Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 33, July-December

Adapting Chain Referral Methods to Sample New Migrants: Possibilities and Limitations
1. IntroductionDemographic research on migration requires representative samples of migrant populations, yet recent immigrants are difficult to capture in standard or even specialist surveys. The underrepresentation of recent immigrants in existing surveys...
A Multistate Life Table Approach to Understanding Return and Reentry Migration between Mexico and the United States during Later Life
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionPopular media suggest that international migration is an increasingly viable option for older Americans (e.g., Christie 2006; Hawley 2007; Sassen 1988). Reasons why this group, as well as older...
Are There Gender Differences in Family Trajectories by Education in Finland?
1. IntroductionPrevious research has reported socioeconomic differences in family structures and family formation dynamics. For instance, non-marital cohabitation, single parenthood, and living alone are more prevalent among those with low levels of...
Average Age at Death in Infancy and Infant Mortality Level: Reconsidering the Coale-Demeny Formulas at Current Levels of Low Mortality
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionDuring the period from the 1920s to the 1970s, infant mortality decline in Europe and other industrialized countries was accompanied by a concentration of infant deaths in the neonatal period. The...
Changes in Partnership Patterns across the Life Course: An Examination of 14 Countries in Europe and the United States
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThroughout the industrialized world, relationship patterns have been transforming. Rather than entering and remaining within marriage, individuals now often enter into cohabiting relationships that...
Commitment and the Changing Sequence of Cohabitation, Childbearing, and Marriage: Insights from Qualitative Research in the UK
1. IntroductionIn the UK, the standard, traditional sequence of family events has become far less dominant, to be replaced by a complex and de-standardized lifecourse (Berrington 2003; Elzinga and Liefbroer 2007; Billari and Liefbroer 2010; Perelli-Harris...
Decomposing Changes in Life Expectancy: Compression versus Shifting Mortality
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. BackgroundHuman mortality has undergone remarkable declines over the years. The increase in life expectancy is probably the best expression for the dramatic mortality decline in the last 170 years (Oeppen and...
Does Waiting Pay off for Couples? Partnership Duration Prior to Household Formation and Union Stability
1. IntroductionOver the past few decades, forms of partnership in which partners are not married and may not even share the same residence have emerged in many western countries (Duncan and Phillips 2011; Régnier-Loilier, Beaujouan, and Villeneuve-Gokalp...
Earnings and First Birth Probability among Norwegian Men and Women 1995-2010
1. IntroductionThe relationship between female earnings and fertility is context dependent. Cross-country comparisons indicate that in contexts with weak institutional support for families and/or gender traditional division of labour in the family, a...
Educational Attainment and Adult Literacy: A Descriptive Account of 31 Sub-Saharan Africa Countries
1. IntroductionIn 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared literacy a basic human right. Ever since, estimates of adult literacy have been of central interest to international organizations. A common technique for generating population...
Educational Differences in Early Childbearing: A Cross-National Comparative Study
1. IntroductionRecent research on fertility trends in industrialized countries has focused primarily on delayed onset of childbearing (e.g., Frejka and Sobotka 2008; Morgan and Taylor 2006) and fertility recuperation at older ages (e.g., Lesthaeghe and...
Educational Differences in Timing and Quantum of Childbearing in Britain: A Study of Cohorts Born 1940-1969
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionEducational attainment is a strong predictor of fertility and, particularly given the expansion of higher education among post-war cohorts, the mechanisms underlying this educational differential...
Education Stalls and Subsequent Stalls in African Fertility: A Descriptive Overview
1. IntroductionThis research note studies the timing and magnitude of possible effects of the Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP), which were enforced in the early 1980s by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank in many developing...
Explaining Fertility: The Potential for Integrative Approaches
1. Aims and structure of the Special CollectionWith this Special Collection (SC) we contribute to the discussion on theoretical approaches to explain fertility behavior in developed countries from an integrative perspective.4 As fertility behavior takes...
Exploring Social Norms around Cohabitation: The Life Course, Individualization, and Culture
1. IntroductionThe rise in cohabitation, or two people living together in an intimate union without marriage, has been one of the greatest changes to the Western family over the past few decades. In nearly every country in Europe, cohabitation has shifted...
First Conjugal Union and Religion: Signs Contrary to the Second Demographic Transition in Brazil?
1. IntroductionThe conjugal union pattern in Latin America is marked by the following two characteristics: early entry into first union and the increasing proportion of informal unions (Rosero-Bixby 1996; Vignoli 2005; Esteve, Lesthaeghe, and Lopez-Gay...
For the Times They Are a Changin' - the Respect for Religious Precepts through the Analysis of the Seasonality of Marriages. Italy, 1862-2012
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionIt is well known that the Catholic Church's prohibition of celebrating weddings during Lent and Advent operated as a significant deterrent in the respective months of occurrence (see among others...
How Integrated Are Immigrants?
1. IntroductionImmigrant integration is a political priority. Both OECD and the European Union have declared that its achievement plays a key role in future growth, social cohesion and wellbeing (European Commission 2010; OECD 2014). At the same time,...
Ideation and Intention to Use Contraceptives in Kenya and Nigeria
1. IntroductionContraceptive use is a key factor in preventing unwanted pregnancies, reducing maternal and child mortality, and improving the lives of women and their families (Cleland et al. 2012; Kavanaugh and Anderson 2013; Sonfield et al. 2013; Tsui,...
Income Sources and Intergenerational Transfers in Different Regimes: The Case of East Germany's Transformation
1. IntroductionAs individuals age and progress through various life stages, the relative importance of specific income sources changes. People are initially dependent on transfers, and then work to support themselves. In most western welfare states,...
Inter-Generational Co-Residence and Women's Work and Leisure Time in Egypt
1. IntroductionThe patriarchal nature of Egyptian society leads to a high prevalence of intergenerational co-residence, where aging parents, especially mothers-in-law, live with their eldest son and daughter-in-law (Yount 2005; Yount et al. 2012). The...
Lifetime Reproduction and the Second Demographic Transition: Stochasticity and Individual Variation
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionDuring the twentieth century, many countries experienced the so-called second demographic transition, showing sharp declines in the population's fertility level. The demographic transition is characterized...
Marriage and Divorce of Immigrants and Descendants of Immigrants in Sweden
1. IntroductionSweden is often seen as situated at an advanced stage of the so-called Second Demographic Transition of family change (van de Kaa 1987). It also has relatively high levels of immigration. Further, it possesses high-quality demographic...
Measuring Intergenerational Financial Support: Analysis of Two Cross-National Surveys
1. IntroductionThe process of societal ageing raises many questions about the relationship between generations. With an increasing number of older persons relative to younger persons, it should be expected that intergenerational relationships are changing...
Modeling the Fertility Impact of the Proximate Determinants: Time for a Tune-Up
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe proximate determinants (PD) of fertility are the biological and behavioral factors through which the background determinants (social, economic, and environmental variables) affect fertility....
Motherhood of Foreign Women in Lombardy: Testing the Effects of Migration by Citizenship
1. IntroductionDuring the past few decades there has been a significant transformation of the foreign population in Italy, marked by a shift toward permanent settlement. This ongoing transformation has emerged owing to several indicators, often linked...
Mother's Educational Level and Single Motherhood: Comparing Spain and Italy
1. IntroductionOn average, 15% of European children live in one-parent households, most of them headed by women, and this kind of household has a higher risk of poverty than couple-headed households (OECD 2014). Furthermore, there is evidence that under...
Neighborhood-Health Links: Differences between Rural-to-Urban Migrants and Natives in Shanghai 1
1. IntroductionAn abundant literature has documented the important role that neighborhood context plays in a variety of individual outcomes ranging from life chances and life trajectories to lifestyles and health outcomes, regardless of individual background...
New Perspective on Youth Migration: Motives and Family Investment Patterns
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionIncreasingly, youth in developing countries2 are diversifying their opportunities through both domestic and international migration (McKenzie 2008; Yaqub 2009a). Though data detailing precise estimates...
Non-Resident Parent-Child Contact after Marital Dissolution and Parental Repartnering: Evidence from Italy
1. IntroductionOver the past few decades the increase in the proportion of separations and divorce involving children has been accompanied by a rise in sole parenthood, and thus an increasing number of children spend some of their childhood without one...
Old Age Insurance Participation among Rural-Urban Migrants in China
1. IntroductionWith rapid economic growth, China has experienced unprecedented rural-urban migration during the past decades. According to the 2010 population census, migrants constituted 16.5% of the total population and the number of migrant workers...
Partnership Dynamics across Generations of Immigration in France: Structural vs. Cultural Factors
1. IntroductionSince the 1960s, family forms in most European countries have become more varied, in parallel with increasingly diverse and individualized family life courses. The sequence of demographic events and the pace at which they occur are now...
Patterns and Selectivities of Urban/rural Migration in Israel
1. Introduction3Israel, like other more developed nations, is highly urbanized. In fact, as early as 1955, some eight out of every ten people were concentrated in places with 2,000 or more persons. 4 The urban share has risen to nine of every ten today....
Reconstructing Historical Fertility Change in Mongolia: Impressive Fertility Rise before Continued Fertility Decline
1. IntroductionThe increasing number of population censuses and sample surveys significantly improve our knowledge of recent demographic changes in statistically less-developed countries. The availability of large survey programs and the recommended...
Reproductive Behavior Following Evacuation to Foster Care during World War II
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe research during the past few decades on how divorce and bereavement are associated with subsequent life courses has shown strong evidence of compromised early-life transitions (Amato 2010; Kiernan...
Residential Mobility in Early Childhood: Household and Neighborhood Characteristics of Movers and Non-Movers
1. IntroductionResearch shows that residential mobility shapes child well-being. Children who stay in the same home have better behavioral and emotional health and educational achievement than their more mobile counterparts (Jelleyman and Spencer 2008;...
Sexual Networks, Partnership Mixing, and the Female-to-Male Ratio of HIV Infections in Generalized Epidemics: An Agent-Based Simulation Study
1. IntroductionAbout 60% of adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are women, and that corresponds to a female-to-male ratio of infections of 1.48 (UNAIDS 2010).4 Empirical estimates of the gender ratio of infections in African populations with...
Socio-Economic Determinants of Divorce in Lithuania: Evidence from Register-Based Census-Linked Data
1. IntroductionThe high divorce rates common in many industrial societies have generated a substantial body of research aimed at identifying determinants of marital instability. The socio-economic predictors of divorce have been widely examined in the...
Taylor's Power Law in Human Mortality
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionTaylor (1961) established a power law that describes a pattern in ecology regarding the (spatial or temporal) variability of populations. For many species, it describes a linear relationship between...
The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and Subsequent Birth Deficit in Japan
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe 1918 influenza pandemic, variously known as the "mother of all pandemics" (Taubenberger and Morens 2006) for its impact on global population and the "forgotten pandemic" (Crosby 2003) for the...
The Educational Integration of Second Generation Southern Italian Migrants to the North
1. IntroductionInternal migration can be defined as the change over time in the distribution of the population within a country. Since the early works on migration (Ravenstein 1885), scholars have treated it as a complex phenomenon involving sociological,...
The Effects of Wealth, Occupation, and Immigration on Epidemic Mortality from Selected Infectious Diseases and Epidemics in Holyoke Township, Massachusetts, 1850-1912
1. IntroductionSocial, economic, and environmental factors all impacted mortality in 19th century Europe and the United States. The type of place (rural or urban, industrial or non-industrial area, stable or growing population) was a powerful predictor...
The Impact of Demographic Change on Intergenerational Transfers Via Bequests
1. IntroductionIntergenerational transfers in the form of bequests play an important role in the multigenerational transfer of wealth and income disparity. As such, it is necessary to grasp the patterns of the transmission of wealth across generations....
The Low Importance of Marriage in Eastern Germany - Social Norms and the Role of Peoples' Perceptions of the Past
1. IntroductionIn almost all European countries, marriage rates have been declining since the 1960s and the share of non-marital births has been rising for several decades (Perelli-Harris et al. 2010, 2012). This coincides with alternative partnership...
Unintended Pregnancy and the Changing Demography of American Women, 1987-2008
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe persistence of unintended pregnancy in the United States is a major public health concern. Births from unintended conceptions are associated with increased risk of many negative health and social...
Union Formation and Dissolution among Immigrants and Their Descendants in the United Kingdom
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionEuropean countries are witnessing increases in immigration streams and the ethnic heterogeneity of their populations (Castles and Miller 2009). A large body of literature has examined various aspects...
Which Transition Comes First? Urban and Demographic Transitions in Belgium and Sweden
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionAnalysing demographic transition is a recurrent task in demography. Although it is regrettable that demographic transition is insufficiently scrutinised, and that no sufficient historical data are...
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