Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 35, July-December

A Matter of Norms: Family Background, Religion, and Generational Change in the Diffusion of First Union Breakdown among French-Speaking Quebeckers
1. Context and objectivesThe transformations that occurred in family life among F rench-speaking Quebeckers over the last decades, and especially the concurrent diffusion of unmarried cohabitation and union breakdown, provide a unique setting for the...
Are Daughters' Childbearing Intentions Related to Their Mothers' Socio-Economic Status?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionFertility intentions are the most proximate determinants of actual fertility (e.g., Barber 2001; Bongaarts 1992) and inform us about directional trends (Hin et al. 2011; Testa 2014). They are transmitted...
Cohabitation among Secular Jews in Israel: How Ethnicity, Education, and Employment Characteristics Are Related to Young Adults' Living Arrangements
1. IntroductionIn the last four decades family-related behavior and attitudes have undergone major shifts in Western societies. This set of changes is often referred to in the literature as the Second Demographic Transition (SDT). One of the characteristics...
Coresidence with Elderly Parents and Female Labor Supply in China
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThree decades of virtually uninterrupted economic hyper-growth since 1980 have propelled China into the ranks of upper-middle-income countries. However, female labor force participation, as one of...
Determinants of Rural Out-Migration in Ethiopia: Who Stays and Who Goes?
1. Lack of knowledge on migration in rural EthiopiaMigration is a complex, multicausal, and nonlinear demographic phenomenon that has occurred throughout human history at a variety of scales and touches the lives of many people in sub-Saharan Africa...
Differences by Union Status in Health and Mortality at Older Ages: Results for 16 European Countries
1.Background and objectivesWe have known for over 150 years that married people live longer than the unmarried. This inference was first made by the father of the contemporary life table, W. Farr (1858), and continues to be supported today by research....
Differences in Perinatal Health between Immigrant and Native-Origin Children: Evidence from Differentials in Birth Weight in Spain
1. The relevance of birth weight, and its determinants in the Spanish contextBirth weight has been the object of extensive research in various fields of scientific enquiry, from medicine to social epidemiology, sociology, and demography. The study of...
Ethnic Differences in Family Trajectories of Young Adult Women in the Netherlands: Timing and Sequencing of Events
1.IntroductionAlthough extensively studied, research on the demographic family behavior of young adults in Europe has been largely confined to native populations. Therefore, relatively little is known about the family behavior of immigrants and in particular,...
Fertility Progression in Germany: An Analysis Using Flexible Nonparametric Cure Survival Models
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionEvent history models have a long tradition in demographic research. They represent a bridge between the classical life table methods and modern regression techniques (Hoem 1993). Unlike OLS regression,...
Fifty Years of Change Updated: Cross-National Gender Convergence in Housework
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionIn this paper we update previous cross-national evidence on the gender division of housework. Due to the usual gap that occurs between the collection of survey data and their public launch, most...
GDP and Life Expectancy in Italy and Spain over the Long Run: A Time-Series Approach
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThere is a growing literature on the relation between improvements in life expectancy and the rise in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. The subject is of the utmost interest to economists,...
Gendered Transitions to Adulthood by College Field of Study in the United States
1. IntroductionRecent cohorts exhibit diverse pathways of transitions from adolescence to adulthood. As the normative ages when people settle into long-term adult roles have been postponed, the life course stage spanning approximately the ages of 18-24...
Insight on 'Typical' Longevity: An Analysis of the Modal Lifespan by Leading Causes of Death in Canada
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe spectacular longevity gains achieved by low mortality countries in the last two centuries are the direct consequence of ongoing progress in fighting a wide variety of diseases. During the first...
Introduction to Research on Immigrant and Ethnic Minority Families in Europe
1.IntroductionResearch on immigrants and ethnic minorities has two broad objectives. First, the study of people who move from one societal context to another offers a unique opportunity to gain a better understanding of how various factors influence...
Loss Aversion and Duration of Residence
1. IntroductionThis paper has been written in a period of rising social and personal uncertainty as globalized societies face greater uncertainty about their futures (Beck 1999). Partly as a result, an increasing proportion of people are now exercising...
Marriage of Matching Doors: Marital Sorting on Parental Background in China
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)1.IntroductionWho marries whom has important implications for the production and reproduction of social inequalities (Becker 1973). The study of marital sorting by parental background in particular has...
Migrant Children and Migrants' Children: Nativity Differences in School Enrollment in Mexico and the United States
1. IntroductionAs migration increases around the world, interest in the role of migration for children's health and well-being continues to grow. Most needed are comparative studies that give greater insight into how children's outcomes vary across diverse...
My House or Our Home? Transitions into Sole Home Ownership in British Couples
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionScholars (and policymakers) mostly assume implicitly that couples' self-occupied homes are the jointly owned asset of both partners (Joseph and Rowlingson 2012). This follows from the common assumption...
On the Association between Weather Variability and Total and Cause-Specific Mortality before and during Industrialization in Sweden
1.BackgroundFollowing the Little Ice Age between the 14th and 19th centuries (Ljungkvist 2009), an increase in global average temperatures has been observed (IPCC 2013). Since the end of the 20th century, more frequent heat waves have been reported and...
Partnership Formation and Dissolution among Immigrants in the Spanish Context
1.IntroductionResearch on family dynamics among immigrant populations in Europe has focused mainly on Western European countries, due to the large foreign-born populations that arrived in the post-war period in those countries. However, since the mid-1990s...
Pragmatic Tradition or Romantic Aspiration? the Causes of Impulsive Marriage and Early Divorce among Women in Rural Malawi
1.IntroductionThe last decades of the 20th century have seen important shifts in the way young people meet, marry, and interact with their spouses in sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, social scientists have taken an interest in the rise of romantic courtship...
Prospects for the Comparative Study of International Migration Using Quasi-Longitudinal Micro-Data
1. IntroductionCompared to many other life events and transitions of interest in the social sciences, data on migration - especially international migration - is notoriously difficult and costly to collect (Black and Skeldon 2009; Willekens et al. 2016)...
Sequencing the Real Time of the Elderly: Evidence from South Africa
1. IntroductionWith an increase in the life expectancy of older adults, a growing body of research has developed in recent decades exploring how the elderly spend their time. In describing the nature, determinants, and consequences of time use among...
Sigma and Beta Convergence in Regional Mortality: A Case Study of the Netherlands
1.IntroductionThe debate in mortality research about whether differences in mortality levels at the population level decline (converge) or increase (diverge) focuses on between-country differences (e.g., Meslé and Vallin 2002; Vallin and Meslé 2004;...
Spatial Attraction in Migrants' Settlement Patterns in the City of Catania
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionResidential location influences individuals' proximity to important resources (such as schools, hospitals, child care facilities, labor markets, and employment opportunities) and to potential risks,...
Symmetries between Life Lived and Left in Finite Stationary Populations
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe symmetries between life lived and life left in stationary populations have drawn the attention of several scholars in past years. Examples are found in the fields of demography and population...
The Contextual Database of the Generations and Gender Programme: Concept, Content, and Research Examples
1. IntroductionIn recent decades, the demographic landscape of Europe has become more diverse. Fertility rates have fallen below replacement level in almost all European countries. Yet while some countries have experienced long-term low and lowest-low...
The Gendered Effects of Labour Market Experiences on Marriage Timing in Egypt
1. IntroductionAcross the Arab region the economic challenges young people face are believed to impede their timely entry into marriage (Dhillon 2007; Hasso 2011; Singerman 2007). This is also true in Egypt, the region's most populous country. Many Egyptians...
The Great Recession and America's Geography of Unemployment
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe Great Recession of 2007 to 2009 was the most severe and lengthy economic crisis since the Great Depression in the 1930s. Precipitous decreases in housing values and ownership, employment, and...
Trends in the Completeness of Birth Registration in Nigeria: 2002-2010
1. IntroductionBirth registration is a fundamental right that affords children the opportunity to be documented and establish their nationality. Unfortunately, this right is denied to many children, especially in less developed countries (Pais 2009;...
Uncertain Lives: Insights into the Role of Job Precariousness in Union Formation in Italy
1.IntroductionAlthough presented as the remedy for economic problems and unemployment since the 1990s, the diffusion of new forms of flexible and temporary work contracts has transformed labor market entry and exit conditions, leading to an increasing...
Understanding the Contribution of Suicide to Life Expectancy in South Korea
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionSuicide - intentional death resulting from a victim's own action - is the product of a complex interplay between individuals and society (Durkheim 1952). Since the mid1990s, South Korea (hereafter...
Visualising the Demographic Factors Which Shape Population Age Structure
1. IntroductionThe population pyramid is one of the most popular visual representations of data in demography. In its standard form it comprises two histograms rolled on their sides and placed back-to-back, with the youngest ages at the bottom of the...
What Drives Senegalese Migration to Europe? the Role of Economic Restructuring, Labor Demand, and the Multiplier Effect of Networks
1. IntroductionAlthough the literature on migration determinants in sub-Saharan Africa is extensive, most focuses on internal migration (Lucas 2006). Compared to the theoretical and empirical literature of international migration elsewhere, relatively...
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