Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development

Articles from Vol. 48, No. 10, October

Activity-Promoting Gaming Systems in Exercise and Rehabilitation
INTRODUCTION Commercial activity-promoting gaming systems such as the Nintendo Wii (Nintendo; Redmond, Washington), Dance Dance Revolution (DDR [Konami Digital Entertainment; El Segundo, California], which can be used on a number of game consoles),...
Arthroplasty in Veterans: Analysis of Cartilage, Bone, Serum, and Synovial Fluid Reveals Differences and Similarities in Osteoarthritis with and without Comorbid Diabetes
INTRODUCTION In adults, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the second most common surgical procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons. Dramatic improvement in both function and pain relief have made this procedure desirable for many patients with...
Determining Asymmetry of Roll-Over Shapes in Prosthetic Walking
INTRODUCTION While, as a rule, unimpaired walking is reasonably symmetric, walking with a prosthetic limb is characterized by a marked asymmetry of limb movements [1]. In people with lower-limb amputation, the locomotor system is inherently asymmetric...
Disease-Modifying Agents in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: Management of 100 Patients at Louis Stokes Cleveland VAMC, Spinal Cord Injury Division
INTRODUCTION Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive disease of the central nervous system (CNS), in which physical disability progresses over time. It remains the most common cause of nontraumatic neurological disability in young adults...
Effect of Home-Based Exercise Program on Lymphedema and Quality of Life in Female Postmastectomy Patients: Pre-Post Intervention Study
INTRODUCTION Lymphedema is a chronic, debilitating complication that breast cancer survivors face after breast cancer treatment [1-8]. Incidence of secondary arm lymphedema varies from 5 to 56 percent [4,7-12]. About 60 percent of patients who undergo...
Effects of Elevated Vacuum on In-Socket Residual Limb Fluid Volume: Case Study Results Using Bioimpedance Analysis
INTRODUCTION Changes in residual limb volume over time are an important challenge for people who use prosthetic limbs. Residual limb volume changes, both diurnal and long-term, can cause the fit of the prosthetic socket to change. If the residual...
Mental Health Diagnosis and Occupational Functioning in National Guard/Reserve Veterans Returning from Iraq
INTRODUCTION A successful transition back into civilian life for returning veterans following combat deployment is a vital concern for the United States and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Our newest generation of combat veterans returning...
Paralympics and Veterans
Sports and recreation are essential components of medical rehabilitation. Through these, people with disability learn to adjust to a new self-image; build strength, stamina, and coordination; and learn adaptive skills that help them throughout their...
Reliability of Daily Step Activity Monitoring in Adults with Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury
INTRODUCTION It is estimated that 12,000 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) occur each year in the United States, with ~262,000 persons having survived their initial injury [1]. SCI often results in loss of motor, sensory, and autonomic function...
Repeated Concussion among U.S. Military Personnel during Operation Iraqi Freedom
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the predominant injuries of the current military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, with prevalence ranging from 15 to 20 percent depending on the diagnostic criteria and patient population [1-7]....
Translating Measurement Findings into Rehabilitation Practice: An Example Using Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity with Patients Following Stroke
INTRODUCTION Clinical rehabilitation therapists have been challenged, if not mandated, to use standardized assessments as part of clinical practice. Educational accreditation standards and practice frameworks for clinical rehabilitation disciplines...
Using Military Friendships to Optimize Postdeployment Reintegration for Male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom Veterans
INTRODUCTION The role of social relationships in health outcomes is an area of growing research importance. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has begun to encourage research programs that explore the role of family members in veterans' health...
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