Some studies have supported the original hypothesis about adverse effects, while others have shown no effects. One problem in these investigations...
Does the Recent Evolution of Canadian Mortality Agree with the Epidemiologic Transition Theory?
AbstractAfter studying the epidemiologic transition's situation in Canada, it is determined that the delimitation of temporal stages within the epidemiologic transition as put forward by Omran (1971, 1998), Olshansky and Ault (1986), Rogers and Hackenberg...
Effects of Single Parenthood on Educational Aspiration and Student Disengagement in Korea
AbstractThe recent rapid increase in divorce, along with its distinctive cultural and welfare environments for single-parent families, makes Korea an interesting case for examining effects of single parenthood on children's education. Using data from...
Fertility Trends by Social Status
AbstractThis article discusses how fertility relates to social status with the use of a new dataset, several times larger than the ones used so far. The status-fertility relation is investigated over several centuries, across world regions and by the...
Gender Equity and Fertility Intentions in Italy and the Netherlands
AbstractFertility levels have fallen drastically in most industrialized countries. Diverse theoretical and empirical frameworks have had difficulty explaining these unprecedented low levels of fertility. More recently, however, attention has turned from...
Global Knowledge/local Bodies: Family Planning Service Providers' Interpretations of Contraceptive Knowledge(s)
AbstractContraceptive technologies and the knowledges that are constructed around them are simultaneously global and local. Family planning methods in the context of international development interventions are interpreted and understood as part of the...
How Fertility and Union Stability Interact in Shaping New Family Patterns in Italy and Spain
AbstractIn this paper we investigate the relationship between fertility decisions and union dissolution in Italy and Spain. We ask whether these processes affect each other directly and whether they are simultaneously influenced by the same unobserved...
"I Didn't Write the Questions!" Negotiating Telephone-Survey Questions on Birth Timing
AbstractThis paper examines interviewer-respondent interaction in the collection of demographic data where interviewer and respondents speak the same first language. Conversation analysis (CA), or the analysis of talk in interaction, makes transparent...
Marriage Formation as a Process Intermediary between Migration and Childbearing
AbstractIn studies of differences in fertility between migrants and non-migrants, marriage interferes because migration can be motivated by an impending marriage or can entail entry into a marriage market with new opportunities. One would therefore expect...
Not Truly Partnerless: Non-Residential Partnerships and Retreat from Marriage in Spain
AbstractNearly two-thirds of Spanish women aged 20-34 have not yet entered their first union. However, almost half of them have a stable partner living in a different household. Hence, the drop in marriage rates and low prevalence of cohabitation cannot...
On the Structural Value of Children and Its Implication on Intended Fertility in Bulgaria
AbstractPersonal networks are receiving increasing recognition as structural determinants of fertility. However, the network perspective also helps to explain personal motivations for having children. Using theories of interpersonal exchange, social...
Perturbation Analysis of Nonlinear Matrix Population Models
AbstractPerturbation analysis examines the response of a model to changes in its parameters. It is commonly applied to population growth rates calculated from linear models, but there has been no general approach to the analysis of nonlinear models....
Recent Fertility Decline in Eritrea: Is It a Conflict-Led Transition?
AbstractDuring a period of military conflict towards the end of the 1990s, Eritrea experienced a remarkable decline in fertility. This decline has been a concern to many Eritreans. An important issue of concern has been whether the decline is driven...
Religious Affiliation, Religiosity, and Male and Female Fertility
AbstractReligious studies of fertility typically focus on the effect of religious affiliation on fertility; the role of religiosity in determining fertility remains overlooked. Meanwhile, most studies focus on studying female fertility; whether religion...
The Reporting of Statistical Significance in Scientific Journals
ReflexionScientific journals in most empirical disciplines have regulations about how authors should report the precision of their estimates of model parameters and other model elements. Some journals that overlap fully or partly with the field of demography...
The Transition to Early Fatherhood: National Estimates Based on Multiple Surveys
AbstractThis study provides systematic information about the prevalence of early male fertility and the relationship between family background characteristics and early parenthood across three widely used data sources: the 1979 and 1997 National Longitudinal...
What Can We Learn from Indirect Estimations on Mortality in Mongolia, 1969-1989?
AbstractThe closure of Mongolia to the international community during the 20th century resulted in a dearth of available data and analytic demographic studies. In the absence of mortality analysis during the socialist period, this paper proposes the...
Women's Employment and Union Dissolution in a Changing Socio-Economic Context in Russia
AbstractThis study examines the effect of women's employment on the risk of union disruption within the centrally planned economy and transition period in Russia. The empirical part is based on two retrospective surveys conducted in Russia in 2004/2005,...
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