The Canadian Journal of Native Studies

Articles

Vol. 38, No. 2, 2018

Learning to Be Part of the Land: Experiences of a Canadian Indigenous Researcher Doing Research in a Yucatec Maya Community
IntroductionThe goal of this article is to share with Indigenous and non-Indigenous readers some reflections on my positionality as a "northern" Indigenous geographer who did (and recently completed) my doctoral research in a Maya community in Yucatan,...
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Travellers through Empire: Indigenous Voyages from Early Canada
Cecilia Morgan, Travellers through Empire: Indigenous Voyages from Early Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2017. 326 pages. ISBN 978-0-7735-5134-3. $39.95 hardcover.In 1737, the governor of New France wrote to the King that...
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Blood Will Tell: Native Americans and Assimilation Policy
Katherine Ellinghaus, Blood Will Tell: Native Americans and Assimilation Policy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2017.199 pages. ISBN 9780-8032-2543-5. $40.00 USD hardcover.Blood Will Tell is a history of the use of the concept of "blood" in United...
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The Bungling Host: The Nature of Indigenous Oral Literature
Daniel Clement. The Bungling Host: The Nature of Indigenous Oral Literature. Trans. Peter Frost. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2018. 570 pages. ISBN 9781496206053. $40.00 USD paperback.The author has been a curator at the Museum of Civilization,...
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When the Caribou Do Not Come: Indigenous Knowledge and Adaptive Management in the Western Arctic
Brenda L. Parlee and Kenj. Caine (eds.), When The Caribou Do Not Come: Indigenous Knowledge and Adaptive Management in the Western Arctic. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2018. 280 pages. ISBN 9780774831192. $32.95 paperback.When The Caribou Do Not Come is a collection...
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What Is Authentic and Meaningful Compensation in the Eyes of Indigenous Peoples?
IntroductionEvery wrongdoing should be compensated for - not with ordinary gestures but with authentic and meaningful compensatory programs which are determined by the voice and feelings of the victim. My cause for concern in this paper is colonial wrongdoing...
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Report of an Inquiry into an Injustice: Begade Shutagot'ine and the Sahtu Treaty
Peter Kulchyski, Report of an Inquiry into an Injustice: Begade Shutagot'ine and the Sahtu Treaty. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2018.176 pages. ISBN 9780887558139. $24.95 paperback.Report of an Inquiry into an Injustice tells the story of...
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Discussion Section: The Downtown Eastside and Aboriginal Women
(Special Manuscript Request - Commentary)In Vancouver, the Downtown Eastside (DTES) is one of the oldest areas in the city and has a tarnished reputation due to crises that occur there involving drug use, mental illness, sex work, and crime. Women in...
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A Culturally-Informed and Culturally-Safe Exploration of Self-Injury Desistance in Aboriginal Offenders: Perspectives of Staff and Offenders
IntroductionNon-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may be defined as deliberate bodily harm or disfigurement without suicidal intent and for purposes not socially sanctioned (Monsky & Muehlenkamp, 2007). NSSI includes behaviours with immediate consequences...
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Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights: International and Regional Jurisprudence
Ben Saul, Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights: International and Regional Jurisprudence. Oxford & Portland: Hart Publications, 2016. 248 pages. ISBN 9781901362404. $64.00 paperback.As a practitioner and direct participant in a body of work, it is...
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Failure by Design: The On-Reserve First Nations' Housing Crisis and Its Roots in Canadian Evaluation Frameworks
Decades of policy review and research into on-reserve housing conditions - including those within the Mid-Canada corridor, the focus of this paper - have depicted a crisis. Crisis is described both in absolute and relative terms, in comparison to a Canadian...
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1ojibwe Stories from the Upper Berens River: A. Irving Hallowell and Adam Bigmouth in Conversation
Jennifer S. H. Brown (ed.), Ojibwe Stories From the Upper Berens River: A. Irving Hallowell and Adam Bigmouth in Conversation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press and The American Philosophical Society, 2018. 188 pages. ISBN 978-1496-2022-53. $75.00...
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Kiowa Belief and Ritual
Benjamin R. Kracht, Kiowa Belief and Ritual. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2017. 362 pages. ISNB 9781496200532. $112.50 USD hardcover.Kiowa Belief and Ritual is a thought-provoking contribution to the study of religion and spirituality within...
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"Going Native": Indigenizing Ethnographic Research
IntroductionInstead of looking for a methodology from a Western research perspective that seems to fit into an Indigenous perspective . . . or examining what Aboriginal cultural protocols are in regard to research and then trying to match this with a...
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Mythologizing Norval Morrisseau: Art and the Colonial Narrative in the Canadian Media
Carmen L. Robertson, MythologizingNorval Morrisseau: Art and the Colonial Narrative in the Canadian Media. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2016. 232 pages. ISBN 978-0-88755-810-8. $27.95 paperback.Norval Morrisseau's contributions were channeled...
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Culturally and Geographically Adapted Boating Safety Interventions in the Northwest Territories, Canada
IntroductionThere is a dearth of research highlighting the effectiveness of culturally adapted health interventions for Indigenous peoples (identified by Marley et al., 2012; Mohatt et al., 2014; and Ronsely et al., 2013), but research is particularly...
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Leslie Marmon ŠIlko: Ceremony, Almanac of the Dead, Gardens in the Dunes
David L. Moore (ed.), Leslie Marmon Šilko: Ceremony, Almanac of the Dead, Gardens in the Dunes. New York: Bloomsbury, 2016. 264 pages. ISBN 9781472523662. $26.96 USD paperback.In the early 1970s, applying Indigenous theories and methodologies to Indigenous...
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Fanning the Flames: Racism in Government Recommendations for the Prevention of Deaths by Fire on First Nations Reserves
IntroductionIndigenous people living on-reserve in Canada do not have access to the same public services that are taken for granted by most non-Indigenous Canadians. In the words of the Auditor General of Canada, Sheila Fraser, in 2008, the federal government...
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The Knowledge Seeker: Embracing Indigenous Spirituality
Blair Stonechild, The Knowledge Seeker: Embracing Indigenous Spirituality. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2016.224 pages. ISBN 9780889774179. $32.95 paperback.This fourth book by Blair Stonechild tells the powerful story of his journey as an Indigenous...
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How Coyote Created a Way for Indigenous Post-Secondary Education: The Legacy of Sister Mary Alice Danaher and the Week-End University
Coyote brings Weekend U: ? Tribute to the late Sister Mary Alice DanalierOne day Coyote noticed that everybody wanted their education. She came into the Tribal Council and said "Come on now, we can make this happen."But everyone said "We're too busy....
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Vol. 37, No. 2, 2017

Ottawa and Empire: Canada and the Military Coup in Honduras
Shipley, Tyler. Ottawa and Empire: Canada and the Military Coup in Honduras. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2017. 216 pages. ISBN 9781771133142. $26.95 paperback.In Ottawa and Empire, Tyler Shipley examines the 2009 military coup in Honduras to illustrate...
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Mixed Blessings: Indigenous Encounters with Christianity in Canada
Bradford, Tolly and Chelsea Horton (eds). Mixed Blessings: Indigenous Encounters with Christianity in Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2017. 236 pages. IBSN 9780774829403. $29.95 paperback.Mixed Blessings sets out to explore "why...
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Discussion Section: "I Was Born Asking": An Interview with Emma Larocque
Introduction and interview questions by Elaine Coburn."I was born into a whirlpool of keyams and karmas. But I was born asking" (1990: 84).This interview1 is rooted in the conviction that Emma LaRocque is a key voice in Native Studies and, indeed, beyond...
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Art for an Undivided Earth: The American Indian Movement Generation
Horton, Jessica L. Art for an Undivided Earth: The American Indian Movement Generation. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017. 312 pages. ISBN 978-0822369813. $26.95 USD paperback.Jessica L. Horton introduces the thesis of Art for an Undivided Earth...
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Peace Weavers: Uniting the Salish Coast through Cross-Cultural Marriages
Wellman, Candace. Peace Weavers: Uniting the Salish Coast Through Cross-Cultural Marriages. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 2017. 280 pages. ISBN 978-0-87422-346-0. $27.95 paperback.Candace Wellman's book Peace Weavers is a fascinating study...
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Frantz Fanon and the Decolonization of Psychiatry
IntroductionIt was not until after his premature death in 1961 at the age of 37 that Frantz Fanon's work began to become widely disseminated. The sense of irony in this Martinican's relationship to the European colonizing powers (an irony that is all...
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Akimiski Island, Nunavut, Canada: An Island in Dispute
IntroductionIn 1870, Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory became a part of the Dominion of Canada as the newly formed Northwest Territories. It should be noted that the islands of James Bay were included within the new territorial boundaries...
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Visioning a Mi'kmaw Humanities: Indigenizing the Academy
Battiste, Marie (ed). Visioning a Mi'kmaw Humanities: Indigenizing the Academy. Sydney, Nova Scotia: Cape Breton University Press, 2017. 347 pages. ISBN 978-1-77206-057-7. $27.95 paperback.The current era of truth and reconciliation is marked by calls...
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Dr. Oronhyatekha: Security, Justice, and Equality
Jamieson, Keith and Michelle Hamilton. Dr. Oronhyatekha: Security, Justice, and Equality. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2016. 368 pages. ISBN 978-145970-663-7. $26.99 paperback.By any account, Oronhyatekha lived an unusual life. For a Mohawk man from well-established...
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Everyday Exposure: Indigenous Mobilization and Environmental Justice in Canada's Chemical Valley
Wiebe, Sarah Marie. Everyday Exposure: Indigenous Mobilization and Environmental Justice in Canada's Chemical Valley. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2017. 280 pages. ISBN 9780774832649. $32.95 paperback.I think many of us concerned...
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Sharing Circle versus Focus Group in the Development of Diabetic Retinopathy Mobile Health (Mhealth) Intervention for Aboriginal Women: A Literature Review
BackgroundType 2 diabetes mellitus (hereafter referred to as diabetes) is one of the major chronic diseases affecting Canadian adults and accounts for roughly 90-95% of diabetes cases in Canada (Brown, Nevitte, Szeto, & Nandi, 2015). There is greater...
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Indian Mounds of Wisconsin, Second Edition
Birmingham, Robert A. and Amy L. Rosebrough. Indian Mounds of Wisconsin, Second Edition. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2017. 304 pages. ISBN 978-0-299-31364-7. $24.95 USD paperback.The authors of this book are two knowledgeable, professional...
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Defining Métis: Catholic Missionaries and the Idea of Civilization in Northwestern Saskatchewan, 1845-1898
Foran, Timothy P. Defining Métis: Catholic Missionaries and the Idea of Civilization in Northwestern Saskatchewan, 1845-1898. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2017. 240 pages. ISBN 978-0887557743. $27.95 paperback.This somewhat oddly titled book...
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Naamiwan's Drum: The Story of a Contested Repatriation of Anishinaabe Artefacts
Matthews, Maureen. Naamiwan's Drum: The Story of a Contested Repatriation of Anishinaabe Artefacts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016. 356 pages. ISBN 978-1-4426-2826-7. $34.95 paperback.Naamiwan, a revered Anishinaabe medicine man, lived along...
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Flooding in Kashechewan First Nation: Is It an Environmental Justice Issue?
In April 2015, Kashechewan First Nation declared a state of emergency and initiated an evacuation of 1900 community members due to the rapidly rising Albany River and the imminent risk of flooding in this remote fly-in Indigenous community situated in...
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Traditional Knowleddge of Minerals in Canada
Archeology, ethnography and history literatures present abundant information related to Indigenous peoples' uses and regard for stone, clay, metal and other minerals. In spite of this rich body of research, there have been few discussions of the implications...
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Power through Testimony: Reframing Residential Schools in the Age of Reconciliation
Brieg and Karine Vanthuyne (eds). Power Through Testimony: Reframing Residential Schools in the Age of Reconciliation. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2017. 252 pages. ISBN 980774833905. $32.95 paperback.Power through Testimony is one...
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Private Reservations: Liberal Forms and Indigenous Norms in the Theory and Practice of Property
IntroductionContemporary discourse about Indigenous and western European or liberal conceptions of the nexus between property, culture, and individualism has been characterized by one dominant and one minor alternative sub-theme. The dominant theme has...
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Using the First Nations Medicine Wheel as an Aid to Ethical Decision-Making in Healthcare
Attention to culturally safe care can significantly impact medical treatments and healthcare programs. Failure to take indigenous perspectives and cultures seriously can contribute to negative treatment and wellness outcomes (Green 2010; Lloyd, Wise,...
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Grounded Authority: The Algonquins of Barriere Lake against the State
Pasternak, Shiri. Grounded Authority: The Algonquins of Barriere Lake Against the State. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 2017. 392 pages. ISBN 978-0-8166-9834-9. $30.00 USD paperback.This study of the Barriere Lake Algonquins involves two...
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Uncanadian Indians and Good Corporate Citizens: Representations of the Spirit Sings: Artistic Traditions of Canada's First Peoples in the English-Canadian Print Media
The Glenbow Museum's The Spirit Sings: Artistic Traditions of Canada's First Peoples, the flagship of the 1988 Winter Olympic Arts Festival in Calgary, is commonly identified as the catalyst for Canada's Task Force on Museums and First Peoples (1992)...
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Creating the Third Force: Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking
Tuso, Hamdesa and Maureen P. Flaherty (eds). Creating the Third Force: Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2016. 586 pages. ISBN 978-0739185285. $140.00 USD hardcover.Creating the Third Force: Indigenous Processes of Peacemaking...
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Vol. 37, No. 1, 2017

Indigenous Research Methodology and the Indigenous Academic
IntroductionAt the end of my master's thesis defense (GPS data documenting driving acceleration and deceleration), to the amusement of everyone there, I was asked "so what?" as a final, open-ended question. It was clear that my answer to that question...
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Vol. 36, No. 2, 2016

Prayer Song for the Returning of Names and Sons
AcknowledgementCopyright Gregory Scofield. Prayer Song for the Returning of Names and Sons, in Singing Horne The Bones, 2005.YA-HEY:YA-HOYA-HEY-YA-HEYYA-HEYAYA-HEY-HEY-YOHIYA-HEYHEY-HI-YA-HEYYA-HEYAYA-HEY-HEY-YOHIYA-HETYA-HEY-YA-HEYAYA-HETHEY-YOHEY-HI-YA-HEYHEY-HI-YA-HO-...
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Indian Given: Racial Geographies across Mexico and the United States
María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo, Indian Given: Racial Geographies across Mexico and the United States. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016. ISBN 978-0-8223-6014-8. $26.95 USD paperback.Indian Given is an important, yet frustrating, book about racialized...
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An Analysis of the History of Aboriginal Peoples in the Beaver Hills, Alberta, Canada
INTRODUCTIONAlberta's Beaver Hills, also known as the Cooking Lake Moraine (CLM), is a unique landscape that extends from Lamont County to the north, to Miquelon Lake Provincial Park to the south. The area is comprised of hummocky terrain that is the...
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The Impact of Digital Technology on First Nations Participation and Governance
IntroductionWhile there has been much attention focused on the former Conservative government's divisive Fair Elections Act, there has been far less coverage of another recent development in electoral rules and procedures. This development involves changes...
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The Gothic Landscape in Eden Robinson's Monkey Beach: Cultural Negotiations between Native and Non-Native Knowledge Systems
Edward Said observes that "the earth is in effect one world, in which, empty uninhabited spaces virtually do not exist. Just as none of us is outside or beyond geography, none of us is completely free from the struggle over geography" (7). This paper...
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Vol. 36, No. 1, 2016

Decolonizing of the Nursing Academy
Given the history of colonialism, assimilation, and quality of life, and westernization of health care, many Canadian Indigenous1 students may not conform to conventional institutional norms within nursing education as the profession of nursing is based...
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Child-Rearing Practices of the Carrier First Nation in Northern British Columbia, Canada
The transition from infancy to childhood, into adulthood is mainly shaped by the child-rearing styles of one's caretakers. Child-rearing refers to the subset of practices and philosophies held by caregivers regarding how to raise a child (Rosalyn, 1991)....
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Stories from Quechan Oral Literature
A. M. Halpem and Amy Miller (eds.), Stories from Quechan Oral Literature. Cambridge, U.K.: Open Book Publishers, 2014. 533 pages. ISBN 978-1909254-85-5. £17.95 paperback.Dr. Amy Miller has produced an extraordinary and elegantly positioned glimpse into...
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A Two-Spirit Journey: The Autobiography of a Lesbian Ojibwa-Cree Elder
Ma-Nee Chacaby, with Mary Louisa Plummer, A Two-Spirit Journey: The Autobiography of a Lesbian Ojibwa-Cree Elder. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2016. 240 pages. ISBN 9780887558122. $24.95 paperback.Ma-Nee Chacaby is a survivor. She triumphed...
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Vol. 35, No. 2, 2015

Indigenous Peoples and Biculturedness
IntroductionIndigenous peoples in North America have faced: colonization; forced relocation; loss of traditional ways and knowledge; residential and boarding schools; the inability to use cultural and traditional rituals, ceremonies and languages; and...
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Vol. 35, No. 1, 2015

Voices Revisited
In 1900 and then again in 1921, Canada sent officials to the Subarctic to make treaty with the Dene, the indigenous peoples in the region. The treaties are known as Treaty 8 and 11. The Dene tell us these were peace and friendship treaties. They valued...
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Riel's Defence: Perspectives on His Speeches
Hans V. Hansen ed., Riel's Defence: Perspectives on His Speeches. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2014. 336 pages. ISBN 978-0-7735-4336-2. $32.95 paperback.Riel's Defence, Hans V. Hansen's edited collection examining Riel's two...
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Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America
Andrew Woolford, Jeff Benvenuto, and Alexander Laban Hinton eds., Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. 360 pages. ISBN 978-0-8223-5779-7. $26.95 USD paperback.In recent years, the field of genocide studies...
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Vol. 34, No. 2, 2014

The Role of Elders in Post-Secondary Educational Institutes
The density of an ethnicity or culture in a population impacts how quickly its needs are recognized by those in power, especially in an educational context (Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1996 as cited in Battiste et al., 2002). Aboriginal attendance...
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The Osoyoos Indian Band, Canadian Wildlife Service, and the Species at Risk Act: Lack of Consultation, and Perpetuation of Underdevelopment on Reserves
IntroductionPublic policy in Canada, as seen through the statements of Indian and Northern Affairs (INAC) ( Federal Framework for Aboriginal Economic Development, 2009) and the Speech from the Throne of March, 2010, seems to be moving gradually toward...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, 2014

Mentored High Expectations as a Praxis of Empowerment
IntroductionOver the years, in my role as a university professor in a Faculty of Education, I have become an outlier, judged as working outside of and in opposition to the organizational culture. While there may be many reasons for that-I have not conducted...
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Native America and the Question of Genocide
Alex Alvarez, Native America and the Question of Genocide. Baltimore: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014. 203 pages. ISBN 978-1-4422-2581-7. $40 USD hardcover.This book sets out to discuss Native American experience through the lens of genocide. It does...
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Principles of Tsawalk: An Indigenous Approach to Global Crisis
Umeek (E. Richard Atleo), Principles of Tsawalk: An Indigenous Approach to Global Crisis. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012. 220 pages. ISBN 978077482178. $32.95 paperback.Principles of Tsawalk is a thesis about how Nuu-chah-nulth ontology and metaphysics frame...
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