Perspectives in Public Health

Articles from Vol. 136, No. 3, May

Absentee Patients: Managing Negative Influences
IntroductIonMany of us don't really want to go to see a doctor or other healthcare professional. Perhaps, we fear what will be revealed or we worry that our existing efficacious treatment regime will be changed to something untried. But mainly, good...
A Comparison of Four Typical Green Exercise Environments and Prediction of Psychological Health Outcomes
IntroductionParks were designated and designed in the 19th century, informed by a belief that they might provide health benefits.1 Indeed, contact with nature can provide an upstream health and wellbeing promotion intervention.2 In public health, 'upstream'...
An Exploration of Physical Activity and Wellbeing in University Employees
INTRODUCTIONPhysical activity (PA) has well-documented benefits, and regular participation in moderate intensity PA can improve overall health1 and mental health,2,3 and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes...
Choice Architecture Interventions for Increased Vegetable Intake and Behaviour Change in a School Setting: A Systematic Review
INTRODUCTIONThe average european consumption of fruit and vegetables is considered to be generally inadequate among all age groups compared to official dietary guidelines.1-7 especially, vegetable consumption is insufficient, which is a public health...
Competition in Healthcare: A Review of International Evidence
What are competitive healthcare markets?During the last 25 years, competition in healthcare has been part of reform in many countries. This applies to countries which provide a national health service such as the United Kingdom, Spain, Australia and...
Culinary Efficacy: An Exploratory Study of Skills, Confidence, and Healthy Cooking Competencies among University Students
INTRODUCTIONThe threat to public health and the public health system posed by Type 2 diabetes and childhood obesity has garnered widespread attention across the globe, but particularly in the United States, which ranks third in cases of Type 2 diabetes,1,2...
Diary
19th May 2016, 28 Portland Place, London, W1B 1LYGood practice, better solutions, safer foodExpert speakers will discuss and debate the current topics and issues relating to food safety in today's changing catering, manufacturing and supply chain. Changing...
Editorial - May 2016
The pace and scale of poor health due to obesity and related conditions is evident and forever present. With this issue of Perspectives, we present a collection of papers which highlight challenges, as well as offer sound practical solutions. our authors...
Feeding and Exercising Young Minds
Good mental health is the foundation of children and young people's emotional and intellectual growth, underpinning the development of confidence, independence and a sense of self worth which is vital to their future. However, today one in 10 children...
Fighting the Oral Disease Epidemic: A Call for More Behavioral Economics Research
Dental caries, colloquially known as cavities, continues to be the most common childhood chronic disease.1 Periodontitis, the disease process leading to loss of the bone anchoring the teeth, is also highly prevalent affecting nearly 50% of American adults.2...
Flexibility in the Workplace Benefits Employees
The modern day workplace is a stressful environment for many, with increasingly long working hours and tight deadlines. For some, this means reduced mental wellbeing and low job satisfaction. However, in a recent study of workers at a Fortune 500 company,...
In Practice
Developing Happen (Health and attainment of pupils involved in a primary education network): working in partnership to improve child health and educationGood health and wellbeing of children is of paramount importance in maximising achievement, employment...
Staying Socially Active Can Reduce Wellbeing Decline in Later Life
A decline in wellbeing is common in later life, but new research published by the American Psychological Association has shown that this can be prevented by staying socially active throughout one's life.The study, led by Denis Gerstorf at the University...
The Changing Face of Pharmacies in America: Retail Clinics
The form and function of pharmacies in America are changing. Major pharmacies have already begun to reach beyond their traditional role as pill dispensers to meet new demands from patients. American retail pharmacy giants such as Walgreens, CVS, Wal-Mart,...
The Global War on Tobacco
The Global War on Tobacco. Edited by Heather Wipfli. Published by John Hopkins University Press, 2015. 240 pp. ISBN: 9781421416830In her book The Global War on Tobacco, Heather wipfli takes the first in-depth look at the development of world Health organization's...
The Government Must Do More to Raise Awareness of the Links between Alcohol and Obesity, Rather Than Treating Them as Separate Issues
Obesity and excessive alcohol consumption are recognised as among the lifestyle factors having the greatest impact on public health in the United Kingdom today.1,2 Obesity levels have more than trebled in the last 30 years, while the United Kingdom's...
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Publishes Cold Homes Quality Standard
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued a quality standard on preventing excess winter deaths and health problems associated with cold homes.The standard focuses on aspects of health and social care that are commissioned...
The Role of Peer Physical Activity Champions in the Workplace: A Qualitative Study
INTRODUCTIONDespite compelling evidence about the health benefits of physical activity (PA),1 data suggest that 31% of the world's population are not meeting the minimum PA recommendations.2 Increasing PA levels is thus an important element of public...
The Role of Physical Activity in Reducing Obesity
The role of physical activity in reducing obesity has been the subject of ongoing debate. Research published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine argues that physical activity does not promote weight loss and criticises the food industry for its...
The Sugar Debate: New Nutrition Standards for Catering and Fitness
With the new year press full of fad diets and expensive weight loss programmes, Public Health England's work to improve the capability of those who work or volunteer in catering and food service, and in sport, fitness & leisure to influence food...
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