Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 17, July-December

Anthropological Demography in Europe: Methodological Lessons from a Comparative Ethnographic Study in Athens and London
AbstractThis paper offers a descriptive account of the methods used to conduct a comparative ethnographic study of below-replacement fertility in Athens, Greece and London, UK. It argues that in order for anthropology and demography to forge a closer...
Attitudes towards Abortion and Contraception in Rural and Urban Burkina Faso
AbstractUsing results from the ethnographic literature and two qualitative studies on people's representations of different means of birth control (abstinence, contraception, abortion) in two populations in Burkina Faso (one rural and one urban), we...
Characteristics of Urban Regions and All-Cause Mortality in Working-Age Population: Effects of Social Environment and Interactions with Individual Unemployment
AbstractUsing Finnish register data on individuals linked to information on urban regions, this study aimed to estimate the effects of some regional characteristics on all-cause mortality among working-age population in 1995-2001, and to find out whether...
Childbearing Dynamics of Couples in a Universalistic Welfare State: The Role of Labor-Market Status, Country of Origin, and Gender
AbstractThis article studies childbearing dynamics by labor-market status of co-residing parents in Sweden. We apply event-history techniques to longitudinal register data on the life histories of foreign-born mothers from ten different countries and...
Differential Mortality by Lifetime Earnings in Germany
AbstractWe estimate mortality rates by a measure of socio-economic status in a very large sample of male German pensioners aged 65 or older. Our analysis is entirely nonparametric. Furthermore, the data enable us to compare mortality experiences in eastern...
Distance to Elderly Parents: Analyses of Swedish Register Data
AbstractIn the present study, features of and trends in child-parent proximity in Sweden are analyzed using comprehensive register data. The results show that 85% of older parents have adult children within a radius of 50 km, of which 10% live 'just...
Economic Integration in a West-African Urban Labour Market: Does Migration Matter? the Case of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
AbstractThis study explores the relationship between migration and employment in Ouagadougou. Using both a cross-sectional and a longitudinal approach, we compare the economic integration of migrants to that of non-migrants. Contrary to most studies...
Education and Second Birth Rates in Denmark 1981-1994
AbstractA high educational attainment is shown to have a positive effect on second birth rates for Danish one-child mothers during the period 1981-94. We examine whether a time-squeeze is a possible explanation: due to the longer enrolment in the educational...
Effects of Current Education on Second- and Third-Birth Rates among Norwegian Women and Men Born in 1964: Substantive Interpretations and Methodological Issues
AbstractA variety of approaches have been employed to assess the importance of women's education for their second- or third-birth rates. Some researchers have included the educational level measured at a relatively high age in their models, whereas others...
Enumerating Same-Sex Couples in Censuses and Population Registers
AbstractThe recommendations recently issued by the Conference of European Statisticians (CES) for the next round of population and housing censuses underline for the first time that some countries might find it in their interest to enumerate same-sex...
Family Change and Migration in the Life Course: An Introduction
AbstractThis article is an introduction to Special Collection 6 of Demographic Research whose articles investigate the interrelations between the family and migration behaviour of individuals in industrialised countries. We first review the life-course...
Family Migration and Mobility Sequences in the United States: Spatial Mobility in the Context of the Life Course
AbstractSignificant changes in family composition in the past quarter-century raise important questions about life-course outcomes embedded in these family changes, especially in relation to the migratory and mobility patterns of individuals and families....
Fertility and Union Dissolution in Brazil: An Example of Multi-Process Modelling Using the Demographic and Health Survey Calendar Data
AbstractThis study examines the union and conception histories of Brazilian women aged 15-49 using the 1996 Demographic and Health Survey's calendar data.The aim of the paper is twofold: firstly to explore the use of union histories in the DHS calendar...
Fertility as a Process of Social Exchange
AbstractBy marrying and raising children, parents participate in a system of gift-exchange in which the gifts in question are human lives, and the parties to the exchange are the kinship groups recognised in the society concerned. Fertility reflects...
Fertility Differences by Housing Type: The Effect of Housing Conditions or of Selective Moves?
AbstractThis study examines fertility variation across housing types and childbearing patterns following housing changes. While the effect of family changes on housing choices has been studied in detail, little is known about childbearing patterns within...
First Child of Immigrant Workers and Their Descendants in West Germany: Interrelation of Events, Disruption, or Adaptation?
AbstractThis paper investigates the impact of immigration on the transition to motherhood among women from Turkey, Italy, Spain, Greece, and the former Yugoslavia in West Germany. A hazard-regression analysis is applied to data of the German Socio-Economic...
First Union Formation in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania: Patterns across Countries and Gender
AbstractThis article examines the changes in first union formation in the Baltic countries between the late 1960s and early 1990s, in the context of societal and family-level gender relations. The analyses are conducted using microdata from the European...
Generations and Gender Survey (GGS): Towards a Better Understanding of Relationships and Processes in the Life Course
AbstractThe Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) is one of the two pillars of the Generations and Gender Programme designed to improve understanding of demographic and social development and of the factors that influence these developments. This article...
Geographical Distances between Adult Children and Their Parents in the Netherlands
AbstractWe investigate the determinants of geographical distances to parents. We focus on the role of family members who live outside the household (the parents themselves, and siblings), and on the distinction between the effects of life events and...
Migration and First-Time Parenthood: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
AbstractThis article investigates the reproductive behavior of young women and men in the post-Soviet Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan, focusing on the link between migration and fertility. We employ event-history techniques to retrospective data...
Migration and Union Dissolution in a Changing Socio-Economic Context: The Case of Russia
AbstractPrevious studies show that family migration is usually to the benefit of the man's professional career and that it has a negative impact on the woman's economic well-being and employment. This study extends previous research by examining the...
Residential Mobility and Migration of the Divorced and Separated
AbstractSeparation is known to have a disruptive effect on the housing careers of those involved, mainly because a decrease in resources causes (temporary) downward moves on the housing ladder. Little is known about the geographies of the residential...
Social Mobility and Fertility
AbstractIntra- and inter-generational social mobility have in the past played an important role in attempts to explain fertility behaviour, and continue to do so today. The opinions expressed by social scientists in the first part of the 20th century...
Stochastic Forecast of the Population of Poland, 2005 - 2050
AbstractForecasting the population of Poland is very challenging. Firstly, the country has been undergoing rapid demographic changes. In the 1990s, they were influenced by the political, economic, and social consequences of the collapse of the communist...
The Anthropological Demography of Europe
AbstractThis paper introduces a collection of related research studies on the anthropological demography of Europe. Anthropological demography is a specialty within demography that uses anthropological theory and methods to provide a better understanding...
The Impact of Origin Region and Internal Migration on Italian Fertility
AbstractWe examine the impact of population distribution on fertility in a nationally representative sample. We exploit detailed life-history data to conduct an event-history analysis of transition to first birth, examining mechanisms that might link...
The Implications of Long Term Community Involvement for the Production and Circulation of Population Knowledge
AbstractDemographic surveillance systems (DSS) depend on community acceptance and involvement to produce high quality longitudinal data. Ensuring community support also exposes power relations usually concealed in the research process. We discuss the...
The Interrelationship between Fertility, Family Maintenance, and Mexico-U.S. Migration
AbstractThis study examines the interrelationship between migration and marital fertility, using a bi-national sample of retrospective life histories collected in Mexican origin communities and U.S. destination areas. We treat couples as the unit of...
The "Wedding-Ring": An Agent-Based Marriage Model Based on Social Interaction
AbstractIn this paper we develop an agent-based marriage model based on social interaction. We build an population of interacting agents whose chances of marrying depend on the availability of partners, and whose willingness to marry depends on the share...
Understanding Parental Gender Preferences in Advanced Societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland
AbstractExtending recent research on parental gender preferences in the Nordic countries, this study uses unique register data from Finland and Sweden (1971-1999) that provide us with the opportunity to compare childbearing dynamics and possible underlying...
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