Comparative Civilizations Review

Articles from No. 71, Fall

Ancient Rome
William E. Dunstan, Ancient Rome London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011This is a large and expansive tome that traces the history of the Roman Empire from the earliest archeological remains in Italy to the Merovingian line of Frankish kings in the ninth...
Before the Revolution: America's Ancient Pasts
Daniel Richter. Before the Revolution: America's Ancient Pasts Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2011Reviewed by John GrayzelDaniel Richter's Before the Revolution provides a broad historical sweep of the dynamics between groups, settlements, and settlers, as...
Can Civilization Save Us? A Study in Civilizational Analysis and Legal History
Let me say at the outset that I have no illusions that I can provide solutions to all the threats-climate change, ecological destruction, civil wars, terrorism, etc.-that we face today, because we civilizationalists operate at a high level of analysis.On...
Carthage Must Be Destroyed: The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization
Richard Miles, Carthage Must Be Destroyed: The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization Penguin, 2012Richard Miles is a professor of history at the University of Sydney and a Fellow Commoner of Trinity Hall, at the University of Cambridge. He has extensive...
Cheese and Culture: A History of Cheese and Its Place in Western Civilization
Paul S. Kinderstedt. Cheese and Culture: A History of Cheese and Its Place in Western Civilization White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2012Reviewed by Laina Farhat-HolzmanWhat began as a book that would be a resource for new artisan...
Criminal Justice Models and Their Influence on Civilization: A Comparison of East and West
Criminal justice systems in the world generally seek two major goals: punishment of crime (in turn, protection of society) and protection of individual rights. These two goals are often in conflict with each other in the delivery of justice; sometimes...
Editor's Note
Years ago, Dr. Laina Farhat-Holzman joined the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations as a California scholar expert in Persian history.An incisive thinker, armed with extensive knowledge of the history of civilization, Laina...
Essay: The Great Literary Utopias Have a Nightmarish History
Literary utopias, a seemingly modest form of fiction intended for amusement and contemplation, have had a surprising history. They have been a source of conscious civilizational design that has been taken seriously by some very powerful leaders, more...
Fortunate Sons: The 120 Chinese Boys Who Came to America, Went to School, and Revolutionized an Ancient Civilization
Liel Leibovitz and Matthew Miller. Fortunate Sons: The 120 Chinese Boys Who Came to America, Went to School, and Revolutionized an Ancient Civilization New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2009In 1850, at Yale University, the annual football match of...
From Brinton to Goldstone: A Scientific Civilizational Perspective on the Theory of Revolution
"Revolutions are the locomotives of history."Karl Marx"The revolution, like Saturn, devours its children."Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud"Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable."John F. KennedyINTRODUCTIONIn...
Islamic Capitalism: The Muslim Approach to Economic Activities in Indonesia
As far as property is concerned, in principle "all property belongs to God," but God has given human beings the right to possess their own property, although a limit is set on the right to private property when it comes to what is meant for everyone...
Memories of an Editor
I recently stepped down after fifteen years as an editor of the Comparative Civilizations Review. This was an enjoyable but heavy task, and one that I will certainly miss.When I first signed on as an editor under the leadership of Joe Drew, we were in...
The Needham Question and the Great Divergence: Why China Fell Behind the West and Lost the Race in Ushering the World into the Industrial Revolution and Modernity
At over four thousand years old, China is the oldest continuous living civilization in the world. In that span of time, the people of that civilization have created a sophisticated and highly developed culture unparalleled by any other neighboring nations...
Thoughts on Religion, Culture, and Civilization
Abstract: I attempt to disentangle the compact knot composed of culture, religion, and civilization. Often the difference between secularists and believers is construed along the lines of a religious "culture" unable to join a more progressive civilization....
World Ecological Degradation: Accumulation, Urbanization, and Deforestation 3000 B.C. - A.D. 2000
Sing C. Chew. World Ecological Degradation: Accumulation, Urbanization, and Deforestation 3000B.C. - A.D. 2000. New York: AltaMira Press, 2001.Reviewed by Tereza Coni AguiarThis book analyses the relationship Culture-Nature during a long period in history,...
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