Demographic Research

Articles from No. 20, January-June

Active-Duty Military Service in the United States: Cohabiting Unions and the Transition to Marriage
AbstractA small but growing body of research has begun to identify the consequences of military service during the all-voluntary era. Previous literature has emphasized the role played by the economic prospects of men in stimulating marriage, among both...
A Systematic Literature Review of Studies Analyzing the Effects of Sex, Age, Education, Marital Status, Obesity, and Smoking on Health Transitions
AbstractSex, age, education, marital status, obesity, and smoking have been found to affect health transitions between non-disabled, disabled, and death. Our aim is to review the research literature on this topic and provide structured information, first...
Cohort Fertility Patterns in the Nordic Countries
AbstractPrevious analyses of period fertility suggest that the trends of the Nordic countries are sufficiently similar that we may speak of a common "Nordic fertility regime". We investigate whether this assumption can be corroborated by comparing cohort...
Correlates of Infant and Childhood Mortality: A Theoretical Overview and New Evidence from the Analysis of Longitudinal Data of the Bejsce (Poland) Parish Register Reconstitution Study of the 18th-20th Centuries
AbstractThis paper has two main goals. The first is to review the context for studying infant mortality, which includes a review of the theoretical framework, the covariates used to examine mortality over the first 60 months of life, and the major findings...
Dispensing with Marriage: Marital and Partnership Trends in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 2000-2006
AbstractThis paper describes marriage and partnership patterns and trends in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa from 2000-2006. The study is based on longitudinal, population-based data collected by the Africa Centre demographic surveillance system. We...
Does Early Childbearing and a Sterilization-Focused Family Planning Programme in India Fuel Population Growth?
AbstractRecent stagnation in the reduction of infant mortality in India can arguably be attributed to early child bearing practices and the lack of progress in lengthening birth intervals. Meanwhile, family planning efforts have been particularly successful...
Does Fertility Decrease Household Consumption? an Analysis of Poverty Dynamics and Fertility in Indonesia
AbstractThis paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between fertility and poverty for Indonesia, a country which has experienced unprecedented economic growth and sharp fertility decline over recent decades. We illustrate the sensitivity...
Formal Relationships: Introduction and Orientation
In addition to Research Articles, Reflexions, Descriptive Findings, Research Material, and Reviews, Demographic Research will publish short reports on mathematical relationships in formal demography. These reports will be published as part of a new,...
Geographical Mortality Patterns in Italy: A Bayesian Analysis
AbstractIn this paper, we present a hierarchical spatial model for the analysis of geographical variation in mortality between the Italian provinces in the year 2001, according to gender, age class, and cause of death. When analysing counts data specific...
Is Latin America Starting to Retreat from Early and Universal Childbearing?
AbstractThe 2000 censuses show that the proportion of women below age 30 who are mothers has dropped substantially in most Latin America countries, suggesting that the social imperative of early motherhood, which has long prevailed in the region, is...
Keeping a Learned Society Young
AbstractAging organizations - regardless of whether they are firms, faculties, societies, political bodies, teams, or national academies - seek ways to rejuvenate. This paper demonstrates that the best way to keep an organization young is through a mixed...
Leaving the Parental Home in Post-War Japan: Demographic Changes, Stem-Family Norms and the Transition to Adulthood
AbstractLeaving home is a key life event in the transition to adulthood, but it has been relatively less explored in demographic studies of contemporary Japan. This paper examines the relationship between home-leaving intensities of young adults and...
Life Lived and Left: Carey's Equality
AbstractIn a stationary population, age composition and the distribution of remaining lifespans are identical. This equivalence can be used to estimate age structure if information is available on time to death.(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1....
Life Lived Equals Life Left in Stationary Populations
AbstractThe average age of the individuals in a population is equal to the average remaining life expectancy when the population is stationary.(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. RelationshipThe mean age of a stationary population is equal to...
Mortality in Catalonia in the Context of the Third, Fourth and Future Phases of the Epidemiological Transition Theory
AbstractIn the period 1960-2000, male and female life expectancy in Spain's Autonomous Region of Catalonia increased by 8.2 and 10.5 years, respectively, thus raising it to among one of the highest in the world. Initially, most gains were due to lower...
Overestimating HIV Infection: The Construction and Accuracy of Subjective Probabilities of HIV Infection in Rural Malawi
AbstractIn the absence of HIV testing, how do rural Malawians assess their HIV status? In this paper, we use a unique dataset that includes respondents' HIV status as well as their subjective likelihood of HIV infection. These data show that many rural...
Poverty and Living Arrangements among Youth in Spain, 1980-2005
AbstractOne of the most relevant demographic events in Spain from a recent historical perspective was the baby boom of the 1960s and 1970s. The "adapting to circumstances" of these generations of youth and their families through delayed emancipation...
Poverty in the Texas Borderland and Lower Mississippi Delta: A Comparative Analysis of Differences by Family Type
AbstractWe provide a comparative analysis of county-level poverty in the two poorest regions of the United States-the Texas Borderland and the Lower Mississippi Delta-with a special focus on differences by family type. Our results reveal important regional...
Rising Marital Disruption in Italy and Its Correlates
AbstractMost of our knowledge on divorce pertains to the USA and northern Europe, while demographic studies from southern Europe are relatively scarce. Our study looks at this knowledge gap through an analysis of the correlates of marital instability...
Subjective Expectations in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Malawi
AbstractIn this paper we present a newly developed interactive elicitation methodology for collecting probabilistic expectations in a developing country context with low levels of literacy and numeracy, and we evaluate the feasibility and success of...
The Decline of Son Preference and Rise of Gender Indifference in Taiwan since 1990
AbstractThis study explores the change of married women's sex preference for children in Taiwan since 1990, finding that there was a substantial decline of son preference and rise of "gender indifference", defined as feeling indifferent about children's...
The Effect of Changes in Fertility on the Age Distribution of Stable Populations
AbstractWhen fertility increases in a previously stable population, the new stable population will be younger than the old one, and the two age distributions will cross at the mean age of the populations.(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. RelationshipConsider...
The Impact of Female Employment on Fertility in Dakar (Senegal) and Lomé (Togo)
AbstractThis paper investigates the impact of female employment on fertility in two urban contexts in sub-Saharan Africa: Dakar (Senegal) and Lomé (Togo). The hypothesis that wage employment and maternal obligations are incompatible seems to be corroborated...
The Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project 2004-06: Data Collection, Data Quality, and Analysis of Attrition
AbstractIn this paper we evaluate the quality of survey data collected by the Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project by investigating four potential sources of bias: sample representativeness, interviewer effects, response unreliability, and...
The National Immigrant Survey of Spain: A New Data Source for Migration Studies in Europe
AbstractSpain has recently become the destination for large numbers of international migrants and now ranks as a key focal point for international migration in Europe. Currently, approximately one in ten residents in Spain are foreigners, up more than...
The Number of Centenarians in Brazil: Indirect Estimates Based on Death Certificates
AbstractThe Brazilian population is rapidly aging. As a result, the number of centenarians has grown steadily, about 77 per cent between 1991 and 2000. Although expected, the increasing number of centenarians may be exaggerated by data quality issues....
The One-Child Family: France in the European Context
AbstractThis paper observes the change since the 1970s in the proportion of men and women having only one child during their reproductive life, and examines their sociodemographic characteristics. The aim is to explore the significant variables of the...
Trends in Healthy Life Expectancy in Japan: 1986 - 2004
AbstractThis article examines the increasing life expectancy of Japanese men and women in relation to their health from 1986 to 2004. We computed healthy life expectancy for seven available time-points using the prevalence-based Sullivan method. The...
Unusually Small Sex Differentials in Mortality of Israeli Jews: What Does the Structure of Causes of Death Tell Us?
AbstractSince the establishment of Israel sex differentials in life expectancy at birth exhibited by Israeli Jews have been very low in comparison to other developed countries as a result of relatively high male and relatively low female life expectancy....
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