Sociological Viewpoints

Articles

Vol. 26, No. 2, Fall

Homeschooling Is an Art, Not a Science: The Impact of Homeschooling on Choice of College Major
AbstractLittle research has been done to date on the effects of homeschooling on post-high school students. As homeschoolers are a growing percentage of the population, it was important to begin an investigation of these relationships. This study sought...
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Sustainable Food Systems: Challenges of Social Justice and a Call to Sociologists
IntroductionWe hear a lot these days about sustainability and food systems. But why should sociologists prick up their ears and pay attention? Today I will build the case that there are rich and rewarding possibilities for sociologists to contribute...
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Kevorkian and the Ninth Amendment
Editor's Note: This is one in a series of presentations in Kutztown University's Distinguished Speaker Series on Law and Justice. Dr. Kevorkian made this presentation on September 20, 2009 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania. The presentation was...
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The Wisdom and Vision of Older Adults: Changes in Childcare since the Great Depression
AbstractThese qualitative interviews explored childcare from the perspective of six elders aged 75 years or older collected in a rural setting. Participants recalled their own experiences as children during the Great Depression, as parents during the...
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Community in History: Exploring the Infancy of America's 'Most Perfectly Planned Community,' Levittown, Pennsylvania
AbstractThis essay presents a socio-history of the postwar, mass-produced, suburban community of Levittown, Pennsylvania. It was a community built from scratch, first charted on paper, and then built house by house, section by section. In six years,...
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Organizational Predictors of College Satisfaction and Academic Achievement among Females
This study examines the power of three independent variables, intrinsic and extrinsic satisfiers together with organizational compliance, for predicting college satisfaction and academic achievement among a sample of 132 female students. The result of...
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Spotlight on Sociological Viewpoints
Editor's Note: The information provided in this brief history of the Pennsylvania Sociological Society and Sociological Viewpoints was the result of informal collaboration by the authors. Any reader who can contribute corrections to this account or who...
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Global Inequality and the Challenges of Reducing Extreme Poverty
Editor's Note: Joan Ferrante is a professor at Northern Kentucky University. She holds a Ph. D. from the University of Cincinnati and is best known as the author of several popular sociology textbook, among them Sociology: A Global Perspective. Among...
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Hate Crimes and Ethnoviolence: The History, Current Affairs, and Future of Discrimination in America
Ehrilich, Howard J. (2009): Hate Crimes and Ethnoviolence: The History, Current Affairs, and Future of Discrimination in America. Boulder. CO. Westview. 2009. pp 191.With historic election of Obama, the first black President of the United States of America,...
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Sociology Confronts the World: Past, Present and Future
Thank you, Verónica, for the kind invitation to join this learned group today to talk about several things close to my heart - sociology, teaching, textbooks, and the importance of global education. I am honored to have this opportunity to spend this...
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Ain't No Makin' It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood
MacLeod, Jay. 2009 (3rd ed). Ain't No Makin' It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood. Boulder. CO: Westview PressIn Ain't No Making' It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood (1987) Jay MacLeod expertly shows education's...
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Editor's Comments
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the Pennsylvania Sociological Society and the 25th anniversary of Sociological Viewpoints. Preparing for this special edition of the journal and the recognition that will be given to its founding editor, Dr. Charles...
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Spring

Examining the Existence and Extent of Anti-Intellectual Attitudes and Behaviors among University Students
AbstractThe existence of social forces on students to perform below one's academic potential in order to be socially accepted has been recognized for some time. Previous studies have found attitudes and behaviors of what we call anti-intellectualism...
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The Poor People's Campaign: An Evolution of the Civil Rights Movement
AbstractIn 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. expanded the scope of Civil Rights activism by (re)defining the problem of social inequality to include all those in the United States who were poor, regardless of their race or ethnicity. Building on the success...
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Christotainment: Selling Jesus through Popular Culture
A Review of Christotainment: Selling Jesus through Popular Culture by Shirely Steinberg and Joe Kincheloe (eds.) Westview Press: Boulder, CO., 309 pagesGood God, Now THAT's Christotainment!Whether you are a lifelong fan of Jesus or just now joining the...
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Editor's Comments
This edition of Sociological Viewpoints commemorates the twenty-fifth anniversary of the journal. The Pennsylvania Sociological Society was founded in 1950. Although there was a frequent issuing of Socioline, the Society's newsletter, the journal took...
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And the Bear Just Keeps on Dancing: Violence against Women in the Context of a Violent Society
I've had several people comment to me that the title of my talk today is "interesting." And I think that what they really mean to say is, "what the heck does it mean? What are you talking about?" So let me begin by explaining the title.In 1996, I wrote...
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Living and Working in an Increasingly Complex Society
AbstractA challenging study of diverse opportunities in the inclusive modern day workplace, identifying positive features of diversity programs in business, and the reactions indicating the possible problems to be overcome as the cultural world comes...
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Doing Gender Diversity: Readings in Theory and Real-World Experience
A Review of Doing Gender Diversity: Readings in Theory and Real-World Experience by Rebecca F. Plante and Lis M. Maurer (eds.) Westview Press: Boulder, CO., 2010, 555 pagesThe study of gender occupies much sociological thought and action and draws significantly...
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Beyond Berger and Luckmann's Concept of "Recipe Knowledge:" Simple versus Standardized Recipes
AbstractThis paper argues that the concept of "recipe knowledge," first articulated by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann (1966) as an extension of Alfred Schutz's (1960) concept of "cookbook knowledge," should be further refined. There are two distinguishable...
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Keynote Address: Sociology and Organized Labor: Helping to Salvage a Vital Institution
Pennsylvania sociologists operate against a special backdrop. Our state is unique in its place in labor history. Philadelphia vies with New York City for the title of "Site of the Oldest Labor Union in Pre-American History" even as the western part of...
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Incarceration: Psychosocial Pro's and Con's
AbstractThroughout history and across cultures, the criminally adjudicated, as well as the indigent, homeless, and mentally ill have been subjected to mass incarceration. Society has waxed and waned on the issue of whether to incarcerate or treat the...
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Vol. 25, Fall

Editor's Comments
This issue of Sociological Viewpoints features two articles transcribed from the Kutztown University Distinguished Lecture Series on Law and Justice. An agreement with Dr. William Plouffe, representing Kutztown University, has given the journal exclusive...
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Terrorism and Super-Patriotism
Edited byC. Plouffe, Jr. and Timothy O'BoyleKutztown UniversityThank you, it's very nice to be here. The title of the talk is "terrorism and super-patriotism". I thought I would start by talking about super-patriotism. I see it as kind of a myth. Let...
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War Powers, Guantanamo Bay, and the Japanese Internment Camp Cases
Edited byC. Plouffe, Jr. and Timothy O'BoyleKutztown UniversityIt is important to understand that our whole society is held together not only by a shared set of values, the values of liberty and equality, the kinds of things that are the staple of Fourth...
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For-Profit Higher Education: A Social and Historical Analysis
AbstractThis article explores the recent rise in prominence of for-profit higher education in the United States by examining the historical and social forces including changing social and economic values that favor commercial ventures and marketplace...
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Confronting Statistical Literacy in the Undergraduate Social Science Curriculum
AbstractThe American Sociological Association (ASA) has identified scientific literacy (i.e., statistical literacy) as a key curricular goal that needs to pervade the sociology major (Howery and Rodriguez 2006). Research Methods is the core course that...
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The Consequences of Economic Disparity in a Resort Community: Examining the Stratification of Cape Cod
AbstractAs with many resort communities that line the coasts of our nation, each possesses its own history and culture that is unique to its geographical location. Cape Cod, the leading seasonal tourist area in Massachusetts, provides a large portion...
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In Memoriam: Dr. Frank O. Taylor: 1955-2009
Dr. Frank Taylor was involved in a motorcycle accident on May 29, 2009 and died of injuries a week later on June 5, 2009. He was 53 years of age.Frank was a member of the Pennsylvania Sociological Society for the past ten years. He was a great contributor...
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Content Analysis and Gender Stereotypes in Children's Books
AbstractThis article deals with gender stereotypes in popular children's books. I propose an exercise in which students use content analysis to uncover latent gender stereotypes present in such popular books as those by Dr. Seuss. Using a coding frame...
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Vol. 24, Fall

Editor's Comments
The Pennsylvania Sociological Society has a long and distinguished history. Its roots date back to 1950. It has provided a vehicle for blossoming academicians to hone their skills in scholarship and research and in building a network of colleagues across...
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The Utility of Sociology
We tend to think of applied sociology - or "sociological practice," or sometimes, "clinical sociology" - as a recent trend. But that view is not only wrong, it's an active effort at collective amnesia. Sociology was founded by people who wished to confront...
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So You Want to Teach the Future?
ABSTRACT"Teaching the future" and sociology have a rendezvous in the 21st century. This presentation sets the context for 21st century sociology. Within the context it sets a course for a core curriculum in sociology with the future within it. Then,...
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Unlawful Justice: An Opinion Study on Police Use of Force and How Views Change Based on Race and Occupation
AbstractThe inappropriate use of force by police officers has received a serious discussion in the media and across the nation for some time. For this research, the relationship between race, selected criminal justice occupations, and attitudes toward...
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The Publish or Perish Imperative: Some Polemical Observations on the Sociological Research Enterprise
ABSTRACTWhile sociology has much in common with research that is done in other scientific disciplines, there appear to be some eccentricities involved in publishing sociological research. Based upon my personal experiences as a sociologist and a review...
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Strategies of Control: The Case of British India
AbstractColonial rule, based on economic exploitation, was justified on the grounds that the colonizer brought civilization and modernity to the colonized peoples. This rule was secured through both coercive and non-coercive strategies of control. This...
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It Is Part of the Job: Waitresses and Nurses Define Sexual Harassment
AbstractThis paper examines how workplace culture affects meanings of sexual harassment in two jobs which replicate women's traditional gender roles. Based on sex role spillover theory, it is hypothesized that nurses and waitresses would experience sexual...
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Rural Communities: Legacy and Change (3Rd Ed.). 2008
Rural Communities: Legacy and Change (3rd ed.). 2008. Cornelia Butler Flora and Jan L. Flora Westview Press: Boulder, CO.Increasing attention is being given to the fortitude and plight of rural communities today. Demographers, on the one hand, show that...
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Vol. 23, Fall

Getting Past Ideology for Effective Teaching*
ABSTRACTAll information that students learn is filtered through their prior understandings of the world and these preconceptions can present major barriers to gaining new knowledge about the social world. In order to teach effectively, we must present...
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Student Resistance in Sociology Classrooms: Tools for Learning and Teaching
The Pennsylvania Sociological Society invited me to address the topic of Teaching in Difficult Times and challenges in teaching sociology. In our multiple roles as academics, we interact with students and their responses to our work on a variety of levels....
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Teaching Evolution to Creationists
ABSTRACTSymptomatic of the widespread societal phenomenon of people taking a non-evidence-based view of many aspects of their lives is the acceptance of creationism and intelligent design as scientific theories. The present work explains why these doctrines...
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Helping Young Adults with Mental Health Problems: Providers Evaluate a Regional System of Care*
ABSTRACTCommunity organizations provide help for young adults with mental health problems. How do these provider agencies perceive and evaluate their regional system of care? Survey questionnaire data from providers measure the accessibility, availability,...
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The Mess We've Made of Race
* Let me begin by welcoming all of my colleagues in sociology to Edinboro University. It's so great to have the sociological conference at Edinboro on the occasion of the University's Sesquicentennial celebration - 150 years of devoted quality service...
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Tattooing: Mind, Body and Spirit. the Inner Essence of the Art
ABSTRACTThis research began to understand why people choose to get tattoos. The reason was to find out if getting a tattoo was a novelty or if there was more to it than just what we can see inked on their skin. The interest of this research lies in the...
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The Role of the Family in the Transmission of Ethnic Identity among the Irish of Savannah, Georgia
ABSTRACTTo better understand the importance of family in the transmission of ethnic identity, this paper suggests answers to the following questions: (1) How strong is the ethnic identity among members of Irish organizations in Savannah, Georgia? and...
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Why African American Women Try to Obtain 'Good Hair'
ABSTRACTThis study examined the definition of "good hair" according to African American women in order to understand the reasons young African American women choose to change their hair from its supposed "natural" state. The data was collected by participant...
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Discretion, Control, and Professional Careers with Outsourcing Companies
ABSTRACTThis research examines the growing practice of on-site business process outsourcing and compares its effects on professional work in information technologies and human resources. Data from this study provides further evidence of mixed outcomes...
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Vol. 22, No. 2, Fall

Are Girls More Violent Today Than a Generation Ago? Probably Not*
AbstractThe authors examine recent trends in girls' violence as reported in Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) arrest data, National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) victimization data, and Monitoring the Future (MTF) self-report data. Augmented Dickey-Fuller...
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Sociology Confronts the World: Past, Present and Future
Thank you, Verónica, for the kind invitation to join this learned group today to talk about several things close to my heart - sociology, teaching, textbooks, and the importance of global education. I am honored to have this opportunity to spend this...
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Gendered Violence: Murder in the Maquiladoras
AbstractThe research presented here examines the relationship between violence towards women and participation in work in the maquiladoras along the United States-Mexico border. I have found that women and young girls who work in the maquiladoras are...
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Gender Traits and Normative/humanistic Behavior
AbstractIn this study I tried to discover if there is a relationship between conservative/humanistic behavior and gender identity traits. I also looked at the differences between male and female characteristics involving interpretation of gender based...
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Editor's Comments
The Pennsylvania Sociological Society was inspired by a dedicated group of academicians in 1950. Among the most active members of the society was a group of sociologists from Edinboro State Teachers College, now Edinboro University of Pennsylvania. Among...
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Birds of Passage: Patterns of Brain Drain from Bulgaria before and after the Transition to Democracy1
AbstractScientific emigration or 'brain drain' from Bulgaria has purportedly increased considerably after the downfall of communism in 1989. The present study utilizes data sets from two large surveys of potential emigration of scientists and engineers...
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Durkheim's Aphorism, the Justification Hypothesis, and the Nature of Social Facts
AbstractIn The Rules of Sociological Method (1938), Emile Durkheim coined the expression "social facts" and asserted that the objective reality of social facts was the fundamental phenomenon of sociology. Durkheim's assertion, which has recently become...
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