Comparative Civilizations Review

Articles from No. 64, Spring

Ancient Israelite Zion Theology, Judeo-Christian Apocalypticism, and Biblical (Mis) Interpretation: Potential Implications for the Stability of the Modern Middle East
IntroductionThere is a long history of apocalyptic fervor in the Judeo-Christian tradition. These notions often gain intensity during moments of social or political strife. However, the peace and security some theological notions offer, if misinterpreted...
Civilizational Science: The Evolution of a New Field
ABSTRACTThis publication addresses a paradigm shift in civilizational studies by describing an emerging interdisciplinary field - Civilizational Science. A Model of Civilizational Science and a number of macrosciences and macrostudies are introduced,...
Civilization and Religion: The Dance of Shape-Shifters1
Dedicated to the memory of Matt Melko, a grand leader who pushed the ISCSC to collaborative scholarship"Religion" is as hard to define as is "civilization." Thanks in no small part to the valorous persistence of our dearly remembered Matt Melko, we members...
Early Modern European Civilization and Its Political and Cultural Dynamism
Heinz Schilling, Early Modern European Civilization and its Political and Cultural Dynamism. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England, 2008.Most historians have related modernity in both economic and political development to a catch-all category...
Editor's Note
This past year was rendered a sad one for all of us with the unexpected passing of Professor Matthew Melko, a former president of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations. He died in August of 2010.The society will be holding...
Empires of Trust-How Rome Built-And America Is Building-A New World
Madden, Thomas F., Empires of Trust-How Rome Built-and America is Building-A New World. Plume Books, Penguin, 2008.Classics professors are making a comeback after years of being out of fashion. Madden, a professor of history at Saint Louis University,...
From Minsk to Vladivostok - Is It an East Slavic Civilization?
IntroductionCivilizationalists have never agreed on how to categorize "civilizations." They even have difficulty with defining the word. In the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations (ISCSC), the primary scholarly society for...
Helen of Troy
Laurie Maguire, Helen of Troy. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.This book, subtitled "From Homer to Hollywood," examines the power of myth over actual reality. There is no basis for the actual reality (including the vaunted physical attributes)...
ISCSC Historical Documents
DREW UNIVERSITYMadison, New Jersey 07940 / 201-377-3000September 4, 1971Dear Colleague:Our session on "Crucial Transitions in Civilization,'' sponsored bySection H of the A.A.A.S., will be held between 9 A.M. and 5 P.M. on Wednesday, December 29, 1971,...
Islam, the West, and Tolerance: Conceiving Coexistence
Aaron Tyler, Islam, the West, and Tolerance: Conceiving Coexistence. New York: Palgrave, 2008.Aaron Tyler's book is about tolerance, coexistence, and reconciling religious and ideological differences. The book begins by giving an excellent background...
The Decline of Civilization: W.B. Yeats' and Oswald Spengler's New Historiography of Civilization
Turning and turning in the widening gyreThe falcon cannot hear the falconer;Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhereThe ceremony of innocence is drowned;The best lack...
The Mountain Meadows Massacre of 1857: A Civilizational Encounter with Lessons for Us All
AbstractBetween September 7 and 11 of 1857, an emigrant (pioneer) wagon train was attacked while traveling through southern Utah toward California. At the end of the attack, 120 were killed, sparing only 17 or perhaps 18 children considered too young...
The Next 100 Years-A Forecast for the 21st Century
George Friedman, The Next 100 Years-a Forecast for the 21st century. Doubleday, 2009.Historians who predict events more than a year or two ahead are on a very slippery slope. Most prediction tends to be linear: going in a straight line from here to there....
The Origins of Brazil: A Focus on Two Religions - Judaism and Candomblé
IntroductionThis paper will present insights about two particular religions, Judaism and Candomblé, an indigenous Brazilian religion. Despite media attention to science, religion is still alive and well and affects today's human cultures. The paper deals...
The Recurring Dark Ages: Ecological Stress, Climate Changes, and System Transformation
Sing C. Chew, The Recurring Dark Ages: Ecological Stress, Climate Changes, and System Transformation. Alta mira Press: Lanham, MD, 2007.This is the second in a trilogy. It follows the publication in 2001 of the author's World Ecological Degradation:...
The Search for National Identity in Abstractions from Historical Images: A German Example
Germans today often feel ill at ease with the term "Nation," due largely to its frequent association with the terms "Volk" and "Reich" during the time from 1871 until the end of World War II. However, the idea of a German "national identity" is a nuanced...