Gender & Behaviour

Gender and Behaviour, a scholarly journal published twice a year by African Journals Online and based at Obafemi University in Ife-Ife, Nigeria is peer-reviewed papers about the psychological and behavioral aspects of gender aimed at psychologists, psychiatrists and those involved in social studies.

Articles

Vol. 17, No. 2, June

The Effect of Women's Status on Desired Family Size with Implications for Community Based Participatory Action
BackgroundWomen's ability to attend to their health and utilize healthcare facilities appropriately may depend in part on their decision-making autonomy. In many societies, especially in developing or low-income countries, the status of women often limits...
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Impact of Investment in Human Capital for Sustainable Income-Generating Projects: Poverty Alleviation – a Social Work Perspective
IntroductionThe Millennium Declaration of 2000 symbolise the commitment to end extreme poverty. This development requires a higher gross national income (GNI), and thus sustained growth for the majority of poor people (Mears & Blaauw, 2010). A major...
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Clergymen and Victims' Reporting of Sexual Abuse in Lagos, Nigeria: A Qualitative Study
IntroductionChristians all over the world regard clergymen as representatives of God on earth. On the strength of this belief, most religious parents encourage their female children to interact without restraints with clergymen for moral direction. However,...
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The Competence of First-Year Level University Students in the Use of English Irregular Simple Past Tense
IntroductionSouth African universities admit students from all walks of life. Most of these students speak different vernacular languages but study English as a subject, and/or is confronted with it as a medium of instruction. Although many students...
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Measuring Behaviour and Attitude of Workers to Staff Development and Training the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
IntroductionCentral to any organization's functionality are human and material resources; they are requirements which must be met if such an organization will survive and be a going-concern. Of these resources, human resource is undoubtedly the most...
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Leadership Challenges Facing Female School Principals in the Durban Ink Area
IntroductionThe study examined the challenges facing female school principals and the strategies they use to deal with these challenges in the Inanda, Ntuzuma and KwaMashu (INK) area in Durban, South Africa. Despite many efforts by the South African...
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Spousal Violence Victimization and Perpetration among Female Adolescents and Adults in India: Results of the 2015-16 National Family Health Survey
IntroductionSpousal violence can be defined as behaviour by a spouse or ex-spouse that causes physical, sexual or psychological harm (World Health Organization, 2016). A spouse can experience spousal violence as a victim and/or can perpetrate spousal...
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Exploring Young Unmarried Fathers Experiences and Perceptions of Pregnancy
IntroductionSouth Africa has a high number of unmarried fathers and the second highest rate of absentee fathers in the world, especially black African men (Swart, Bhana, Richter and Versfeld, 2013; Ward, Makusha and Bray, 2015). According to Meintjes,...
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Pattern and Help-Seeking Behaviour of Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence at Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria
IntroductionIntimate Partner Violence (IPV) is defined as the physical, sexual, psychological and financial abuse within the current or former marital or common law relationships regardless of sexual orientation.(Stefanakis,2004).It is now recognized...
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Gender, Time Poverty and Health Outcomes among Rural Households in Southwest Nigeria
IntroductionAccess to qualitative healthcare continues to be a great challenge in Nigeria, especially among the poor and vulnerable (children, aged and women) rural dwellers. As in most other indices of human development, Nigeria is poorly ranked in...
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Reading Activities and Programmes Required to Encourage Grade Three Learners to Develop the Reading Interest in Vhembe District
IntroductionReading is a shared activity and talking is a fundamental element of the reading procedure. It facilitates learners to pay attention to information to convey definitely and excellently and to read and display the written text for knowledge...
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A Linguistic (Discourse) Analysis of Language, Gender and Sexuality in Advertising in Nigeria
IntroductionDespite wide criticisms of and protestations to the Freudian psychoanalysis, issues relating to sexuality have continued to reverberate in advertising discourse. Language, undoubtedly, is the chief means by which humans communicate with one...
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Classroom Management Challenges Experienced by Female Educators in Rural Secondary Schools in South Africa
IntroductionGood classroom behaviour is one of the most important characteristics and vital aspects of effective classroom management (Kelly, 2007). Maintenance of harmony in classroom during teaching and learning without disruption is important (Barr,...
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Resilience: Solution to Learning Challenges Amongst Rural African Undergraduates
IntroductionThe 21st century African education system favours decolonization (Zig, 2006; McGregor, 2012 and Munroe, Borden & Orr, 2013). However, less concern is laid on the global and international restriction that would be imposed on the graduates...
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Evaluation of Environmental and Social Factorsthat Contribute to Teenage Pregnancy
KwaDdlangezwa, 3886IntroductionTeenage pregnancy is the central health concern confronting developed countries and developing countries such as South Africa. It is a high priority on the global health and development agenda. The United Nations' goal...
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Teachers' Perspectives on In-Service Professional Development in South African and Nigerian High Schools
IntroductionProfessional development of teachers has been discovered to be of high importance, most especially in the developed countries across the globe (Ajani, 2018). Recognition of teachers as the most significant factors in societal development...
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Competitiveness of the Casp Supported Smallholder Farming in Thabanchu Region of Free-State Province in South Africa: A Gender Empowerment Analysis
IntroductionWomen empowerment in the agriculture sector has always been a daunting challenge for the whole world (Sachs, 2018). Various researchers have appraised the role of land ownership by women as being critical for their empowerment, mainly because...
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Correlates of Psychological Capital, Emotional Intelligence and Occupational Stress among Nigerian Graduate Employees
IntroductionIt is a documented fact that occupational stress is widespread worldwide (M alikeh & Rahele, 2013; Khamisa, Oldenburg, Peltzer & Ilic, 2015). Moreover, there are clear signs of many variables that affect Nigerian graduate employees,...
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Drama-in-Education in Understanding the Contributing Factors to Aggressive Behaviour among Teenagers
IntroductionAggression as a term has its root in the Latin word-aggredi, which means attack. It is "a forceful physical, verbal, or symbolic action which is either appropriate or self-protective (e.g. selfassertiveness) or inappropriate (e.g. hostile...
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Mother-Tongue Influence Interference in the Study of English Language among Senior Secondary Schools in Ago Iwoye, Ogun State
IntroductionLanguage is a method of communicating ideas, thoughts, and desires by means of sounds for psychological and physiological survival. Language is one of the most important attributes of mankind because it is the medium of communication. There...
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Education, Marriage and Childbearing among Young African Women
IntroductionWorldwide, there has been a steady decline in the total fertility rate. In South Africa fertility has declined dramatically over the past several decades but the level of pregnancies among young, African women still remains high according...
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The Effectiveness of a Cognitive-Conflict-Based Conceptual Change Approach versus a Collateral Learning Approach
IntroductionIn South Africa, the Foundation Phase curriculum (Grades R to 3) is presented in four subjects, namely: Home Language; First Additional Language; Mathematics; and Life Skills (Department of Basic Education, 2011: 6). Natural Science concepts,...
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Differences of Paternal and Maternal Parenting on Attitude towards Premarital Sex among Some Selected Youths in an Academic Setting
IntroductionThere is a worldwide increase in the number of adolescents and youths engaging in premarital sexual practices due to the changing moral values on abstinence before marriage (Chamie, 2018) and advent of modern contraception (Udigwe, Adogu,...
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Vol. 15, No. 4, December

An Exploration of the Challenges Faced by Students Residing Off-Campus in Rural Universities in South Africa
IntroductionThe growth and expansion of higher education over the last fifty years in many countries across the globe has resulted in nightmares for authorities to provide supporting learning facilities for students especially on- campus accommodation....
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Women King Makers: The Case of Zulu Princess Mkabayi Kajama
IntroductionFrom a socio-economic point of view, Zulu royal women of the 18th and early 19th centuries, whether they were princesses, queens or members of the palace (isigodlo) had more privileges than responsibilities. This was attributed to the fact...
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A Study of the Knowledge and Attitudes of Contraceptives by People between Age 16 and 20 in the Mambumbu Village, Bushbuckridge Local Municipality, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
IntroductionThe use of contraceptives remains a serious challenge worldwide but there are some parts of the world where the number of young people who use contraceptives is high while other parts of the world have low utilization rate of contraceptives...
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Managing Policy Issues in the Promotion of Gender Equality in the Education Sector
INTRODUCTIONEquality and the absence of either fair or unfair discrimination, must be seen as synonymous. Gender disparities occurring in the education sector, need to be nipped on the bud sooner rather than later. Any form of gender inequilibrium, its...
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Determinants of Adolescent Fertility in Malawi
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionPrevious studies carried out in Malawi were limited to the relationship between education and non-marital pregnancy, and between education and teen-pregnancy focusing mainly on how non-marital or teenage...
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The Impact of Social Media on Social Lifestyle: A Case Study of University Female Students
1.IntroductionOver the years, there has been a drastic improvement in technology. Social media which is mainly for conveying information has essential among students including female students. The growing trend in World Wide Web (WWW) has increased knowledge...
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Challenges Teachers Encounter in Teaching English Reading to the Intermediate Phase Learners in the Uthungulu District Schools in Kwazulu Natal
INTRODUCTIONSouth Africa is a multi-lingual country with eleven official languages. The majority of learners are bilingual or multilingual and learn at school in the language that is not their first language (Education, 2000). In South Africa, learners...
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Comparative Study of Matriculants' Performances in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
1.IntroductionPerformance of learners is affected by many factors other than the learner's ability (Dweck, 1986), and these factors may be categorised into cognitive and noncognitive factors (Letsoalo, Maoto, Masha, & Lesaoana, 2016). These factors...
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Connecting the Dots: Exploring Dispositions in Teacher Education
IntroductionThe purpose of this article is to explore the dispositions that pre-service teachers require to be effective practitioners. There is no doubt that much of the research into teacher education focuses on the qualities that make an effective...
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Eaching the Use of Specific Linguistic Devices in the Mediation of Communication in Legal Texts: A Case Study of the Statute of the University of Swaziland (the University of Swaziland Act, 1983)
1.IntroductionEvery time we write or speak, we are faced with a large array of choices: not only choices of what to say but of how to say it. The vocabulary and grammar that we use to communicate are influenced by a number of factors, such as the reason...
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Debating Gender and Education for Africa's Sustainable Development
IntroductionGender and Behaviour has, over the years, championed the league of provoking general intellectual debates and discourses on social issues, using gender perspectives. This special edition is yet another step in that direction, with specific...
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Collaborative Learning as a Discourse Strategy for Enhancing Academic Reading Skills Amongst First Year University Students
1.IntroductionAcademic reading always poses challenges to students1, especially those who are still fresh from high school. They are expected to perform at a level which is higher than their cognitive level acquired at high school. It always becomes...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, June

South African Undergraduate Nursing Students Experience of Intra-Professional Violence
IntroductionThe goal of nursing, a profession that is generally described as caring and nurturing, is to prevent illness and promote health (Brown and Middaugh, 2009). Yet, for close on 30 years researchers have identified hostile behaviour among nurses....
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Gender Specifics in Entrepreneurs' Social Capital: Implications for Firm Performance
IntroductionResearch over the years has increasingly acknowledged social capital as a vital antecedent of firm performance, as it permits entrepreneurs to organise resources that can be used to spot and exploit opportunities (Bhagavatula, Elfring, van...
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Vulnerable Children Speak Out: Voices from One Rural School in Swaziland
Introducing vulnerability and children in SwazilandIn Swazi contexts, vulnerable children are especially those who are affected by the effects of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), and poverty (NPA, 2010)....
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Cosmetic Surgery Consideration among Male and Female University Students in Five Asean Countries
Introduction"Within the past decade, Asian economies have grown exponentially, resulting in increased personal wealth and subsequent consumption of cosmetic procedures" (Kwak, 2010, p. 102). Facial cosmetic surgeries, including rhinoplasty and eyelid...
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Living Alone: Exploring Variations in Single Motherhood and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa
IntroductionResearches have shown that family well-being promotes positive child outcomes (World Family Map, 2014). Lee and colleague recalled that, child health, development and wellbeing cannot ignore the significance of structure of family within...
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Is Entrepreneurial Orientation a Predictor of Entrepreneurial Activity? Gender Comparisons among Generation Y Students in South Africa
IntroductionThe importance of entrepreneurship towards economic development of countries is well-researched and documented. Accordingly, the past three decades were marked by a persistent increase in the number of publications focusing on entrepreneurial...
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Determinants of Fertility Preference among Couples in Nigeria: Implication for Fertility Control
IntroductionHigh fertility (marital and non-marital) remains one of the issues of great concern in developmental efforts of Africa (World Bank, 1989). Despite different population policies and intervention programmes, evidence in many sub-Saharan African...
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Livelihoods in Child Headed Households and State Intervention: A Case Study of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children (Ovc) in East London, South Africa
Child vulnerability in South Africa: The DiscourseThe growing number of orphaned and vulnerable children in South Africa has been attributed to the rise in morbidity and mortality rates among adults due to factors such as HIV/AIDS, poverty, crime, violence...
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Perception of Teenagers towards Physical Abuse in Lagos State, Nigeria
IntroductionChild physical abuse (CPA) is a violation of the rights of a child as enshrined in the United Nations Convention (United Nations General Assembly, 1989) and African Centre on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (OAU, Doc, CAB/LEG/24:9/49)....
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Sex Role Identity, Academic Stress and Wellbeing of First-Year University Students
IntroductionA large body of research has explored the implications of academic stress on student wellbeing. A wide variety of personal factors have been implicated in the extent to which students perceive and experience stress, namely, personality factors...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, 2016

The Social Work Services Need and the Significant Role of Women in the School System of the North West Province
There is a countrywide struggle with social problems in schools which some learners display or bring along to schools. It is the researcher's opinion that the abolition of corporal punishment (though not advocated or promoted) may have an impact to some...
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