Outskirts

Articles

Vol. 35, 2016

Pushing the Boundaries: Weeds, Motherhood, Neoliberalism and Postfeminism
IntroductionWeeds (2005-2012) is a subversive television comedy-drama concerning the challenges facing a white, young, middle-class suburban widow, Nancy Botwin, played by Mary-Louise Parker. Weeds was commercially successful. The first season premiered...
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Ink in Her Veins the Troubled Life of Aileen Palmer
Ink in Her Veins the Troubled Life of Aileen Palmer, by Sylvia Martin, UWA Publishing, 2016, $29.99 ISBN: 9781742588254Let's state the obvious. Ink in Her Veins, the Troubled Life of Aileen Palmer, poet, translator, activist, and mad woman and psychiatric...
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"This Is Mud on Our Faces! We're Not Really Black!" Teaching Gender, Race, and Age through Humour in the Golden Girls
All teachers could use more studies about sharing the power of humor as a force in the classroom that enhances learning and helps to create and sustain bonds of community. Working together in the classroom, teachers and students find equanimity when...
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Female "Madness" as the Driving Force Behind the Monstrous in the Insidious Film Series
IntroductionSome of the most influential feminist studies of horror films established strong links between the monstrous and the women in film by relying on a psychoanalytic framework set by Laura Mulvey in her essay "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema"...
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(Post)feminist Paradoxes: The Sensibilities of Gender Representation in Disney's Frozen
IntroductionIt doesn't matter whether it comes by cable, telephone lines, computer or satellite. Everyone's going to have to deal with Disney. (Disney Chief Executive Officer Michael Eisner, cited in Wasco 2001, 222)Pictures, photographs, films, etc....
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The (Unsuccessful) Reality Television Make Under: Class, Illegitimate Femininities, and Resistance in Snog, Marry, Avoid
IntroductionIn postfeminist media culture, young women are now evaluated, regulated and exhorted to recalibrate in new ways, in new forms, especially the reality makeover program. No less seeking the transformation of its subjects, Britain's 'make under'...
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Vol. 34, May

A Case Study of Feminist Activist Interventions in Queensland Party Politics: #Sackgavin
IntroductionThis paper uses the case study of a Twitter hashtag label #sackgavin to offer a self-reflexive analysis of an Australian feminist activist campaign. More broadly, it provides a critical interrogation of online feminist political interventions...
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The Agnotology of Abortion: A History of Ignorance about Women's Knowledge of Fertility Control
Researching abortion in an historical contextResearching the history of abortion means attending to different terms of reference than those meanings of abortion commonly understood today. For us, an abortion is any procedure which terminates a pregnancy...
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No Pity Fucks Please: A Critique of Scarlet Road's Campaign to Improve Disabled People's Access to Paid Sex Services
In 1981, Evan Kemp, a vanguard for the nascent disability rights movement, published an article in the New York Times criticising charity telethons. Controversial then and perhaps even now, "Aiding the Disabled, No Pity Please" exposed the social fear...
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Vol. 33, 2015

Beyond the Spectacle of Suffering: Representations of Rape in Online Anti-Rape Activism
IntroductionFrom vigilante street politics, to consciousness raising, speak outs, and now online spaces, the mediums through which representations of rape are transmitted by anti-rape activists have transformed over time. Historically, rape has been...
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Disordered Eating and Choice in Postfeminist Spaces
IntroductionThis paper explores the rise of eating disorders in a postfeminist world. The prevalence of eating disorders in the general Australian population is increasing (The Butterfly Foundation, 2012; NEDC, 2012) and it is estimated that 90% of people...
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Respect and Responsibility? Hetero-Masculine Drag and Australian Football Culture
To determine drag's current cultural positioning, this article first examines contemporary attitudes to drag, particularly in relation to how these are expressed and debated in online realms. It then utilises Judith Butler's influential work on drag...
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Maternal Practice and Maternal Presence in Jane Harrison's Stolen
IntroductionAboriginal drama articulates a world vision differing significantly from that of the European literary canon. First and foremost, both Canadian and Australian aboriginal playwrights wish to offer a new perspective on their forgotten history,...
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Becoming Militant: Narrative of (Dis?) Embodiment in Visakesa Chandrasekaram's Tigers Don't Confess
In the war front we never think that we are women and we are soft by nature. These disappear from our minds. In the war front we have only our aim in our mind, our aim to get an independent nation (in Alison 2011, 141).The above words from a Sri Lankan...
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Vol. 32, 2015

Wet Their Bones with Sweat and Blood, Knit Their Bones with Me: Reflections on Arts-Based Research into Colonial Western Australian Child Murder (1829-1901)
This article outlines the arts-based research practices used in my doctoral thesis to explore the lived experience of Mary Summerland, a 20-year-old, unmarried woman, who, in 1832, was accused of murdering her newborn baby boy at the port town of Fremantle,...
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Seeing Children's Suffering: Feminist Legal Methods, Sentencing Decisions and Incarcerating Mothers Who Offend
The child comes firstIn 1992, Helena Kennedy QC criticised British officials' indifference to children's suffering when sentencing a mother to prison:in our Family Courts the philosophy is that the child comes first in any dispute. Children need their...
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Ways of Coming to Knowing through Embodied Methodologies
This paper emerges from my doctoral research: Feeling the fleshed body: The aftermath of childhood rape. The most crucial understanding to emerge from my research is that sexual trauma begins, in the first instance, not at a psychological level, as much...
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Feasting on Excess: Practice-Led Research in the Visual Arts
I am a visual artist. I am obsessed with glass as a material and all of the possibilities that lie beneath its skin. My PhD, called Material Murmurings, used a practice-led research methodology to explore the materiality of glass and its resonance for...
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'Can We Meet? Talk? Love? Create Something Together?' - Conversations in Diva Research
Passing back and forth across multiple thresholds (conceptual, perceptual, emotional, somatic), a woman is falling through a thousand openings. Spaces enfold-unfold within her waiting. Muted, she is holding the weight of all sadnesses. Dissolving and...
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A Conversation with the Enemy
What wonder then, if, in the human body, a system so curious, so subtile and compounded, we should meet with many appearances which we cannot at all account for? The farther we push our inquiries into nature, the more shall we be convinced of our ignorance...
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Womb Tongues: Translating the Cellular Memory of Late Discovery Adoptee Pre-Verbal Trauma through Creative Inquiry
Personal Provenance & PraxisMy last memory of my mother as I slipped out was the skirt of her labia across my head. I can smell her still. Feel her hot and pulsing against by brain. Feel her crippling last goodbye.She was 35. I was the fourth baby...
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The Women's Stone Circle
At StonehengeThe monoliths stand tallSquare their shoulders to the icy windsThrow hard shadows on the thin grass.These armoured knights at a round tableOccupy the tableland,Cast stern brows across the sweet skies.Hardy sacrificed Tess here,Gave no solace...
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Editorial: Magdalena Talks Back: Contemporary Feminist Research Methodologies
We're delighted to present this collection of papers exploring contemporary feminist research methodologies. All contributors to this collection have been members of the Magdalena Talks Back feminist discussion group at Edith Cowan University. The group,...
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Embodying Mêtis: The Braiding of Cunning and Bodily Intelligence in Feminist Storymaking
Mêtis, as an embodied intelligence, illuminates a shadowy tangle of body-values, body-denials, and body-power (Dolmage, 2009, p. 8).I am a feminist scholar with a background in lifewriting (Metta 2010). In a recent research project I have sought to engage...
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Focusing and Art as Ways to Explore the Implicit and Non-Verbal Aspects of Women's Abortion Experiences
IntroductionSpaces and opportunities for women to share, reflect upon, and explore their personal experience(s) of abortion are limited by the stigma and controversy that surrounds abortion in many countries around the world (Kumara, Hessinia, &...
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Vol. 31, November

'Tell It Slant-': Women's Studies in Western Australia
This article asks how feminists can write histories of academic feminism, given recent interrogations that identify the overwhelming desire to settle back into already established stories and trajectories. Taking up Clare Hemmings' suggestion that we...
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Writing Lost Lives in Light: Anne Ferran's Portrayals of Female Convicts
There are many sites in Australia where the past has been suppressed, especially when it comes to sites associated with the lives of women who did not fit the foundational vision of mateship promoted in Australia. One such place, which forms the focus...
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Given, Received, Withheld: Purple Threads by Jeanine Leane, the Short Story Cycle and the Fragmentary Nature of Knowing
IntroductionFeminist theorists have written extensively about the nature of knowledge about, and formed by, women. Broadly, their contributions have focussed on 'the critique of the individualism of modern epistemology, [and the] reconstructions of epistemic...
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Goddess 'Remembered'? Pure Origins in the Historical Metanarrative of Goddess Feminism
IntroductionThe spiritual journey of earth's peoples began with the idea of a Goddess, universally called the Great Mother .... Only recently [the last 6000 years]...has the earth and the female perspective been ignored. A growing number of people are...
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Sexed Violence and Its (Dis)appearances: Media Coverage Surrounding the Murders of Jill Meagher and Johanna Martin
On 22 September 2012, Jill Meagher, an employee of the Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC), went missing after a night spent with friends in a bar on Sydney Road, Brunswick, in Melbourne's inner north. The bar was located a short proximity from...
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'Sex Sells, Dude'1: A Re-Examination of the Mass Media Feminist Critique of American Psycho
The story of the reception of Bret Easton Ellis's scandalous 1991 novel, American Psycho, is one of extreme responses, whether critical or defensive. Writing at the time of the novel's publication, feminist Naomi Wolf critiques American Psycho because...
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Boadicea and British Suffrage Feminists
This paper redresses the limited attention to Boadicea in research on suffrage feminists of the twentieth century. It analyses her importance through the lens of dramaturgical theory that privileges a reading of social protest groups engaged in symbolic...
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Bury Me Deep Down Below: Masculine Sentimentality on the Turn-of-the-Century Australian Frontier
AbstractThe idea of a 'feminisation of sentimentality' taking place over the long nineteenth century has a long currency in Anglophone scholarship. Many historians of masculinity have indeed argued that white masculinity was defined in opposition to...
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'Bending and Morphing': The Department of Women's Studies at the University of Adelaide Continues Past Its Twenty Year Anniversary
IntroductionOn August 14, 2012, the University of Adelaide celebrated 20 years of Women's/Gender Studies on campus. This auspicious anniversary prompted pause for reflection on the considerable successes, but also ongoing challenges, of feminist teaching...
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The Man Question: Men and Women's Liberation in 1970s Australia
This article explores 'the Man Question' in Australian feminism during the 1970s and attempts to complicate the popular notion that men are 'outsiders' to its history (Henderson 2008). I will provide empirical evidence of some Australian men positively...
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Making Sense of the Discourses in the Violence against Women Domain: A Gender Violence Prevention Typology
AbstractIn this article I present and explore community approaches to preventing violence against women. I suggest that there are four discernible types of violence prevention, each with their own justifications, discourses and languages. Exploring these...
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Vol. 30, May

Heroes, Retros and Metros: Narratives of Conflicting Masculinities within Contemporary Australian Media
IntroductionPopular culture provides an intriguing space to explore social constructs of masculinity. This imagery has the potential to both influence and reiterate contemporary narratives about masculinity. This paper uses a qualitative content analysis...
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Through the Eyes of Women? the Jurisprudence of the CEDAW Committee
The adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 1979 was a significant achievement in enshrining women's human rights into international law. To date,...
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Between Whores and Heroes: Women, Voyeurism and Ambiguity in Holocaust Film
An ever-expanding literature has established films about the Holocaust as a crucially important means of representing this traumatic past; however, little substantial attention has been given to the representation of women's complicity. Indeed, Holocaust...
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Introduction
In an era when gender is popularly thought to have decreasing relevance, The Gender Games: Stories in/for the Contemporary World (November 2012) serendipitously (or unfortunately) intersected with a turbulent moment in Australian politics, society and...
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Young Emirati Women: Stories of Empowerment, Feminism and Equality in the United Arab Emirates
Women in the UAE have long been recognised as equal partners in national development and the Government continues to pursue a strategy of empowering women in cultural, social and economic fields.UAE Yearbook 2010, opening page of chapter on 'Women',...
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'I'm Just a 17-Year-Old Girl. ... I Can't Take on the AFL': The St Kilda Schoolgirl and the Contemporary Neoliberal Subject
IntroductionIn 2010, a young woman aged seventeen received widespread media attention after she posted photographs on social networking site Facebook of AFL (Australian Football League)1 players, two of whom were naked, with the message, 'Merry Christmas...
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'Stanley Schupak Doesn't Live Here Anymore': Un/Becoming Transsexual and Coming Home in Duncan Tucker's Transamerica
To the extent the gender norms (ideal dimorphism, heterosexual complementarity of bodies, ideals and rule of proper and improper masculinity and femininity...) establish what will and will not be intelligibly human, what will and will not be considered...
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Vol. 29, November

Looking from With/in: Feminist Art Projects of the 70s
Sydney Women's Art Movement (WAM) held its first meeting in April 1974. I was not there for the founding of WAM but joined soon after on my return from an extended period overseas. My memory of how I first heard about WAM is hazy, but as an active member...
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Have We 'Come a Long Way Baby'? : The 'F' Word, Feminist Theories of Power and Reflections on Whiteness
This article is both a reflection on what drew me to feminism as a young woman and also what creates blindness within the area. Obscurities of vision can leave feminism open to being seen as outdated, 'uncool', exclusive, while hypersexulisation, and...
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Introduction
This special issue of Outskirts is the result of a successful partnership at the University of Western Australia, Perth, between Gender Studies and the Cruthers Collection of Women's Art (CCWA). The Cruthers Collection is a specialist collection of Australian...
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Vol. 28, May

Connections Made and Broken: Intimacy and Estrangement in Australian Feminist Historiography
For well over a century, Australian feminist politics has concerned itself with conditions for intimacy and estrangement. I refer here to a range of significant, mutual exchanges of affect, and to moments of separation, loss of attachment and reciprocity...
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'There Must Be a Better Way': Motherhood and the Dilemmas of Feminist Lifestyle Change
'There must be a better way'In December 1974, Janette appealed to fellow readers of the Sydney Women's Liberation Newsletter for their advice on alternative lifestyles. A mother of three and a newcomer to feminism, she found living alone with her children...
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'I'd Grown Up as a Child Amongst Natives': Ruth Heathcock (1901-1995) - Disrupting Settler-Colonial Orthodoxy through Friendship and Cross-Cultural Literacy in Creolised Spaces of the Australian Contact Zone
Growing up in the small River Murray town of Wellington, South Australia as the twentieth century turned, Henrietta (Ruth) Sabina Heathcock (nee Rayney) enjoyed a childhood shaped as much by Ngarrindjeri Aboriginal friends and elders, as by her close-knit...
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True Friends or False? the Changing Nature of Relationships between Indian and British Missionary Women in the Imperial Contact Zone of India, C1880-1940
Echoes from the PastIn the twenty-first century, feminists still struggle to find a vocabulary sufficient to describe their sense of connectedness with each other across distinctions of diversity based on class, culture, race, religion and sexualities....
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Drawn to New Perspectives in the Public Sphere. Female Art, Design and Craft Students and Their Cultural Connections in Nineteenth Century South Australia
IntroductionThe historiography of female participation in visual art, design and crafts during the Victorian era has produced studies of the trajectories of female careers in these fields (Cherry; Cherry and Helland; Swinth, Carline 61-67; Chadwick 165-170,...
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Sisterhood and Women's Liberation in Australia
Made in America: two moments of origin.In 1969, Martha Ansara, an American, was in her early twenties, living in Boston with her three year-old son, and splitting up with her husband. 1969 was a big year for Ansara. She moved first to California with...
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'Women's Writing' and 'Feminism': A History of Intimacy and Estrangement
Women's Liberation in Australia and elsewhere created feminist readers and writers. Consciousness-raising and reading and writing were intimately linked. Within the women's movement, journals, magazines and newspapers were launched, small presses inaugurated...
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Vol. 27, November

Interventions
The Australian Women's and Gender Studies Association conference Sydney, Australia, November 2012The incredible breadth and variety of scholarly study at this year's conference is certainly testament to the strength of commitment that that Women's and...
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Taking Responsibility for Gender Sexuality and Diversity Studies
Like so many people around the world today, my vocation was targeted for redundancy some five months ago now. The announcement was made at La Trobe University's Humanities and Social Sciences' Faculty wide meeting, as part of the Organisational Change...
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Menstrual Suppression: The Rhetoric and Realities of Choice
IntroductionThe public imagination is saturated with references to 'choice', whose semantic origins can be traced to the women's rights and consumer health movements of the 1960s and 70s. In campaigns about reproductive rights, and the rights of women...
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The Female Body in Second Life: Considerations of Feminism and Queer Theory in Two Female-Only Spaces
IntroductionThe internet and its applications hold the potential for re-embodying oneself as detached from the constraints of the corporeal world. For feminists, as well as other marginalised groups, this holds the possibility of reifying power and agency...
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Interventions: Reflections, Critiques, Practices
The Australian Women's and Gender Studies Biennial Conference, Sydney, 21-23 November, 2012The 2012 AWGSA conference, hosted by the University of New South Wales commenced with a keynote presentation, 'Intervention, Academia and the Case of Sexualisation',...
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Vol. 26, May

'Animal Handlers': Australian Women Writers on Sexuality and the Female Body
The year 2011 saw the igniting of mass protest around the issue of sexual double standards for women with numerous marches worldwide called 'SlutWalks'. Thousands of women across a range of countries including America, Europe, Britain and Australia took...
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Disembodied Knowledge: Law's Incapacity to Provide Justice for Prostitutes in Western Australia
IntroductionSet in 1940s America, Sartre's (1965) play entitled The Respectable Prostitute recounts events following the unprovoked murder of an unnamed black man on a train. Lizzie, a prostitute, witnesses the murder. A day or so later, a senator and...
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Feminism and the Envious Imagination
Because she is a woman, the little girl knows that she is forbidden the sea and the polar regions, a thousand adventures, a thousand joys: she was born on the wrong side of the line.Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949]: 325).When Simone de Beauvoir's...
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The Place of Scandal: Lara Bingle & Brendan Fevola
IntroductionOver the period of a few short weeks in 2010 Australian media coverage and public discussion was dominated by news of a 'sex scandal' involving two high-profile celebrities - Lara Bingle (model and then fiancée of the vice-captain of the...
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Same Old 'Other' Mother'? : Neil Gaiman's Coraline
"What's in the empty flat?" Coraline Jones, the eponymous young female protagonist of Neil Gaiman's novella asks her mother. The mother's response, "Nothing I expect. It probably looks like our flat before we moved in. Empty rooms." (2009 34), establishes...
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