Journal of the National Society of Allied Health

Articles

Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring-Summer

The Short-Term Effects of Low Level Laser on Subjects with Acute Ankle Injuries: A Pilot Study
Introduction Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries seen in young athletes and military service members (Waterman, Belmont, Cameron, Deberardino, & Owens, 2010). Over 25,000 ankle sprains occur daily in the United States and make...
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Effects of Estrogen on Pregnant Women with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review
Introduction Background Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, which affects the central nervous system, and is characterized by chronic damage to the myelin sheaths, focal inflammation, and axon degeneration (El-Etr et al., 2010)....
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Is There a Link between Estimated Physical Activity and Mean Arterial Pressure in Individuals with and without Hypertension?
Introduction Hypertension (HTN) is the most important cardiovascular risk factor worldwide. It contributes to half of the coronary heart disease and approximately two thirds of the cerebrovascular disease burdens (Cutler et al., 2008). Untreated...
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Muscle Timing and Activation Patterns during Two Movement Screening Tests in Subjects with and without Low Back Pain
Introduction Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common conditions experienced by the majority of society. In the United States, LBP is one of the top five reasons for physician office visits with approximately 19 million visits reported in 2001...
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The Implementation of Conductive Education in the Treatment of a Five Year Old Girl with Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report
Introduction Conductive Education (CE) is an education-based rehabilitation approach for the treatment of adults and children with neurological disorders. It was developed in Hungary in the 1940s and, in the US, has been commonly used in treating...
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Reality versus Perception of Cultural Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students
Introduction The landscape of the United States is rapidly changing. America is becoming a more culturally diverse population (Dickson & Jepsen, 2007). A recent census profile indicated that by the year 2050, the minority population in the United...
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Perceptions of Spanish Speaking Individuals regarding the Impact of Language Barriers on Physical Therapy Interventions: A Pilot Study
Introduction Health care providers in the United States are dealing with an ever growing population of patients whose primary language is not English. The providers in major cities and along the United States borders, in particular, encounter a...
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Developing a Research Agenda to Address Health Disparities in Rehabilitation: Findings from a National HBCU Conference
Background Significant research on the health disparities affecting African Americans and other minority communities is presented in the literature (Institute of Medicine, 2003; American College of Physicians, 2010; Commission to End Health Disparities,...
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Fluctuations in Reproductive Hormonal Levels and Its Predisposition on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears
Introduction Establishing a clear association of the influence of female sex steroid hormones on soft tissue function as it relates to injury is a common intent amongst researchers. Recently assessed in collegiate athletes, due to the increased...
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Vol. 9, No. 10, Spring-Summer

A Retrospective Case Study: Evidence Based Fitness of a Post-Menopausal African American Female
Introduction There are many definitions of Evidence Based Practice. In a seminal article, Sackets et al concisely stated "It's about integrating individual clinical expertise and the best external evidence" (1996). Evidence-based Physical Therapy...
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"Silver Bullets" in the Treatment of Diabesity
Introduction Background and Significance Diabesity, a rising epidemic, is defined as the co-existence of diabetes and obesity (Kaufman, 2005). Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting...
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The Editor and Associate Editor
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] About the Editor Dr. Rosemary Theriot is Professor and Department Head of Public Health, Health Administration and Health Sciences in the College of Health Sciences at Tennessee State University....
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Culturally Competent Interviewing: Applying Hill's Three-Stage Model of Helping Skills to Healthcare Practice
Introduction Cultural competence in healthcare practice is an established core expectation across all healthcare professions (Leavitt, 2001; Ritter & Hoffman, 2010; Satcher & Pamies, 2006; Spector, 2004). There are several elements to consider...
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Fluctuations in Reproductive Hormonal Levels and Its Predisposition on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears
Introduction Establishing a clear association of the influence of female sex steroid hormones on soft tissue function as it relates to injury is a common intent amongst researchers. Recently assessed in collegiate athletes, due to the increased...
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Vol. 8, No. 9, Spring-Summer

The Editor and Associate Editor-Mini Profiles
About the Editor Dr. Rosemary Theriot is Professor and Interim Dean in the College of Health Sciences at Tennessee State University. She received her bachelors and masters in public health administration from Western Kentucky University in Bowling...
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Impact of a Manual Skills Program on Preclinical Performance of Dental Hygiene Students: A Collaborative Project
Introduction Occupational therapy practitioners are educated in the structure and function of the human body, and they also have the necessary training in job analysis to determine how job components can be enhanced with the worker in order to promote...
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Does the Use of Orthotics Prevent Tibial Stress Fractures in Marching Activities? A Review of the Literature
Introduction Stress fractures can occur during physical activities that repeatedly apply load and stress on the bone, particularly in the lower extremities. If the bone is unable to adapt to the stress, the subsequent microdamage may potentially...
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Overweight Black Adults with Homozygous Sickle Cell Disease
Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a major public health concern that has great impact on both individuals and the society. In the United States, one in every 375 African Americans has SCD (Sibinga, Shindell, Casella, Duggan & Wilson,...
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Cultural Competence in Physical Therapy Education: Student Perceptions on the Effectiveness of Cultural Competence Education Methodology
Introduction Cultural Competence Defined Cultural competence has been defined by Cross (1989) as "a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work...
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Nutrients and Energy Intake of Black Adults with Sickle Cell Disease
Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a debilitating disease resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusion in almost all organs leads to significant morbidity and early death (Schnog et al., 2004). Homozygous sickle cell anemia (HbSS)...
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Pharmaceutical Management of Chronic Heart Failure as Evidenced by Clinical Trials
Introduction Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of death in the US (AHA Update, 2010). A noted health disparity across varying populations, it is characterized by the heart's inability to maintain sufficient cardiac output in order...
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National Society of Allied Health 2010 Annual Conference Abstracts
Addressing the Health Needs of Underserved Communities in Rural South Alabama through the One Medicine--One Health Concept Presenter: Cheryl G. Davis, D.H.A., CLS(NCA) (Tuskegee University) Tuskegee University College of Veterinary Medicine,...
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Vol. 7, No. 8, Annual

Message from the Editor and Associate Editor
About the Editor Dr. Rosemary Theriot is Professor and Interim Dean in the College of Health Sciences at Tennessee State University. She received her bachelors and masters in public health administration from Western Kentucky University in Bowling...
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Daily Steps and Postpartum Mood in Black Women
Introduction Postpartum depression is defined by Steiner (1990) as "the development of mood disturbance two weeks to one year after delivery, with symptoms most often found during the third through ninth postpartum months". However, African American...
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Relationship between Prophylactic Management of Predisposing Risk Factors and Noncontact ACL Injuries with Female Athletes: Analysis of the Evidence-Based Literature
Introduction The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is growing in the adolescent population. In fact, the ACL may be the most commonly injured knee ligament in all knee injury patients (Woodford-Rogers et al., 1994). Every year,...
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Use of Therapeutic Tricycles to Increase Activity in an Underserved Population: Description of an AmTryke[R] Demonstration Project
Introduction This article will describe how a community service organization has been utilized in a region of Alabama to provide therapeutic tricycles for individuals with special needs. Utilization of community resources to provide therapeutic...
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Anatomy Tour Time
Introduction Alabama State University is an historically black university (HBCU) located in Montgomery, Alabama. The school has an occupational therapy program leading to a Master of Science degree in Occupational Therapy and a physical therapy...
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Does an Improvement in Sleep Behavior Result in Improved Function in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a common form of this group of arthritic disorders, affects over 1.3 million Americans, and especially women who were three times more at risk than men for developing the disorder (Leeb, Webber & Smolen,...
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Psychosocial Experiences and Perceptions of African Americans with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study
Introduction Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive neurological disease of unknown origin. Multiple Sclerosis causes destruction of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system (CNS) preventing transmission of nerve signals between...
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Religious and Cultural Perceptions about HIV/AIDS among Muslims
Introduction The connection between religion and health is well established. Research has shown that people who claim high religiosity in their lives enjoy better health outcomes for some health conditions than those with less religious affiliations...
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Utilizing a Mandatory Majors Club Model to Increase Student Involvement and Graduate/professional School Enrollment
Introduction Data on minority college enrollment and graduation have been researched in a number of institutional contexts. Findings suggest that there are many minority students who are well prepared academically to compete with success in institutions...
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Vol. 6, No. 7, Annual

Message from the Editor and Associate Editor
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] About the Editor Dr. Rosemary Theriot is Professor and Interim Dean of the College of Health Sciences at Tennessee State University. She received her bachelors and masters in public health administration...
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Physical Activity and Weight Retention in Postpartum Black Women
Introduction Obesity is a major worldwide public health problem (Khan & Bowman, 1999) with epidemic proportions reported in the United States (Pi-Sunyer, 2002) and still rising. Moreover, non-Hispanic black women demonstrate the highest prevalence...
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Relationships between HIV Stigma, Parenting Stress, Social Support Network, Physical Functioning, and Emotional Well-Being among HIV Infected African American Women
Introduction Despite the notable advances in HIV therapies resulting in long term survival among individuals living with HIV, researchers agree that African American women continue to have the highest HIV prevalence and mortality. While African...
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The Utilization of Child Passenger Safety Restraints in Middle Tennessee
Introduction Injuries are the leading cause of death in children and teenagers in the United States accounting for approximately 16,000 deaths each year. More than 20 million non-fatal injuries are estimated to occur in United States children each...
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The Likelihood of Condom Use with Steady and Casual Partners among Low-Income African Americans
Introduction African Americans residing in high-risk inner-city environments have been disproportionately affected by the epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (CDC Report, 2004). Understanding behavioral...
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The Efficacy of Conventional Interventions versus Nontraditional High-Intensity Dynamic Exercise When Treating Adolescents with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Introduction Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) is a chronic disease that is depicted by the imprecise, symmetric inflammation of the peripheral joints that results in the continuous obliteration of articular and peri-articular structures The etiology...
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Empowering African American Women in Higher Education through Mentoring
Angela Thomas Davis, Ed.D., OTR/L Assistant Professor/Interim Chair Department of Occupational Therapy Alabama State University Introduction Despite many decades of discrimination against women, efforts geared toward eliminating career...
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