Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 34, January-June

An Implicit Ambivalence-Indifference Dimension of Childbearing Desires in the National Survey of Family Growth
1. IntroductionIt is common in fertility surveys to collect data about the respondents' motivations and intentions regarding future childbearing. It is also common to collect data about the degree to which each of any previous pregnancies was intended...
Childhood Socioeconomic Status, Adult Socioeconomic Status, and Old-Age Health Trajectories: Connecting Early, Middle, and Late Life
1. IntroductionThe current study uses a large population database linking information from over 75,000 persons across early, middle, and late life to establish how the combination of childhood and adult SES are associated with late-life long-term morbidity...
Counting Souls: Towards an Historical Demography of Africa
1. IntroductionThe aim of the Counting Souls Project is to collect the parish registers of the earliest churches in East and Central Africa, and to reconstruct micro-demographic histories of those parishes from the late 19th century to the present using...
Differences in All-Cause Mortality: A Comparison between Immigrants and the Host Population in Norway 1990-2012
1. IntroductionMortality is an indicator of health and disease risk (Razum et al. 1998). Studying differences in mortality between migrant and minority groups and the majority population might improve our understanding of the underlying mechanism. Mortality...
Distal Determinants of Fertility Decline: Evidence from 640 Indian Districts
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe relationship between fertility and its distal as well as proximate determinants has been the subject of a long-standing and continued inquiry among demographers, economists, sociologists, and...
Diverging Patterns of Fertility Decline in Uruguay
1. IntroductionThe purpose of this paper is to analyze the changes in the level and timing of fertility in Uruguay between 1996 and 2011, using period fertility measures by birth order. The analysis of the evolution of fertility trends by birth order...
Does Grandparental Help Mediate the Relationship between Kin Presence and Fertility?
1. IntroductionThere is a growing literature on the effect of kin on fitness outcomes, which demonstrates associations between kin availability and reproductive outcomes in many different contexts (see reviews in Sear and Mace 2008; Sear and Coall 2011)....
Does Selection of Mortality Model Make a Difference in Projecting Population Ageing?
1. IntroductionProjecting mortality is a crucial first step in studying the prospects of population ageing and its consequences. As life expectancy increases and population-ageing speeds up worldwide (Lutz et al. 2008), a considerable effort is being...
First Union Formation in Urban Burkina Faso: Competing Relationship Transitions to Marriage or Cohabitation
1. IntroductionAlthough marriage remains almost universal in sub-Saharan Africa, there have been widespread and profound changes in the transition to marriage across the region over the last few decades (Lloyd 2005; Marcoux and Antoine 2014). Even in...
Forgotten Marriages? Measuring the Reliability of Marriage Histories
1. IntroductionRetrospective marriage histories collected in surveys are a valuable source of information on nuptiality. They usually contain information on respondents' reported marriages, including marriage dates and how unions ended. Researchers have...
Gender Inequalities in Employment and Wage-Earning among Internal Labour Migrants in Chinese Cities
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionEconomic migration in China, particularly since the beginning of this century has been unprecedented in scale. The 2010 census data show that China has over 220 million people who have migrated...
Generations and Gender Programme Wave 1 Data Collection: An Overview and Assessment of Sampling and Fieldwork Methods, Weighting Procedures, and Cross-Sectional Representativeness
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) was developed to stimulate the study of a broad range of topics of relevance to population scientists. It is designed as a threewave panel study conducted...
Intergenerational Money and Time Transfers by Gender in Spain: Who Are the Actual Dependents?
1. IntroductionThe analysis of intergenerational transfers has contributed to the understanding of the interaction between population age structure and welfare. This topic has been studied for a long time (Willis 1988; Lee, Parish, and Willis 1994; Albertini,...
Maternal Labor Force Participation and Differences by Education in an Urban Birth Cohort Study - 1998-2010
1. IntroductionMaternal employment in the U.S. has increased dramatically over the last 40 years. Among mothers with children under 18, 47% were in the labor force in 1975 and this figure increased to more than 70% in the late 1990s, where it has remained...
Non-Standard Work Schedules, Gender, and Parental Stress
RESULTSOur analysis shows that the link between non-standard working hours and perceived stress differs between mothers and fathers. First, fathers with non-standard schedules appear more likely to experience stress than those working standard hours,...
Pioneer Settlement of U.S. Immigrants: Characteristics of Pioneer Migrants and Places
1. IntroductionThe foreign-born resettlement process now underway in the United States involves the increasing dispersion of immigrants to mid- and small-sized metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas throughout the country that had few immigrants before...
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Leaving and Returning to the Parental Home: The Role of Life Course Transitions, Socioeconomic Resources, and Family Connectivity
1. IntroductionOver the last half-century, social, economic, and cultural changes have made the transition to adulthood more dynamic, complex, and diversified in western countries (Cordón 1997; Mitchell 2007; Settersten and Ray 2010). In addition to...
Reliability of Retrospective Event Histories within the German Generations and Gender Survey: The Role of Interviewer and Survey Design Factors
1. IntroductionThe Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), which is part of the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), has been one of the most ambitious projects in Population Studies in the last decade. Its stated goal is to "improve understanding of...
Remittances and Risk of Major Depressive Episode and Sadness among New Legal Immigrants to the United States
1. BackgroundIn 2012, international migrants sent over $529 billion abroad (Pew Research Center 2014), a significant portion of which is linked to improved health and well-being for family members who remain behind (Anton 2010; Frank et al. 2009; Lindstrom...
State-Level Variation in the Imprisonment-Mortality Relationship, 2001-2010
1. IntroductionAs the US imprisonment rate has increased, scholars have realized that the penal system has an impact upon the health and wellbeing of the men and women who come into contact with it (Drucker 2014; Fazel and Baillargeon 2011; Massoglia...
The Quality of Demographic Data on Older Africans
1. IntroductionAge, together with sex, is one of the key "demographic variables" (Bogue 1969: 147), and is the "centrepiece" of much demographic theory (Poston Jr and Micklin 2006: 23). In order to accurately understand population change - its scale,...
The Relationship between Unemployment and Fertility in Italy: A Time-Series Analysis
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. PremiseDuring the last four decades of the 20th century, the average total fertility rate (TFR) has continuously dropped in Europe, as it generally has in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development...
Transition to Adulthood in China in 1982-2005: A Structural View
1. IntroductionThe transition to adulthood includes certain trajectories, such as leaving school, entering the labor force, getting married, and having children. These transitions have been increasingly postponed, shuffled, and individualized in the...
Transnational Relationships and Reunification: Ghanaian Couples between Ghana and Europe
1. IntroductionIn the context of international migration, transnational relationships in which couples live apart together across borders (LATAB) are common because of the limited possibilities of migrating together. In recent decades migration laws...
Types of Social Networks and the Transition to Parenthood
1. IntroductionHuman beings are social actors embedded in a network of social relationships with kin and peers. A basic assumption of social interaction theory is that important decisions in the life course, such as the decision to become a parent, are...
Union Dissolution and Migration
1. IntroductionSome form of spatial mobility is an almost necessary consequence of union dissolution: at least one former partner must relocate and in many cases both former partners must find a new place of residence. Hence, the presumption is that...
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