Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 38, January-June

Educational Differences in Period Fertility: The Case of South Korea, 1996–2010
1.IntroductionEducation is one of the most important factors influencing fertility behavior. There have been a few studies that attempt to quantify fertility differentials by level of education in South Korea (hereafter referred to as Korea). However,...
Evolution of Fixed Demographic Heterogeneity from a Game of Stable Coexistence
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionEvolutionary game theory is an approach to modeling evolutionary change with a focus on fitness as a function of both an individual's traits and the traits of others in the population (Maynard Smith...
Factors Explaining the North–South Differentials in Contraceptive Use in Nigeria: A Nonlinear Decomposition Analysis
1.IntroductionIn spite of being a middle-income country, Nigeria remains one of the countries with the poorest reproductive health outcomes in the world. Recent statistics show a maternal mortality ratio of 814 per 100,000 births in 2015. With an estimated...
First and Second Births among Immigrants and Their Descendants in Switzerland
1.IntroductionThe fertility of migrants in Europe has attracted much attention in the literature, for three main reasons. Firstly, on average and in most countries, migrants' fertility is higher than the fertility of natives (Kahn 1988; Kulu et al. 2017),...
Global Estimation of Neonatal Mortality Using a Bayesian Hierarchical Splines Regression Model
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionWhen evaluating a country's progress in reducing child mortality, it is important to obtain accurate estimates, be able to project mortality levels, and have some indication of the uncertainty in...
High Life Expectancy and Reversed Socioeconomic Gradients of Elderly People in Mexico and Costa Rica
1.IntroductionIn each cohort of Latin Americans, 84% of life table deaths occur after age 60 (UNPD 2015). Despite this preponderance, estimates of old-age mortality in Latin America are controversial, often based on unreliable statistics or indirect...
Historical Reproductive Patterns in Developed Countries: An Aggregate-Level Perspective
1.IntroductionIt is generally accepted that before the demographic transition, people's reproductive behavior was conditioned by cultural and social factors: The total number of births in a given society was regulated by the age of access to marriage...
Integrating Occupations: Changing Occupational Sex Segregation in the United States from 2000 to 2014
1.IntroductionResearchers, policy makers, and the general public have long been interested in why women and men continue to work in such different occupations. Stark occupational segregation by sex has endured for as long as statistics have been kept....
Interdisciplinary Research on Healthy Aging: Introduction
1.IntroductionGrowing old in good health while actively participating in society is an outcome of an interplay between genetic factors, lifestyle, living conditions, life history, and social support. The preface by Yi Zeng (2018) and the three papers...
Preface to the Special Collection on Interdisciplinary Research on Healthy Aging
Invited by the guest editors, I briefly outline in this preface the demographic trends of population aging and the academic and public health needs for interdisciplinary research on healthy aging, which is the general theme of this special collection...
Shocks and Migration in Malawi
1.IntroductionResidents of resource-deprived settings, like rural Malawi, are frequently exposed to various types of shocks. These shocks can be environmental, such as floods or droughts; economic, such as famines, and fluctuating prices for agricultural...
Still under the Ancestors' Shadow? Ancestor Worship and Family Formation in Contemporary China
1.IntroductionDemographers have long been interested in patterns of marriage and family in East Asia (e.g., Jones and Yeung 2014; Raymo et al. 2015). China is characterized by an extended kinship network, strong family identity, hierarchical intergenerational...
The Digital Divide and Body Size Disparity among Chinese Adults
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe invention of modern information and communications technologies (ICT), such as cellular phones, the Internet, computers, and televisions (TVs), have brought about a radical change in the way...
The Role of Education in the Association between Race/ethnicity/nativity, Cognitive Impairment, and Dementia among Older Adults in the United States
1.IntroductionExtensive research has been conducted on racial and ethnic disparities in cognitive functioning in the United States. These findings indicate that older non-Hispanic Blacks (hereafter, Blacks) and Hispanics have lower cognitive performance...
The Role of Residential Mobility in Reproducing Socioeconomic Stratification during the Transition to Adulthood
1.IntroductionMost studies of residential mobility during the transition to adulthood in the United States focus on either home-leaving (and its counterpart, 'boomeranging' back to the family home) or locational attainment. The former line of inquiry...
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