Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development

Articles from Vol. 44, No. 4, July-August

Acquired Monocular Vision Rehabilitation Program
INTRODUCTION Sudden loss of sight in one eye or the loss of an eye often necessitates immediate and extensive medical and psychological intervention. From this loss, patients will experience sudden loss of depth perception, decrease of visual field...
Anodal and Cathodal Pulsed Electrical Stimulation on Skin Wound Healing in Guinea Pigs
INTRODUCTION An effective means of promoting wound healing is electrical stimulation [1-4]. Despite many studies on wound healing, the application of electrical stimulation is still in its infancy because of the varied and inconsistent modes of...
As History Repeats Itself, Unexpected Developments Move Us Forward
As long as our country has been involved in war, men and women have sacrificed life and limb serving this great nation in the pursuit of freedom. The unwavering commitment to enter battle comes with a trust in their fellow soldier and the peace of...
Assessing Mobility Characteristics and Activity Levels of Manual Wheelchair Users
INTRODUCTION The physical and mental health benefits of an active lifestyle have been well documented for the general population [1-3]. Participating in physical activities reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes...
Assessment of Residual-Limb Volume Change Using Bioimpedence
INTRODUCTION Residual-limb volume fluctuation creates challenges for lower-limb prosthesis users. Limb shrinkage can cause the socket to become loose and concentrate interface stress in soft tissues over bony prominences. Limb enlargement can induce...
Biomechanical and Energetic Effects of a Stance-Control Orthotic Knee Joint
INTRODUCTION Knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs) are often prescribed for patients with weakness of the muscles that control the knee and/or loss of structural integrity of the knee joint. Traditionally, the knee joints used in these orthoses were...
Comparison of Spectral and Entropic Measures for Surface Electromyography Time Series: A Pilot Study
INTRODUCTION Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common types of musculoskeletal pain [1-2]. The number of physician visits resulting from LBP is second only to cardiovascular problems among chronic disorders. A clinical assessment of LBP is...
Comparison of Two Exercise Testing Protocols in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
INTRODUCTION Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disorder characterized by sleep impairments, fatigue, headache, muscle and joint aches, and symptoms of poor concentration and memory [1]. Symptoms are typically worsened after modest...
Consistency, Precision, and Accuracy of Optical and Electromagnetic Shape-Capturing Systems for Digital Measurement of Residual-Limb Anthropometrics of Persons with Transtibial Amputation
INTRODUCTION The traditional and most widely used technique for manufacturing prosthetic sockets involves the prosthetist first making a negative cast of the residual limb and then filling the cast with plaster to form a positive mold of the residual...
Distribution and Cost of Wheelchairs and Scooters Provided by Veterans Health Administration
INTRODUCTION As wheelchair technology becomes increasingly sophisticated and complex, so do decisions regarding who gets what wheelchair. These decisions are significant because manual and power wheelchairs and scooters (WC/Ss) were the second,...
Expert Opinions on Success Factors for Upper-Limb Prostheses
INTRODUCTION Many new and exciting research efforts are underway to improve upper-limb (UL) prostheses. Perhaps the largest in history is the recent program of the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), to...
Gait Characteristics of Persons with Bilateral Transtibial Amputations
INTRODUCTION An estimated 358,000 people with lower-limb amputations live in the United States [1]. Of these, approximately 220,000 have transtibial amputations and 11,400 have bilateral transtibial amputations. During walking, persons with bilateral...
Longitudinal Assessment of Vibrations during Manual and Power Wheelchair Driving over Select Sidewalk Surfaces
INTRODUCTION Users of both manual and power wheelchairs use their wheelchairs for mobility for extended periods of time every day [1]. This extensive use, combined with bumps, uneven driving surfaces, and other obstacles, can expose wheelchair users...
Reliability of RT3 Accelerometer for Measuring Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis: Pilot Study
INTRODUCTION Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease that frequently results in reduced physical function and decreased levels of physical activity and fitness [1]. Although exercise programs for people with MS can increase fitness...
Reproducibility of Noninvasive Cardiac Output during Arm Exercise in Spinal Cord Injury
INTRODUCTION Advances in the medical management of spinal cord injury (SCI) over the last 30 years have resulted in a shift in the leading causes of death in these individuals from infections (e.g., pneumonia) to cardiovascular disease. Today, cardiovascular...
Utility of Treatment Implementation Methods in Clinical Trial with Rehabilitation Teams
INTRODUCTION Most published research reports on rehabilitation interventions focus on specific treatment techniques, with little attention given to the role of the interdisciplinary team, now the dominant model of care delivery in the inpatient...
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