RMLE Online


Vol. 38, No. 7, 2015

The Intersection between 1:1 Laptop Implementation and the Characteristics of Effective Middle Level Schools
AbstractThe number of middle level schools adopting 1:1 laptop programs has increased considerably during the past decade (e.g., Lowther, Strahl, Inan, & Bates, 2007; Storz & Hoffman, 2013; Texas Center for Educational Research, 2009). The cornerstone...
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Vol. 38, No. 6, 2015

Middle Level Teachers' Perceptions of Interim Reading Assessments: An Exploratory Study of Data-Based Decision Making
AbstractThis study explored the data-based decision making of 12 teachers in grades 6-8 who were asked about their perceptions and use of three required interim measures of reading performance: oral reading fluency (ORF), retell, and a benchmark comprised...
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Vol. 38, No. 5, 2015

An Investigation of the Concerns of Fifth Graders Transitioning to Middle School
AbstractEntering middle school can cause apprehension for young adolescents who face many cognitive, physical, social, and emotional changes. A quantitative, descriptive study was designed to identify and explain the concerns of rising sixth graders...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, 2014

The Role of Responsive Teacher Practices in Supporting Academic Motivation at the Middle Level*
AbstractThe purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to investigate the ways teachers support young adolescents' academic motivation in one large, urban, ethnically diverse middle school. Data included individual interviews of 24 participants...
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Vol. 37, No. 6, 2014

From the School Yard to Cyber Space: A Pilot Study of Bullying Behaviors among Middle School Students
AbstractBullying and cyberbullying continue to be major problems in today's schools and topics of heightened public concern. This pilot study aimed to increase the knowledge base concerning bullying and cyberbullying, to explore the relationship between...
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Vol. 37, No. 7, 2014

Facilitating College Readiness through Campus Life Experiences
AbstractIn a program called "College Immersion," middle grades students spend up to one week on a local college campus, attending specially designed college classes and experiencing collegiate activities. This research study reports on findings related...
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Vol. 37, No. 9, 2014

The Work of Effective Middle Grades Principals: Responsiveness and Relationship
AbstractFindings from research studies suggest that school leadership accounts for fully one quarter of total school effects on pupils, making it second only to classroom instruction among school-based factors affecting student achievement (Leithwood,...
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Vol. 37, No. 8, 2014

Impact of School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports on Student Behavior in the Middle Grades
AbstractResearch shows that school-wide positive behavior supports (SWPBS) can be an effective alternative to traditional reactive, punitive approaches to problem behavior. However, few studies examine the use of the approach as part of a comprehensive...
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Vol. 37, No. 10, 2014

Who's Really Struggling?: Middle School Teachers' Perceptions of Struggling Readers
AbstractThis study explored middle school teachers' perceptions of struggling readers, including influences such as: understandings of components and factors relating to reading difficulties; views of struggling readers' behaviours and affect; classroom...
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Vol. 36, No. 6, 2013

Examining Response to a One-to-One Computer Initiative: Student and Teacher Voices
AbstractThe impact of a one-to-one computing initiative at a Midwestern urban middle school was examined through phenomenological research techniques focusing on the voices of eighth grade students and their teachers. Analysis of transcripts from pre-...
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Vol. 36, No. 8, 2013

A Path Analysis of the Relationship among Critical Motivational Variables and Achievement in Reform-Oriented Mathematics Curriculum
AbstractThis study investigated the relationship among critical motivational variables and mathematics achievement as middle grades students engaged in a reform-oriented curriculum, Mathematics in Context. We tested 327 students in fifth, sixth, and...
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Vol. 36, No. 5, 2013

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month...
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Vol. 36, No. 7, 2013

The Role of Sociability Self-Concept in the Relationship between Exposure to and Concern about Aggression in Middle School
AbstractThis study examined middle grades students" sociability self-concept and their perceptions about feeling safe at school. Participants" (N= 420) exposure to school aggression and concern about the potential for violence at school were measured...
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Vol. 36, No. 9, 2013

Helping Middle School Girls at Risk for School Failure Recover Their Confidence and Achieve School Success: An Experimental Study
AbstractMiddle school girls who are at risk have experienced a disproportionate number of intense and disruptive traumatic life events. Such events can adversely affect healthy development and often contribute to higher levels of school failure and problem...
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Vol. 35, No. 6, 2012

Academic, Social, and Emotional Needs in a Middle Grades Reform Initiative
AbstractDuring an evaluation of a new middle grades reform initiative, the program participants (i.e., teachers, coaches, and principals) reported they perceived that students' social and emotional needs interfaced with implementation of the reform....
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Vol. 35, No. 8, 2012

Differentiation in Action: Developing a Logic Model for Responsive Teaching in an Urban Middle School
AbstractResearch has suggested that differentiation is a responsive approach to teaching rather than a set of strategies. In this study, researchers generated a logic model to describe how members of a twoteacher team collaborated to differentiate instruction...
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Vol. 35, No. 9, 2012

Effective Science Instruction: Impact on High-Stakes Assessment Performance
AbstractThis longitudinal prospective cohort study was conducted to determine the impact of effective science instruction on performance on high-stakes high school graduation assessments in science. This study provides powerful findings to support authentic...
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Vol. 35, No. 7, 2012

Using Simulations to Teach Middle Grades U.S. History in an Age of Accountability
AbstractIn this year-long qualitative study we explore the case of two eighth grade U.S. History teachers who use simulations on a regular basis to teach heterogeneously-grouped students in a high-stakes testing environment. We describe the purposes...
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Vol. 35, No. 10, 2012

New Literacies and Emerging Technologies: Perspectives from U.S. and Chinese Middle Level Teachers
AbstractThis study focuses on middle grades teachers from the United States and China, the two countries with the highest Internet use, in an attempt to understand both groups' perspectives on integrating new literacies and technologies into their teaching....
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Vol. 36, No. 1, 2012

Skirting the Issue: Teachers' Experiences "Addressing Sexuality in Middle School Language Arts"
AbstractThe goal of this study was to examine perceptions, attitudes, and reported practices of a group of middle level Language Arts teachers concerning sexuality-related issues. Through interviews with 15 teachers, the study found that sexuality was...
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Vol. 34, No. 5, 2011

Teacher Perspectives on Career-Relevant Curriculum in Middle School
AbstractRelevant, challenging, integrative, and exploratory all describe the curriculum desirable in middle school (National Middle School Association, 2010). Career-relevant curriculum is one prominent strategy used since the 1970s to achieve these...
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Vol. 34, No. 7, 2011

"It All Depends.": Middle School Teachers Evaluate Single-Sex Classes
AbstractThis mixed-methods study explored the effectiveness of single-sex classes according to key stakeholders in this educational reform-the teachers who choose or are hired to teach in single-sex classes and schools. Specifically, this study examined...
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Vol. 34, No. 6, 2011

Do School-Based Tutoring Programs Significantly Improve Student Performance on Standardized Tests?
AbstractThis study used a pre-post, nonequivalent control group design to examine the impact of an in-district, after-school tutoring program on eighth grade students' standardized test scores in language arts and mathematics. Students who had scored...
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Vol. 34, No. 8, 2011

Scaffolding Middle School Students' Comprehension and Response to Short Stories
AbstractTeaching narrative text selections is an important part of the middle grades English curriculum. As middle grades educators search for ways to best support their students' reading, it is important to consider carefully the effects of various...
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Vol. 34, No. 9, 2011

A Tri-State Study: Is the Middle School Movement Thriving. or Barely Surviving?
AbstractThis descriptive study sought to determine the attitudes of middle school teachers in Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio toward the current implementation of key components of the middle school concept within their schools. Researchers were asked to...
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Vol. 34, No. 10, 2011

Confirming a Middle Grades Leadership Model and Instrument
AbstractThe purpose of this replication study was to confirm a model of middle grades principal leadership, Developmentally Responsive Middle Level Leadership (DRMLL), proposed by Brown and Anfara (2002) through the validation of the Middle Level Leadership...
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Vol. 33, No. 5, 2010

An Organizational Perspective of Distributed Leadership: A Portrait of a Middle School
AbstractInterest in the concept of distributed leadership has increased as evidenced in the recent literature. While there has been much discussion, there has been scant empirical evidence of distributed leadership in practice. This research study examines...
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Vol. 33, No. 7, 2010

Disaggregated Outcomes of Gender, Ethnicity, and Poverty on Fifth Grade Science Performance
AbstractThis nationwide study examined the relationships among gender, ethnicity, and poverty with fifth graders' (n = 8,741) science performance. Extant fifth grade data files (2003-2004), from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class...
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Vol. 33, No. 10, 2010

A Longitudinal Investigation of Young Adolescents' Self-Concepts in the Middle Grades
AbstractYoung adolescents grapple with a host of changes that may influence how they perceive themselves: rapid physical and emotional development, the transition to new school environments, and the onset of adolescence. The purpose of this study is...
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Vol. 33, No. 6, 2010

"I Wish I Had Known the Truth Sooner": Middle School Teacher Candidates' Sexuality Education Experiences
AbstractWhile many general education classroom teachers encounter issues of sexuality in the middle school classroom, few teacher candidates feel prepared to address them. One source of information for teacher candidates is the role modeling provided...
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Vol. 33, No. 8, 2010

Impact of Literacy Influences and Perceived Reading Ability on Self-Rated Health of Public Middle School Students
AbstractThis study investigated the impact of literacy influences and perceived reading ability on the self-rated health (SRH) of 244 middle school students. Five literacy influences and reading ability independent variables resulted in moderate to substantial...
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Vol. 33, No. 9, 2010

"I Feel like I'm Safe Again:" A Discussion of Middle Grades Organizational Structures from the Perspective of Immigrant Youth and Their Teachers
AbstractAs the number of immigrants and refugees grows in the United States, the linguistic and cultural diversity that comprises the middle grades classroom continues to increase. Given the need for resources and specific attention to linguistic and...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, 2010

Looking Back at Their Futures: Preservice Middle Level Teachers' Examination of Past Educational Experiences
AbstractThe researchers investigated the reflections of preservice middle school teachers (PSMTs) who were enrolled in an activity-based middle level social studies methods course. These reflections concerned the students' past educational experiences....
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Vol. 32, No. 6, 2009

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?
AbstractHigh-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition...
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Vol. 32, No. 7, 2009

Origami Instruction in the Middle School Mathematics Classroom: Its Impact on Spatial Visualization and Geometry Knowledge of Students
AbstractWithin the study of geometry in the middle school curriculum is the natural development of students' spatial visualization, the ability to visualize two- and three-dimensional objects. The national mathematics standards call specifically for...
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Vol. 32, No. 10, 2009

A Synthesis of Professional Development on the Implementation of Literacy Strategies for Middle School Content Area Teachers
AbstractThis paper synthesized studies of professional development for middle school content area teachers and the teachers' subsequent implementation of literacy strategies. Four studies were identified as having a majority of participants teaching...
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Vol. 33, No. 1, 2009

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention
AbstractRecent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi faceted...
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Vol. 33, No. 4, 2009

Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being and Perceived Parental Involvement: Implications for Parental Involvement in Middle Schools
AbstractAdolescence is a critical period of development. Previous research suggests parent involvement in school directly impacts student success. However, different types of parental involvement and the efforts of middle school personnel to educate...
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Vol. 32, No. 8, 2009

Teaching and Teaming More Responsively: Case Studies in Professional Growth at the Middle Level
AbstractThis case study examined the experiences of two middle level teachers as they worked with a literacy coach and university partners in an instructional improvement initiative. Robert and Janice worked together as a two-teacher team. Across the...
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Vol. 32, No. 9, 2009

Inclusion and Problem-Based Learning: Roles of Students in a Mixed-Ability Group
AbstractThe literature on the use of problem-based learning in K-12 settings has traditionally focused on gifted and average students. However, mainstreaming is placing increasing numbers of students with special needs in general education classrooms....
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Vol. 33, No. 3, 2009

Supporting High School Graduation Aspirations among Latino Middle School Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions Latino eighth grade students have of school and schooling factors as they transition to high school and the factors that may influence their self-perceived likelihood of graduating...
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Vol. 33, No. 2, 2009

Should Middle School Students with Learning Problems Copy and Paste Notes from the Internet? Mixed-Methods Evidence of Study Barriers
AbstractIn the experimental phase of this mixed-methods study, 49 middle school students receiving special education services took notes from the Internet under either a written notes or a copy-and-paste notes condition. Immediate, cued-recall measures...
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Vol. 32, No. 4, 2008

Preservice Teachers Are Creating a College Culture for At-Risk Middle School Students
AbstractThis mid-point report from a seven-year study about building a college culture investigates how a multifaceted approach including mentoring, technology, campus visits, parent involvement, and tutoring impacts at-risk middle school students' college...
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Vol. 32, No. 5, 2008

Developing the Internet-Savviness (IS) Scale: Investigating the Relationships between Internet Use and Academically Talented Middle School Youth
AbstractThis study investigated the development and validation of a 32-item scale that measures Internet-Savviness (IS). Relationships between this multidimensional construct and other primary variables of interest including age, gender, Internet access,...
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Vol. 32, No. 3, 2008

The Influence of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Eighth Grade Mathematics Achievement
AbstractThe issue of lower than expected mathematics achievement is a concern to education leaders and policymakers at all levels of the U.S. PK-12 education system. The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to determine if there...
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Vol. 32, No. 2, 2008

A Successful Formula for Middle School Inclusion: Collaboration, Time, and Administrative Support
AbstractThis report summarizes the results of a survey on attitudes toward inclusion, which was conducted in a middle school in a large school district in the Southeast. The survey was given prior to the beginning of the school year, and immediately...
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Vol. 32, No. 1, 2008

Reading Girls: Living Literate and Powerful Lives
AbstractIn this qualitative study, the authors merge two bodies of previously separated scholarship: (1) a socio-cultural understanding of adolescent girls in light of the shifting meaning of ideal girlhood, and (2) the participation and success of adolescent...
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