Gender & Behaviour

Gender and Behaviour, a scholarly journal published twice a year by African Journals Online and based at Obafemi University in Ife-Ife, Nigeria is peer-reviewed papers about the psychological and behavioral aspects of gender aimed at psychologists, psychiatrists and those involved in social studies.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 2, December

Analysis of Factors Promoting HIV&AIDS Vulnerability among Married Couples in Nigeria: A Bootstrapped Quartile Regression Approach
AIDS is an health challenge that has slowed down the pace of economic development in Nigeria. Policy makers have advocated for drastic reduction in people's vulnerability to the disease. This paper analyzed the correlates of HIV vulnerability among Nigerian...
An Assessment of Women Participation in Community Welfare Programmes of Oil Producing Companies in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria
The study investigated the participation of women in community welfare programmes of oil companies in the Niger Delta. The hypotheses, FGD and oral interview addressed the extent of awareness and method of participation of these women and if these programmes...
Attitude towards Gender Equality in South-Eastern Nigerian Culture: Impact of Gender and Level of Education
In South-eastern Nigeria, the deep seated gender-role socialization has never made gender equality a reality despite the immense contributions of women to the development of Nigeria in eveiy sphere of life. This traditional gender-role orientation has...
Bolstering Self-Esteem as Intervention Technique in the Management of Symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder among Adolescents
This study assessed the use of bolstered self-esteem as intervention technique in the management of symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder (GID) among secondary school adolescents. Gender Identity Disorder Symptoms Scale (GIDSS), a self-reported scale...
Chemotherapy and Chemoprophylaxis of Malaria in Pregnancy in Private and Public Facilities: Perceptions and Use by Pregnant Women in Enugu State, Nigeria
The current recommendation by WHO to control malaria in pregnancy (MIP) in areas of stable malaria transmission relies on prompt and effective case management of malaria, the use of Intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) of malaria using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine...
Cox-Proportional Hazard Model of Gender Differentials in Determinants of Early Marriage: Evidence from 2010 Malawi Demographic Health and Survey
Early marriage (EM) can lead to high fertility, maternal deaths and poor socioeconomic advancement. The study examined gender differential of EM in Malawi. We utilized 2010, MDHS dataset and Cox-proportional hazard model (a=.05). Mean age at first marriage...
Culture and Gender-Related Violence against Women in Ogoni Ethnic Nationality in Nigeria: Implications for Adult Education
Few cultural practices against women and gender related violence in Ogoni land, Rivers State, Nigeria had attracted international attention. The killing of twins, the practice of genital mutilation and the uprising and brutal killing by the military...
Experience of Childhood Violence and Help-Seeking Behaviour of Students Exposed to Dating Violence at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Dating violence is a common occurrence with estimate of prevalence ranging from 28-96% (Johnson-Reids and Bimes 1999). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of dating violence, experience...
Female Role Perception, Emotional Intelligence and Interpersonal Problem among Grade 9 and 10 Students from Dhaka, Bangladesh: A Comparative Study
Over the last decades very few studies have conducted on unisex and coeducation in Bangladesh in terms of female role perception, emotional intelligence and interpersonal problem. But these psychological traits of any students need to explore massively...
Gender and Dangers Inherent in Fieldwork
Based on 2,400 face-to-face interviews conducted by contract field-staff in South Africa in 2008, this study looks at the way gender affects danger in fieldwork settings. Based on data collected by Afrobarometer in 2008, the research provides an indication...
Gender-Based Violence: Opportunities and Coping Resources for Women in Abusive Unions
The study explored the perceptions of six health and social service providers, clinical and counseling psychologists and social workers, in the Vhembe District, Limpopo Province on the reasons for battered women to remain in abusive relationships. These...
Gender Difference in Treatment Intervention of Reading Comprehension Achievement of Pupils with Intellectual Disability
This paper examined gender difference in achievement in reading comprehension of pupils with intellectual disability using audio-taped and individualized instructional strategies. The study adopted a pretest, posttest, quasi-experimental design. 10 pupils...
Gendered Aspects of Food Security in Lesotho: Implications for an Integrative Rights-Based Approach
Over the past decade, international agencies have made efforts to integrate gender concerns into all development planning. Remarkable outcomes have been achieved through this approach in many areas such as education, health and micro-finance, among others....
Gender Role in Agriculture, Climate Change and Food Security in the Sahel Belt of West Africa: Application of Poisson and Negative Binomial Regression
The Sahel belt of West Africa is high vulnerability to poverty and hunger, especially during periods of drought and other climatic adversities. This paper analyzed the impacts of gender role in agriculture and climate change exposure on monthly food...
How Happy Are Married People? Psychological Indicators of Marital Satisfaction of Married Men and Women in Gauteng Province, South Africa
The aims of this paper were to first establish the difference in scores of men and women on marital satisfaction and other psychological variables such as communication, alexithymia and psychological wellbeing and secondly, to establish whether the study...
Impact of Gender on Adjustment to Bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa States of Nigeria: Counselling Implications
This study examines the role of Gender in adjustment to bereavement in Benue and Nasarawa states of Nigeria and counselling implications. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. A self developed questionnaire, Bereavement and...
Impact of Negative Workplace Factors and the Moderator Effects of Gender on Critical Organisational Climate for Effectiveness
The study examined the relationship between negative workplace factors (measured as work stress and workplace bullying) and critical organisational climate for effectiveness, and the moderator effects of gender in the relationship. Data were collected...
Influence of Demographic Variables on Social Adjustment of In-School Adolescents in Ibadan Metropolis of Nigeria
This study investigated the influence of demographic variables on social adjustment of in-school adolescents in Ibadan Metropolis of Southwest Nigeria with a sample of 210 participants randomly selected from four secondary schools. A self-developed instrument...
Influence of Personality and Gender on Perception of Organizational Politics by Employees of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
The study examined the influence of personality and gender on the perception of organizational politics. Three hundred and seventy two (academic and non-academic) staff of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife filled two psychological instruments: the...
Job Satisfaction of Women in Nigeria Immigration Service
The Nigeria immigration Service, established in 1963, was saddled with the responsibilities of monitoring and controlling the movement of persons in and out of the countiy, from the point of entry to the point of departure. In order to be efficient and...
Knowledge and Use of Contraceptives among Urban and Rural Women of Abia State, Nigeria
The study examined the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods by urban and rural women in Umuahia, Abia State. Data for the study were collected through a service questionnaire and 6 in-depth interviews. A total of 500 women were selected from both...
Knowledge, Attitudes and Acceptance of Male Circumcision among HIV Lay Counsellors in Nkangala District, South Africa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and acceptance of male circumcision among HIV lay counsellors in Nkangala district, South Africa. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 117 HIV lay counsellors in 71 health facilities...
Leadership Styles Deployed by Women Project Managers
The aim of this study was to investigate the leadership styles utilized by women project managers in a national electricity provider in South Africa. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 female project managers, and thematic analysis...
Masculinity and Health in Nigeria: Vulnerabilities, Indifference and Options
After the International Conference on Population and Development of 1994, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programs respond to ways in which socially constructed ideologies have shaped women's experiences of SRH. There is however no commensurate...
Moderating Effect of Attitude and Perception on the Adoption of Safer Sex among Students in Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State, Nigeria
Attitude and perception strongly predict the adoption of safer sexual practices. Descriptive Survey Design was adopted to examine the moderating effect of attitude and perception of students in tertiaiy institutions in Anambra state on the adoption of...
'My Journey to School': Photovoice Accounts of Rural Children's Everyday Experiences in Lesotho
The study presented in this article used photovoice as a research tool to explore the journey to school undertaken by children in a rural context. Twelve children (male = 6; female = 6) from three different rural villages in Lesotho participated in the...
Personality and Gender Differences in Preference for Conflict Resolution Styles
The study investigated the predictive relationships of personality and gender with five conflict resolution styles. It involved 282 participants (151 males and 131 females) randomly sampled from University of Nigeria, Nsukka, aged 18-38 years, with a...
Predicting Job Satisfaction of Married Female Employees: The Role of Age and Emotional Intelligence
Although job satisfaction has enjoyed robust research attention, there still remains a gap in literature regarding the link between emotions and job satisfaction. The present study extended prior job satisfaction literature by investigating how emotional...
Protecting Women against Domestic Violence: Current Debates and Future Directions
Since the creation of the human race, the place and position of the man and woman has been that of complementing their set of roles for carrying out various important tasks. However, over time the ideals and provisions of modern societal values and laws...
Resisting Occupational Gender Stereotypes: Experiences of Taxi Women Conductors in Kenya
Kenya is a highly patriarchal society where gender imbalances and inequality is evidently manifest through gender based violence, and lack of right to ownership of assets and property and segregation of roles and duties. In defiance to the gender roles,...
Revisiting Family Values: A Pathway towards Societal Stability
The family can be regarded as society's oldest and most important social institution. Family responsibilities may include providing guidance, support and a sense of belonging to its members. This was basically the case with the traditional family where...
Rural Women and Land, the Inseparable Twins: A Case of South Africa
Land is a socio-economic resource that is critical in the livelihoods of rural people. Despite this reality, rural women in South Africa continue to be marginalised in policy formulation, implementation and other land related processes owing to patriarchal...
School Principals' Abilities to Manage Time Effectively: A Gender Study in Selected South African Schools
According to the literature on school effectiveness and school improvement and the role of the school principal in this regard, the lack of time management skills and abilities among school principals can be regarded as one of the main factors that lead...
Self-Perceived Competencies on Soil and Crop Sciences Tasks among Graduating Diploma Students in a South African University: A Gender Perspective
This paper examined the self-perceived competencies on soil and crop sciences tasks among graduating Diploma students in a South African University using a gender perspective. This is predicated on the fact that graduating job marketable graduates is...
Sex Differences in the Manifestation of Aggression on Internally Displaced Nigerian Children
The study was carried out to determine the role played by sex differences in the manifestation of aggression among the internally displaced male and female children. Participants (N=445) aged 10-15 years and drawn from two communities in Nasarawa State,...
Small Business Owners' Perceptions of Moral Behaviour and Employee Theft in the Small Business Sector of Nigeria
African countries are prone to major ethical problems which have led to poor economic growth; this can be seen in the Nigerian business environment and economy. Small business enterprises (SME's) are essential for the growth of the economy in any countiy....
Social Media: A Method to Recruit Students into Undergraduate Nursing Programmes
Alternative methods to recruit students into the nursing profession need to be explored and utilised. Social media has the potential to be a very potent recruitment aid. The study seeks to describe and explore some of the social media that could be utilised...
Stereotypes against Women: How Do Subordinates Perceive the Job Performance and Level of Achievement of Their Leaders?
Stereotypes are organised sets of beliefs about traits and behaviours thought to distinguish one from group from another. Thus, people tend to display strong gender stereotypes, assigning traits and behaviours to individual men and women solely on the...
The Characteristics of a Good ODL Practitioner
Much has been said as to what makes a good open and distance learning (ODL) practitioner, or lecturer if you prefer. It is easy to make statements and observations, but it is however essential to establish exactly what an ODL practitioner is and then...
The Construction of Femininity, Race and Sexuality in Alcohol Advertisements in South African and American Women's Magazines
In our consumption-and-media-orient society, alcohol advertisements in contemporaiy women's magazines become ripe for analysis. The text in women's magazines often have influence as agents of socialization, regularizing and giving preferentiality to...
The Contributions of Community Social Workers on Socio-Economic Gender Inequality in Nigeria
The study examined the contributions of community social workers on socio-economic gender inequality in Lagos State, Nigeria. Achieving equitable distribution of income and alleviation of poverty has for some time been a major and critical development...
The Dynamics of Poverty and Poverty Alleviation in South Africa
Poverty remains one of the worst human calamities in the world especially in Africa. Despite its status as Africa's biggest economy, South Africa battles high levels of poverty like its poorer neighbours. The article will argue that despite the recorded...
The Psychological Implications of Bereavement on Some Selected Widows and Widowers in Oyo Town, Nigeria
This study examined the psychological implications of Bereavement on some selected Widows and Widowers in Oyo Town, Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used while 100 sample was selected using simple random sampling technique out of the target...
Visual Merchandising Displays: Positive or Negative Effect on Consumer Behaviour?
Much has been said about visual merchandising displays and the effect it has on consumer behaviour. The primary research question that pended from the preliminary literature was to determine the effect of visual merchandising displays on consumer behaviour....
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