Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 39, July-December

Birth and Employment Transitions of Women in Turkey: The Emergence of Role Incompatibility
1.IntroductionThe relationship between women's fertility and employment is a topic that requires further clarification, especially in developing countries where fertility is still in transition. The extensive literature on this relationship deals mostly...
Cause-Specific Mortality as a Sentinel Indicator of Current Socioeconomic Conditions in Italy
1.IntroductionThe last few years have seen an increasing need for disaggregated statistics at small territorial levels that can monitor the social and economic conditions of the various areas of a country and highlight possible regional imbalances. The...
Celebrity Culture and Demographic Change: The Case of Celebrity Nonmarital Fertility, 1974–2014
1.Introduction1.1Explaining rising nonmarital fertilityIn 1940, 3.8% of US births occurred to unmarried women. By 2009 this figure had risen over ten-fold to 40.8% (Solomon-Fears 2014). National surveys confirm marked shifts in attitudes towards nonmarital...
Child Poverty across Immigrant Generations in the United States, 1993–2016: Evidence Using the Official and Supplemental Poverty Measures
1.IntroductionRacial and ethnic diversity across the US population has increased markedly over recent decades, and this trend is expected to continue into the future (Alba and Foner 2015; Frey 2014; Lee et al. 2017; Lichter and Qian 2018). Shifts in...
Co-Ethnic Marriage versus Intermarriage among Immigrants and Their Descendants: A Comparison across Seven European Countries Using Event-History Analysis
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionMany European countries have experienced an increase in their foreign-born population and ethnic minorities over the past decades (Andersson, Obucina, and Scott 2015; Zimmermann 2005). However, the...
Contemporary Female Migration in Ghana: Analyses of the 2000 and 2010 Censuses
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionDue to population growth and urbanization, projections suggest that two-thirds of the world's population will reside in urban areas by 2050, with most of this increase occurring in Asia and Africa...
Disability Crossover: Is There a Hispanic Immigrant Health Advantage That Reverses from Working to Old Age?
1.IntroductionThe Hispanic population in the United States continues to grow rapidly, and its share in the population over age 65 is expected to more than double between 2012 and 2050, from just over 7% to over 18% (15.4 million people). Hispanics tend...
Does Age-Adjusted Measurement of Contraceptive Use Better Explain the Relationship between Fertility and Contraception?
1.BackgroundContraceptive use is one of the major proximate determinants of fertility, along with marriage (or union formation), postpartum insusceptibility, and abortion (Bongaarts 1982). The proximate determinants model has been refined over time (Bongaarts...
Economic Uncertainty and First-Birth Intentions in Europe
1.IntroductionEurope is facing a demographic challenge, as pointed out in contemporary scholarship of the welfare state, gender, economics, and demography (Oláh and Fahlén 2013). Below-replacement level period fertility rates, displayed in nearly all...
Educational Selectivity of Internal Migrants: A Global Assessment
1.IntroductionMigration is widely acknowledged to be integral to the process of human development. At an individual level, migration is essential to economic and social well-being by allowing individuals to pursue their goals and aspirations, including...
Explaining Swedish Sibling Similarity in Fertility: Parental Fertility Behavior vs. Social Background
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe study of parental influence on fertility has been a subject of ongoing interest in social sciences for over a century (e.g., Pearson, Lee, and Bramley-Moore 1899; Murphy 1999). Previous research...
Family Histories and the Demography of Grandparenthood
1.IntroductionIn contemporary aging societies, grandparents' lives and those of their grandchildren overlap markedly (Bengtson 2001; Harper 2005; Leopold and Skopek 2015a; Margolis 2016). As a consequence of changes in mortality, compared to the earlier...
Family Policies, Childbearing, and Economic Crisis: The Case of Iceland
1.IntroductionIn a European context, Iceland has relatively high fertility. It is also among the most gender-equal countries in the world; few countries have a higher female employment rate than Iceland. With its population of around 350,000, Iceland...
Fathers on Call? A Study on the Sharing of Care Work between Parents in Sweden
1.IntroductionPrevious research and common knowledge tell us that the transition to parenthood is more life changing for mothers than for fathers. Mothers often take long periods of leave from their paid employment to care for the newborn child and often...
Fertility Compression in Niger: A Study of Fertility Change by Parity (1977–2011)
1.IntroductionWith an average of 7.4 children per woman in 2010-2015, Niger is the country with the highest level of fertility in the world (UNPD 2017). The level of fertility remained stable over the last decades. Given the importance of fertility in...
Fertility Responses to Individual and Contextual Unemployment: Differences by Socioeconomic Background
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1.IntroductionResearch on life course transitions has long emphasized the impact of economic prospects on the decision to bear children (Becker 1960; Easterlin 1973). Because drastic changes in macroeconomic conditions,...
Fewer Mothers with More Colleges? the Impacts of Expansion in Higher Education on First Marriage and First Childbirth
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionSince the instances of lowest-low fertility were first observed in Europe in the early 1990s and the term 'lowest-low fertility' was coined (Kohler, Billari, and Ortega 2002), researchers have explored...
From Hell to Heaven? Evidence of Migration Trajectories from an Italian Refugee Centre
1.IntroductionDue to the many war and conflict situations worldwide, a growing number of people are leaving their home country to look for better living conditions, free from persecution, violence, or war. According to the most recent data (Caritas 2015;...
Gender Differences and Similarities in the Educational Gradient in Fertility: The Role of Earnings Potential and Gender Composition in Study Disciplines
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1. IntroductionIn many Western and non-Western countries, in recent decades the number of highly educated women reaching reproductive ages has exceeded the number of highly educated men (Esteve, García-Román, and...
Higher Acceptance Rates of Asylum Seekers Lead to Slightly More Asylum Applications in the Future
1.IntroductionImmigration to Europe has been the main concern for Europeans for several years. When asked about the most important issues facing the European Union (EU), immigration has been mentioned more often than any other issue in all Eurobarometer...
Housework Division and Gender Ideology: When Do Attitudes Really Matter?
1.IntroductionThe relationship between gender attitudes and housework division has been extensively investigated in recent decades. However, impressive as this research effort has been, further scrutiny is needed: The literature shows that these attitudes...
Immigrant Women and Medicaid-Financed Births
1.IntroductionAnti-immigrant sentiments have been rising in many areas in the United States. President Donald Trump, during his campaign for president in 2015 and 2016, gained popularity partly due to his anti-immigration rhetoric (Lee 2015). Aside from...
Interviewer Effects on Patterns of Nonresponse: Evaluating the Impact on the Reasons for Contraceptive Nonuse in the Indonesia and the Philippines DHS
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionUnmet need for contraception has fallen in Indonesia within the last two decades. From a value of 17% in the 1991 DHS, the most recent DHS estimates that 11% of Indonesian women have unmet need,...
Joint Lifestyles and the Risk of Union Dissolution: Differences between Marriage and Cohabitation
1.IntroductionLove, intimacy, and companionship are considered central benefits of contemporary couple relationships (Spitze and South 1985; Giddens 1992; Cherlin 2004). The way couples arrange their social life and leisure time, such as sports activities...
Late-Life Health Effects of Teenage Motherhood
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1.IntroductionIn an ageing society, the health of older people is an important policy issue from an individual as well as a collective perspective. From an individual point of view, good late-life health ensures...
Leaving Home in 19th Century England and Wales: A Spatial Analysis
1.IntroductionThe process of leaving the parental home is an important but understudied phenomenon that can tell us much about the structure of societies, both past and present. Although Pooley and Turnbull are keen to stress that in the past leaving...
Life Lived and Left: Estimating Age-Specific Survival in Stable Populations with Unknown Ages
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. RelationshipConsider a stable population with constant growth rate r that is first observed at time t. Let N (a, t) be the unknown number of individuals in this population at any age a. Let D (a, t) be the...
Love. Break Up. Repeat: The Prevalence and Stability of Serial Cohabitation among West German Women and Men Born in the Early 1970s
1.IntroductionUnmarried cohabitation is part and parcel of Europe's demographic landscape. A growing proportion of people postpone marriage because they choose to cohabit before marrying their partner, and some forgo marriage altogether. Increasingly,...
Mixed Marriages between Immigrants and Natives in Spain: The Gendered Effect of Marriage Market Constraints
1.IntroductionAlthough a number of important studies have looked at mixed marriages between communities who have lived in the same country for centuries (Hendrickx, Lammers, and Ultee 1991; O'Leary and Finnäs 2002; Kalmijn and van Tubergen 2006), it...
Multigenerational Socioeconomic Attainments and Mortality among Older Men: An Adjacent Generations Approach
1.IntroductionRecent papers in stratification and demography argue for the relevance of multiple familial generations in both status attainment and health processes (Friedman and Mare 2014; Mare 2011, 2014). In response, a growing body of research provides...
Neonatal Mortality, Cold Weather, and Socioeconomic Status in Two Northern Italian Rural Parishes, 1820–1900
1.IntroductionCold-related conditions, such as hypothermia (Lunze et al. 2013), and severe infectious diseases, such as neonatal sepsis or neonatal infection (Oza et al. 2015), are a common cause of neonatal death in many developing countries (Lawn,...
Order Matters: The Effect of Premarital Pregnancy on Second Childbearing in Japan
1.IntroductionIn the past, marriage and childbearing have been strongly linked. From the middle of the 20th century, however, family formation has changed in many developed countries: As cohabitation and nonmarital childbearing has increased the order...
Parents' Subjective Well-Being after Their First Child and Declining Fertility Expectations
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionRecent studies have suggested a significant decline in subjective well-being - measured either as happiness or as life satisfaction - following childbearing events (Clark et al. 2008; Frijters, Johnston,...
Persistence of Death in the United States: The Remarkably Different Mortality Patterns between America's Heartland and Dixieland
1.Introduction and backgroundRecent public health research documents geographic disparities in mortality in the United States. This literature takes many different forms, particularly regarding the way 'place' is conceptualized, operationalized, and...
Polygynous Marriage and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Is the Evidence for Harm?
1.IntroductionThere is now a significant body of research, spanning the social and health sciences, on the relationship between polygynous marriage (hereafter polygyny) and child health in sub-Saharan Africa (hereafter Africa). Negative associations...
Prospective versus Retrospective Measurement of Unwanted Fertility: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Inconsistencies Assessed for a Cohort of US Women
1.IntroductionUnwanted fertility - births that occur when women preferred to have no more children - is an important demographic concept. Unwanted fertility reflects contraceptive failure or nonuse of contraception when there was a desire to have no...
Putting Family Centre Stage: Ties to Nonresident Family, Internal Migration, and Immobility
1.IntroductionInternal migration - long-distance changes of address within national borders - is a key way for people to improve their living conditions, and is thus generally assumed to be beneficial to individuals and households. It is also seen as...
Religiosity and Marital Fertility among Muslims in Israel
1.IntroductionMounting evidence suggests that there is a positive relationship been religiosity and fertility. Most of the evidence comes from studies of Christian and Jewish populations (Adsera 2006; Baudin 2015; Hayford and Morgan 2008; Mosher and...
Return Intentions over the Life Course: Evidence on the Effects of Life Events from a Longitudinal Sample of First- and Second-Generation Turkish Migrants in Germany
1.IntroductionTurkish migration to Germany is one of the major migrations of the last 60 years. According to the 2014 German microcensus, of the five million people with Turkish background living abroad, nearly three million reside in Germany (Aydin...
Same-Sex Relationship Experiences and Expectations regarding Partnership and Parenthood
1.IntroductionThe beginning of the 21st century brought a rapid expansion of social science studies on gay and lesbian (henceforth: G&L) family issues (for reviews see Biblarz and Savci 2010; Moore and Stambolis-Ruhstorfer 2013; Umberson et al. 2015)....
Stability and Change in Personal Fertility Ideals among US Women in Heterosexual Relationships
1. IntroductionNearly four decades after reliable, affordable, and accessible birth control and legal abortion became available, the persistence of unrealized fertility ideals raises practical and theoretical questions about individual, cultural, social,...
The Impact of Proportional Changes in Age-Specific Mortality on Life Expectancy When Mortality Is a Log-Linear Function of Age
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.RelationshipAssume that lifetime from a given age, a, follows a Gompertz distribution whose agespecific death rate is defined as m(x) = aeß(x-a) at age x > a and let ? = aß-1.Consider a proportional change...
The Influence of the Number of Siblings on Expected Family Size in a Cohort of Young Adults in Germany
1. IntroductionThere is a long tradition of research on the association between family of origin and fertility (Axinn, Clarkberg, and Thornton 1994; Barber 2000; Huinink 1987; Kolk 2014a, 2014b; Michael and Tuma 1985; Murphy 2013; Murphy and Wang 2001;...
The Role of Education in the Intersection of Partnership Transitions and Motherhood in Europe and the United States
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionPrior research has found that in many countries throughout Europe and the United States the partnership context of first childbearing varies by level of education. The less educated are more likely...
Urban–rural Disparities in Adult Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
1.IntroductionEmpirical evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) consistently shows an urban mortality advantage. Mortality levels in cities appear substantially lower than those found in rural areas (Akoto and Tambashe 2002; Bocquier, Madise, and Zulu...
Using Census Data to Measure Maternal Mortality: A Review of Recent Experience
1. BackgroundThe first target of Goal Three of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 (United Nations 2015) is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to less than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000...
WhatsApp Usage Patterns and Prediction of Demographic Characteristics without Access to Message Content
1.IntroductionSocial networks on the Internet have become ubiquitous applications, allowing people to easily share text, pictures, and audio and video files. Popular networks include Facebook, Reddit, and LinkedIn, all of which maintain websites that...
When Working Isn't Enough: Family Demographic Processes and In-Work Poverty across the Life Course in the United States
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1. IntroductionIn-work poverty is exceptionally high in the United States compared to most European countries despite a pervasive work-based anti-poverty strategy that was implemented in the early 1990s (Lichter...
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.