National Forum

Covers a wide range of topics including those of education, business, international affairs, and multicultural issues in an effort to provide documentation for professional research and development.

Articles from Vol. 79, No. 4, Fall

Addictions in a Life of Scientific Research
The human face of science has been the underlying theme of my tenure as a columnist for National Forum. The poet Yeats asked, "How can we know the dancer from the dance?" Similarly, it is my firm belief based on experience that scientific research...
Addictive Drugs and the Brain
Thomas De Quincey's 1821 essay, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, vividly captures the psychological power of addictive drugs: ". . . thou hast the keys of Paradise, oh, just, subtle, and mighty opium!" How does opium or its modern relative, heroin,...
A Note from the Editor
IN THIS ISSUE The term "addiction" is one that we tend to throw around lightly -- we all say that we have our own particular addictions. Often we use the term in a positive light. I like to say that I am addicted to books, for example -- I love...
Confessions of a Nicotine Junkie
I am proud to say that I have quit smoking. Again. I have been a cigarette fiend since I was about twelve years old, and -- ye who fear eternal enslavement by tobacco -- rejoice! Quitting becomes easier after ten years of failed attempts. Relatively...
From Zero Tolerance to Harm Reduction
The Need for Better Strategies to Reduce Drug-Related Problems Across time and geography, some members of virtually all societies have used alcohol and other psychoactive substances, and a subset of users has developed problems. Despite this constant...
Letters to the Editor
AN EDITORIAL APOLOGY Recently we misapprehended and subsequently printed a letter that caused some embarrassment to a Phi Kappa Phi member and to one of our member institutions, New Mexico Highlands University. We apologize to that person and to...
Measuring the Marigolds
This is my final column, so I want to begin by thanking the editorial staff and the readers of the Forum for a wonderful three years. I have enjoyed working with and for you. The topic of this column is educational measurement, and I offer it in the...
On the Nature and Meaning of Addiction
Is addiction that involves psychoactive drug-taking (for example, heroin dependence) the same as addiction that does not involve drug-taking (such as excessive shopping)? How can we distinguish the recurring central activities (Fingarette 1988) of...
Problem Gambling
The Hidden Addiction Problem gambling has received a great deal of attention recently. In June 1999 the Congressionally mandated National Gambling Impact Study Commission (NGISC) completed two years of deliberations and issued a report calling,...
Research on Alcohol Problems
Today's Challenge, Tomorrow's Solutions Of the estimated two-thirds of the adult population in the United States who drink, most do so without problems. Many people, however, get into serious trouble from their drinking. Currently, nearly fourteen...
Sexual Addiction
Sexual addiction is a controversial notion. It has been criticized from the libertarian, liberal viewpoint as a moral judgment by people who do not like another group of people's behavior dressed up as a scientifically validated concept. And it has...
Tax Dispute at the OK Corral
One of the more famous legends in American history is that of the 1881 gunfight at the OK Corral in the little silver-mining boomtown of Tombstone, in the Arizona Territory. Many movies (Gunfight at the OK Corral, Wyatt Earp, Hour of the Gun, Tombstone,...
The Phenomenon of Grade Inflation in Higher Education
IS GRADE INFLATION REAL? What is the extent of grade inflation in higher education -- what Yale officially refers to as "upward grade homogenization"? For that matter, does it even exist? Many of us sense that grading is not what it used to be --...