Agricultural Economics Review

Provides a forum for the exchange and dissemination of ideas among scientists in order to encourage the development of theoretical and applied research in the field of agricultural economics.

Articles

Vol. 14, No. 2, 2013

Analysis of Pesticide Application and Applicator's Training Level in Greenhouse Farms in Galicia, Spain
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to determine whether training level affects the safe use of pesticides amongst pesticide applicators of Galician greenhouse farms (Spain). The relationship between pesticide applicator training and safe use of pesticides...
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Efficiency and Productivity Change in the Greek Dairy Industry
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to measure the efficiency and the productivity change of Greek dairy firms, using non parametric approaches. This assessment is being achieved by the computation of the CRS and the VRS DEA models, the context dependent...
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Investigating the Price Transmission Mechanism of the Greek Fresh Tomato Market with a Markov Switching Vector Error Correction Model
AbstractThe present study investigates the price transmission mechanism between producer and consumer prices in the Greek fresh tomato market, using monthly price data from January 1995 to May 2011. The estimation is carried out by applying a Markov...
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Quality Perception of PDO Extra-Virgin Olive Oil: Which Attributes Most Influence Italian Consumers?
AbstractGiven the regional dimension has become an extremely widespread concern in recent investigations of agro-food economics, this study aims at detecting extra-virgin olive oil's main attributes through a qualitative analysis of consumer behaviour...
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Production and Off-Farm Employment Decisions of Greek and Hungarian Farmers in the Light of the Last CAP Reform
AbstractUsing field survey data from Hungarian and Greek farmers, an evaluation was attempted of their perceptions and intentions concerning the last major CAP reform. In particular farmers ' future intentions concerning their farm investments, crop...
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Supply Response in Rainfed Agriculture of Odisha, Eastern India: A Vector Error Correction Approach
AbstractThis paper provides an empirical investigation of supply response in case of rice in rainfed agriculture of Odisha. A composite weather index, instead of rainfall has been incorporated in the model to monitor farmers ' supply response to weather....
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Vol. 14, No. 1, 2013

US Cotton Exports and Bilateral Exchange Rates
AbstractThis paper compares the sensitivity of US cotton exports to the bilateral exchange rate for three Asian textile producers with a long series of yearly data from 1978 to 2010. The model of the cotton market includes an alternate supply, US production...
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Factors Affecting PC and Internet Usage by the Rural Population of Cyprus
AbstractIt is widely accepted that the usage of the personal computer and the Internet can improve efficiency in the agricultural sector. Despite the fact that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have evolved rapidly, the farmers are lagging...
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Innovation, Parallel Shifts of Supply, and Welfare
AbstractThis article examines the impact of parallel supply shifts that cause supply to transition from elastic to inelastic on consumer, producer, and total surplus. We show that parallel rightward shifts of the supply curve cause consumer surplus and...
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Determinants of Cherry Production and Marketing in Pakistan: A Propensity Score Matching Approach
AbstractIn the current study determinants of cherry production and marketing in Pakistan are estimated. For the study cross sectional data set of 60 cherry producers was collected from Kalat and Ziarat districts of the Balochistan province. The analysis...
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An Econometric Analysis of Determinants of Climate Change Attitudes and Behaviour in Greece and Great Britain
AbstractThis study examines the impact of some main determinants of environmental behaviour, a priori identified in the scientific literature, on the Greek and British citizens' perceptions about environmental protection and their actions to fight climate...
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A Tool for Uniform Classification and Analyses of Budgetary Support to Agriculture for the EU Accession Countries
AbstractAllowing for the comparison of agricultural policies among countries and supporting the European integration process, a methodological tool was developed called the APM (Agri-Policy Measures tool). The tool enables the cross country qualitative...
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Segmenting Albanian Consumers According to Olive Oil Quality Perception and Purchasing Habits
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to analyze consumer purchasing behaviour and preference for olive oil, in the Albanian context of a weakly enforced public and private quality assurance system. A consumer survey was administered at retail outlets...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, 2012

Factors Affect Chinese Producers' Adoption of a New Production Technology: Survey Results from Chinese Fruits Producers
AbstractThis study develops an expected utility model to examine Chinese fruit farmers' adoption of a newly introduced production technology, the artisan fruit production technique. We analyzed a three-stage adoption process and examined factors influencing...
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Non-Tariff Measures in the European Union: Evidence from the Agri-Food Sector
AbstractDespite EU regulatory harmonisation and the principle of mutual recognition, Non-Tariff Measures in cross-border trade of agri-food products often violate the EU acquis on the free movement of goods. This paper assesses the pervasiveness and...
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Exchange Rate and Turkish Agricultural Trade Balance with EU (15)
AbstractThis paper investigates the short-run and long-run impact of exchange rate on the trade balance of Turkish Agriculture with EU (15) countries. The bounds testing approach to the cointegration and the error correction modeling is employed. A new...
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Requirements towards and Discrimination against Agricultural Workers - Evidence from a Discrete Choice Experiment among East German Farms
AbstractUsing a discrete choice experiment on the basis of stated preference data from East Germany, attributes of workers are evaluated. Relevant attributes for the experiment were derived from earlier studies and a vocational classification system....
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US Pork and China Trade in a Specific Factors Model
AbstractTrade with China affects US outputs and factor prices, gauged in the present paper with an applied specific factors model of production focused on pork production. Capital returns closely mirror price changes in the comparative static adjustments....
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Estimating Input Allocation from Heterogeneous Data Sources: A Comparison of Alternative Estimation Approaches
AbstractThis paper proposes the use of the Generalized Maximum Entropy (GME) method to estimate input allocation in multi-crop systems using heterogeneous data sources (farm accountancy data and cropping practices survey data). The aim is to explore...
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Factors Affecting Use and Understanding of Nutrition Information on Food Labels: Evidences from Consumers
AbstractIn the past few years, Europe has experienced an increase in several chronic diseases linked to dietary and lifestyle factors. In particular obesity is increasing at an alarming rate all over Europe, while warnings about it have intensified....
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Vol. 13, No. 1, 2012

The Demand for Crop Insurance: Combined Approaches for France and Italy
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to understand which factors affect crop insurance decision in France and in Italy. These neighbor countries are characterized by a changing insurance system from a public fund to private policies which are highly subsidized....
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Factors Affecting the Situation of Economically Weak Farms in Switzerland
AbstractData from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) over the period 2005 to 2010 were used to determine the factors that contribute to the financial performance of economically weak farms in Switzerland. The study analyses the economic performance...
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Irrigation Water Use Efficiency in Collective Irrigated Schemes of Tunisia: Determinants and Potential Irrigation Cost Reduction
AbstractThis study aims to measure the farm specific irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE), through non parametric DEA model; and to evaluate the potential irrigation cost reductions and the main factors causing variations in IWUE among a sample of...
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Investigating Market Structure of the Greek Food and Beverages Manufacturing Industry: A Hall-Roeger Approach
AbstractThis paper investigates the market structure of the Greek food and beverages manufacturing industry over the period 1984-2007 at the three-digit SIC level. Based on the Hall-Roeger approach (1995), three models are used to investigate the competitive...
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Technical Efficiency and Productivity Differentials of Dairy Farms in Three EU Countries: The Role of CAP Subsidies
AbstractThe impact of EU agricultural support policies on farms' economic performance is an interesting issue for policy makers. The objective of this paper is to investigate technical efficiency and technical efficiency change of specialized German,...
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Do Differences in Technical Efficiency Explain the Adoption Rate of HYV Rice? Evidence from Bangladesh
AbstractThis paper estimates the technical efficiency of traditional variety (TV) and high-yielding-variety (HYV) rice producers in Bangladesh as well as explores the determinants of HYV rice adoption in a survey data from 360 farmers for the 2008/09...
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Estimating Utility Functions of Greek Dairy Sheep Farmers: A Multicriteria Mathematical Programming Approach
AbstractMathematical programming models are commonly used to approach decision making in livestock farms. The majority of these models assume gross margin maximisation as the sole objective of farmers. In this study an alternative multicriteria model...
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Vol. 12, No. 2, 2011

Spatial Price Competition between Cooperatives under Hotelling - Smithies Conjectures
AbstractThe predictions of spatial competition models with regard to the choice of pricing policies are known to be sensitive to the underlying assumptions. To investigate the role of the behavioral assumption the present paper considers a spatial competition...
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Intra-Industry Trade in Agricultural Products at Intra-EC Level: The Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Funds
AbstractThis paper aims at specifying the main determinants of the intra-industry trade in agricultural products, associated with the funds of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the EC, and more precisely, with its "price support mechanism" and...
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Impacts of Flatter Rates and Environmental Top-Ups in Greece: A Novel Mathematical Modeling Approach
AbstractThis paper examines evolutions of the Common Agricultural Policy decoupling regime and their impacts on Greek arable agriculture. Policy analysis is performed by means of mathematical programming tools. Taking into account increasing uncertainty,...
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Response of Cotton to Oil Price Shocks
AbstractThis paper shows that the response of cotton prices in the U.S. to fluctuations in oil prices in the international market may differ greatly depending on whether the increase is driven by demand or supply shocks in the crude oil market. In the...
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Employment Effects of Private Investment Initiatives in Rural Areas of Southern Europe: A Regional SAM Approach
AbstractThe paper examines issues related to the employment effects of financial investmentincentives provided to SMEs in a lagging rural area in Southern Europe. A regional SAM is built to portray the structural characteristics of the local economy,...
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Estimating Technical Efficiency, Input Substitution and Complementary Effects Using Output Distance Function: A Study of Cassava Production in Nigeria
AbstractIn this study, we estimate an output distance function in the context of a multi-output and multi-input production technology by stochastic frontier techniques. Unbalanced panel data for smallholder farms that grown cassava and other crops in...
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The Role of PDO/PGI Labelling in Italian Consumers' Food Choices
AbstractThe ability of Italian consumers to recognize and distinguish food products protected by the European Union denomination of origin trademarks PDO and PGI through the information provided on the label was explored with 400 face-to-face interviews...
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Estimating the Effects of Single Farm Payments on Multi-Output Agricultural Production Function
AbstractThis study has evaluated impacts of the Single Farm Payment. It used a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model calibrated on Scottish data and focussed on a multi-output agricultural production function. Simulation results from a standard...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, 2011

Multicriteria Analysis for Environmental Assessment of Agri-Environment Schemes: How to Use Partial Information from Mid-Term Evaluations?
AbstractThis paper addresses how environmental indicators and multicriteria methodologies can support evaluation of the environmental performance of EU agri-environment schemes (AESs). Prominent evaluation issues and problems concerning AES are discussed,...
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Quality and Double Sided Moral Hazard in Share Contracts
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to analyze the effect of linear sharing contracts when downstream retail prices are used for compensation in a context of imperfect information about food quality. Such outcome-sharing through retail price contracts...
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Supply of Money and Food Prices: The Case of Greece
AbstractRelationships between monetary variables and price indices continue always to be the subject of research interest and studies. This paper examines the relationship between money supply and retail food prices in Greece, using individual time series...
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Environmental Regulation and Productivity: A Data Envelopment Analysis for Swiss Dairy Farms
AbstractWe propose a test of the Porter hypothesis for Swiss dairy farms, using a data envelopment analysis allowing for inclusion of policy variables to account for the effects of environmental policy on farm performance. It was found that on average,...
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Consuming Rural Development Policies: Are There Gender Differences in Italian Agriculture?
AbstractRecent rural development policies aim at stimulating a new paradigm of rural development, with a new role for agricultural activities. A completely renewed set of opportunities is available for farms that, if well exploited, could be a relevant...
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Vertical and Horizontal Decomposition of Farm Income Inequality in Greece
AbstractPolicy makers intervene in agriculture aiming to achieve a wide range of socioeconomic objectives, one of which is concerned with the improvement of farm income. Despite continuous reforms in agricultural policies, concern about inequality remains...
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An Input-Output Approach in Assessing the CAP Reform Impact of Extensive versus Intensive Farming Systems on Rural Development: The Case of Greece
AbstractThis paper analyses the role of the extensive versus the intensive farming systems in the regional economy of a Greek rural area, Trikala, and assesses the impact of the shift of land resources from intensive to extensive systems, due to CAP...
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Parametric Estimation of Technical and Scale Efficiencies in Italian Citrus Farming
AbstractRay (1998) has proposed a model for estimating scale efficiency using a parametric approach. Following this methodology, a scale efficiency measure is obtained from the estimated parameters of the production frontier function and from the estimated...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, 2009

Consumers' Stated Choices versus Purchasing Desires: Case of Hawaii1 Food Baskets
AbstractThis article uses a case study involving Hawaii food baskets to show that although a choice based conjoint experiment can elicit respondents ' most preferred alternative, this "preferred" option may not be one that respondents are willing to...
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Efficiency of Scottish Farms: A Stochastic Cost Frontier Analysis1
AbstractIn this paper the relative cost efficiency of Scottish farms is determined, and variables that explain this efficiency by farm type are identified and implications discussed. A panel dataset from the Farm Accounts Scheme (FAS) survey for the...
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Quality Perception of PDO Beef Producers*
AbstractFood quality from a consumer perspective includes sanitary aspects as well as nutrition, but also taste, aspect, integrity and the particularity of products. But quality at the consumer level can only be achieved if quality is respected throughout...
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Are Food Price Differences in EU Member States a Result of the Penn Effect?
AbstractPanel data from 14 EU member states and non parametric techniques are used in this paper to investigate the relationship between food prices and real per capita incomes. The empirical results suggest that the Penn Effect largely holds for Total...
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Efficiency Estimates for the Agricultural Production in Vietnam: A Comparison of Parametric and Non-Parametric Approaches
AbstractThis paper uses both parametric and non-parametric approaches to estimate technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies for the agriculture production in sixty provinces of Vietnam in the period 1990-2005. Under different technology specifications,...
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Enlargement of the European Union: A Movement towards the Optimal Trade Bloc Size?
AbstractThis paper analyses how the enlargement of a trade bloc will affect national welfare. We establish a partial equilibrium model of a trade bloc either operating as a monopoly with a competitive fringe or facing a duopolistic game in production...
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The Impact of Socio-Demographic Factors and Political Perceptions on Consumer Attitudes towards Genetically Modified Foods: An Econometric Investigation
AbstractThis survey-based paper investigates the impact of socio-demographic factors, along with political perceptions, as expressed by attitudes towards globalization, on consumer attitudes towards GM foods, in Greece. Different aspects of consumer...
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Agricultural Producer Support Policy in Iran and Selected Countries
AbstractAgricultural policies in Iran have aimed at achieving self-sufficiency in food productions through the government various policies. The aim of this paper is to examine the current level of protection which may exist in agricultural sector in...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, 2009

The Normative Efficiency Ranking of Output and Export Subsidies under Costly and Imperfect Enforcement
AbstractThis paper builds on the literature on agricultural policy analysis under costly and imperfect enforcement by analyzing the effect of enforcement costs and noncompliance on the relative transfer efficiency of output and export subsidies. Analytical...
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A Dynamic Characterization of Efficiency
AbstractThe definition and measurement of dynamic economic performance has been addressed obliquely in the literature with the notions of scope economies and capacity utilization measures, but little work has focused on develop the static theory analogs...
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International Consumption Patterns for Proteins and Fats: Intra-Distributional Mobility and the Role of Income Elasticity
AbstractStochastic kernels are used in this paper to investigate intra-distribution dynamics in the world per capita intakes of proteins and fats. The analysis of actual transitions over the last 40 years indicates that lagging countries improved their...
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Parametric Measurement of Time-Varying Technical Inefficiency: Results from Competing Models
AbstractThis paper provides an empirical comparison of time-varying technical inefficiency measures obtained from the econometric estimation of different specifications of the stochastic production frontier model. Specifically, ten different frontier...
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Understanding the Adoption of Cotton Biotechnologies in the US: Firm Level Evidence
AbstractBy most measures, adoption of first generation crop biotechnologies in the United States and elsewhere has been extremely fast. Yet, only modest research effort has been devoted to understanding why producers in different parts of the world have...
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A Survey of Greek Agricultural E-Markets
AbstractThe role that information technology plays in today's business activities has led to an increase in firms using and/or deploying e-markets online. This development undoubtedly affects the agri-food sector, since a large number of agricultural...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, 2008

Manager Power, Member Behavior and Capital Structure: Portuguese Douro Wine Cooperatives
AbstractLeverage is one of the most important financial factors to the survival and viability of agricultural cooperatives (e.g., wine cooperatives) during a period of intense competition. Leverage is influenced both by the behavior of managers and cooperative...
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Stewardship and Risk: An Empirically Grounded Theory of Organic Fish Farming in Scotland
AbstractIt has long been assumed ownership gives farmers incentives to act as stewards of the land. On this basis, quasi-property rights are granted to fish farmers to encourage them to manage risks to the aquatic environment.This paper offers an empirically...
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The Balassa-Samuelson Productivity Bias Hypothesis: Further Evidence Using Panel Data
AbstractUsing panel data for fifty-nine industrialized and developing countries, this paper examines the Balassa-Samuelson productivity bias hypothesis. A random coefficients model that allows for country- and time-specific productivity effects is estimated...
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Do Caring Services Affect Off-Farm Work? Evidence from Italy
AbstractThe article investigates the determinants of the off-farm work decision in Italian farm households, highlighting the role of caring services.Assuming that the household simultaneously decides over the optimal allocation of time of each of its...
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Modeling Economic Optimum Nitrogen Rates for Winter Wheat When Inputs Affect Yield and Output-Price
AbstractAn empirical model to examine economically optimal nitrogen fertilizer rates for winter wheat when nitrogen affects crop yield and crop price is presented. The results show that the ex post estimated economically optimal nitrogen rate for one...
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The Impact of Innovation, Firm Growth and Perceptions on Technical and Scale Efficiency
AbstractThis paper uses a two-stage approach to analyse efficiency and productivity of Dutch glasshouse firms over the period 1991-1998. The first stages uses DEA to determine productivity growth and technical and scale efficiency; the second stage applies...
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The Individual and Social Characteristics of Poplar Investors-Cultivators and the Factors That Affect the Size of Poplar Plantations According to the EU Regulation 2080/92
AbstractThe framework of regulation EU/2080/92 includes a series of measures aimed at subsidies for the afforestation of agricultural land with a variety of species (Pinus, Poplar, Black locust, Walnut etc). Poplar in particular is a widespread forest...
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Single Payments of the CAP: Where Do the Rents Go?
AbstractBased on a simple graphical model we analyze the effects of the single payment scheme (SPS), introduced in the EU in 2003 on land prices and the distribution of rents. In particular, we are interested in if the single payments are capitalized...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2008

Demand for Non-Commodity Outputs from Mountain Olive Groves1
AbstractAgricultural multifunctionality is the recognition of the joint exercise of economic, environmental and social functions by this sector. In order to make this concept operative to support the design of public policies, it is necessary to estimate...
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Analyzing Supply Response of Fruit Tree Products in Tunisia: The Case of Peaches
AbstractIn Tunisia, peaches have a significant place in the fruit tree sector. Planted areas have been expanding ever since the eighties as a result of irrigation water extension and the use of better yielding varieties. These factors resulted in high...
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Some More Evidence in the Discussion of the Ambiguities Surrounding Consumer Perceived Value and Consumer Satisfaction: A New Perspective on the Role of Mass Communication Theories
AbstractThe major objective of this study is to test two alternative models in order to investigate whether customer value and satisfaction represent two theoretically and empirically distinct concepts. We address the core research themes of our study...
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What Influences Tastes? an Analysis of the Determinants of Consumers' Demand for Tastes in Food
AbstractThis article explores the factors affecting demand for tastes in food. Following Silberberg (1985) we divide demand for food into demand for nutrition and demand for tastes. We first compute the minimum cost required to fulfil the Recommended...
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The SMEs Performance by the New Technologies Application: The Case of Olive-Oil in Puglia
AbstractSince the facility for exchanging information and sharing knowledge increases both the competitiveness of companies and worker productivity, the opportunities that information and communication technology (ICT) offers for small and medium enterprises...
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Consumer Behaviour towards Own Label: Monitoring the Greek Experience
AbstractIn Greece, the traditional perceptions of private label were once of low quality, unbranded alternatives, attracting the most cost-conscious consumers. In today's private label market, however, a different level of products has emerged - the...
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The Relationship between Direct Payments and Efficiency on Swiss Farms
AbstractEconomic theory suggests several possible mechanisms through which direct government farm payments might influence the efficiency and structural change in agriculture. This study estimates identify the main determinants of efficiency, particularly,...
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Production Risks in Bulgarian Peanut Production
AbstractAs farmers in a transition economy search for new crop enterprises with a potential for income enhancement they are faced with increased risks in the process of resource allocation. It has been noted that biased estimation of production function...
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