Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 40, January-June

A Decade of Life-Course Research on Fertility of Immigrants and Their Descendants in Europe
1.IntroductionImmigrant fertility emerged as an important research topic in Europe at the end of the 20th century due to growing shares of immigrants and their descendants. Hence, the heterogeneity of the Western European populations has increased with...
Adult Mortality among Second-Generation Immigrants in France: Results from a Nationally Representative Record Linkage Study
1.IntroductionThe native-born children of immigrants, also called second-generation immigrants, constitute a growing and increasingly diverse population in many countries of the European Union. In the EU as a whole, the population of second-generation...
Age at First Birth and Subsequent Fertility: The Case of Adolescent Mothers in France and England and Wales
1.IntroductionAdolescent mothers constitute a rare population with these youngest of first-time mothers distinguishing themselves more and more from women who enter into motherhood at a later age. If studies upon adolescent childbearing are numerous,...
Ambient Temperature and Sexual Activity: Evidence from Time Use Surveys
1.IntroductionPast research has shown that extremely or unusually hot temperatures in a given month reduce birth rates eight to ten months later (Barreca, Deschenes, and Guldi 2018; Becker 1991; Lam and Miron 1991, 1996; Seiver 1989). Since the frequency...
A New Family Equilibrium? Changing Dynamics between the Gender Division of Labor and Fertility in Great Britain, 1991-2017
1.IntroductionThe reversed relationship between female labor force participation rates and fertility levels has ignited a heated debate about the changing equilibrium between gender inequality and family formation. Between the 1960s and the mid-1990s,...
A New Look at the Housing Antecedents of Separation
1.IntroductionThe demographic restructuring of Western societies in recent decades has been accompanied by transformations in housing systems (Graham and Sabater 2015). In Britain, increased separation and divorce rates since the 1960s3 have had particularly...
Back to Replacement Migration: A New European Perspective Applying the Prospectiveage Concept
1.IntroductionThe Replacement Migration report (UN 2000) received a great deal of attention from both academic and civil society (Coleman 2002; Teitelbaum 2004). Although the United Nations (UN) publication has been the object of severe criticism, it...
Blood Is Thicker Than Bloodshed: A Genealogical Approach to Reconstruct Populations after Armed Conflicts
1.IntroductionOur understanding of the demographic consequences of conflict has been constrained by the available data. It is usually not a priority to collect demographic data in the context of armed conflicts using traditional methods such as household...
Changes in Gender Role Attitudes Following Couples' Residential Relocations
1.IntroductionRecent decades have witnessed tremendous changes in how women and men behave and express their views regarding work and family life. Increases in egalitarian gender role attitudes, or the degree to which individuals support an equal division...
Changes in Seasonality of Births in Poland in the Years 1900–2009
1.IntroductionResearch carried out to date clearly shows that seasonal birth fluctuations occur in all studied populations; however, they differ depending on the geographical location and country, and they also change over time (Cowgill 1966a, 1966b;...
Combining Population Projections with Quasi-Likelihood Models: A New Way to Predict Cancer Incidence and Cancer Mortality in Austria Up to 2030
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionHealth planners rely on cancer predictions to optimize allocation of limited resources for primary prevention, screening, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliative care. The most common types of...
Comparing Same- and Different-Sex Relationship Dynamics: Experiences of Young Adults in Taiwan
1.IntroductionDemographers have long been interested in the diversity of family forms (Biblarz and Savci 2010; Cherlin 2004). With the increasing visibility of same-sex unions, an emerging literature has been focusing on the similarities and differences...
Costa Rican Mortality 1950-2013: An Evaluation of Data Quality and Trends Compared with Other Countries
1.IntroductionCosta Ricans are among the longest-lived people in Latin America. Based on the United Nations Population Division (UNPD) estimates for 2010-2015, life expectancy at birth (e0, both sexes combined) in Costa Rica was 79.2 years, far higher...
Deaths and Survivors in War: The Italian Soldiers in WWI
1.IntroductionEpidemics, famines, wars: Every population has been faced with these three dramatic events throughout its history. Despite their intensity, frequency, and overall range, the risk of dying in those terrible circumstances was not uniform...
Distinguishing Tempo and Ageing Effects in Migration
1.IntroductionSince the 1980s levels of internal migration have declined continuously in many advanced economies, including the United States, which in 2013 recorded its lowest internal migration intensity since 1945 and the longest period of continuous...
Does Moving for Family Nest-Building Inhibit Mothers' Labour Force (Re-)Entry?
1. IntroductionA number of influential factors for mothers' labour force re-entry at various levels of inquiry have been identified, but it is rarely questioned in what ways the birth of a child impacts the multiple life domains of family members. There...
Estimating Multiregional Survivorship Probabilities for Sparse Data: An Application to Immigrant Populations in Australia, 1981-2011
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionImmigration underpins many aspects of population and societal change in Australia. According to the most recent census, over 28% of the population was born overseas (Australian Bureau of Statistics...
Family Arrangements and Children's Educational Outcomes: Heterogeneous Penalties in Upper-Secondary School
1. IntroductionWestern societies have been involved in huge demographic changes and the analysis of the social consequences of new family arrangements (hereafter FAs) is therefore a cutting-edge topic of research in social science. This work studies...
Fathers' Involvement with Their Children in the United Kingdom: Recent Trends and Class Differences
10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.301.IntroductionFathers are no longer simply economic providers for their families. The role of provider through paid work is now, perhaps more than ever, but one component of modern fatherhood. This is partly because mothers are...
Gender Differences in Willingness to Move for Interregional Job Offers
1.IntroductionRegional mobility is an important mechanism of labor market mobility. As jobs are most likely to be generated in regions with dense populations and because jobs are scarce (especially for specialized employees), obtaining a better job often...
Gender-Specific Effects of Commuting and Relocation on a Couple's Social Life
1. IntroductionMost previous research on geographical mobility in the partnership and household context focuses largely on gender differences in determinants and outcomes of regional mobility with respect to labor market outcomes and economic success....
Happy Parents' Tweets: An Exploration of Italian Twitter Data Using Sentiment Analysis
1.IntroductionRapid increases in computational power and storage capabilities (Hilbert and López 2011) have radically transformed human communications and societies (Castells 2000). The massive dissemination of information heralds a new era in social...
Housing Consequences of Divorce and Separation in a 'Super Home Ownership' Regime: The Case of Hungary
1. IntroductionThe past few decades have witnessed rising divorce rates, the growing popularity of unmarried cohabitation, and increasingly fragile partnerships in many developed countries. In this context, what happens after union dissolution has attracted...
Identifying Interaction Effects Using Random Fertility Shocks
1. IntroductionOne individual's fertility behavior may affect that of others, and when friends and family have children, one's own preferences and knowledge regarding life with children may change. These interaction effects are typically expected to...
Impact of Delayed Effects on Human Old-Age Mortality
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionIn the last decade or so, research guided by the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) paradigm and related theories has grown rapidly (Bateson and Gluckman 2011; Gluckman and Hanson...
Improving Age Measurement in Low- and Middle-Income Countries through Computer Vision: A Test in Senegal
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Abstract1. IntroductionThe age of individuals is a key input in the calculation of demographic indicators. It is also often included as a control variable in multivariate analyses of various outcomes of interest....
Incidence of First-Marriage Divorce among Women in the 1979 Panel of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
1.IntroductionAnalyses of divorce based on period data indicate that the prevalence of divorce in the United States rose until the early 1980s, then reached a plateau of around 44%, where it has remained (Goldstein 1999; Raley and Bumpass 2003). For...
IRS County-to-County Migration Data, 1990–2010
1.IntroductionMigration flow data (i.e., the number of migrants from location i to location j) is information that is typically difficult to obtain despite its importance (Willekens et al. 2016; Rogers, Little, and Raymer 2010). Migration scholars typically...
Is There an Association between Marital Exogamy of Immigrants and Nonmigrants and Their Mental Health? A Two-Partners Approach
1.IntroductionIntermarriage, i.e., a marriage between members of different social groups, is one of the core indicators of social cohesion and intergroup relations. In classic assimilation theory an exogamous marriage between an immigrant and a nonmigrant...
Job Insecurity and Parental Well-Being: The Role of Parenthood and Family Factors
1.IntroductionSince the 1970s, economic recession has fueled unemployment rates and people's fear of losing their jobs. This insecurity has been reflected in quality of life estimates that show its impact on a large portion of the working population...
Longitudinal Employment Trajectories and Health in Middle Life: Insights from Linked Administrative and Survey Data
1.IntroductionA vast literature shows that health is unevenly distributed across social groups (Friel and Marmot 2011; Marmot 2015), noting the association between employment status and individual health and wellbeing (Benach and Muntaner 2013; Cai 2010)....
Lung Cancer Mortality in Historical Context: How Stable Are Spatial Patterns of Smoking over Time?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionIn 2014, 23,200 new deaths due to lung cancer were registered in Poland, which is nearly twice as many as in 1980. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate and better understand spatial distribution...
Migrant Health Convergence and the Role of Material Deprivation
1.IntroductionHealth is a key dimension of the migrant integration process, but research on migrant health or strategies for monitoring and managing the health consequences of migration in Europe remains sparse (Rechel, Mladovsky, and Devillé 2012; WHO...
Parental Leave Policies and Continued Childbearing in Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
1.IntroductionMany scholars have investigated the relationship between gender equality and fertility trends at the macro level (see for example McDonald 2000; Neyer 2003; Goldscheider, Bernhardt, and Lappegård 2015; Anderson and Kohler 2015; Esping-Andersen...
Persistent Joblessness and Fertility Intentions
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionGrowing uncertainty has become an intrinsic characteristic of contemporary globalised societies. This is the result of deregulation, internationalisation, and delocalisation (Blossfeld, Mills, and...
Population Sex Imbalance in China before the One-Child Policy
1.IntroductionChina's sex ratio at birth5 rose dramatically throughout the 1980s (Banister 2004; Coale and Banister 1994). A large literature estimates that between 8.5 and 9.2 million females are missing from Chinese cohorts born between 1980 and 2000...
Race/ethnic Inequalities in Early Adolescent Development in the United Kingdom and United States
1. IntroductionA burgeoning line of comparative research examining race/ethnic inequalities in children's health in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) has confirmed that, across national settings, racial/ethnic minority status is associated...
Running out of Time? Understanding the Consequences of the Biological Clock for the Dynamics of Fertility Intentions and Union Formation
1. IntroductionIn many Western European countries the proportion of first births to women aged over 35 has been growing since the 1960s (Prioux 2005). At the same time, a considerable proportion of childless women in their late thirties or early forties...
Stability and Change in Family Time Transfers and Workload Inequality in Italian Couples
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionUnpaid time for household production and servicing represents a relevant contribution of families and especially of women to welfare. A large body of time use literature has shown the existence...
Stable Cohabitational Unions Increase Quality of Life: Retrospective Analysis of Partnership Histories Also Reveals Gender Differences
CONCLUSIONSIn line with the theory of cumulative (dis)advantages, the benefits of stable cohabitations were shown to accumulate over time for both genders. The differences found between men and women are convincing in light of research on unequal gender...
Taking Birth Year into Account When Analysing Effects of Maternal Age on Child Health and Other Outcomes: The Value of a Multilevel-Multiprocess Model Compared to a Sibling Model
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.Introduction1.1Effects of maternal age on child healthThere is a large literature on how maternal age is linked to child health, and the pattern is rather complex. On the one hand, studies have shown high child...
The Association between Neonatal Death and Facility Birth in Regions of India
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 3 aims to reduce global neonatal mortality (NNM) to 12 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030. Reducing NNM in India is critical to achieving this goal...
The Changing Pattern of Cohabitation: A Sequence Analysis Approach
1.IntroductionThat the prevalence of nonmarital cohabitation has increased during the last thirty years is one of the most striking aspects of wider social changes that have taken place throughout the industrialised world. According to Prinz (1995),...
The Educational Gradient of Living Alone: A Comparison among the Working-Age Population in Europe
1.IntroductionThis paper focuses on the association between education and living as a one-person household in the working-age (30-64 years) population in Europe. Previous research has mainly focused on the living arrangements among the elderly population...
The Effects of Household and Community Context on Mortality among Children under Five in Sierra Leone: Evidence from the 2013 Demographic and Health Survey
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionThe 2015 Millennium Development Goals report showed global declines in under-five mortality rates by more than half during 1990-2015, from 90 deaths to 43 deaths per 1000 live births (United Nations...
The Gendered Division of Labor and Its Perceived Fairness: Implications for Childbearing in Germany
1.IntroductionA number of recent studies have asserted that there are close links between gender equality in the family and childbearing. Authors of these studies have observed that societies in which women's increasing labor force participation has...
The Healthy Immigrant Effect: The Role of Educational Selectivity in the Good Health of Migrants
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThe Healthy Immigrant Effect (HIE) posits that recent migrants are in better health than the host population and other migrants who have lived in the host country for a long time (Domnich et al....
The Impact of Parental Death on the Timing of First Marriage: Evolutionary versus Social Explanations (the Netherlands, 1850-1940)
CONTRIBUTIONMarriage in the period 1850-1940 was strongly determined by regional, cultural, religious, and financial constraints. The proposed evolutionary explanations, and the one based on life history theory in particular, are therefore not able to...
The Living Arrangements of Moroccans in Spain: Generation and Time
1. IntroductionAmong the various migrant communities residing in Europe, Moroccans are now one of the largest and most geographically dispersed (de Haas 2014). Over three million people of Moroccan descent currently reside in Europe (ibid.). Early Moroccan...
The Residential Segregation of the American Indian and Alaska Native Population in US Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas, 2010
1.IntroductionA rich vein of research in demography, sociology, and related fields has focused on the measurement, causes, and consequences of racial/ethnic residential segregation. Little of this research, however, has focused on the American Indian...
The Weight of School Entry: Weight Gain among Hispanic Children of Immigrants during the Early Elementary School Years
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionCurrently, one in four children in the United States is Hispanic, and the majority of these children have at least one parent who is an immigrant (Fry and Passel 2009). It has been well documented...
Variations in Migration Motives over Distance
Descriptive Finding1. IntroductionConceptually, internal migration differs from residential mobility in necessitating a complete change in "daily activity space" (Roseman 1971): leaving behind one's community, workplace, school district, housing market,...
Weak Support for a U-Shaped Pattern between Societal Gender Equality and Fertility When Comparing Societies across Time
1. IntroductionSeveral recent theories in demography suggest that while initially societies that have more gender equality also have falling fertility levels, but that at higher levels of fertility this relationship reverses. The relationship between...
Who Leaves, Who Stays? Gendered Routes out of the Family Home Following Union Dissolution in Italy
1.IntroductionFamily formation in Italy has long been characterised by a traditional model of lifelong (religious) marriages. However, in recent decades new family behaviours, typically associated with the Second Demographic Transition (Lesthaeghe and...
'Will the One Who Keeps the Children Keep the House?' Residential Mobility after Divorce by Parenthood Status and Custody Arrangements in France
1.IntroductionDivorce has become a common life event that affects an ever-increasing share of the population in most developed countries. The stigma previously associated with divorce is less pronounced (Wolfinger 1999; Lyngstad and Jalovaara 2010) and...
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