Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 27, July-December

Do Women Delay Family Formation in Expensive Housing Markets?
AbstractBACKGROUNDRecent research by demographers and economists has examined the link between living costs and fertility outcomes. The literature has provided some evidence that high rents, or high housing costs, discourage fertility.OBJECTIVEI re-examine...
Educational Differences in Chronic Conditions and Their Role in the Educational Differences in Overall Mortality
AbstractDemographers use different models to decompose the prevalence of given health conditions. This article discusses how these models can help us understand the ways in which these conditions affect overall mortality. In particular, this framework...
European Views of Divorce among Parents of Young Children: Understanding Cross-National Variation
AbstractOBJECTIVEWe examine differences across Europe in attitudes towards divorce involving children under the age of 12. We hypothesize that these attitudes are less favourable in countries where poverty among single parent households is common than...
Family Ties and Depressive Mood in Eastern and Western Europe
AbstractBACKGROUNDFamily ties in Europe are affected by demographic trends associated with parenting and partnering, such as a decline in fertility, an increase in childlessness, postponement of parenthood and of partnership formation, the rise of "new"...
Grandparenting and Mothers' Labour Force Participation: A Comparative Analysis Using the Generations and Gender Survey
AbstractBACKGROUNDIt is well known that the provision of public childcare plays an important role for women labour force participation and its availability varies tremendously across countries. In many countries, informal childcare is also important...
Living Arrangements, Intergenerational Support Types and Older Adult Loneliness in Eastern and Western Europe
AbstractBACKGROUNDPrevious research has shown that living arrangements (independent households of those living alone or as a couple, versus coresident households encompassing adult children) are important determinants of older adults' loneliness. However,...
Mortality Decline and Reproductive Change during the Dutch Demographic Transition: Revisiting a Traditional Debate with New Data
AbstractBACKGROUNDAccording to classic demographic transition theory, mortality change is the key factor that triggers a decline in fertility. Research on this topic has mostly relied on aggregate or time series data. Since fertility is based on the...
Premarital Conceptions, Postconception ("Shotgun") Marriages, and Premarital First Births: Education Gradients in U.S. Cohorts of White and Black Women Born 1925-1959
AbstractBACKGROUNDIn the U.S. today, premarital first births occur disproportionately to women with low education and income. We lack studies of whether this education gradient was present in cohorts born earlier.OBJECTIVEWe examine education differences...
Regional Family Norms and Child Care by Grandparents in Europe
AbstractBACKGROUNDChild care is widely considered a key issue in confronting demographic change in Europe today, given its centrality in the labour market participation of parents, and of mothers in particular. There are considerable international differences...
Spatially Varying Predictors of Teenage Birth Rates among Counties in the United States
AbstractBACKGROUNDLimited information is available about teenage pregnancy and childbearing in rural areas, even though approximately 20 percent of the nation's youth live in rural areas. Identifying whether there are differences in the teenage birth...
The Contribution of Smoking to Regional Mortality Differences in the Netherlands
AbstractBACKGROUNDSmoking is an important preventable determinant of morbidity and mortality. Knowledge about its role in regional mortality differences can help us to identify relevant policy areas, and to explain national mortality differences.OBJECTIVEWe...
The Second Demographic Transition in Israel: One for All?
AbstractThis paper explores family behaviours and attitudes in Israel over the last decades through the lens of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT). Israel is divided by religious affiliation, level of religiosity, ethnic origin, and timing of immigration....
Untraditional Caring Arrangements among Parents Living Apart: The Case of Norway
AbstractBACKGROUNDIn spite of quite symmetric parental roles in Norway, shared residence and father sole custody are still rare when parents split up. Several countries have witnessed an increase in shared residence for children recently, and this is...
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