Monthly Review

Monthly Review is a magazine specializing in Educational topics.

Articles from Vol. 70, No. 3, July/August

1862 Preface to Agricultural Chemistry
In 1862, Justus von Liebig published the seventh edition of his Organic Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology, more commonly known as Agricultural Chemistry. It was standard for Liebig's work to be immediately translated into English....
Cesspools, Sewage, and Social Murder: Environmental Crisis and Metabolic Rift in Nineteenth-Century London
A great city is the most mighty of dung-makers.Victor Hugo, Les MiserablesAll living things ingest matter from their environment, use solar energy to process it, and excrete the waste products of those metabolic processes into that same environment.1...
Land–Sea Ecological Rifts: A Metabolic Analysis of Nutrient Loading
Covering approximately 70 percent of the Earth's surface, the World Ocean is "the largest ecosystem."1 Today all areas of the ocean are affected by multiple anthropogenic effects-such as overfishing, pollution, and emission of greenhouse gases, causing...
Marx, Value, and Nature
Raoul Peck's 2017 film The Young Karl Marx opens with a quiet scene of poor "peasant proletarians," men, women, and children, dirty and in rags, gathering dead wood in a forest. Suddenly they are attacked by a troop of mounted police armed with clubs...
Metabolic Rift and the Human Microbiome
Metabolic rifttheory has been applied to understanding various instances of our society's disruption of ecological processes. Capitalism, with its ever-expanding production to realize profits on an ever-growing market has created innumerable rifts between...
No Empires, No Dust Bowls: Ecological Disasters and the Lessons of History
Today we are living in a new Dust Bowl era, defined by egregious levels of inhumanity and profound shifts taking place in the earth's land, climate, and water systems. Like the 1930s Dust Bowl, contemporary ecological crises are associated with high...
Notes from the Editors
The prefigurative moment in the broad tradition of thought known as ecosocialism can be traced back to the 1960s and '70s, in the work of such thinkers as K. William Kapp, Barry Commoner, Virginia Brodine, Murray Bookchin, Shigeto Tsuru, Rudolf Bahro,...
On English Farming and Sewers
On November 7, 1859, the Times of London carried a letter from föhn Mechi, a prominent advocate of scientific farming, warning of "the gradual but sure exhaustion of the soil of Great Britain by our new sanitary arrangements, which permit the excrements...
The Robbery of Nature: Capitalism and the Metabolic Rift
The chapter on "Machinery and Large-Scale Industry" in the first volume of Karl Marx's Capital closes with this statement: "All progress in capitalist agriculture is a progress in the art, not only of robbing the worker, but of robbing the soil.... Capitalist...
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