The Brown Journal of World Affairs

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 2, Spring

Digital Dilemmas: Transnational Politics in the Twenty-First Century
As this article was being completed, the "unhappy marriage" between the Google Corporation and the Chinese central government was all but over.1 In late March 2010, the company announced the withdrawal of its core business from mainland China, the largest...
Editors' Foreword
Our last issue proclaimed the world had "gone global"-no longer were the old notions of statehood applicable in a world where multi-level globalization curtailed its every weapon. Now we face the next phase of international development-a networked global...
Financial Oligarchy and the Crisis
An Interview with Harvey StephensonGrand Cayman, Cayman Islands, 20 January 2010Brown Journal of World Affairs: Can you explain to us, in a nutshell, the role of political capture and financial oligarchy in the financial crisis of 2008?Simon Johnson:...
Freakonomics of Maritime Piracy
People respond to incentives, which are the cornerstone of modern life.1 In his best-selling book Freakonomics, economist Steven Levitt suggests that if we strip away a layer or two from contemporary society, we can expose what is happening underneath...
India: Driving the Global Superhighway
In early 1991, as the global structure of the cold war lay in tatters and India was starting to consider the role it would play in the new system that had emerged, the soon-to-depart Indian ambassador to the United States mused about his parting advice....
National History and Universal Values: Prioritizing Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy
I AM A FIRM BELIEVER that history holds many important lessons for current U.S. foreign policy. If we do not understand where we have been, we will have a more difficult time knowing where we need to go. Some of the better lessons can be found in the...
Peace through Reconstruction: An Effective Strategy for Afghanistan
Why has Afghanistan moved to the top of the U.S. foreign affairs agenda?* In his West Point speech announcing a new troop surge on 1 December 2009, President Obama argued that U.S. security is at stake in Afghanistan and Pakistan, an area he called,...
Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Scope, Dimensions, Causes and Responses
WITH THE COLLAPSE OF THE Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc in the late 1980s it was confidently assumed that the international system was on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and stability. Politicians, academics, and diplomats alike increasingly...
Reshaping Systemic Risk Regulation in Europe
The global financial crisis has exposed numerous weaknesses with respect to the modus operandi of financial markets and financial regulation.1 Since the start of the crisis, many reforms have been initiated, ranging from changes to capital and liquidity...
Shipping out of the Economic Crisis
During the last 60 years, international trade has been outgrowing the world's gross domestic product. Indeed, this elasticity has become stronger over time. Since the 1990s, the volume of trade has grown three times faster than the world economy-as long...
Sovereignty and the Role of Government in Cyberspace
"The first principle is that this will be an environment or a world where private actors lead, not governments."? -Ira Magaziner, May 1998One of the central elements of thinking about internet policy was that the role of government in this new domain...
Sovereignty, Multilateralism, and Reform: International Cooperation in the Post-Crisis World
Kemal DervisVice PresidentBrookings InstitutionAn Interview with Emily GogolakProvidence, RI, 3 February 2010Kermal Dervis is the vice president and director of Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institution. Formerly head of the United...
Terror on Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube
"My dear brothers in Jihad," wrote a man who identified himself as Abu Jendal, "I have a kilo of Acetone Peroxide. I want to know how to make a bomb from it in order to blow up an army jeep; I await your quick response." About an hour later the answer...
The Abusers' Reaction: Intensifying Attacks on Human Rights Defenders, Orgnizations, and Institutions
"My dear brothers in Jihad," wrote a man who identified himself as Abu Jendal, "I have a kilo of Acetone Peroxide. I want to know how to make a bomb from it in order to blow up an army jeep; I await your quick response." About an hour later the answer...
The Impact of Maritime Commerce on Marine Biodiversity
THE NEED TO MOVE PEOPLE, and the food and other goods that support them by ships along coastlines, across oceans, and between the seas, has resulted in profound environmental modifications to the world's coastal systems. As ocean-going vessels proliferated...
The International Economic Order in the Aftermath of the Great Recession: A Cautious Case for Optimism
Free traders should be frightened, shouldn't they? Over the last 65 years, the world has marched more or less steadily along the road of economic liberalization. Tariffs fell with the post-war creation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT),...
The Role of International Policy in Mitigating Global Shipping Emissions
Transportation has been called one of the four cornerstones of globalization, along with communication, international standardization, and trade liberalization.1 International markets for goods only exist because transportation allows trading to occur...
Weighing the Scales: The Internet's Effect on State-Society Relations
How does the information revolution affect the relationship between governments and global civil society?1 Does the internet lead to greater democratization and liberalization? The findings of political scientists on this question could best be described...

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