Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 31, July-December

A Cross-Country Comparison of Math Achievement at Teen Age and Cognitive Performance 40 Years Later
1. IntroductionMaintaining cognitive functioning through mid- to late-life is relevant for both the individual and the societal aim of active and productive ageing.Evidence has shown considerable stability in individual-level rank-ordering of cognitive...
Age-Specific Fertility by Educational Level in the Finnish Male Cohort Born 1940-1950
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionEducation plays a central role in shaping the life courses of men and women (Thomson, Winkler-Dworak, and Kennedy 2013). There has been long-standing interest in educational differences in fertility...
A Method for Socially Evaluating the Effects of Long-Run Demographic Paths on Living Standards
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionThis paper proposes a method for socially evaluating the trajectories of long-run population projections. Governments in developed countries have, in recent decades, become increasingly concerned...
Disagreements among Cohabiting and Married Couples in 22 European Countries
1. IntroductionCross-national research on differences between cohabitation and marriage has focused mainly on relationship stability and satisfaction (e.g., Liefbroer and Dourleijn 2006; Soons and Kalmijn 2009). Such research has consistently found that...
Do Co-Residence and Intentions Make a Difference? Relationship Satisfaction in Married, Cohabiting, and Living Apart Together Couples in Four Countries
1. IntroductionRelationship formation has undergone profound changes in many western nations over the last several decades. The new patterns are characterized by a decline in lifelong marriage and an increasing number and complexity of non-marital relationships....
Factors Responsible for Mortality Variation in the United States: A Latent Variable Analysis
1. IntroductionUnderstanding the underlying causes of variation in mortality is useful for health policy and intervention design. However, risk factors can be difficult to measure directly, as observed measures are often products of traits or circumstances...
Fertility and Education in Poland during State Socialism
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionStudies on fertility in Poland mostly focus on the transition and post-transition period (Kotowska et al. 2008; Okólski 2006, 2007), contrasting the dynamic reality of the market economy with the...
Fertility and the Fast-Track: Continued Childbearing among Professionals in Sweden, 1991-2009
1. IntroductionDuring recent decades women's progress in education and the labor market has been comprehensive throughout most industrialized nations. Not least does this apply to their inroads into the professions. Today, both women and men are attaining...
Gender and Time Allocation of Cohabiting and Married Women and Men in France, Italy, and the United States
1. IntroductionCohabitation as a precursor or alternative to (first) marriage has increased dramatically in Europe and English-speaking countries outside Europe such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (Waite et al. 2000; Kiernan...
Male Fertility in Greece: Trends and Differentials by Education Level and Employment Status
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionWhen it comes to fertility research, demographic analysis is conventionally female- oriented. Most theories developed to detect and explain changes in human fertility are not gender-specific, for...
Reverse Survival Method of Fertility Estimation: An Evaluation
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionIn order to study changes in fertility levels and trends in less statistically developed countries, demographers have developed a series of estimation techniques based on data from census counts...
Socioeconomic Status and Fertility before, during, and after the Demographic Transition: An Introduction
1. IntroductionThis special collection is devoted to the interplay between socioeconomic status and fertility, and this type of study requires a long historical and comparative perspective, analyzing this complex issue using different types of micro-level...
Software for Multistate Analysis
1. IntroductionSoftware for the multistate analysis of event histories and population dynamics originates in biostatistics, demography, epidemiology, and econometrics. The increased availability of life-history data, and in particular longitudinal data,...
The Impact of Grandparental Investment on Mothers' Fertility Intentions in Four European Countries
1. IntroductionResearch has shown that, due to demographic changes, especially increased life expectancy and the challenges of combining wage work and parenting, grandparental investment in children and grandchildren has become increasingly important...
The Labour Trajectories of Immigrant Women in Spain: Are There Signs of Upward Social Mobility?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. IntroductionBefore the mid-1990s, immigration was a rare phenomenon in contemporary Spain. Since then, the country has experienced an unprecedented surge in migration, especially during the period of rapid...
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