Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 36, January-June

Contribution of Smoking-Attributable Mortality to Life Expectancy Differences by Marital Status among Finnish Men and Women, 1971-2010
1.IntroductionMarried individuals enjoy longer lives and better health than people in other marital status groups (Rendall 2011). Health behaviors, which have been shown to contribute to health disparities between married and unmarried groups, are one...
Counting Unreported Abortions: A Binomial-Thinned Zero-Inflated Poisson Model
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionIn most demographic surveys, the number of intentional abortions is significantly underreported. For example, in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), a survey of US women, only 38% of intentional...
Family Migration in a Cross-National Perspective: The Importance of Within-Couple Employment Arrangements in Australia, Britain, Germany, and Sweden
1. IntroductionIn post-industrialized countries gender plays an important role in the determination of couples' long-distance residential relocations within national boundaries, or family migrations. Typically, men initiate family migrations to improve...
Parental Separation and Children's Education in a Comparative Perspective: Does the Burden Disappear When Separation Is More Common?
1.IntroductionSociological and demographic investigations have repeatedly shown that parental breakup has negative effects on offspring. Children of separated parents, in comparison with children from two-parent families, have lower scores with respect...
Parents' Time with a Partner in a Cross-National Context: A Comparison of the United States, Spain, and France
1.IntroductionTime shared with a partner is an indicator of marital well-being, and previous research shows that couples want to spend time with their partner (and children4) (Hallberg and Klevmarken 2003; Glorieux, Minnen, and van Tienoven 2011). But...
Socioeconomic and Cultural Differentials in Mortality in a Late 19th Century Urban Setting: A Linked Records Study from Tartu, Estonia, 1897-1900
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)1.IntroductionScholarly interest in social inequality and its effect on health dates back to the 19th century with contemporary observations of urban working-class living conditions, which in many cases appeared...
The Changing Role of Employment Status in Marriage Formation among Young Korean Adults
1.IntroductionA large body of research in the United States and Europe has examined the effect of economic resources, such as income and employment status, on the timing of entry into marriage and cohabitation among young adults (Oppenheimer, Kalmijn,...
The Forest and the Trees: Industrialization, Demographic Change, and the Ongoing Gender Revolution in Sweden and the United States, 1870-2010
1.IntroductionWhat are the origins of the 'separate spheres' approach to the activities of men and women, which reached its apogee in the 1950s and 1960s in most of the industrialized world? How did it happen that men came to dominate the public sphere...
The Gender Division of Labor and Second Births: Labor Market Institutions and Fertility in Japan
1. IntroductionVery low fertility rates in Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, and East Asia have been a source of great interest for demographers in recent years (Kohler, Billari, and Ortega 2002; Lesthaeghe 2010). Among the theories proposed to explain...
The Influence of a Supportive Environment for Families on Women's Fertility Intentions and Behavior in South Korea
1.IntroductionThere is a great deal of heterogeneity in fertility levels across advanced countries. Scholars have observed an upturn in total fertility rates in Western countries in the past decade (Goldstein, Sobotka, and Jasilionience 2009; Myrskylä,...
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