Studies in Sociology of Science

Articles

Vol. 4, No. 2, June 1

Let the Students Feel the Charisma of Chemical Language: Teaching Strategy Based on Linguistic Intelligence
Linguistic intelligence is one of most widely used in school learning based on Gardner's multiple-intelligence theory. It refers to the capability of effectively using languages and words in oral expression and writing. It shows up in chemical learning...
Read preview Overview
The Selection of Service Model and Development Path of Informationization in Rural Areas: Based on the Data of Chongqing City in China
INTRODUCTION The development of rural informatization is not only the basic way but also a powerful driving-force to develop the modern agriculture, promote agricultural industrialization and increase the income of farmers, e. In the meanwhile,...
Read preview Overview
Study on Chinese Medicine Shouwu Capsules on Immune Function in Athletes
Middle-long distance running training for a long time, large amount of exercise, physical strength overdraft consumption, often easy to cause the immune function, inhibit athletes. This study focuses on the safe, effective, convenient to take the traditional...
Read preview Overview
Grey-Correlative-Degree Analysis of Influencing Factors of Women's Employment in China
INTRODUCTION After the foundation of the New China, China's female labor force participation rate (FLFPR) exceeded other countries and areas a lot (Zhang, 2002). But since the reform and opening to the outside world, controlling for the effects...
Read preview Overview
Science and the Scientific Nature of Research in the Social Sciences
INTRODUCTION The generic term, social sciences, covers most or all the disciplines that have, as their subject matter, the study of society, human behaviour and social relationships. These disciplines are designated social sciences mostly because...
Read preview Overview
The Current Situation of Sudden Natural Disaster Emergency Management of Our Government
By elaborating on the knowledge of sudden natural disasters and emergency management and Wenchuan earthquake relief and the current situation our government in dealing with sudden natural disasters, this paper analysis in sudden natural disaster emergency...
Read preview Overview
Problem and Countermeasure Analysis of Shandong Province Community Service Informatization Construction
The community service informatization mainly refers to establish a community service information network in the city connecting city, district, street and residents' committee, which applying with telephone, fax and computer network information technology,...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 3, No. 4, December 1

Person-Centered Therapy and Older Adults' Self-Esteem: A Pilot Study with Follow-Up
INTRODUCTION The aging of the world population is a phenomenon with biomedical, social, political and psychological implications. Europe is the oldest continent in the world. In 2004, Europeans over 65 were 75 million (Fernandez-Ballesteros, 2007)....
Read preview Overview
Community Perception and Oil Companies Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative in the Niger Delta
INTRODUCTION Environmental degradation in Nigeria's Niger Delta is traceable mostly to the operations of the international oil companies in the region. These operations are related to petroleum resources exploitation to meet global energy needs...
Read preview Overview
The Relationship between Years of Schooling and the Forms of Social Capital: A Study Conducted in an Urban Area, under Sylhet City
INTRODUCTION Social capital is a conceptual extension of human capital, which is itself an abstract notion of physical and financial capital (Smith et al., 1992, p. 77). Human capital consists of skills, talents and knowledge of people which amount...
Read preview Overview
Subjects Study on Rural Eco-Soft Power Construction
The enhancement of the eco-soft power has become the application and sublimation of fully implementing the Scientific Outlook on Development of Building a Harmonious Society. The countryside has been the base of China's economy and society, the whole...
Read preview Overview
Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage: A Violent on the Health of the Girl-Child in Boki Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Female genital mutilation and early marriage constitutes violence against women. It involves the use of or application of force, threat or aggression. Bukie (2003) described it as the use of force or the threat of it to cause emotional,...
Read preview Overview
How to Build Practice Teaching System of Financial Mathematics in Local Universities
Along with our country economic system from planned economy to market economy transition, the securities industry and the rapid development of the insurance industry, financial industry gradually with international practice and participation in international...
Read preview Overview
The Development of Jingdezhen in the View of Cultural Innovation
Culture is the identity of a nation, the blood vessel for continual development of a nation. The seventeenth session of the Communist Party of China held in Beijing in October 2011, the Sixth Plenary Session passed the "CPC Central Committee decision"...
Read preview Overview
Users' Perception of Suitability of Landscape Features of the Lagos Lagoon for Tourism
INTRODUCTION Lagos State was created in May 1967 and 22 percent of its landmass is dominated by lagoons, creeks, rivers and swamps (Oshundeyi & Babarinde, 2003). Due to its location--with Badagry on the west, Lekki in the east, and Lagos Lagoon...
Read preview Overview
Investigation of Current Returned Students' Entrepreneurial Environment in China
Ever since the implementation of the reform and opening-up policy, especially the "Recruitment Program of Global Talents", more and more overseas students decide to return to China to serve the country. Meanwhile, a series of supporting policies have...
Read preview Overview
Science and the Postmodern Challenge
INTRODUCTION The successes of science and its applied version, technology are palpable and evident in the lives of humans today; from medicine and health, agriculture, transportation, communication to engineering. Such phenomenal feats are manifestly...
Read preview Overview
Exploration of Architectural Context from Aesthetics View
I. DEFINITION OF CONTEXT AND CONTEXTUALISM The word context was generated from the field of linguistics. It developed within a specific historical category which contains extremely far-ranging contents. In a narrow sense, context can be understood...
Read preview Overview
Analysis of Cooperation in Undertaking Business between Chinese Software Outsourcing Vendors
INTRODUCTION International market structure of software outsourcing services determines that the majority of Chinese software enterprises are vendors. In previous undertaking activities, Chinese software outsourcing vendors usually took "go it alone"...
Read preview Overview
Construction and Measure of the Evaluation Index System of Regional Soft Power Taking Shandong Province as an Example
INTRODUCTION Nowadays the competition in the world is the competition of comprehensive national strength, which not only includes the strength bout of the economic, political, military, also contains the intense competition of culture, science,...
Read preview Overview
Consideration of "Creation" in Legal Finding-From the Perspective of the Application of Law and the Judicial Power
Legal finding, which limits the free discretion originally, goes to extremes under the deduction of Jurisprudence of Concepts. It is exactly because of this, Teleological Jurisprudence, the Jurisprudence of Interests and Jurisprudence of Free Law etc....
Read preview Overview

Vol. 3, No. 3, September 1

Adjustment and Age through the Eyes of Portuguese and English Community-Dwelling Older Adults
INTRODUCTION The proportional increase of the elderly in the population has emphasized the need for consideration of what it takes to live this phase of life with a sense of quality. Life expectancy for older adults in the UK has reached its highest...
Read preview Overview
The Role of Mass Media in Rural Information System in Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Despite their vaunted objectivity and self-acclaimed commitment to fairness, it can be argued that the Nigerian mass media has over the years, solely neglected the rural areas. The perspective of the Nigeria mass media was, and continues...
Read preview Overview
The Estimation of the Probability of the Twin Crisis Occurrence
INTRODUCTION Since the 1990s, financial crises characterized by the currency crisis and banking crisis existing simultaneously occurred in some countries especially developing countries, and this crisis is called twin crisis or double crisis. As...
Read preview Overview
Simultaneity in the Scientific Enterprise
"We are inclined to think that, with respect to every great addition which has been made to the stock of human knowledge, the case has been similar: that without Copernicus we should have been Copernicans--that without Columbus America would have been...
Read preview Overview
Orality and Medicine: The Efficacy of the Word in the Practice of Therapeutic Cures in Traditional African Medicine
Today in most of our traditional African societies, the practice of medicine or medicinal cures outside orthodox medicine is often associated with witchcraft, necromancy or other derogatory associations that are not worthy of mention in so called civilized...
Read preview Overview
The Effect of Climate Negotiation on Economic Justice in China
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations: AWG-LCA--Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action BASIC--China, India, South Africa and Brazils CDM--Clean Development mechanism CER--Certified emission reduction UNFCCC--United Nations Framework Convention...
Read preview Overview
Methods of Realizing Equal Pay for Equal Work for Temporary Employees in China
INTRODUCTION In recent years, the employment service industry has developed rapidly. As a result, about sixty millions of labors dispatching workers were working at employing units in China in 2011 (1). If considering the labors trusting theirs...
Read preview Overview
Analysis and Critical Review of Rural Development Efforts in Nigeria, 1960-2010
INTRODUCTION Rural development in the world generally and in the third world in particular has assumed the front-burner status since early eighties because governments have realized that except given the seriousness it deserves and closing the gap...
Read preview Overview
A Review of Social Exchange Relationship
INTRODUCTION The relationship between employees and their organization is often described as an exchange relationship (Mowday, Porter & Steers, 1982). The exchange relationship initially refers to a contractual relationship with the purpose...
Read preview Overview
Mobile Phone Usage and Awareness of Health Related Issues among the Male Science Students
INTRODUCTION Cell phones are considered to be one of the most speedily emerging technologies in the human race (Rebello, 2010). By the end of the year 2010, there was a drastic increase in subscription of cell phones in developing countries reaching...
Read preview Overview
War Termination in Sri Lanka
I. COMMUNAL VIOLENCE Most observers have placed the start of the civil war in Sri Lanka as the summer of 1983, after a Sinhalese pogrom against the Tamil population occurred, mostly in the Colombo region. To some degree the anti-Tamil riots were...
Read preview Overview
Imagery Scenery-Innovative Expression of Washing Landscape Painting Photography
The traditional landscape culture with the theory that "man is an integral part of nature" has been deeply absorbed by Chinese people. The love and desire for nature has brought numerous shutterbugs to the team of landscape photography. The value of...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 3, No. 2, June 1

Violence against Women in Ikwerre Ethnic Nationality of Nigeria: Challenges for Gender Equity and Development
INTRODUCTION Violence against women is a term collectively used to refer to violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women basically because of their gender. United Nation General Assembly defines violence against women as...
Read preview Overview
Vandalization of Oil Pipelines in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria and Poverty: An Overview
INTRODUCTION Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and the elevent largest producer in the World, the main stay of Nigeria economy is the petroluem sector. The Niger Delta region has an area of over twenty eight thousand square kilometers,...
Read preview Overview
An Empirical Study on Campus Dwelling Environment Quality in Beijing and Its Influencing Factors
Since universities are the bases of national talents training, their living environment quality would affect students' physical and mental health as well as the society's future development directly. Eco-construction of residential community will be...
Read preview Overview
The Effective Spreading of Soft Power in Chinese Culture
1. CULTURAL TRANSMISSION AND CULTURAL SOFT POWER Cultural ties to a nation's moral ideals and values not only constitute the country's "belief system" and provide the basis of legitimacy for people's social action; they also confirm the identity...
Read preview Overview
The Cogitation on Innovative Talent Common Indicator System Based on Connotation Analysis
1. THE RETHINK ON THE CONNOTATION OF CREATIVE TALENTS Innovative talent is a kind of the talent and qualified by the word "innovation". The author believe that the talent is the people who are prominent and performance significantly in one or some...
Read preview Overview
Study on the Interaction of Enterprise Technological Innovation and Regional Economic Development in China
Inextricably linked to the technological innovation and economic growth, technological innovation leading to economic growth, technological innovation process is the process of economic growth. Currently, humans are experiencing a global revolution...
Read preview Overview
An International Comparison of Regional Education Quality Monitoring Pattern
National Outline for Medium and Long-term Educational Reform and Development in China (2010-2020) indicates that, it is necessary to establish elementary education quality monitoring system, so as to improve the quality of education. Aiming at constructing...
Read preview Overview
The Application and Revelation of Joseph Nye's Soft Power Theory
INTRODUCTION Soft power has already become one significant concept which enjoys attention from all over the world. Joseph, Nye summarizes the soft power into several aspects, "soft power is a kind of ability, which can realize the goal through the...
Read preview Overview
Studies on Enlightenment of China: Haier Group's Transnational Operations to Chinese Enterprise
1. HAIER GROUP INTRODUCTION Haier is the world's fourth largest white goods manufacturers and is also the official home appliances sponsor of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. As of 2007, the Haier Group has established a total of 64 trading companies...
Read preview Overview
The Research on the Soft Power of City Culture
1. THE BASIC CONNOTATION OF THE SOFT POWER OF CITY CULTURE "Soft power" was raised by Joseph S. Nye in the Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power published in 1990, who is the dean of the Harvard Kennedy School and the ex-assistant...
Read preview Overview
Study on the Talent Training Model of Image Design from the Perspective of the Soft Power for Employment
INTRODUCTION Accompanied with the rapid economic and social development and the growth of image design in China, image design major emerged as a kind of art majors, with huge developmental potential. Building and developing the image design major,...
Read preview Overview
Comparative Study on Moderate Scale Management of Agricultural Land in China and Japan
Chinese famers have the tradition of depending directly upon the land and they once created glorious history in their land. In early 1980s, Chinese famers creatively reformed rural land policies--the household contract responsibility system. The household...
Read preview Overview
The Research on Monitor & Law Enforcement Mechanism for Sound Labor Relation in Liaoning Province
1. THE CURRENT SITUATION OF MONITOR & ENFORCING LAW ON LABOR RELATION 1.1 Certain Progress on Work of Monitor & Enforcing Law on Labor Relation Government plays the role of guardian for labor's basic right. On the side of government and...
Read preview Overview
The Effects of Traffic Accidents on the Emergence of Psychological Disorders among Drivers of "3Rd' Category": Private License in Jordan "A Field Research"
INTRODUCTION Traffic accidents are considered modern problems which are causing enormous human and material losses to many people and resulting of them many temporary and permanent injuries and they cause enormous damages to the public and private...
Read preview Overview
Policy Assessment: A Case Study of Rural Tourism, Recreation and Leisure Development in Suburb of Chengdu, China
INTRODUCTION China economy rapid growth leads to a dual-structure of society. There are large prosperous cities meanwhile poor and underdeveloped rural areas. Urban people have more wealth to spend in tourism, recreation and leisure, while the peasants...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 3, No. 1, March 1

Parental Involvement at Home: Analyzing the Influence of Parents' Socioeconomic Status
INTRODUCTION A child's capability to succeed in school depends on how successfully the child is managed by his/her parents in the home environment. It is an environment where the child learns the skills, attitudes and behaviour which could mould...
Read preview Overview
Review on the Development of Underground Shopping Mall in China
INTRODUCTION With ease of international relations and boost of comprehensive national strength, the guiding principle for utilization of underground space has taken shape to combine the demand in peace and in war, and benefit common people. In recent...
Read preview Overview
Steroid Use, Football, and Catastrophic Injuries: The Paradox of Performance-Enhancing Drug Use
INTRODUCTION Two recent cases have gained significant media attention pertaining to performance-enhancing drug use in Canadian football. First, the University of Waterloo football program in Canada was suspended for the 20102011 season following...
Read preview Overview
Evaluation Framework and Model of Oil Industry's International Competitiveness
INTRODUCTION Oil industry is one key industry in the world which includes oil exploration, extraction, refining, gathering & transportation (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing petroleum products. The largest volume products of...
Read preview Overview
Soft Power and Development Strategy of College Sports Association in China
INTRODUCTION As the reform of college physical education in China is being further deepened, especially due to the introduction of the guiding ideology "Quality education, health first" and the implementation of Sunshine Sports project, the traditional...
Read preview Overview
Nutritional and Psychological Implications of Low Micro-Nutrient Status of Pregnant Women in Imo State, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Micro-nutrient malnutrition has become a global problem of immense proportions (ACC/SCN, 1992). Deficiency of iron, vitamin A and iodine is associated with increased mortality rates amongst most poor women, infants and children. It...
Read preview Overview
Investigation on Qingdao, China Public Physical Fitness Activities and Skills
More than ten years effective application of Chinese national fitness program has made public's awareness of fitness popular. Health has become the most basic requirement for the public. The concept of health does not only mean physical health, but...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 2, No. 2, December 1

Current Research Situation of Chinese Psychological Health over Recent Twenty Years
FOREWORD Psychological health is one important part of individuals' whole health, which plays an important role in individuals' health and diseases. At the same time, it's the specific manifestation of individuals' good psychological health. Recently,...
Read preview Overview
The Role of Cultural Creative Industry in the Process of the City Development: The Case of Jingdezhen
The establishment of cities results from the survival and development of human society; The city is the long-term survival of human society development product, is the symbol of human civilization and the carrier of culture. During the process of urban...
Read preview Overview
On the Soft Power of Sci-Tech Culture and Paths to Improve It
According to the view of Joseph Nye, economy, sci-tech, and military affairs belong to the category of "hard power", while "soft power" includes culture, values, social systems, ideologies and so on. His partition between hard power and soft power...
Read preview Overview
Studies to Chinese College Music Education Management Reform and Development of Countermeasures
1. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF COLLEGE MUSIC EDUCATION AND MANAGEMENT RESEARCH Professional music education management has different unique compare with and the general management or general music education, regardless of education or management sector,...
Read preview Overview
Environmental Influences of Flooding on Urban Growth and Development of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Over the years, environmental degradation has been a source of concern to many nations because of the huge amount of expenditure on its resultant effects. (Ebisemiju, 1993). Thus, it is also of concern because, the huge expenditure...
Read preview Overview
The Comprehensive Evaluation on the Capabilities of the Offensive and Defensive Skill of the Top 16 Teams of the 2010 Men's FIBA World Championship
The World men's Basketball Championship organized by the FIBA is one of the highest level basketball match in the world. Making research on the attack and defense ability of the FIBA World Men's Championship top 16 teams will be very helpful to know...
Read preview Overview
Wicked Wisdoms: Illuminations of Conceptual Capacities among Local Leaders of the Yellowstone River
INTRODUCTION The management of the Yellowstone River's resources is complex. As a physical system, the river traverses well over 600 miles of the western United States, and its mechanics are varied and complicated. The river hosts a variety of biotic...
Read preview Overview
Tracing the 'Messy' History of Forensic DNA Analysis in Canada
"DNA identification methods have been controversial from the very beginning, not just for social and legal reasons, but for scientific ones" (Gerlach, 2004, p.41). The history of scientific controversy surrounding forensic DNA analysis in the Canadian...
Read preview Overview
Fragrance of Deliverance in the Slough of Agony in George Bernard Shaw's the Devil's Disciple
INTRODUCTION This study begins with a concise look at Shaw's endless interest in criticism of his contemporary drama and society, which is followed by a close scrutiny of the play through the concept of deliverance; finally, it arrives at its conclusion...
Read preview Overview
The Management of Current Traffic Congestion Status during the Urbanization Development in Guiyang
This concept of urbanization was early put forward by Spanish engineer A. Serda in Basic Theory for Urbanization in 1867, and now is widely applied in the world. The urbanization process which characterized as the population gathering to the town and...
Read preview Overview
Analysis of Income Urban-Rural Gap of Guizhou Province in the Condition of Dualization
INTRODUCTION Since the implementation of reform and opening policy in China, China's economy has developed in all aspects. Due to the urban-rural dual structure of the economy, the gaps of urban-rural income, labor productivity, living standard,...
Read preview Overview
In-Service Science Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge
INTRODUCTION The age of global change need more effective instruction, not only student make themselves to supported this age, but also teachers should be reacted their knowledge in the complexity. Key aspects of the complexity are widely used term...
Read preview Overview
Yin-Yang Theory and Globalization
The paper is based on the discourse of the I Ching, or the Book of Changes, to think about international relations from the oriental perspective. It's both a Chinese divination system as well as a classical philosophy based on the yin-yang (negative-positive)...
Read preview Overview
Application of Gravity Model: Measurement of International Competitiveness of Trade in Services
1.THE ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING TRADE COMPETITIVE INDEX Reviewing the studies of trade competition, two indexes are usually applied. One is Revealed Comparative Advantage Indices (RCA), and the other is Trade Special Coefficient (TSC). 1.1 RCA...
Read preview Overview
An Analysis of Procedure in Selection of Representatives from Hearings: Take the Price Hearing in Z City as Case
INTRODUCTION Public policy is formulated to deal with or resolve public issues or a public goal. It is established "policy" for "public" and the goal is to serve the public interest. Effective public participation is not only a measure of orientation...
Read preview Overview
Evaluation of Leadership and Employee Commitment to Work in Nigeria Bottling Company
INTRODUCTION Organization is a social setup, which has a boundary that separates it from its environment, pursues its own collective goals, and controls its own performance (Hicks and Gullet, 1975). In a formal organization, interactions are rationally...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 2, No. 1, June 1

The Practical Problems and Progress of Western Mainstream Sex Education Models
Currently, sex education has attracted widespread attention around the world, and most western countries have formed their own distinctive education models. Among the wide variety of education models, there are greater differences between "Comprehensive...
Read preview Overview
The Nigerian University System and the Challenges of Capacity Building in a Globalized Economy
INTRODUCTION The issue and influences of globalization have challenged and re-ordered relations and world economy to the extent that the weak systems have remained bemoaned watching helplessly at the scientific speed with which water passes under...
Read preview Overview
Error Analysis of Sampling Frame in Sample Survey
Sample survey is the process of observing, describing, and analyzing a sample of units drawn randomly from the survey population to draw an inference. In sample surveys, the sampling frame is a major component in the entire sampling design, and it...
Read preview Overview
Habitus and Utopia in Science: Bourdieu, Mannheim, and the Role of Specialties in the Scientific Field
Pierre Bourdieu (1975, 2004) has claimed that his concept of the scientific habitus resolves the objectivism/constructivism debate in the sociology of science. While institutional norms require that scientists maintain a disinterested attitude (Merton,...
Read preview Overview
The Basic Rules of Marxist Philosophy Say "No" to the Long-Standing English Teaching: Taking China's Large-Scale English Teaching for Example
INTRODUCTION Ever since China's English teaching started, the English teaching and learning in the primary and middle schools and universities has focused on the written language (letters, words consisting of letters, sentences and texts). However,...
Read preview Overview
By Election in Malaysia: A Study of Voting Trends in Kedah
1. INTRODUCTION Bukit Selambau was near to Sungai Petani. It was a normal area, with wide open spaces, and agricultural landmarks such as small farms owned by local residents. The composition of races was balanced; not one race was more dominant...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 1, No. 1, June 1

Philosophical Reflections on "Low Carbon"
1. THE STATUS OF HUMAN BEINGS IN THE ENVIRONMENT Environment refers to the surrounding conditions. The contents of the environment are different among different objects and different subjects. From a macroscopic point of environmental protection,...
Read preview Overview
Perceived Impact of the National Health Insurance Schemes (NHIS) among Registered Staff in Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State Nigeria
INTRODUCTION The importance of a healthy worker to private and public organizations cannot be overemphasized. A healthy population makes a healthy nation and workforce upon which the realization of corporate objectives of organizations largely depends....
Read preview Overview
Food Safety and Hyienic Practices of Street Food Vendors in Owerri, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION Street foods are ready-to-eat foods and beverages prepared and/or sold by vendors, especially on streets and other public places (Muleta and Ashenafi 2001). There is a noticeable increase of food vendors in Owerri, capital city of Imo...
Read preview Overview
(BIO)technological Images about Human Self-Construction on Spain Context: A Preliminar Study
INTRODUCTION Along history of human thought, technology3 has been studied bearing in mind that it was a mere tool to transform reality. With the passing of time and, above all, nowadays, technology has been considered more important than it used...
Read preview Overview
Communication Skills of Practicing Pharmacists and Pharmacy Students
1. INTRODUCTION A graduate's ability to communicate effectively can greatly affect their career development in the future workplace (Ena et al., 2010). Communication in the area of health is consistently a central concern for policy makers, economists,...
Read preview Overview
Toward a Determination of Adolescent Age-Graded Differences in Predictors of Cigarette Initiation
INTRODUCTION Cigarette smoking by people of all ages is an issue that warrants monitoring; however, smoking among youth should be approached with considerably more concern. Although a statistically normative behavior, the initiation and use of cigarettes...
Read preview Overview
The Paradox of Open Space Ballot Initiatives in the American West: A New West-Old West Phenomenon?
INTRODUCTION The use of local direct ballot initiatives to preserve open space is a burgeoning yet paradoxical phenomenon in the American West. These local land conservation initiatives propose to raise taxes (sales, property) or issue bonds in...
Read preview Overview
Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.