Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 24, January-June

A Note on Race, Ethnicity and Nativity Differentials in Remarriage in the United States
AbstractThe objectives of this study are to produce up-to-date estimates of race/ethnic/nativity differentials for remarriage and repartnership among women in the United States and to see if these differences are due to across-group differences in demographic...
A Summary Period Measure of Immigrant Advancement in the U.S
AbstractThis paper proposes a method for summarizing the pace of advancement of the foreign-born population in a given period. The method standardizes for variations in the duration of residence or age composition of immigrant groups, attainments possessed...
Exploring the Meaning of Context for Health: Community Influences on Child Health in South India
AbstractMuch research attention has been devoted to community context and health. Communities are often defined as residential spaces, such as neighborhoods, or as social groupings, such as caste in India. Using data from a group of tea estates in South...
Family Size and Intergenerational Social Mobility during the Fertility Transition: Evidence of Resource Dilution from the City of Antwerp in Nineteenth Century Belgium
AbstractIt has been argued in sociology, economics, and evolutionary anthropology that family size limitation enhances the intergenerational upward mobility chances in modernized societies. If parents have a large flock, family resources get diluted...
Intergenerational Transmission of Women's Educational Attainment in South Korea: An Application of a Multi-Group Population Projection Model
AbstractUsing a multi-group population projection model, this study examines the implications of educational mobility and differential demographic rates on changing women's educational distribution in South Korea. This article focuses on the implications...
Life Expectancy: Lower and Upper Bounds from Surviving Fractions and Remaining Life Expectancy
AbstractWe give simple upper and lower bounds on life expectancy. In a life-table population, if e(0) is the life expectancy at birth, M is the median length of life, and e(M) is the expected remaining life at age M, then (M + e(M))/2 = e(0) = M + e(M)/2....
Out of Sync? Demographic and Other Social Science Research on Health Conditions in Developing Countries
AbstractIn this paper, we present a framework for considering whether the marginal social benefits of demographic and social science research on various health conditions in developing countries are likely to be relatively high. Based on this framework,...
Preface to the Rostock Debate on Demographic Change
AbstractThe first Rostock Debate on Demographic Change, which took place on February 21, 2006, centered on the following question: Should governments in Europe push much more aggressively for gender equality to raise fertility? The four debaters were...
Should Governments in Europe Be More Aggressive in Pushing for Gender Equality to Raise Fertility? the First "NO"1
AbstractThis paper takes the "no" side in the debate on the question posed in the title. The paper assumes that the dual-earner/dual-carer household model is the most likely aim of policies that push aggressively for gender equality in order to raise...
Should Governments in Europe Be More Aggressive in Pushing for Gender Equality to Raise Fertility? the First "YES"1
AbstractTogether with three colleagues, I have been asked by the MPIDR to debate the following question: "Should governments in Europe be more aggressive in pushing for gender equality to raise fertility? Setting aside the "lighthearted" side of this...
Should Governments in Europe Be More Aggressive in Pushing for Gender Equality to Raise Fertility? the Second "NO"1
AbstractThis paper argues against the suggestion that governments should push for gender equality more aggressively in order to raise fertility. The paper presents a threefold "no" to this proposal. It takes issue with the goal of raising fertility,...
Should Governments in Europe Be More Aggressive in Pushing for Gender Equality to Raise Fertility? the Second "YES"1
AbstractThis paper is based on my contribution to a debate, organized by MPIDR, on the question displayed in the title above. I was asked to present arguments for the "yes"-response (together with Laurent Toulemon, and arguing against the "no"-side represented...
The Crossover between Life Expectancies at Birth and at Age One: The Imbalance in the Life Table
AbstractThe single most used demographic measure to describe population health is life expectancy at birth, but life expectancies at ages other than zero are also used in the study of human longevity. Our intuition tells us that the longest life expectancy...
Things Change: Women's and Men's Marital Disruption Dynamics in Italy during a Time of Social Transformations, 1970-2003
AbstractWe study women's and men's marital disruption in Italy between 1970 and 2003. By applying an event-history analysis to the 2003 Italian variant of the Generations and Gender Survey we found that the spread of marital disruption started among...
Thou Shalt Not Pass? Examining the Existence of an Immigrant Glass Ceiling in Sweden, 1970-1990
AbstractThe paper studies a sample of natives and 18 immigrant nationalities in the Swedish labor market between 1970 and 1990. The purpose is examining the existence of an immigrant specific glass ceiling. Results suggest a considerable overall advantage...
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