Romanian Journal of European Affairs

Provides articles on the European integration debate and on Romania's role in an enlarged European Union

Articles

Vol. 13, No. 2, June

The Impact of EU Funds on Romanian Finances
Abstract:The EU budget negotiations for the 2014-2020 period are of great importance as they set political priorities for future years. As a net beneficiary of EU funds, Romania favours an increase in the size of the EU budget. Adopting such a position,...
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The European Law regarding the Impact of Merger on Employees' Rights
Abstract:The regulation of the social implications of transfers of undertakings is a topic that has made its way in the European law with quite enough difficulty, but became in time an increasingly discussed topic. Since the transfer of an undertaking...
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The Virtual Enterprise - Citizen of the European Union
Abstract:The Virtual Enterprise is a rather young and unclear concept in the business world. A virtual enterprise is a temporary network of companies that share their different resources in order to reach a given goal (the creation of a new product,...
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Germany: Europe's China
Abstract:The paper analyses Germany's ascent not only as Europe's most important economic power, but also as its leader. Figures show that Germany overcame the crisis; in fact the crisis legitimized its development model. Which would be Germany's main...
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Vol. 13, No. 1, March

Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, Actors and Issues
Abstract:The volume "Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, Actors and Issues", collects 16 articles on interest group politics at EU level, focusing on the main elements of European lobbying - the existing relations between the EU institutions and...
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The Crisis of the European Union and Its Reflection in the Romanian Public Sphere. Recent Findings
Abstract:This paper addresses the implications of the euro crisis, which turned from "a Greek mess" to a political, institutional, economic and confidence crisis of the European Union. In our view, the EU public sphere is relevant for the current debate...
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Putin's Third Term: The Triumph of Eurasianism?
Abstract:In the midst of the Russian Federation's 2012 presidential election, Vladimir Putin expressed his support for the establishment of a functioning Eurasian Union by 2015. This article attempts to demonstrate that this Eurasian push, taken in context...
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The Political Citizenship in the Context of the Lisbon Treaty
Abstract**:The notion of citizenship introduced by the Maastricht Treaty and modified by the Amsterdam Treaty, can be associated, among other things, with the political or democratic citizenship, based on a set of common political rights, with the main...
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The Supply Side of Second-Order Elections in the Czech Republic: A Light at the End of the Tunnel?
Abstract:This paper attempts to contribute to the debate on the Europeanization of European Parliament elections. Because these elections are supposedly fought over national political issues, the analysis focuses on one aspect of political parties' supply...
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Vol. 12, No. 4, December

A Giant with Feet of Clay? the EU's Ability to Develop Capabilities for Civilian Crisis Management
Abstract:Civilian crisis management has long been considered the EU's forte. Recent research however has questioned the EU's claim to this specialization. I will interrogate how the EU has fared in building civilian capabilities for CSDP through a case...
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The Theory of Political Monetary (Dis)Integration; A Minority Report from the Perspective of Austrian Economics
Abstract**:The issue of monetary disintegration gains an increasing place in the interest of political economists and policy makers alike. Until recently, the process through which two states that previously shared a common currency decide to abandon...
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The United States of Europe: A Conceptual Assessment
Abstract:The paper aims to analyze the concept of United States of Europe from the point of view of previous historical attempts to unite the European state entities as well as from the point of view of a comparative analysis with the United States of...
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Cultural Foundations of Autocracy and Their Amendment: What Can Higher Education Institutions Do?
Abstract:The paper examines the foundations of the societies in Central Asia (CA) and their impact on politics, recalls similarities with Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), attempting to make recommendations for the societies' advancement Firstly, I analyse...
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A Threefold Assessment of the Romanian Economy's Eco-Efficiency
Abstract:The present paper assesses the ecological sustainability of the Romanian economy from three different angles. The first two applications use the economy's energy and material consumption as proxy for its overall environmental impact. The third...
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The Roma as a Protected Minority? Policies and Best Practices in the EU
Abstract:The Roma people are one of the most heterogeneous minority groups in Europe, encompassing a broad variety of cultural traits and linguistic diversity, resulting in numerous sub-groups and fragmented identities. However, the group defines itself...
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Vol. 12, No. 3, September

The Power of a Single Voice: The EU's Contribution to Global Governance Architecture
Abstract: Over the past decades, global governance has become the most active phenomenon of world politics. From economics to politics, from climate change to international security, global governance became responsible for adjusting the international...
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The Influence of the EU Council Presidency on Public Opinion
Abstract:The Presidency of the EU Council is regarded as an influential and useful instrument for domestic political progress of European integration and the issues it brings along. Many academics as well as politicians assume that the EU Council Presidency,...
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Living across the Borders: The Mobility Narratives of Romanian Immigrants in Spain
Abstract: This article seeks to analyze the mobility of Romanians within Spain, taking into account the current economic crisis that is affecting labour markets in Spain and Romania, and its impact upon people. Using the perceptions of Romanians, the...
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Competing Variables in Turkey's Multi-Vector Foreign Policy
Abstract: A certain shift in the Turkish foreign policy has been noticeable over the last decade, especially after the AKP (Justice and Development Party) came to power in 2002, which manifested in closer relations with its Arab neighbours and simultaneously...
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Study of the Peculiarities of Export Developments in EU Member Countries and in Armenia
Abstract:This paper aims at investigating the role of integration and trade in the economic development of EU member countries and Armenia, which is one of the six countries of EU Eastern Partnership project. Building on the studies of comparative advantages...
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Vol. 12, No. 2, June

European Cohesion Policy: A Proposed Evaluation Model
Abstract: The current approach of European Cohesion Policy (ECP) is intended to be a bridge between different fields of study, emphasizing the intersection between "the public policy cycle, theories of new institutionalism and the new public management"....
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Comparative Analysis of South Eastern Europe Economies Facing the Crisis. Future Prospects for the Region
Abstract**: This paper analyses the effects of the global economic crisis in ten South Eastern European countries (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia), within a European perspective....
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Changing Borders, Stable Attitudes: The National and European Identity before and after the Most Recent EU Enlargements
Abstract: This article investigates whether changes occur in the national and European identities of the citizens from the old and new Member States following the 2004 and 2007 enlargements. Complementary, it seeks to identify the major attitudinal determinants...
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Euros(c)eptic - the Theory of the Optimum Currency Area and the Practice of the Euro -
Abstract: The article examines whether the euro crisis can be entirely attributed to factors such as regulatory failure or fiscal indiscipline, as opposed to the mechanisms built into the euro itself. It concludes that the euro contains a built-in bias...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, March

The Ambivalent Role of the EU in the Western Balkans - "Limited Europeanisation" between Formal Promises and Practical Constraints. the Case of Bosnia-Herzegovina
Abstract:It became a shared opinion among European policy-makers to state that without a serious commitment from the European Union (EU), the Western Balkans (WB) will find itself increasingly isolated from the unfolding developments around it and this...
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Building a Common State Army Forces in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina: Assessing Its Peace-Building Perspective
Abstract:When the war in Bosnia ended in December 1995 with the Dayton Agreement, the armed forces in the country were divided along the ethnic lines. However, in 2005 the country's politicians agreed on defence reforms that led to merging former rival...
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Cooperation and Competition in the European Parliament: A Game Theoretical Interpretation
Abstract:In this paper the author analyzes the nature of the legislative process which takes place within the European Parliament by studying the bilateral interactions among its relevant decisional groups, i.e. the parliamentary groups. In this sense,...
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Les Partis Politiques Européens: Les Grands Absents De la Politique Européenne
Abstract:Almost twenty years after their first legal recognition by the Treaty of Maastricht, the European political parties have not induced, as some political elites expected it, a "new era of European politics". The 2009 European elections or the...
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Can Historical Institutionalism Explain the Reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy?
Abstract.Historical institutionalism, one of the three variants of new institutionalism, has been largely employed by scholars to explain the development of one of the first policies developed at the European level, namely the Common Agricultural Policy...
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Examenul Schengen. ÎN Cautarea Sferei Publice Europene [the Schengen Exam. in Search of the European Public Sphere]
Alina Bârgaoanu, Examenul Schengen. În cautarea sferei publice europene [The Schengen Exam. In Search of the European Public Sphere], Bucure§ti: Comunicare.ro, 2011Abstract: "The Schengen Exam. In Search of the European Public Sphere" focuses on the...
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Vol. 11, No. 4, December

Foreword - 10-Year Anniversary of RJEA
On the occasion of the ten-year anniversary of the Romanian journal of European Affairs (R)EA), we would like to express our thanks to you, our readers, for being alongside us since the early days of our journal.Issued on a quarterly basis, the journal...
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Remarks on the Future of the European Union: Domestic and Global Challenges Ahead
Abstract:This paper** highlights the main consequences that the crisis has put on the European Union, regarding four major areas: financial, macroeconomic, social and mental-ideological. Also, it aims to tackle some key challenges for the European Union:...
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Strategic Thinking in the EU - Aspiration or Reality?
Abstract**:The aim of this paper is to show the most important points of view presented by high officials and representatives of the academic milieu from European countries on the occasion of the EPIN conference regarding the Strategic Thinking in the...
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Ukraine, the European Union and the Democracy Question
Abstract:Recent political developments in Ukraine call into question its democratisation process. For this reason, it is important to consider EU relations with that country as offering a possible protection against full democratic inversion. Two problems...
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Small States as "Contributing Nations" to the EU's Normative Power: The Case of Slovenia
Abstract:How can small states contribute to the overall normative power of the European Union (EU)? In this article we assess how much Slovenia, a small EU Member State with limited financial and human resources, contributes to this normative power....
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The Europeanization of Romanian Foreign Policy: Mitigating European and National 'Misfits' in the International Criminal Court and Kosovo Cases
Abstract**:This article aims to tackle some of the challenges posed to the Europeanization research agenda and to examine the usefulness of the Europeanization approach to the study of national foreign policy (selecting Romania as a test case). It proposes...
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Assessing European Union's Development Policy: Building the Bridge between Rhetoric and Deeds
Abstract:This paper covers the topic of European Union (EU)'s development policy, focusing exclusively on the actions taken by the European institutions. It is argued here that despite the official rhetoric of the Union to support primarily least-developed...
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Formal Rules versus an Economic Approach in Dealing with Cartels: The Need for More Coherence in European Competition Law
Abstract**:Cartelizing is today among the most hunted business conduct in the world. Competition authorities from the countries where these statutes were adopted embrace the wisdom that such agreements between competitors are unquestionably anti-competitive....
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The Dynamics of Change in EU Governance
The Dynamics of Change in EU Governance, Udo Diedrichs, Wulf Reiners and Wolfgang Wessel s (eds.), Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, UK, 2011, 264 pages, ISBN: 978-1-84844-886-5.This book is the result of a smooth interfusion between different academic...
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Vol. 11, No. 3, September

Appraising the European Neighbourhood Policy: Background, Implementation and Recommendations
Abstract:The present article tackles the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in the context of the European Union's Eastern neighbours - Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus. Reflected on the May 2011 Communication drafted by the European Commission and High...
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Moving Borders. European Immigration Policy and the Multidimensional Instability of the Boundaries
Abstract:Two contemporary phenomena in the field of immigration force us to reflect upon the relationship between the migration flows and their political management: the tortuous development of the European immigration policies, and the contemporary...
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The European Union's Quest for Energy Policy: A Geo-Economic Approach
Abstract:The European Union's external energy policy architecture is very important for further energy security and economic development. European normative power on its neighbours represents the most efficient way of integrating neighbouring energy...
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European Emission Trading Scheme at a Turning Point - from the Pilot Phase to Post-2012
Abstract:Climate change action has become a top priority for the European governments and for the European Union. Since the polluters are part of the energy-intensive industries, the mechanisms designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions should focus...
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Implications of the Eu Multi-Level Governance in the Field of Competition Policy - a Comparative Analysis of the Characteristics of Cohesion and Competition Policies
Abstract:The paper aims at analyzing the intrinsic characteristics of the European Union and to show that these characteristics objectively require the implementation of multi-level governance. A comparative analysis of the European Union's cohesion...
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Economic Problems of European Union Caused by the Demographic Ageing
Abstract:The purpose of this paper is to offer a realistic perspective upon the imminent situation of demographic ageing issue in European Union. The forecasts are not reasons to major concern for the society but rather to become more responsible and...
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Vol. 11, No. 2, June

The Entire World's a Stage: The Eu's Strategic Presence in the Contemporary International Arena
Abstract:In the last ten years, an exceptional and diverse series of impacting events-international terrorism, violent conflict situations, war, environmental and natural crises, coups, assassinations and international disputes and challenges-have unfolded....
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The Strategic Character of the Cooperation Relationship between the Eu and the Bric Countries
Abstract:Brazil, the Russian Federation, India and China (coined under the acronym BRIC at the end of 2001) are alongside the United States of America (USA), Canada, Japan, Mexico and South Africa the strategic partners of the European Union (EU). Although...
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Regionalization in the Black Sea Area: A Comparative Study
Abstract**:The post-Cold War period in Europe was favourable for the development of new regionalization projects which surrounded the EU. The Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea became the centre of new European sub-regions. Each project...
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Immigrants in Spain - Their Role in the Economy and the Effects of the Crisis
Abstract:In the last decade Spain definitely became a country of immigrants. This article describes the characteristics and economic role of immigration, the oficial policy towards the phenomenon and the effects of the financial and economic crisis of...
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Free Movement of Persons in the European Union: Barriers to Movement in Their Constitutional Context
Eleanor Spaventa, Free Movement of Persons in the European Union: Barriers to Movement in Their Constitutional Context , Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer European Law Collection, 2008, 204 pages, ISBN: 978 9041124708As of 1970, the European Court of Justice...
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Turkey Entering the European Union through the Balkan Doors: In the Style of a Great Power?
Abstract:Confronting an increasing EU opposition from a number of influential member states to its membership the AKP government adopted a multilateral approach to its foreign policy making resulting in dynamic economic and diplomatic policies with the...
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A Community of Europeans? Transnational Identities and Public Spheres
Thomas Risse, A Community of Europeans? Transnational Identities and Public Spheres , Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010, 272 pages, ISBN: 978 0801476488A Community of Europeans? Transnational Identities and Public Spheres represents a multi-faceted...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, March

Eu Economic Governance Reform: Are We at a Turning Point?
Abstract**: The sovereign debt crisis is creating enormous anguish in the EMU. Not surprisingly, emergency measures continue to be used at a time when a sort of economic recovery seems to be underway. Against this background the European Council summit...
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Deposit Guarantee Schemes Join Financial Safety-Net
Abstract:Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) become more visible under the current conditions of the world financial markets. If those have played in the past a rather discreet role for social stability through the function of pay box following a bank failure,...
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Economic Integration and Statist Reach - towards a Holistic Assessment
Abstract:This paper assesses the relationship between public governance and economic competitiveness in a globalized world. The extent of statist reach is often seen as being reduced by the integrated world economy. The present article argues that this...
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An Extended Approach to E-Inclusion and Its Implications for Romania
Abstract:Depending on the existing social patterns and trends, development of information society creates new opportunities and risks and restructures the established areas of public policy. For example, e-inclusion becomes more and more today's predominant...
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The Bologna Process: The Reform of the European Higher Education Systems
Abstract:The Bologna process is the comprehensive reform initiative of the European higher education systems, with an unprecedented political support and commitment for changes. In Central and Eastern European countries the Bologna process is not only...
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Establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal in the Former Yugoslavia (Icty): Dealing with the "War Raging at the Heart of Europe"
Abstract**:Much has been written on the question of disintegration of the former Yugoslavia and the conflict that followed. A lot of scholarly attention was devoted to the analysis of the reasons of the Yugoslav war, political, military, psychological...
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ROMANIA AND INTEGRATION INTO THE EUROPEAN MODEL OF E-INCLUSION: FROM ACCESS TO THE USE OF ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SERVICES: The Social Dimension of Internet Diffusion in Romania: Examining the Connection between Internet Uses and Frequencies
Abstract**: The paper looks at a representative sample of Romanian Internet users, intending to differentiate between factors that are influencing the frequency of use. It describes the statistical setting of occasional users versus the group of regular...
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Vol. 10, No. 4, December

Brief Overview on the Conditionality in the European Neighbourhood Policy
Abstract**:The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has become a top issue on the EU agenda after the EU enlargement wave of 2004, completed in 2007. The question of efficiently managing the new borders of EU, by facing the new-fangled challenges related...
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Regional Black Sea Architecture and Consequences for the Regional Cooperation Framework
Abstract**:Sometimes considered an asset, other times a liability, the Black Sea started recently to be regarded as a region. However, the Black Sea Region (BSR) lacks a common vision, often due to the complicated and often inefficient nexus of regional...
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Turkish Parties' Positions towards the Eu: Between Europhilia and Europhobia
Abstract:This research is a case study meant to find out whether the arguments put forward by Szczerbiak and Taggart analyzing Euroscepticism in the party systems of the EU candidate states of Central and Eastern Europe hold true for party-based Euroscepticism...
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Supporting the Eu with(out) Political Knowledge: Empirical Evidence from a New Joiner
Abstract.This article investigates the relationship between political knowledge and trust in the EU among the Romanian citizens between 2002 and 2009. It uses individual level data from the Candidate Countries (2001-2004) and Standard Eurobarometers...
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Europeanization of Romanian Foreign Policy
Abstract:The paper discusses various aspects of the Europeanization of Romanian foreign policy: elite socialization, bureaucratic reorganization, institutional and policy adaptation to the requirements and exigencies of EU's Common Foreign and Security...
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Vol. 10, No. 3, September

Economic and Legal Aspects of the Planned Damages Actions for Breaches of Ec Antitrust Law
Abstract:This paper investigates the planned damages actions for breaches of EC antitrust law in order to assess their impact on consumer welfare. It first examines the current legal situation and concurs that the European Union needs to regulate damages...
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Features of WTO Dispute Settlement. the Standing of the Eu
Abstract:The WTO has an innovative system of dispute settlement, with the following features: sui-generis, integrated, resolving the disputes according to the WTO agreements, excluding unilateral solutions, interstate system. These features are detailed...
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The European Union and the Balkans: Between Symbiosis and Integration?
Abstract.The European Union continues to constitute an incomplete economic-political entity at intergovernmental and supranational level. The EU is seeking to establish appropriate functional superstructures extending beyond the narrow confines of trade,...
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Political Implications of the Eastern Partnership for Ukraine: A Basis for Rapprochement or Deepening the Rift in Europe
Abstract:Being a logic continuation of the European Neighbourhood Policy endowed with several innovative instruments the Eastern Partnership inherited predominantly depoliticized nature with normative convergence remaining the centrepiece of the EU policy...
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MEPs 2.0? EUROPARLIAMENTARIANS TALKING TO VOTERS IN THE INTERNET ERA
Abstract:This paper systematically looks at the nature of MEPs' internet-based "web tools" in the past EP legislature and at the extent to which their features reflect the complex nature of the EP environment ("Europeanization of communication"). To...
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Dumnezeu la Bruxelles. Religia îN Spatiul Public European
Radu CARP, Dumnezeula Bruxelles. Religia în spa pul public european, Editura Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, 2009, 194 pp; ISBN 978-973-757-176-2Dès ses débuts l'Union européenne semblait être construite sur des bases séculières, Dieu aussi bien que la religion...
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Guidelines for Authors
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) is a publication that deals with a wide range of topics pertaining to the realm of European Affairs. Its articles focus on issues of significance in the EU today (institutional building, economic policies,...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, June

Understanding the Treaty of Lisbon
Abstract1.The entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon comes at a time of continuing lack of agreement about its significance thus justifying a new and less polarized assessment. The article looks at previous assessments, including those that see the...
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Not So Wide, Europe: Reconsidering the Normative Power of the Eu in European Foreign Policy
Abstract.Through the use of political conditionally, the European Union (EU) exercises what Ian Manners has termed 'normative power', which many scholars and political analysts have regarded as the primary force behind the speedy democratization process...
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Reassessing European Union Limits: What Role for the New Regional Partnerships?
Abstract.As every enlargement brings new neighbours to the European Union, the European Neighbourhood Policy is facing new challenges regarding its policy towards the countries in its proximity. Although the ENP does not offer perspectives for accession,...
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Romanian Security in an Evolving European Context
Abstract**:With the arrival of formerly Soviet-dominated Central Eastern European countries in the EU, the conceptualisation of European security was yet again challenged, this time by different perceptions of old threats, instead of different readings...
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Weighting Differences: Romanian Identity in the Wider European Context
Vasile Boari and Sergiu Gherghina (eds.), Weighting Differences: Romanian Identity in the Wider European Context, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009, 272 pages, ISBN: 978 1443810012In an era marked by accelerated globalization and...
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Guidelines for Authors
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) is a publication that deals with a wide range of topics pertaining to the realm of European Affairs. Its articles focus on issues of significance in the EU today (institutional building, economic policies,...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, March

Equity as the Missing Link: The Values of the European Union
Abstract**:The European Union (EU) is a singularly successful example of economic integration. To what extent it has also been a force for democracy- and how it can more clearly become one- are the key questions addressed in this article. Below, I first...
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Disquietude on the Eastern Flank: Awaiting Alliance Response
Abstract.**:The absence of significant and tangible military defensive infrastructure on the Eastern flank generated over time a breach of credibility in the security guarantee provided by NATO under its Article 5 commitment. The main argument of the...
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EU AND CIVIL SOCIETY: THE CASE OF NGOs IN PEACE MISSIONS AND HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION
Abstract**:Social scientists and policy-makers are increasingly concerned with the civil society ability to influence the external policy of EU and the member states. This ability depends to a large extent on the capabilities and instruments of the nongovernmental-organizations...
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Are Contemporary Wars "New"?
Abstract**:This paper will assess the existing perspectives on "new wars" in the literature. It will then analyze the degree to which contemporary wars are "new" by looking firstly at the changing nature of the state. It will not however support the...
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Changes in Romania's Foreign Policy from the Perspective of NATO and Eu Membership
Abstract**:This article aims to analyze the main changes and factors which have an impact on Romania's foreign policy agenda, considering the fact that our country is a member state of the European Union and also a NATO member. The goal is therefore...
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Between Hammers and Anvils the Socialization of European Permanent Representatives: Romania and Bulgaria - a Comparative Case Study
Abstract**:The question of administrative governance in the European Union reflects the links between the decision-making process and the national Member States. The Permanent Representations are the key institutions translating Brussels policies into...
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