Gender & Behaviour

Gender and Behaviour, a scholarly journal published twice a year by African Journals Online and based at Obafemi University in Ife-Ife, Nigeria is peer-reviewed papers about the psychological and behavioral aspects of gender aimed at psychologists, psychiatrists and those involved in social studies.

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 2, December

Analysis of Risk-Taking Behaviour of Female Entrepreneurs in the Informal Sector of Oyo State Economy Ogbomoso Area, Study
Risk-taking is a major component of entrepreneurial activity and this is the reason entrepreneurs bear substantial risk.Entrepreneurship in developing countries and Nigeria reside in the informal sector because of its heterogeneous nature. Women have...
A Study of Gender Differences in the Attitude of Mathematically Gifted and Non-Gifted Senior Secondary School Students in Nigeria
The aim of the study is to investigate the differences in the attitude of boys and girls who are mathematically gifted or mathematically non-gifted in the Nigerian senior secondary schools. The population for the study was made up Senior Secondary Three...
A Taken for Granted and Unpaid Daily Labour of Northern Nigerian Women
Women in Northern Nigeria, apart from their universal role of pregnancy, childbearing and childrearing, also engage in various household chores, which made them to act as housemaids, cleaners, daycare centers, teachers and wives, all at the same time....
Between a Rock and a Hard Place Backlash towards Agentic Women Aspiring to High Ranking Jobs in Nigeria
A quasi experimental study was conducted to investigate hiring decisions of equally competent men and women aspiring to an executive management position. Participants (N = 300) assessed male and female agentic, communal and androgynous applicants on...
Curbing Female Genital Mutilation: The Role of Information and Libraries
The study examined the role of libraries and information in curbing the practice of female genital mutilation. Specific objectives of the study include: to examine the concept and origin of female genital mutilation, highlight various types and consequences...
Factors Influencing Pregnancy Desires among HIV Positive Women in Gert Sibande District in Mpumalanga, South Africa*
Fertility issues for HIV-positive women are becoming increasingly important. The study investigated the pregnancy desires of HIV positive women of Gert Sibande District in Mpumalanga, South Africa. The objective of the study is to present findings on...
Gender and Campus Violence: A Study of University of Lagos
This research is an attempt to investigate the incidence of violence among university students using University of Lagos as a case study. A questionnaire on different kinds of violence was administered to 446 students of the university. In addition,...
Gender and Corruption: Understanding the Increasing Role of Nigerian Women in Corrupt Practices
This paper interrogates the corresponding increase of Nigerian women in corrupt practices within the spell of their marginal appropriation into political and bureaucratic life. It argues that corruption or lack of it does not inhere in gender as a biological...
Gender and Leadership Style as Socio-Demographic Indicators of Job Satisfaction in Akwa Ibom State Civil Service
The influence of Gender and Leadership Style on job satisfaction was investigated using two hundred (200) Civil Servants made up of 100 (males) and 100 (females) randomly selected from the population of civil servants in various Ministries of Akwa Ibom...
Gender and Preferred Content in Children's Drawing among Selected Primary School Children in Zaria Metropolis, Kaduna State
This study sought to establish the relationship between gender and preferred Content in children's drawing. A total of 220 pupils stratified into 110 males and 110 females drawn from eleven randomly selected primary schools in Zaria metropolis were used...
Gender Differences in Mathematics Achievement: An Exploratory Study at a Primary School in Kwazulu-Natal
The study examined whether there was a significant gender gap in mathematics achievement, and the nature of the gender gap. It also investigated factors associated with the differential performance of girls and boys in the mathematics class. The site...
Gender Differences in Proactive, Retroactive, and No Interference Conditions
The objective of this study was to determine whether interference generates differential recall for men and women. Seventy-two (72) college students (36 men and 36 women; Mean age = 22.06 and 21.64 years respectively) studied lists of paired associate...
Gender Differences in the Expressed Problems and Adjustment Needs of In-School Orphans in Nigeria: Challenges for Higher Education and Globalization
Background: Millions of orphaned children are abandoned and in need of supportive living environments because their biological parents are not able to provide food, shelter and safety.Objective: To investigate the problems and adjustment needs of in-school...
Gender Differences in the Personal Value Systems of Small Business Owner-Managers in Ghana
Researchers have suggested that the type of women and men who become entrepreneurs are psychologically distinguishable from each other. Thus the main aim of this study was to examine how these differences are manifested in the personal values systems...
Perceptions of Barriers to the Advancement of Women in Management and Leadership Positions in South Africa
Despite having a South African Constitution that entrenches equal rights, discriminatory practices, structural inequalities, cultural factors, prejudices and traditional patriarchal society are still alive and well in the South African business environment....
Psychological Empowerment and Development of Entrepreneurship among Women: Implications for Sustainable Economic Development in Nigeria*
The problem of sustainable economic development in Africa has continued to attract the interest of economic analysts, political commentators and other social scientists. Successive governments in Nigeria and as well the rest of African have adopted several...
Reducing Gender Inequality in Classroom Teaching and Learning for Capacity Building of Female Participation in the Nation Building
The thrust of the paper is that the needs of specific interest and attention in gender sensitivity in classroom teaching and learning should be safeguarded. There should be built Nigeria opportunities for gender equality in the Nigerian education system....
Sex Differences in Mathematics Performance among Senior High Students in Ghana
This study explored sex differences in mathematics performance of students in the final year of high school and changes in these differences over a 3-year period in Ghana. A convenience sample of 182 students, 109 boys and 72 girls in three high schools...
Socio-Cultural Context of Consistent Use of Condoms among Female Undergraduate Students in Nigeria: Insights from University of Lagos
This paper examines the sexual behaviour and socio-cultural context of consistent use of condoms (male and female condoms) among female undergraduate students of the University of Lagos, Nigeria. Cross-sectional survey and key informant interview research...
Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Hiv/aids Stigmatization and Discrimination Amongst Women in Lagos State
The study empirically examines socio-demographic factors influencing HIV/AIDS Stigmatization and Discrimination amongst women in Lagos State. Two hundred and thirty respondents (Female respondents only) who have positive status of HIV/AIDS were interviewed...
Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors in Maternal Mortality in Nigeria:
The issue of maternal mortality has been very topical due to recent focus on sustainable development and because of the fact that maternal mortality is very high in many developing countries. In Nigeria, maternal mortality is very high and one of the...
Socio-Economic Status and Role of Woman in Islam towards Gender Equality
This paper investigated the socio-economic status and role of woman in Islam towards gender equality. The data were obtained by contents analysis from secondary source. The results revealed that Islam treats both, man or woman equally in obligation and...
The Position and Empowerment of Women in Rural Nigeria: The Gender Implication
Nigeria's participation on issues that related to the position and empowerment of women has been a recurring phenomenon for the past two decades as gleaned from her involvement in national and international conferences on women development since the...
The Role of Insecure and Fearful Attachment Styles in Sexual Risk Behaviors among HIV-Positive Women Attending a Support Group in Ibadan, Nigeria
The present study investigated the relationship between adult attachment style and unprotected sex among women living with HIV-positive in Ibadan. HIV-positive participants (N = 60) completed questionnaires assessing consistent condom use three months...
The Traumatic Experiences and Psychological Health of Women Working in Two Male-Dominated Professions in Nigeria
The study examined the traumatic experiences and psychological health of women working in male-dominated professions. Their reported traumatic experiences and psychological health were compared with those of women working in female-dominated professions...
Widowhood Practices among the Yorubas of South West Nigeria: Are There Differences in What Women Experience Due to Their Status?
This study examined widowhood practices among the Yorubas of South West Nigeria with the aim of investigating whether there are vacations in widowhood rites that women experienced based on their social status. The study employed qualitative technique...
Women Poetry from Northern Nigeria: A Bibliographic Note
Many critics have decried what is often called "the zero presence" of the female voice in Nigerian poetry: Nigerian female writers trail behind their male counterparts for a number of reasons (literary, historical and cultural). This is more pronounced...
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