Middle Grades Research Journal

Articles

Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring

Using a Personal Learning Framework to Transform Middle Grades Teaching Practice
In July 2013 the Vermont legislature enacted Act 77, An Act Relating to Encouraging Flexible Pathways to Secondary School Completion, mandating that students in Grades 7-12 develop personalized learning plans (PLPs) that guide them toward high school...
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MIDDLE-SCHOOL TEACHERS' ENACTED BELIEFS: Negotiating the Nonnegotiables of High-Stakes Accountability Policies
Never before has there been such a critical demand for quality teachers and instruction to meet and overcome the barriers and challenges of teaching in our nation's urban highpoverty schools (McKinney, Haberman, Stafford-Johnson, & Robinson, 2008,...
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Reform-Oriented Collaborative Inquiry as a Pedagogy for Student Teaching in Middle School
Three decades of calls for middle level education reform have resulted in a coherent vision often referred to as the "middle school concept" (Arth, Johnston, Lounsbury, Toepfer & Melton, 1985; Association for Middle Level Education [AMLE], 2010,...
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Associations of Teacher Autonomy Support and Structure with Young Adolescents’ Motivation, Engagement, Belonging, and Achievement
Academic motivation, engagement, school belonging, and achievement are shaped by teacher behaviors (Patrick, Ryan, & Kaplan, 2007; Turner, Christensen, Kackar-Cam, Trucano, & Fulmer, 2014; Wang & Eccles, 2013) and are central to understanding...
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Vol. 10, No. 3, Winter

A Graduate Students' Guide to Involvement in the Peer Review Process
Middle Grades Research Journal Editorial Board, 2014IntroductionThe purpose of this document is to provide young scholars who aspire to research or academic careers with the background information necessary to understand the peer review process, and...
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Preface
This final issue of Volume 10 of Middle Grades Research Journal reflects the perennial and multifaceted questions that scholars seek to explore regarding meeting the needs of this important target population. The transition from elementary grades to...
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EXPLORING EIGHTH-GRADE MINORITY AND FEMALE STUDENTS' STATISTICAL LITERACY SKILLS USING TIMSS Do Differences Exist?
INTRODUCTIONIn today's changing world, numbers are a part of everyday life. If we expect our students to be able to read, understand, and make informed decisions about the numbers in which they encounter on a daily basis, a basic understanding of statistics...
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Strengthening Academic Vocabulary with Word Generation Helps Sixth-Grade Students Improve Reading Comprehension
Background and RationaleA prominent yet veiled problem among students in upper elementary, middle school, and high schools is that while they can read (i.e., they can decode words accurately and fluently), many do not understand what they read. It is...
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Scaffolding the Persuasive Writing of Middle School Students
SCAFFOLDING THE PERSUASIVE WRITING OF MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE DECIDE GRAPHIC ORGANIZERThe middle grades are a critical time for students to learn about writing, as a support form of expression. To a far greater degree than...
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MIDDLE GRADES TEACHERS' USE OF MOTIVATIONAL PRACTICES TO SUPPORT: Their Visions and Identities as Middle Grades Educators
Teachers identify motivation as a top concern (Mansfield & Volet, 2010; Turner, Warzon, & Christensen, 2011), but they may be confused when they attempt to connect their classroom experiences with motivation research. The researchers undertook...
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EXAMINING COGNITIVE PREDICTORS OF ACADEMIC CHEATING AMONG URBAN MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS: The Role of Home-School Dissonance
INTRODUCTIONAcademic cheating isa significant international educational quandary that (1) is pervasive from middle school throughout postsecondary education, (2) has many forms, including plagiarism, digital/online cheating, and contract cheating, and...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, Fall

A Graduate Students' Guide to Involvement in the Peer Review Process
IntroductionThe purpose of this document is to provide young scholars who aspire to research or academic careers with the background information necessary to understand the peer review process, and make informed decisions about when and how to become...
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Preface
As this issue of Middle Grades Research Journal goes to press, the general public has been flocking to see the animated film, Inside Out, a tale that captures the emotional turmoil experienced by an 11-year-old girl for whom a geographical move by her...
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STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF READING AND LEARNING IN SOCIAL STUDIES: A Multimethod Approach
Social studies is a content area uniquely suited to literacy instruction because it is heavily text-based and requires advanced literacy skills in order for students to be able to read critically (Monte-Sano, 2011). However, little research has been...
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Exploring Teacher Effects for Mindset Intervention Outcomes in Seventh-Grade Science Classes
The purpose of this study was to examine teacher-related variation in the effects of a classroom intervention designed to impact seventh graders' beliefs about the nature of ability in science as fixed or malleable. This study was the second in a series...
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BENEFITS BEYOND ACHIEVEMENT? A Comparison of Academic Attitudes and School Satisfaction for Adolescent Girls in Single-Gender and Coeducational Classrooms
Educational institutions that cater to females have long been a part of the American education system, but single-gender institutions have historically been found primarily in the private sector (Cable & Spradlin, 2008). However, this changed in...
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Teachers' Evaluations and Use of Web-Based Curriculum Resources in Relation to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics
INTRODUCTIONThe nature and role of mathematics curriculum materials in the United States is shifting, not only because of the transition to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, CCSSM (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices,...
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Effects of the Three-Block Model of Universal Design for Learning on Early and Late Middle School Students' Engagement
Copious research has reported that student engagement is influenced not only by student characteristics but also by what happens at school (Community Health Systems Resource Group, 2005; National Research Council, 2003; Willms, 2003; Willms, Friesen,...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring

A Graduate Students' Guide to Involvement in the Peer Review Process
Middle Grades Research Journal Editorial Board, 2014IntroductionThe purpose of this document is to provide young scholars who aspire to research or academic careers with the background information necessary to understand the peer review process, and...
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Preface
The new publication year, 2015, is the 10th year of publication of the Middle Grades Research Journal. This year will complete a decade of cutting-edge scholarship on diverse topics that characterize research in the middle grades. Researchers interested...
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Comprehensive and Critical Review of Middle Grades Research and Practice 2000-2013
The purpose of this article is to synthesize reports of middle grades educational research and practice from 2000-2013. Given that practice is informed by research and vice versa, it is important to identify current patterns in published research and...
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READING AND TEACHING IN AN URBAN MIDDLE SCHOOL: Preservice Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Field-Based Experiences
INTRODUCTIONIn its report on clinical preparation and partnerships for improved student learning, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (2010) called for field-based experiences that combine content and practice. Further, the National...
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Examining the Effect of Teacher Read-Aloud on Adolescent Attitudes and Learning
Over the past 3 decades, a great deal of attention has been focused on how children learn to read and ways instruction could facilitate maximum growth. This concentration on reading fluency is critical for younger students. Likewise unresolved reading...
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TRANSLATING PEDAGOGIES: Leveraging Students' Heritage Languages in the Literacy Classroom
Thomas was a self-professed "stand and deliver" teacher used to a chalk-and-talk method for delivering literacy instruction in his 8th grade classroom. Though he acknowledged the importance of student interaction and leveraging students' heritage languages...
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ACTIVE LEARNING IN THE MIDDLE GRADES CLASSROOM: Overcoming the Barriers to Implementation
INTRODUCTIONThe Association for Middle Level Education (AMLE) published a critical position paper in 2010, This We Believe: Keys to Educating Young Adolescents. In this publication, AMLE describes a framework containing four essential attributes and...
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FOSTERING A DEVELOPMENTALLY RESPONSIVE MIDDLE-TO-HIGH SCHOOL TRANSITION: The Role of Transition Supports
The middle-to-high school transition is frequently referred to as the most difficult and cumbersome transition in K-12 education (Southern Regional Education Board [SREB], 2002, p. 24). Schiller (1999) defines school transitions as "a process during...
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Vol. 9, No. 3, Winter

A Graduate Students' Guide to Involvement in the Peer Review Process
Middle Grades Research Journal Editorial Board, 2014IntroductionThe purpose of this document is to provide young scholars who aspire to research or academic careers with the background information necessary to understand the peer review process, and...
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STEM: The Education Frontier to Meet 21st Century Challenges
Educators are interested in true or authentic education; hence, STEM education has emerged. The acronym, "STEM," literally stands for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and is being used across diverse fields. Since the word STEM was initially...
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Factors Underlying Middle School Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions about the Ccssm and the Instructional Environment
Across the United States, K-12 schools and postsecondary institutions are rushing to address a need for individuals trained in seience, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Moreover, instead of considering these as four separate content areas,...
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Stem Integration in Mathematics Standards
STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) has been defined differently by various researchers (Capraro, Capraro, & Morgan, 2013; Scott, 2009; Wolf, 2008). STEM education has expanded its national presence through initiatives from the...
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CONSTRUCT VALIDATION OF STUDENT ATTITUDE TOWARD SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS PROJECT-BASED LEARNING: The Case of Korean Middle Grade Students
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)The purpose of this study was to examine student attitudes toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) project-based learning (PBL). Students were offered items within the STEM PBL...
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The Effects of a Mathematical Problem-Solving Intervention on the Errors Made by Middle School Students with and without Learning Disabilities
Over the last decade, the landscape of the workforce has changed dramatically. Particularly in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), job opportunities are increasing even in a time of economic downturn (National Math...
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SURFACING STUDENTS' PRIOR KNOWLEDGE IN MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE CLASSROOMS: Exception or the Rule?
As young adolescents, middle school students undergo rapid developmental changes that have unique implications for their educational needs. This special population also requires crucial guidance to achieve their potential in a dynamic world where social...
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WE, ROBOT: Using Robotics to Promote Collaborative and Mathematics Learning in a Middle School Classroom
Many of the recent calls for education reform from all quarters have insisted that today's students develop 21st century skills. Included in different versions of inventories of these 21st century skills are typically critical thinking and problem solving....
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Using Inquiry Principles of Art to Explore Mathematical Practice Standards
The Challenges We FaceScholarly reports document the ongoing scrutiny of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States (Dautrich, 2009; Hill & Ball, 2005; International Association for the Evaluation of Educational...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall

THE "LITERATURE" OF LITERATURE ANTHOLOGIES: An Examination of Text Types
The Common Core State Standards standards represent literacy skills that students should perform across all content areas using both literary and informational text. These standards particularly emphasize the use of informational text across all content...
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Middle School Students' Perspectives of and Responses to Strategic Revision Instruction
WRITING INSTRUCTION: NEW FOCUS ON AN OLD CHALLENGEThe 2007 and 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress data indicate that a significant percentage of American students struggle with writing. In 2007, only 35% of eighth grade students performed...
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JUST CHILLIN' ON THE QUAD: Middle Grades Students in College
Exposing students to real life college experiences while they are still in middle school may seem like an odd or even outrageous idea, yet when we consider the profound and lasting impact of student achievement and learning at this age, it becomes imperative...
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Measuring the Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Ma Th Performance among First-Generation College-Bound Middle School Students
INTRODUCTIONIn recent years, particular attention has been paid to the postsecondary success of first-generation students-those whose parents did not attend college. The population of college students who fit this description is nontrivial: Approximately...
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AM I A MATHEMATICS TEACHER WHO TEACHES MIDDLE GRADES OR A MIDDLE GRADES TEACHER WHO TEACHES MATHEMATICS? Untangling the Multiple Identities of Preservice Teachers
Many [middle grades mathematics] teachers hold elementary school generalist certification, which typically involves little specific preparation in mathematics. Yet teachers in the middle grades need to know much more mathematics than is required in most...
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Preface
Volume 9, Issue 2, of Middle Grades Research Journal is an "open call" issue that contains the latest research covering a wide range of topics. Open call issues are always exciting to compile, because the middle grades research community is as diverse...
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Graduate Students' Guide to Involvement in the Peer Review Process
Middle Grades Research Journal Editorial Board, 2014IntroductionThe purpose of this document is to provide young scholars who aspire to research or academic careers with the background information necessary to understand the peer review process, and...
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SCHOOL-BASED INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS: Setting the Foundation for Young Adolescents' Belonging in Middle School
The importance of fostering high quality school-based interpersonal relationships for young adolescents (10- to 15-year-olds) is a critical component of a developmentally responsive middle school environment (National Middle School Association, 2010)....
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Investigating Middle School Students' Perceptions of Their Learning Environments through Drawings
School reform efforts in the past decade have focused mainly on legislative mandates and initiatives concerned with assessing teacher, leader, and student effectiveness, teacher and leader preparation programs, and yearly progress benchmarks. The quality...
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GHOST CHILDREN: Invisible Middle Level Students
Teacher educators are tasked with providing meaningful activities for aspiring teachers in the methods classes and during field experiences. My middle level teacher candidates engage in a case study of a ghost child as a field-based activity. You may...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring

INVESTIGATING THE LANGUAGE DEMANDS IN THE COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS A Comparison Study of Standards
Since the publication of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in 2010, educational reform efforts to institute common standards and assessment systems across the states have been moving forward at an ambitious pace. The vast majority of states have...
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LITERACY INTEGRATION THROUGH SEMINARS Teacher and Student Perspectives on Efforts to Nurture Deep Thinking
It has been interesting to work with the other teachers on the project. We talk about texts that we are using. Sometimes I think that sixth graders can't get text that is that difficult but they do. We are asking students to have very adult discussions,...
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Engaging Young Adolescents in School-Based Writing
INTRODUCTIONHow might middle school teachers and schools more appropriately engage early adolescent students in the writing process so that they are motivated and engaged to want to write and write well? We know that education for young adolescents must...
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Visualizing Gender with Fifth Grade Students
In content classes, students talk to teachers visually all the time whether it is in an assignment that integrates the arts, their doodles, and/or the projects they complete that have a visual component. Their visual messages communicate a range of ideas,...
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Preface
According to conventional educational wisdom, students leam to read in the elementary grades and read to leam in the middle grades. This has always been potentially problematic for students who lag in literacy proficiency in the early grades. Over the...
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Introduction to the Special Issue
Guest Editors-On Behalf of the Collaborative for Equity in Literacy Learning at Mount Saint Mary College: Janine K. Bixler, Director; J. David Gallagher; Jane M. Gangi; Matt J. Hollibush; Rebecca R. NormanIt has been argued that a major crisis facing...
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SUPPORTING ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS' WRITING ABILITIES: Exploring Third Spaces
Research on the sociocultural processes of writing and its impact on writing instruction in the middle grades has gained increased attention in educational research (Prior, 2006). Less attention has been devoted to research on writing with middle grade...
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CO-CHARACTERS IN AN IMMIGRATION STORY Sixth-Grade Students' Narrative Interpretations of Literature and Life
Story provides a structure on which to "make sense" of the circumstances, events, and relationships of one's life. Narrative also affords opportunities for interpretation of life; in particular one can examine and negotiate the disparity between what...
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Vol. 8, No. 3, Winter

Preface
Amidst the ongoing rhetoric surrounding school reform and especially in light of the initial implementation of the Common Core State Standards, the key stakeholders in the discourse continue to be the teachers and the students who interact in the middle...
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EFFECTIVE MIDDLE LEVEL TEACHING: Perceptions on the Preparedness of Newly Hired Teachers
This interpretive, exploratory study utilized survey methodology to document middle level principals' perceptions of effective teaching practices and the preparedness of newly hired middle level teachers. The findings suggest that principals' descriptions...
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Service Learning and Its Impact on Middle Level Preservice Teachers' Learning from Field Experiences
This qualitative self-study examines the incorporation of service learning in 2 sections of a middle childhood undergraduate methods course. As a beginning teacher educator, I used self-study to explore the following research questions: (a) How does...
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Schematizing and Processing Informational Texts with Mind Maps in Fifth and Sixth Grade
From the age of 11-13, children start to spend increasingly more time on learning from texts. The need arises to support them in dealing with this text information and engaging them in self-regulated learning (SRL). This study is embedded within the...
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Teamwork Evaluation by Middle Grade Students in Inclusive Classrooms
Teamwork skills are considered essential in a work environment characterized by diversity and interdependence. Consequently, middle grade teachers arrange cooperative learning so students can acquire experience with solving problems in groups. Teachers...
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Persistently Disciplined Urban Students' Experiences of the Middle School Transition and "Getting in Trouble"
Urban middle school students of color are disproportionately subjected to exclusionary discipline, reflecting a discipline gap between White students and students of color. The discipline gap results in negative outcomes similar to those caused by the...
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A MEANS TO AN END: A Middle Level Teacher's Purposes for Using Historical Simulations
Historical simulations are often criticized for being superficial, reinforcing negative stereotypes, and skewing students' view of history. Simulation critics argue if inexperienced teachers implement simulations, they may adversely influence students'...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, Summer

IN MEMORIAM Vincent A. Anfara, Jr. 1952-2013
As this issue of Middle Grades Research Journal goes to press, it is with great sadness that we have learned of the untimely passing of our respected colleague, mentor, and friend, Vincent A. Anfara, Jr. on July 15,2013. Vince was a tireless advocate...
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Preface
This special issue on assessment provides the readership with evidence-based insights on assessment theories and praxes for middle grades level. Each article approaches the assessment phenomenon from a unique perspective, together creating a comprehensive...
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BACK TO THE FUTURE: Reclaiming Effective Mathematics Assessment Strategies
In this article, I describe some efforts initiated about 2 decades ago to reform mathematics assessment. Many, if not most, of those ideas have gradually eroded not only from school practice but also from the knowledge base of current day thinking and...
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MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE ASSESSMENT IN THE TURKISH EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM: An Overview
Changes in the nature of assessment in science and mathematics have led to a profound change in the conceptions of assessment. The change in our understanding of assessment reflected a move toward the greater integration of assessment and learning-away...
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Foreword
As Middle Grades Research Journal continues to grow in scope and outreach, it continues to be our commitment to provide sound and solid research on the many facets of middle grades research. This special issue, Volume 8, Number 2, on assessment presents...
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Using Generalizability Theory as a Framework for Informing Measurement Issues in Middle School Settings
There are situations within middle school settings where measurements of students and teachers are used for high-stakes decisions. For example, student performance is used as an indicator of teacher quality or determines student eligibility for particular...
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HOW MANY CLASSROOM OBSERVATIONS ARE SUFFICIENT?: Empirical Findings in the Context of a Longitudinal Study
One method to investigate classroom quality is for a person to observe what is happening in the classroom. However, this method raises practical and technical concerns such as how many observations to collect, when to collect these observations and who...
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ENSURING TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAM SUCCESS THROUGH FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS: An Overview of the Wisconsin K-12 Energy Education Program
The Wisconsin K-12 Energy Education Program (KEEP) is a statewide education program located in the Midwest of the United States. The goal of the program is to leverage teacher education to improve and increase energy literacy in Wisconsin's K-12 schools...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring

Foreword
Motivation! This special issue of Middle Grades Research Journal tackles the complex problem of motivation in the middle grades. What moves youngsters in the middle grades? Why does the initial enthusiasm of young children falter in the middle grades?...
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INTRODUCTION/EDITORIAL: The Problem of Motivation in the Middle Grades
Everywhere I turn, as a middle school educator, I hear the voices of teachers and administrators telling me the problems they are facing educating our children are less cognitive and more due to motivational factors. "My kids are smart!" they assert,...
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The Relationships among Middle School Students' Motivational Orientations, Learning Strategies, and Academic Achievement
The present study examined the extent to which middle school students' (N=90) learning strategies mediated the relationship between their motivational orientations and academic achievement. Survey data revealed that higher degrees of intrinsic motivation...
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MORE THAN ENJOYMENT: Identifying the Positive Affect Component of Interest That Supports Student Engagement and Achievement
In this article we focus on the widely researched motivational construct, interest, with the aim of identifying the character of positive affect associated with students' interests. There is a well-documented association between interest and students'...
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CARING MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION: Middle School Students' and Teachers' Perspectives
Caring instruction has been shown to support students' engagement with and learning of academic content. Although previous research has shown that caring instruction matters, research is needed that illustrates the nature of caring instruction in a manner...
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Norms for Participation in a Middle School Mathematics Classroom and Its Effect on Student Motivation
In this article we examine how students engage in learning mathematical concepts in the middle grades of an urban public school in the Southwestern United States. In the context of a 3-year National Science Foundation-funded longitudinal study of the...
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MORE THAN MOTIVATION: The Combined Effects of Critical Motivational Variables on Middle School Mathematics Achievement
The role of mathematical interest, identity, utility, self-efficacy, and effort was examined as a set of interdependent factors leading to students' mathematics achievement. A structural equations model, testing a hypothesized structure of motivation...
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Vol. 7, No. 4, Winter

Foreword
What constitutes valid measures of accountability of schools and teacher effectiveness? Certainly, in the wake of No Child Left Behind, accountability has been a buzzword that has permeated discussions in both the professional and public arenas surrounding...
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Preface
While on every front in the field of middle level education there is a heightened response to the need for better education for young adolescents. Perhaps nowhere is it more critical to intervene in the educational cycle than at the point of ensuring...
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FOR THE LOVE OF THE MIDDLE: A Glimpse into Why One Group of Preservice Teachers Chose Middle Grades Education
This article reports on a study that investigated the reasons why one group of secondary education students chose to major in middle school education. Data were collected via interviews and meeting and observational notes with prospective middle school...
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IN THE MIDDLE: Elementary Education Preservice Teachers' Experiences, Efficacy, and Interest in the Education of Young Adolescents
Given the dearth of research on elementary education majors' experiences in middle level endorsement programs (Anderson, 2009), and the shortage of teachers aspiring to work with young adolescents, this case study examined the topic to provide insight...
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A Case Study of Teacher Identity Development in Middle Level Student Teachers
This case study considers the centrality of the Association for Middle Level Education (AMLE), formerly National Middle School Association teacher preparation standards (NMSA, 2006) to the development of teacher identity in middle level student teachers....
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Conceptualizing Developmentally Responsive Teaching in Early Field Experiences
The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to examine case study as a pedagogical tool used to scaffold the conceptualization of developmentally responsive pedagogy for middle level preservice teachers in early field experiences. Child study...
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IN SEARCH OF THE MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHER: Navigating Research, Reality, and Mission
The Middle Level Program at California State University San Marcos is the only middle level teacher credential program in the state of California. The program is based on a set of goals and philosophy of middle grades education, recognizing the developmental...
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Vol. 7, No. 3, Fall

Preface
Volume 7, Number 3 of the Middle Grades Research Journal marks the first official issue edited by the new editorial team that was appointed by the MGRJ Editorial Board and Information Age Publishing within the last year. Dr. Frances R. Spielhagen, editor-in-chief,...
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CARING AND FUN: Fostering an Adolescent-Centered Community within an Interdisciplinary Team
This qualitative case study analyzed how one interdisciplinary team within a large middle school fostered a responsive adolescent-centered community for eighth-grade team students. Data were collected during the spring semester of the 2009 school year...
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A CROSS-CURRICULAR APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF DATA LITERACY IN THE MIDDLE GRADES: The Thinking with Data Project
Data literacy is recognized as a critically important skill in today's society, but thinking with and about data is often ignored in K-12 curricula. The Thinking With Data (TWD) project advocates that data literacy is a skill that should be addressed...
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RESILIENT SCHOOLS: Connections between Districts and Schools
High-performing, at-risk schools are not all equal in the challenges they face and the resources available. This study extends the research on at-risk schools by expanding the definition of at-risk to include risk factors beyond poverty. In addition,...
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College and Career Readiness in the Middle Grades
The development and implementation of a comprehensive and systemic career development program, The Career Institute, provided the mechanism through which one school community addressed students' career development and college readiness needs while also...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, Summer

Editor-in-Chief and and Managing Editor's Preface
We thank Drs. Bogum Yoon and Francine Falk-Ross for their expert work putting together this special theme issue on Multicultural Education in Middle Grades Settings. Each of the four manuscripts included herein addresses school and classroom issues and...
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GUEST EDITORS' INTRODUCTION: Multicultural Education in Middle Grade Settings
Multicultural education has a long history in the United States which was stemmed from the civil rights movements of 1960s. The discussion on race and ethnicity had originally focused on the African American population, and was spearheaded by African...
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STORYLINES: Listening to Immigrant Students, Teachers, and Cultural-Bridge Persons Making Sense of Classroom Interactions
As the number of immigrant students increases in U.S. classrooms, so have the challenges teachers encounter as they seek to be culturally responsive. Framed by multicultural education and sociocultural theory, this qualitative study explored how 8 fifth-grade,...
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CRITICAL PEDAGOGY WITH THE OPPRESSED AND THE OPPRESSORS: Middle School Students Discuss Racism and White Privilege
This article examines what can happen when teachers and students work to create a critical dialogic space, taking up issues of race, culture, and privilege in classroom discussions. The study focuses on middle school students of culturally and economically...
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A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING MULTICULTURAL IDENTITIES: An Investigation of a Middle Level Student's French-Canadian Honduran-American (Mestizo) Identity
This study investigates 1 middle level student of mixed heritage and his siblings as they assimilated and achieved within a small urban community. The main case focuses on 1 adolescent's experiences both in and out of schools. How this middle grade student...
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CONTESTING LANGUAGE ORIENTATIONS: A Critical Multicultural Perspective on Local Language Policy in Two Middle Schools
This article presents findings drawn from the development of an intervention designed to leverage Spanish to improve English reading comprehension. Five teachers and 18 middle school English language learners (ELLs) in 2 urban middle schools participated...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring

Editor-in-Chief Preface
Our first issue of Middle Grades Research Journal for Volume 7 begins with a quantitative study followed by three qualitative studies. Over the past 7 years, our MGRJ editorial office has received 122 quantitative studies for review and 217 qualitative...
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Founding and Managing Editor 'S Announcement
On behalf of the MGRJ Editorial Board and Information Age Publishing, I am pleased to announce appointment of the following members to the editorial staff:Dr. Frances Spielhagen, editor-in-chief; Dr. Robert Capraro, associate editor; Dr. Mary Margaret...
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An Evaluation of Supplemental Reading Instruction for At-Risk Middle School Readers
One middle school's implementation of corrective reading was evaluated for student reading outcomes and treatment fidelity. Findings indicated that sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students made progress in decoding and oral reading fluency over the...
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An Examination of a Gender-Separate Advisory Program
In this qualitative study, the authors examine the advisory program of a Horizon Schools to Watch middle grades school. Horizon Schools to Watch is the Illinois affiliate of the National Forum to Accelerate Middle School Reform national Schools to Watch...
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DEVELOPING PRODUCTIVE DISPOSITIONS DURING SMALL-GROUP WORK IN TWO SIXTH-GRADE MATHEMATICS CLASSROOMS: Teachers' Facilitation Efforts and Students' Self-Reported Benefits
Through this exploratory study, I developed conjectures about classroom conditions that had the potential to support (or not) the development of productive dispositions toward mathematics. To do so, I listened to sixth-grade students' voices about their...
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WHAT SHOULD COUNT AS DATA FOR DATA-DRIVEN INSTRUCTION?: Toward Contextualized Data-Inquiry Models for Teacher Education and Professional Development
This study was designed and conducted in an educational climate in which school and teacher accountability for student learning is increasingly connected to students' performances on standardized tests. The participants in this study, 5 middle school...
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