Demographic Research

Articles from Vol. 16, January-June

A New Perspective on Population Aging
AbstractIn Sanderson and Scherbov (2005) we introduced a new forward-looking definition of age and argued that its use, along with the traditional backward-looking concept of age, provides a more informative basis upon which to discuss population aging....
Cohabitation, Nonmarital Childbearing, and the Marriage Process
AbstractPast work on the relationship between cohabitation and childbearing shows that cohabitation increases fertility compared to being single, and does so more for intended than unintended births. Most work in this area, however, does not address...
Cohort Birth Order, Parity Progression Ratio and Parity Distribution Trends in Developed Countries
AbstractMajor changes in childbearing patterns are continuously taking place in the majority of low-fertility populations with postponement being virtually universal. Almost everywhere the two-child family became dominant. Proportions of childless women...
Confounding and Control
AbstractThis paper deals both with the issues of confounding and of control, as the definition of a confounding factor is far from universal and there exist different methodological approaches, ex ante and ex post, for controlling for a confounding factor....
Demographic Transitions and Children's Resources: Bonus or Divergence?
AbstractHow do fertility transitions affect children's resources? Existing perspectives provide two seemingly different answers: "Dilution" arguments focusing on family size predict growth in average resources, while "divergence" arguments focusing on...
Determinants and Consequences of Internal and International Migration: The Case of Rural Populations in the South of Veracruz, Mexico
AbstractThis paper analyzes the current migration in rural population in the south of Veracruz state (Mexico). We identify three different spaces of migration, traditional markets, the northern border and the United States. Applying a three-level multinomial...
Disciplining Anthropological Demography
AbstractThis study furthers the epistemological development of anthropological demography, and its role in understanding the demography of Europe. We sketch out broad issues to stimulate new productive interactions and understanding in order to initiate...
Does Cancer Affect the Divorce Rate?
AbstractDiscrete-time hazard regression models were employed to register and census data on 1.4 million Norwegian married couples from 1974-2001 to explore the probability of divorce following cancer illness. Divorce rates for around 215 000 persons...
Evaluation of a Village-Informant Driven Demographic Surveillance System in Karonga, Northern Malawi
AbstractThis paper describes and evaluates the first demographic surveillance system (DSS) in Malawi, covering a rural population of 30,000. Unlike others, the Karonga DSS relies on trained village informants using formatted registers for the primary...
Family, Obligations, and Migration: The Role of Kinship in Cameroon
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of family and kin networks on the individual decision to migrate. The study is based on qualitative ethnographic data collected during field research in Cameroon and shows the considerable...
High Fertility Gambians in Low Fertility Spain: The Dynamics of Child Accumulation across Transnational Space
AbstractBased on an analysis of the Spanish census and the January 1, 2005 municipal register and on exploratory fieldwork in Catalonia, this paper combines ethnography and demography, in conjunction with current Spanish reunification law, to examine...
Inconsistencies in Age Profiles of HIV Prevalence: A Dynamic Model Applied to Zambia
AbstractA two-sex compartmental model of the dynamics of HIV infection was developed and applied to the case of Zambia. Parameters included age specific rates of fertility, mortality, entry into sexual life, number of partners and age of partners. They...
Intergenerational Family Ties and the Diffusion of Cohabitation in Italy
AbstractCohabitation has been spreading in the population during the last thirty years, and this is one of the most striking aspects of wider social changes that have taken place throughout the industrialized world. However, this change did not take...
Meanings and Attitudes Attached to Cohabitation in Poland: Qualitative Analyses of the Slow Diffusion of Cohabitation among the Young Generation
AbstractThis study contributes to the understanding of the low level of non-marital cohabitation in Poland at the beginning of the XXI century. We employ an interpretative analysis of semi-structured interviews in order to capture the meanings and attitudes...
Modeling Fertility in Modern Populations
AbstractThe age-specific fertility pattern has a typical shape common in all human populations through years. In order to describe this shape a number of parametric models have been proposed. Recently, the fertility pattern in developed countries exhibits...
The Proximate Determinants of Fertility and Birth Intervals in Egypt: An Application of Calendar Data
AbstractIn this paper we use calendar data from the 2000 Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to assess the determinants of birth interval length among women who are in union. We make use of the well-known model of the proximate determinants...
What Can Anthropological Methods Contribute to Demography - and How?
AbstractThis reflexion focuses on the connection between anthropological fieldwork, quantification and theory - arguing that anthropologists should not content themselves with locally valid explanations, but should contribute to general theories. The...
What Kind of Theory for Anthropological Demography?
Abstract:This paper argues that anthropological demography has, for most part, imported rather than exported theory. However, the discipline has the potential to generate important rethinking of population, culture, and their interaction. After discussing...
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