Journal of the Institute of Justice and International Studies

Central Missouri State University irregularly publishes the Institute of Justice and International Studies, a free journal that reports on international crime, specifically in the areas of corrections, media coverage, public policy, counter terrorism and civil liberties.

Articles

No. 14, 2014

Preface
The Journal of the Institute of Justice & International Studies (JIJIS) invited manuscripts for Issue 14 that would engage the theme of topics in Juvenile Justice spanning various dimensions across nations, cultures, or programs. The overall focus...
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Globalization and Juvenile Life Sentences: Creating Meaningful Opportunities for Release for Juvenile Offenders
Although the United States is the only country in the world that currently incarcerates juvenile offenders for life without the possibility of parole, this country appears to be moving towards practices more consistent with the rest of the world. This...
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An Exploratory Study of School Crime and Rural Teacher and Staff Victimization: A Research Note
Previous efforts to understand and respond to violence and disorder in schools have focused on the characteristics of offenders, the sources of crime, school settings, and efforts to reduce illicit activity through either proactive or reactive approaches...
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Restorative Justice: An Alternative Response to Juvenile Delinquency in Barbados
The Barbados is the only country in the Caribbean with a top ranking in the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI), yet crimes involving youth and drugs are increasing in the country. Despite the 11% reduction in reported crimes between 2007 and...
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School Violence Perpetrators Speak: An Examination of Perpetrators Views on School Violence Offenses
Since 16-year old Brenda Spencer used "I don't like Mondays" as her justification for killing two and injuring nine people through rifle fire at Cleveland Elementary School across from her home in San Diego, California, in 1979 (Associated Press, 1979),...
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Canada's Amended Youth Criminal Justice Act and the Problem of Serious Persistent Youth Offenders: Deterrence and the Globalization of Juvenile Justice
In 2012, Stephen Harper's Conservative Party of Canada (CPC) amended the prevention oriented Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) as part of this government's larger and ongoing tough-on-crime overhaul of the Canadian justice system. As enacted in 2002,...
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Exposure to Violence and Problem Behavior among Urban Adolescents: Assessing Risk Factors and Coping Strategies
Research indicates that many of the negative experiences of African-American youth originate in the social and economic structures of society, causing a direct impairment of their abilities to adapt to or modify their environment (Thomas et al., 2012;...
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No. 13, 2013

Preface
For this issue the Journal of the Institute of Justice & International Studies (JIJIS) invited manuscripts for publication consideration that would engage the theme of Professionalism and Legitimacy for Criminal Justice. There are conceptual obstacles...
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Policing Young People: Can the Notion of Police Legitimacy Play a Role?
In the eyes of the public, police play an important role in combating crime and maintaining law and order. Yet, according to normative models of behavior, obedience to law is built more upon one's trust in the agents of law enforcement than fear of police...
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Toward a New Professionalism in Policing
IntroductionAcross the United States, police organizations are striving for a new professionalism. Their leaders are committing themselves to stricter accountability for both their effectiveness and their conduct while they seek to increase their legitimacy...
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Restoring the Lost Hope: A Multidimensional Approach for Building Public Trust in the Police
Public trust is a necessary condition for police effectiveness. A deficit of trust renders police institutions incapable of performing their duties. Studies conducted in Ghana have shown that citizens' trust in the police is significantly low. Hence,...
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The Relationship between Fairness and Police-Citizen Hostility
The procedural justice literature has demonstrated that police fairness leads to many desirable outcomes, including citizen cooperation with the police. Police fairness also should decrease citizen resistance-behaviors, including confrontational behavior...
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Police Professionalism in Interviews with High Value Detainees: Cross-Cultural Endorsement of Procedural Justice
Procedural fairness has received widespread attention in policing but is under-researched in investigative interviews. In simulated interviews in the laboratory, authorities were more focussed on just outcomes than fair processes, but little research...
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Procedural Justice Violations in Police-Citizen Interactions: Insights from Complaints about Police
A substantial body of research examining factors that influence levels of public cooperation and compliance with law enforcement agencies has identified the importance of public satisfaction with the relational or procedural components of interactions...
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Don't Trust the Police: Stop Question Frisk, Compstat, and the High Cost of Statistical Over-Reliance in the Nypd
Using data collected by the New York City Police Department, this research applies social disorganization theory and conflict theory to the NYPD "stop question frisk" practice. This paper discusses the rise of "stop question frisk" along with the implementation...
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Democratizing Police Professionalization and Division of Labor
Current literature has not examined policing and discretionary capacity in a democracy together. This article presents and details the critical concept of a capacity-focused emphasis in policing and its value for democratizing police bureaucracies and...
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The Evolution of the Need for Establishing a National Certification Program for Criminology/criminal Justice Majors
The last few decades have witnessed the development of a variety of national certification programs related to criminal justice, albeit in niche areas-such as security, cyber-security, homeland security, etc. Credentialing agencies have been formed to...
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Managing Misconduct: Prison Management Meets Inmate Behavior
This article examines the effects of strain in the context of prison management. From one perspective, inmate behavior influences prison management by eliciting an official response. Policies are developed with a particular problem in mind and that problem...
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Dealing with Professionalism and Acquiring and Managing Legitimacy in a Constitutional Democratic Policing in Nigeria: Where Goes the Procedural Justice Approach?
A major challenge facing Nigeria's criminal justice system is how to balance between carrying out its fundamental task of administration of justice in a professional manner and within acceptable international best practices, while obtaining the support...
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Victim Injury, Emotional Distress, and Satisfaction with the Police: Evidence for a Victim-Centered, Emotionally-Based Police Response
One central measure of legitimacy and professionalism of the criminal justice system is satisfaction with police encounters. Despite the relevance of satisfaction with the police in creating a fair and respected criminal justice system, little is known...
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Attorney Attitudes regarding Judicial Selection Methods: The Impact on Potential Reforms
In recent years, as judicial elections have become increasingly expensive and contentious, a number of states have explored adopting merit selection based systems of selecting judges. These efforts have proven to be largely unsuccessful, due largely...
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Does Increasing Police Professionalism Make the Fourth Amendment Unnecessary?
American policing has become more "professional" in the sense that today's police tend to be much better paid, trained and credentialed than the police of yesteryear. But do these measures of professionalization translate into greater security from unreasonable...
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Legitimacy of Corrections as a Mental Health Care Provider: Perspectives from U.S. and European Systems
Large numbers of seriously mentally ill persons are being incarcerated because their disturbed behavior is criminalized. The criminal justice system is struggling to manage the needs of these mentally ill persons in correctional settings. This article...
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No. 12, 2012

A Message from the Director and Editor
As you may be aware, this journal usually is the finishing touch to a conference or symposium held on the campus of the University of Central Missouri during the spring semester. This year, we have opted for a different format.The Criminal Justice Department...
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Factors Correlated to Graduating from the Fourteenth Judicial District (Louisiana) Adult Drug Treatment Court Program
AbstractDrug courts have gained immense popularity throughout the United States as alternatives to traditional sentencing. For programs to continue to be effective, administrators have to understand which factors are correlated to graduation. This study...
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The New Ice Age? A Content Analysis of Methamphetamine Coverage in a Midwestern Newspaper
IntroductionThe issue of drug use and abuse in America has been consistently covered in the mass media for the last 25 years (Reese & Danielian, 1991; Reinarman & Levine, 1997; Jenkins, 1999). This is an important fact because as Jamieson and...
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Alcohol-Related Crimes and Hotspot Mapping
AbstractAn enormous number of academic studies have analyzed alcohol-related crimes in the college context; however, there has been an absence of studies using a crime mapping method. Therefore, the current study fills this void in the literature by...
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Factors Affecting Juvenile Waiver to Adult Court in a Large Midwestern Jurisdiction
This research was supported by funds from the McNair Scholars Program at the University of Central MissouriIntroductionSince its inception in 1899, the juvenile justice system has been plagued by public reaction to juvenile delinquency and criticism...
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The International Duty of a Reliable Criminal Investigation: A Comparison to Recent U.S. Supreme Court Jurisprudence
In the past year, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down two decisions, which seemingly send contradictory signals for the investigatory powers of law enforcement and prosecution in the pretrial process of the criminal justice system in the U.S. In the first,...
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