Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy

Policy journal focusing on energy, environment, economic development, and science and technology.

Articles from Vol. 15, No. 1, Spring

Agents of Death
Unchecked proliferation of modern chemical and biological weapons may radically alter the terms of warfare. Since the end of World War II, the debate over proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has been dominated by discussions of nuclear...
Anytime, Anyplace Learning
As teachers and students turn to the Internet, distance learning is dismantling classroom walls across America. Few educational innovations in recent years have caught the interest of educational policymakers like distance learning. State-sponsored...
A Stem Cell Primer
What exactly are stem cells, which hold such great promise for advances in human health care, and how are they derived? Recent reports on the isolation and successful culturing of the first human embryonic stem cell lines have generated great excitement...
Banking on the Future
The choices made about the collection, storage, and use of umbilical cord blood raise complex ethical issues. The emergence of new biomedical technologies that promise to improve or prolong life naturally sparks tremendous excitement. However, before...
Communities as Curricula
Efforts to prepare students for the real world shouldn't ignore the learning environment that lies just beyond the schoolhouse gate. In The Rise and Fall of the American Teenager, Thomas Hine argues that the educational format found in most U.S....
Empowerment or Danger
We can now diagnose genetic disorders in a petri dish, but increased knowledge doesn't always bring increased wisdom. In recent years, the options available to prospective parents have blossomed. Increasingly powerful diagnostic methods and new...
Engines of Growth
Rural community colleges are continuing to reinvent themselves in the face of changing demands and lagging support. Focused as they are on the students, businesses and problems of their particular locales, rural community colleges around the nation...
Environmental Aftermath in Kosovo
An inspection of post-conflict Yugoslavia reveals underlying environmental problems that need attention. During the 1999 NATO bombing campaign of Yugoslavia, conflicting reports emerged in the media concerning environmental damages from the campaign....
Ethics and Embryos
Consensus on the use of human embryonic stem cells may be impossible, but all voices need to be heard in the deliberations. On November 5, 1998, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the University of Wisconsin announced they had succeeded in establishing...
Grave New World
The United States may be overrating the threat of terrorism, which remains a weapon of the weak. Terrorism traces a history at least as old as the revolutionary anarchist movement that swept across Europe during the 19th century. However, only in...
INSIGHTS Interstate II
A system of high-speed rail lines as part of a larger intermodal network can do for the 21st century what the interstate system did for the last half of the 20th century. Forty-six years ago, America embarked on construction of the Interstate high...
Linking School-to-Work and Rural Development
School-to-work initiatives can be an important policy tool for rural development. In 1994, President Clinton signed the School-to-Work Opportunities Act to help states better prepare their students for entering the workforce. Too often, youths just...
No Patents on Life
Patents on genetic information have little to do with the public good and much to do with private greed. Most people assume that their bodies are their own--and no one else's. They assume that their blood is theirs, unless they care to donate some...
Open Sesame
Congress must establish boundaries to protect privacy and promote ethical uses of new genetic information. At the turn of the millennium, we are witnessing the dawn of a new age in science and technology. Advances and discoveries are escalating...
Partners in Rural Education
Education services agencies can be the saviors of rural school systems throughout the nation. The nation's education system is undergoing a massive overhaul, and our their urban counterparts, are facing the most comprehensive and daunting improvement...
Patent Pending
Coal mining was a mortally dangerous profession 200 years ago. Apart from poisonous gas, falling rock, and black lung, there was the ever present threat of explosion. The open-flamed lamps of miners occasionally encountered firedamp--a mixture of methane...
Reading, 'Riting, and Rural Development
Concerns about how to encourage rural development in this country date back at least to the beginning of the past century when President Theodore Roosevelt appointed his Country Life Commission. "The social and economic institutions of the open country...
Scarcity and Conflict
In the future, violent conflict fueled by scarce resources may spread beyond the borders of impoverished countries. It is easy for the billion-odd people living in rich countries to forget that the wellbeing of about half the world's population...
The Age of Angst
The failure of Congress to ratify the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1999 signals to the world that resolution of the nuclear threat remains an elusive goal. Meanwhile, there are new menaces afoot. Chemical and biological weapons, for example, are not...
The Challenge Ahead for Rural Schools
America rural schools are performing as well as their urban counterparts, but much remains to be done if we hope to make our rural education system one of the best in the world. Arural renaissance in the 1990s has refocused attention on schools...
The Costly Remedy
Support for sanctions enforcement must not compromise overall military preparedness. America's affinity for economic sanctions evolved from the human price paid to advance foreign policy by military means in World War I. Since 1918, strategists...
The Genie in the Petri Dish
Biotechnological advances are rapidly changing how we think about human life. But the race for new genetic information opens a Pandora's box of social, political, and ethical quandaries. Who has the right to such information? How can we balance...
Whistling in the Wind
Patents on genetic research are a reality. It's time to reframe the debate. Newspapers and popular magazines alike seem to fall over themselves labeling the 21st century as the biotech century. Media pundits point to the great benefits in health...
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