Canadian Social Work Review

Articles

Vol. 28, No. 2, 2011

ON THE TIGHTROPE: Making Sense of Neglect in Everyday Child Welfare Practice
Abstract:Seven child welfare practitioners from British Columbia, Canada were interviewed to learn about how they conceptualized and articulated what they were doing when working with families where neglect was a potential concern. Based on a constructionist...
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CHALLENGING THE MYTH OF "STUDYING HARDER": A Social Work Response to the Oppression of "EAL" Students
Abstract: This article discusses the experience of oppression faced by university students who have English as an additional language (EAL) in Canada and reports on a collective advocacy campaign at a school of social work that sought to challenge the...
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CRITICAL SOCIAL WORK WITH MIXED-RACE INDIVIDUALS: Implications for Anti-Racist and Anti-Oppressive Practice
Abstract: Social work practice with mixed-race individuals is a largely overlooked area in Canadian social work education. In 2006, 458,240 Canadians reported belonging to more than one population group and of this group 104 2 15 reported belonging to...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: COMPETENCIES
IntroductionLAST SPRING THE Canadian Council of Canadian Regulators asked for feedback on their project to establish a set of competencies for social work in Canada. With this, the debate and discussion around competencies intensified. While discussions...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: COMPETENCY FRAMEWORKS
Bridging Education and PracticeTHE CONCEPT of competence and its usefulness for conceptualizing and defining professional practice, guiding the design and evaluation of educational programs and assessing student learning outcomes, has gained interest...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: "COMPETENCE" IN NEOLIBERAL TIMES
Defining the Future of Social WorkLJ NDERSTANDINGS of what constitutes social work and professional practice have always been contested. It could be no other way in an occupation entangled in the shifting apparatus of the state and at the messy boundaries...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: THE POLITICS OF COMPETENCY DEBATES
1 HAVE HAD the opportunity to work in three different countries (Australia, the U.K. and Canada) when major debates surrounding the competencies of social work occurred in each place. This experience has spanned some 20 years and now, as I begin a new...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: SOCIAL WORK COMPETENCIES IN CANADA
The Time Has ComeFOR OVER A DECADE there has been vigorous debate within some sectors of the social work profession regarding the relevance of self regulation of the profession; the potential for deprofessionalization of social work and more recently...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: NEOLIBERALISM, COMPETENCIES, AND THE DEVALUING OF SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE
In THE SPRING OF 2011, the Canadian Council of Social Work Regulators (CCSWR) invited feedback on its project to identify and define "social work competencies," with the aim of establishing a "social work competency profile." The initiative comes as...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: COMPETENCY-BASED SOCIAL WORK
A Unitary Understanding of Our ProfessionI WOULD LIKE to thank the editors for the opportunity to participate in mis very important discussion forum addressing the Canadian Council of Social Work Regulator's (CCSWR) efforts to advance competencybased...
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Race and Well-Being: The Lives, Hopes, and Activism of African Canadians
Race and Well-Being: The Lives, Hopes, and Activism of African Canadians by Carl James, David Este, Wanda Thomas Bernard, Akua Benjamin, Bethan Lloyd and Tana Turner. Halifax and Winnipeg: Fernwood, 2010, 213 pp, 978-1-55266354-7.This book comes out...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, 2011

Editorial/éditorial
AT THIS TIME in the history of the Canadian Social Work Review, the editorial board wants to acknowledge that volume 28(1) of the CSWR will be the last issue produced under the watchful eye of Valerie Kremer, our managing editor for the last 25 years....
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SOCIAL WORK IN CRISIS DURING CRISIS: Whose Side Are We On?
Abstract: In Canada, Australia, Britain, and the United States, the neoliberal assault is fundamentally changing our economies, our welfare systems, our cities, and the profession of social work. An examination of changes to the British welfare state...
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CONTESTING THE NEOLIBERAL AGENDA: Lessons from Canadian Activists
Abstract: How do activists know when they're making a difference? Researchers partnered with nine diverse activist groups across Canada over a four-year period to see what they could learn together about effective practice in social justice work. The...
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EMBODIED LIABILITY: The Usefulness of "At-Risk Youth"
Abstract: "At-risk" youth as a category has emerged in the context of neoliberal forms of government in Canada. A governmentality-informed analysis of two types of government discourse demonstrates how familiar social categories are fabricated in such...
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THE RIGHT TO BE INVOLVED: Contexts and Contradictions
Abstract: Social work-along with its commitment to supporting the involvement of service users-was forged in the historical and institutional context of the welfare state and the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s. In relation to a relatively paternalistic...
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ANTI-OPPRESSION IN HIGHER EDUCATION: Implicating Neo-Liberalism
Abstract: As neoliberalism increasingly permeates higher education, it erodes the extent to which anti-oppression teaching can be expected to challenge the existing order. Despite the efforts of universities to portray themselves as equityconscious by...
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PUNISHING PROGRESS AND EXPECTING FAILURE: Alberta Families' Experiences Accessing Social Service Systems
Abstract: Alberta families living with low income are especially vulnerable due to the province's resource-based economy and its associated "boom-and-bust" economic cycles, as well as long-standing fiscal constraint with regard to social assistance spending....
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GENDER AND SEXUALITY: Introduction
WHEN THE EDITORIAL board of the journal sat down last year to think of topics for the Forum, we remarked on the ongoing absence of much interrogation of social work from the perspective of gender and sexual diversity. For us, the Forum provides an opportunity...
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THINKING ABOUT QUEER THEORY IN SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION: A Pedagogical (in)Query
HETEROSEXUAL and queer are not mutually exclusive groups or fixed categories. One's sexual practices, tastes, styles, desires, subjectivities, and identifications vary over periods of time, changing even sometimes by the hour. At the same time, teaching...
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UNSUITABLE BODIES: Trans People and Cisnormativity in Shelter Services
TRANS COMMUNITIES are often discussed in social work literature under the rubric of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) community. Although trans people share overlapping history and organizing goals with these groups, there is a need...
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WRITING THE RACIALIZED QUEER BODIES: Race and Sexuality in Social Work
AS AN IMMIGRANT of colour, who self-identifies as a gay man, I often feel uneasy with the way in which queer bodies are constructed in social work literature. For many social work scholars, queers have only one colour: White. Race is often not in their...
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EXPLORING GENDER AND SEXUALITY THROUGH THE LENS OF INTERSECTIONALITY: Sexual Minority Refugees in Canada
DURING THE PAST decade, scholarship on the lived experiences of sexual minorities in Canada has increasingly shifted from the margins into mainstream social work pedagogy and practice. A number of social work scholars have introduced an examination into...
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Pour Une Sensibilité Intersexe
La conscience du genreLES QUESTIONS de genre et de sexualités nous touchent droit au coeur. Difficile sinon impossible de les tenir à distance et de développer une posture d'impassibilité à leur égard. Pourtant, nous ne percevons paradoxalement qu'une...
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Vol. 27, No. 2, 2010

NEOLIBERALISM AND THE ENTREPRENEURIAL SUBJECT: Implications for Feminism and Social Work
Abstract: The hegemony of neoliberalism in Canada has contributed in several ways to the current diminished influence of feminism in social work. First, the shift from national to global power leaves no place for feminists to address claims based on...
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CRISIS ... WHAT CRISIS? the Revitalization of Academic Feminism
Abstract: Increasingly, we are hearing alarm bells that the feminist movement is in "crisis." Such cries are also evident within academia, where women's studies programs are consistently being threatened with dissolution. Focusing on the discipline of...
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Finding One's Own Identity as a Feminist Social Worker
Abstract: Calling oneself a feminist social worker suggests that one's professional identity is well-formed and identifiable in terms of characteristics that may be shared by others. In the context of contemporary feminisms, however, there are diverse...
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BUILDING RESEARCH, BUILDING JUSTICE: Epistemology, Social Work, and Lesbian Parents
Abstract: This article explores the author's reflections after being interviewed as an "expert" on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, and queer (LGBTQ) parents for a newspaper article. The socio-legal context of LGBTQ parenting has changed...
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LEADERSHIP IN SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION: The Intersection of Head, Hands, Heart, and Soul
PREPARING this commentary has provided me an opportunity to reflect on the influences that have shaped my approach and evolving philosophy to academic leadership, in the context of being a woman, a social worker, and a dean.Transformative and effective...
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Vol. 24, No. 2, 2007

RADICAL PROBLEMS AND LIBERAL SELVES: Professional Subjectivity in the Anti-Oppressive Social Work Classroom
Abstract: Many Canadian social work programs, particularly at the undergraduate level, have adopted a framework of anti-oppression as the foundation for the curriculum. Nine graduates of such a program at the University of Victoria were asked to reflect...
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A LABOUR OF LOVE OR OF RESPONSE?: Anti-Racism Education and Responsibility
Abstract: Anti-racism education is often premissed on the assumption that responsibility can be rationally instilled in students through pedagogical interventions such as dialogue. Ellsworth argues, however, that responsibility should not be viewed as...
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GATEKEEPING IN THE ACADEMY: Lessons for Canadian Social Work Educators from Young V. Bella
Abstract: Social work educators are "gatekeepers" in that they have a duty to ensure that only students with the skills and values necessary to serve clients are admitted to professional practice. Like educators and licensing bodies in disciplines such...
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Vol. 24, No. 1, 2007

BEYOND "PROVIDING SERVICES": Voices of Service Users on Structural Social Work Practice in Community-Based Social Service Agencies
Abstract: Despite the commitment of structural social work to hearing the voices of service users, these voices have not been evident in evaluations of structural social work as a model of practice. In this qualitative study, researchers interviewed...
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POST-STRUCTURAL POSSIBILITIES: Beyond Structural Practice in Child Protection
Abstract: Structural social work approaches provide a useful theoretical lens for examining child protection work in terms of understanding the context in which parents and children are situated. However, the focus of analysis on broad systems can sometimes...
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DEVELOPING A PRACTICE AND ANDRAGOGY OF RESISTANCE: Structural Praxis Inside and outside the Classroom
Abstract: How well do we as social workers conceptualize structural change for social justice in daily practice? Based on their teaching and community and direct practice experience, the authors reflect on how social work education at the BSW level and...
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"DREAMING A GREAT DREAM": Prospects for a New, Radical Social Work
Abstract: For at least two decades, neo-liberal ideas and policies have formed the common sense of most governments throughout the world. One consequence of this has been the marginalization of critical, radical, and structural currents within social...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: POSSIBILITIES AND PROBLEMATICS OF CULTURAL COMPETENCE / POSSIBILITÉS ET PROBLÉMATIQUES DE LA COMPÉTENCE INTERCULTURELLE
IN THIS, our second forum, the Editorial Board has invited authors from across Canada to rethink, expand, and deepen the possibilities for cultural competence in social work. The authors challenge the individualistic approach to cultural competence,...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: CULTURAL COMPETENCY AND SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE IN CANADA: A Retrospective Examination
THE PAST 15 years have seen increased pressure on Canadian schools and faculties of social work to ensure that their graduates are responsive to the changing racial, ethnic, and cultural composition of today's diverse population. While different approaches...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: AN ANTI-OPPRESSIVE APPROACH TO CULTURAL COMPETENCE
I RECENTLY travelled to Japan to attend my beloved grandmother's funeral. This personal and emotional experience stirred an awareness of my perceptions of culture, which I examine here in relation to cultural competence and anti-oppressive practice....
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Forum [Invited Papers]: CULTURAL COMPETENCY: An Individual or Institutional Responsibility?
ALTHOUGH the presence of African people in Nova Scotia dates back to the early 1600s (Pachai 1987), they continue to struggle for the most basic rights, including the right to culturally competent services (Etowa, Bernard, Clow & Oyinsan, in press)....
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Tending the Gardens of Citizenship: Child Saving in Toronto, 1880s-1920s
Tending the Gardens of Citizenship: Child Saving in Toronto, 1880s-1920s. By Xiaobei Chen. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005This book provides a fascinating history of one of the first child protection agencies in North America, the Toronto...
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Social Work in Health and Mental Health: Issues, Developments and Actions
Social Work in Health and Mental Health: Issues, Developments and Actions. Edited by Tuula Heinonen and Anna Metteri. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press, 2005.While reviewing abstracts for an international conference on social work, health, and mental...
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Vol. 23, No. 1/2, 2006

ONTARIO'S CHILD WELFARE TRANSFORMATION: Another Swing of the Pendulum?
Abstract: Child welfare policy has been likened to a pendulum that shifts between extremes. At one extreme, the pendulum focuses practice on supporting families at the expense of child safety; at the other, it focuses practice on child safety at the...
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An Investigation into Youths' Perceptions of Their Experience of "Wraparound"
Abstract: Five youths whose education was in jeopardy due to multiple suspensions from school were interviewed to evaluate their experiences with a team-based, collaborative program conducted at a small community agency in the Jane/Finch community in...
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OPERATING IN SURVIVAL MODE: Challenges to Implementing Anti-Oppressive Practice in Feminist Social Service Agencies in Toronto
Abstract: Feminist social service agencies face serious challenges to maintaining their commitment to anti-oppression work in the current context of practice. Interviews with practitioners in feminist agencies in Toronto reveal the extent to which a...
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WHAT HELPS OR MAKES IT HARDER?: Influences on Maternal Role Quality in Women Caring for Children with Invisible Disabilities
Abstract: Mothers of children with disabilities receive little particular recognition, as research focuses on "parents." When a child's disabilities are invisible, social workers can underestimate their impact on the mother, as little is known about...
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FROM SOCIAL EQUALITY TO COMPASSION: A Critique of the 2005 CASW Code of Ethics
Abstract: Bob Mullaly recently identified what he saw as a major shift in the 2005 social work Code of Ethics, in that reference to the social ideals of emancipation and humanitarianism had been removed. He interpreted this change as a retreat from the...
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A CRITICALLY REFLECTIVE APPROACH TO EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE: A Sample of School Social Workers
Abstract: Evidence-based practice has emerged as a significant trend in social work generally and within the field of school social work specifically. Generally understood as the effort to direct practitioners to base their interventions upon formal...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: EXPLORING NEW TERRITORIES IN ETHICS AND SOCIAL WORK
ON BEHALF of the Editorial Board of the Canadian Social Work ReviewRevue canadienne de service social, I am pleased to introduce the "Forum," a new section to appear occasionally in the journal to provide social work academics and practitioners space...
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Responding to the South African Child Welfare Crisis
Abstract: The South African child welfare system is struggling to respond effectively to vulnerable children and families. The crisis can be attributed to AIDS, poverty, and violence, all of which have weakened social networks; to the fragmented, discriminatory...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: "BEING IS NOT SYNTACTICAL": Ethics as Intensities
"...the radically contingent presence things have in the moment to moment passage of their happening." (Eamon Grennan, "Snap," New Yorker, July 30, 2001, p.30)THE MOST devastating condemnation of Enlightenment/modernity ever uttered is Nietzsche's depiction...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: THE "BEYOND" OF ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK
I HAVE TRIED for many years to face my demons about whether or not social work is ethically tenable. The persistence of the question, despite my best efforts to "just get on with it," used to embarrass me, but I have come to understand that living with...
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Forum [Invited Papers]: FORWARD TO THE PAST: The 2005 CASW Code of Ethics
IF SOCIAL WORKs espoused values were to be used to formulate a social work vision, the nature and form of that vision would differ depending on whether a conventional or progressive view was used. For the past decade, I have been using the 1994 CASW...
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Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues
Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues. By Sandra Hording. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2006.The motivation and ideology of science is an imperative focus of inquiry for social work, particularly given the discipline's...
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Telling Tales: Living the Effects of Public Policy
Telling Tales: Living the Effects of Public Policy. By Sheila Neysmith, Kate Bezanson and Anne O'Connell. Halifax: Fernwood, 2005.Telling Tales: Living the Effects of Public Policy details the results of the "Speaking Out" project, sponsored by the Caledon...
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Vol. 22, No. 2, 2005

SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE IN CANADA'S OFFICIALLY BILINGUAL PROVINCE: Challenges and Opportunities
Abstract:New Brunswick holds the unique distinction of being Canada's only officially bilingual province. Government services, including social welfare and education, are available to every citizen in either French or English. A research study explored...
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Le Point De Vue De Travailleuses Sociales Sur le Partenariat Entre Les Responsables De Résidences D'accueil et le Réseau De la Santé et Des Services Sociaux Du Québec
Abrégé : Cet article présente les résultats d'une étude exploratoire canadienne portant sur la nature du partenariat vécue entre les responsables de résidences d'accueil destinées aux individus atteints de troubles mentaux graves et le réseau de la santé...
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STORYTELLING CIRCLES: Reflections of Aboriginal Protocols in Research
Abstract:As Aboriginal peoples begin to take control of research within the social services area, many of us are basing our methodologies on Aboriginal world views within an anti-colonial framework. Conventional as well as other Western research methodologies...
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"WE ARE NOT JUST RENT RECEIPTS": Housing, Neighbourhood, and Community Re-Imagined by Formerly Homeless People
Abstract:Research indicates that a significant number of homeless people have experienced several episodes of homelessness. In an effort to learn, from the perspective of those directly affected, how housing and neighbourhoods can meet their needs more...
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Daily Activities and Self-Perceptions about Productivity among Saskatchewan Welfare Recipients
Abstract:The history of social welfare shows longstanding public antipathy against those who rely on social assistance to meet their needs. With welfare comes the stigma of irresponsibility and laziness, labels that have persisted throughout the history...
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Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous and Anti-Oppressive Approaches
Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous and Anti-oppressive Approaches. Edited by Leslie Brown and Susan Strega. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press, 2005.In a seminar room at the University of Victoria, Indigenous scholar Gale Cyr is passionately...
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Beyond Token Change: Breaking the Cycle of Oppression in Institutions
Beyond Token Change: Breaking the Cycle of Oppression in Institutions. By Anne Bishop. Peterborough, ON: Fernwood Books, 2005.Anne Bishop's book, Beyond Token Change: Breaking the Cycle of Oppression in Institutions, is an in-depth analysis of the process...
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Confronting Oppression, Restoring Justice: From Policy Analysis to Social Action/Emerging Perspectives on Anti-Oppressive Practice
Confronting Oppression, Restoring Justice: From Policy Analysis to Social Action. By Katherine van Warmer. Alexandria, VA: Council on Social Work Education, 2004.Emerging Perspectives on Anti-Oppressive Practice. Edited by Wes Shera. Toronto: Canadian...
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