Gender & Behaviour

Gender and Behaviour, a scholarly journal published twice a year by African Journals Online and based at Obafemi University in Ife-Ife, Nigeria is peer-reviewed papers about the psychological and behavioral aspects of gender aimed at psychologists, psychiatrists and those involved in social studies.

Articles from Vol. 9, No. 1, June

Accessibility, Knowledge and Utilization of Hiv/aids and Sexual Health Information by Female Indoor Sex Workers in Ibadan Metropolis of Nigeria
AbstractThis study assessed accessibility knowledge and utilization of HIV/AIDS and sexual health information by female indoor sex workers in Ibadan metropolis of Nigeria. One hundred and eighty copies of questionnaires were administered to respondents,...
A Comparative Gender Study of the Factors Affecting Motivation of Professional and Paraprofessional Staff of Selected Private University Libraries in Ogun State, Nigeria
AbstractThe purpose of the study is to identify the key factors of motivation for professional and paraprofessional library staff based on their gender and to identify how they rate the various motivational factors. The descriptive survey method was...
Adaptation of an HIV Behavioural Disinhibition Risk Reduction Intervention for Recently Circumcised South African Men
AbstractSouth Africa urgently needs HIV behavioural disinhibition risk reduction interventions for recently circumcised men for use in clinic and community settings. A theory-based HIV behavioural disinhibition risk reduction counselling intervention...
Adapting Gender Budgeting Support Framework in Nigeria: Policy Issues and Options
AbstractGender relevance in national planning and development cannot be overemphasized. In Nigeria, women are responsible for about 50% of the labour force in Agriculture and over 70% of the nation's food supply, yet their contributions to the economy...
Attitude of Male and Female Students towards the Use of Internet
AbstractThe use of the internet for research and studies is now a thing of necessity world-wide, and having a positive attitude toward the use of the Internet is a necessary condition for its effective use. Thus, this research aimed at investigating...
Can Gender, Religion, Education, Age and Personality Predict Willingness to Forgive?
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to describe whether gender, age, religion, education and personality variables (Psychoticism, Extroversion and Neuroticism) can predict willingness to forgive among a sample of Mafikeng Residents in North West Province,...
Career Mothers and Health Implications of Work Place Stress: Role of Libraries in Stress Management
AbstractThe study examines the health implications of workplace stress on career women with respect to their age and educational qualification. Sixty - nine (69) working women from a Women Fellowship of about 86 located at Agbowo, Ibadan were used for...
Deconstructing Discourses of Gender Equality in Cross-Gender Friendships: Grade Seven Boys and Girls in an Inner-City School
AbstractThis article presents a study which set out to explore how children understood and experienced gender equality within their cross gender friendship groups. The participants were 28 primary school children between 11 and 14 years (male = 13; female...
Gender Difference, Exposure to Domestic Violence and Adolescents' Identity Development
AbstractDomestic abuse is a kind of violence common in South Africa which for most part focuses on women. Children and adolescents who witness these abuses are hardly the focus of domestic abuse research. Hence the need to understand the relationship...
Gender Differences in the Developmental Trajectories, Risk Factors and Outcomes of Antisocial Behaviors
AbstractThe purpose of this review was to synthesize relevant research concerning gender differences in risk factors, developmental trajectories and outcomes of antisocial behaviors. Regarding risk factors, research suggests that genetic factors predict...
Gender Equity and Food Security: Lessons from Ozalla Community, Edo State, Nigeria
ABSTRACTThere has been an increasing need to consider gender equity as a key element of development, especially in terms of the status of men and women. It has also become imperative to recognize women's needs and contributions to society, most importantly...
Gender Role Transition in Pakhtun Culture with Respect to Contraceptive Use and Fatalism
AbstractThe present study deals with male's attitude towards contraceptive use behavior and fatalism in Peshawar city, Pakistan. Pakhtoon mostly inhabits Peshawar city, which has its own culture, highly strict in terms of women emancipation and considered...
Gender, Self Esteem, Religiosity and Premarital Sex among Young Adults
AbstractThe increasing rate of spread of HIV, especially among the age range of 14 and 21 is becoming disturbing to the nongovernmental organizations and world governments in general. Therefore, this study was to determine the significant relationship...
Impact of Gender and Opportunity Recognition on Attitude to Piracy of Computer Industry Products
AbstractSoftware piracy has defied punitive measures, posing threats to jobs of millions of employees and the computer industry. The study proposed an attitudinal approach to the wide-reaching problem and examines the variance explained by gender and...
Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Breast Cancer Examination among Women Attending a Health Facility in Gaborone, Botswana
AbstractScreening for early detection and diagnosis of diseases and health conditions is an important public health principle. Breast cancer examination is whereby a woman will examine the breast by Breast Self Examination (BSE), Clinical Breast Examination...
Moral Reasoning in the Early Years: Age and Gender Patterns Amongst Young Children in South Africa
AbstractDrawing on the work of Carol Gilligan (1982) and Lawrence Kohlberg (1969) the study sought to examine children's moral reasoning about situations involving conflicts and how they would resolve them. It also explored whether children's choice...
Predicting Marital Satisfaction from the Attachment Styles and Gender of a Culturally and Religiously Homogenous Population
AbstractThe study investigated the influence of attachment styles and gender on marital satisfaction. One hundred and fifty participants (73 males and 77 females) were randomly selected from members of a Christian organization, Ewet Offot and indigenous...
Relationship between Gender and University Students' Academic Performance in Arts-Related Subjects
AbstractThe research was based on the impact of gender on academic performance ON Arts-related subjects, a case study of Nasarawa State University, Keffi, using a sample of 160 participants derived from Art-based faculties. A questionnaire was used as...
Sexual Behaviour and Knowledge regarding Sexually Transmitted Infections among Undergraduate Students in Durban, South Africa
AbstractThe objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify the sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst 752 undergraduate university students in South Africa, using self-administered questionnaires. More...
Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence in Ile-Ife, Nigeria
AbstractA cross sectional descriptive study was done of 373 women who attended the antenatal clinic and welfare units of a primary health center in Ile-Ife. The objective of this study was to determine, among a sample of women attending a primary health...
Stress and Gender in Relation to Self-Esteem of University Business Students
AbstractSome previous investigations argued for and against the fact that stress affects self-esteem of postsecondary students. This study investigated the effects of stress and gender on students' self-esteem. One hundred and fifteen students stratified...
The Centrality of Women in Moral Teachings in Yoruba Family System
AbstractSocial order and peaceful co-existence are some of the primary goals in every human society. To have these and other conditions which ensure lives and properties secured, societies ensure moral and ethical uprightness of its members. This is...
The Effectiveness of Local Business Service Centres in Disseminating Information to Woman Entrepreneurs in Gauteng, South Africa
AbstractThe commitment of government to eradicate poverty amongst women and to promote gender balance is a priority to empower women. The Small Business Act No. 106 of 1996 as amended now by National Small Business Amendment Act of 2003, was introduced...
The Influence of Socio- Economic Status and Education in Grief Experienced and Coping Strategies Employed among Widows
AbstractWidowhood is generally associated with trauma, grief and pains yet women undergone more humiliating experiences than their male counterparts. Widows are subjected to discrimination, stigma, lack of rights and systematic violence. This study investigated...
Understanding Gender and Global Africa: A Critical Perspective
AbstractCorporate globalization is advancing marginalization of African societies in the economic global sphere, a process which transcends gender but that has gender implications. This paper shows that globalization has a compounded effect on women...
Waist-to-Hip Ratio, Attractiveness and Gender Discrimination
AbstractWomen with lower waist-to-hip ratio are considered more attractive to the men. It is suggested that attractiveness is related to the sexual dimorphism of body fat distribution in gluteofemoral region. It is hypothesized that women with lower...
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