Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 22, January-June

Estimation of Multi-State Life Table Functions and Their Variability from Complex Survey Data Using the SPACE Program1
AbstractThe multistate life table (MSLT) model is an important demographic method to document life cycle processes. In this paper, we present the SPACE (Stochastic Population Analysis for Complex Events) program to estimate MSLT functions and their sampling...
Ethnic Differences in Transition to First Marriage in Iran: The Role of Marriage Market, Women's Socio-Economic Status, and Process of Development
AbstractThis paper, using data from the 2000 Iran Demographic and Health Survey and a range of time-varying district-level contextual information derived from the 1986 and 1996 censuses of Iran, applies a discrete time hazard model to study ethnic differences...
Extra-Marital Sexual Partnerships and Male Friendships in Rural Malawi
AbstractExtra-marital sexual partnerships (EMSPs) are a major route of HIV/AIDS transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. In this paper, we investigate the roles of two types of male friendships - best friends and friends with whom they talk about AIDS - in...
Levels of Recent Union Formation: Six European Countries Compared
AbstractWe offer a comparison between the age profiles of rates of formation of marital and non-marital unions among women in Russia, Romania, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Italy. We show that there is considerable variability across these populations...
Life Expectancy Is the Death-Weighted Average of the Reciprocal of the Survival-Specific Force of Mortality
AbstractThe hazard of mortality is usually presented as a function of age, but can be defined as a function of the fraction of survivors. This definition enables us to derive new relationships for life expectancy. Specifically, in a life-table population...
Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan: Exploring Interdependences
AbstractIn this study, we investigate interdependences between entry into a marital union, childbearing, and migration. We apply event-history techniques to retrospective data on women aged 18-29 from a survey conducted in northern Kyrgyzstan in 2005...
Masculine Sex Ratios, Population Age Structure and the Potential Spread of HIV in China
AbstractThere is much speculation regarding the contribution of China's changing demography to the spread of HIV/AIDS. We employ a bio-behavioral macrosimulation model of the heterosexual spread of HIV/AIDS to evaluate the roles that China's unique demographic...
Modeling Fertility Curves in Africa
AbstractThe modeling of fertility patterns is an essential method researchers use to understand world-wide population patterns. Various types of fertility models have been reported in the literature to capture the patterns specific to developed countries....
Reconciling Studies of Men's Gender Attitudes and Fertility: Response to Westoff and Higgins
AbstractA reflexion by Westoff and Higgins (2009) in response to a study by Puur, Oláh, Tazi-Preve and Dorbritz (2008) has recently been published in this journal. Both articles address the relationship between men's gender attitudes and fertility across...
The Negative Educational Gradients in Romanian Fertility
AbstractIn Western countries, rates of second and third births typically increase with educational attainment, a feature that usually disappears if unobserved heterogeneity is brought into the event-history analysis. By contrast, in a country like Romania,...
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