LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal

Provides articles on library and information science.


Vol. 27, No. 1, November

Changing Patterns of Perceived ICT Skill Levels of Elderly Learners in a Digital Literacy Training Course
INTRODUCTIONThe Open University of Japan (OUJ) offers distance-learning programs through courses broadcast on TV and radio, in addition to face-to-face courses at its 50 study centers nationwide. In 2015, OUJ also began offering online courses. Although...
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The Structural Characteristics of the Japanese Paperback Book Series Shinsho
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)INTRODUCTIONBeing an essential knowledge infrastructure, books have been the target of numerous studies from various points of view. Chartier (1993) pointed out that the physical aspects of books have...
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Leisure Reading Preferences of Bilingual Female Students in Singapore
INTRODUCTIONLeisure reading plays a vital role in personality development and cognitive growth of children. It strengthens the thinking process and exposes readers to different perspectives and diverse viewpoints. Sustained reading can also improve students'...
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Physico-Symbolic Characteristics of the Japanese Paperback Book Series Shinsho: A Descriptive Study
INTRODUCTIONPrinted books have occupied a unique and privileged position in the representation, distribution, and consumption of knowledge since the invention of movable-type printing (Eisenstein, 1980). Although the importance of printed books is widely...
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Vol. 26, No. 2, December

Diagnosing the Organizational Culture of Higher Education Libraries in the United Arab Emirates Using the Competing Values Framework
INTRODUCTIONCulture can be considered as the pattern of norms, values, beliefs and attitudes that influence behavior within an organization (Schein, 1985). Organizational culture stems from an enduring set of values, beliefs, attitudes and assumptions...
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Interplanetary Travel: Cluster Analysis of Inspec Classification Codes to Identify Main Subject Areas
INTRODUCTIONIn the early years of space exploration, Dwight D. Eisenhower's President's Science Advisory Committee (1958) referred to "the compelling urge of man to explore and to discover, the thrust of curiosity that leads men to try to go where no...
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Vol. 26, No. 1, June

Elsevier's Journal Metrics for the Identification of a Mainstream Journals Core: A Case Study on Mexico
INTRODUCTIONGarfield's Journal Impact Factor (JIF) has been the bibliometric indicator most commonly used by librarians, researchers and research managers. Although JIF has faced criticism, and reports of malpractices have surfaced, it is still considered...
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Assessing Safe Spaces for Digital Scholarship in the Library
INTRODUCTIONDigital scholarship is an emerging trend in multiple academic disciplines. Faculties in the humanities, social sciences, and Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) fields are teaching students new forms of research, rhetoric, expression,...
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The Adoption and Implementation of RFID: A Literature Survey
INTRODUCTIONRFID is being used for a wide variety of applications ranging from building access control proximity cards to supply chain tracking, toll collection, vehicle parking access control, retail stock management, ski lift access, library books...
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Archiving Cultural and Community Memories in a Networked Information Society: A Japanese Perspective
INTRODUCTIONMany projects to develop digital collections of cultural heritage have been carried out worldwide since the explosive growth of the Internet and the Web in the mid-1990s. The author has discussed digital archives and metadata in the context...
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Digital Curation for Cultural and Intellectual Assets: A Taiwan Perspective
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)INTRODUCTIONDigital information on the Internet is massively increasing and having significant impacts on people in many areas, such as education, recreation, research and culture. The generated digital...
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Current Status of Scientific Data Curation Research and Practices in Mainland China
INTRODUCTIONWith the rapid growth in research activities and the resulting body of scientific data, data have become as important a strategic resource as natural resources and human resources. Scientific research depends more and more on finding theories...
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Digital Curation Projects: A Study of Selected Academic and Research Repositories in the Philippines
INTRODUCTIONThis paper provides an overview and describes digitization projects and preservation initiatives in selected academic and research libraries in the Philippines. Particularly, it describes a digitization project at the Rizal Library of the...
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Vol. 25, No. 2, December

Is There Such a Thing as "Least Publishable Unit"? an Empirical Investigation
INTRODUCTION"Academic publishing has already reached a point where too much material of too little substance is being published, and this trend is continuing" (Trimble, Grody, McKelvey, & Gad-el-Hak, 2010, p. 276). The foregoing claim is one that...
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IT Professionals' Information Behaviour on Twitter
INTRODUCTIONInformation behaviour is a term used to describe the various ways in which people interact with information and utilise it (Bates, 2005). Information behaviour refers to human behaviour in relation to information, and the explicit, implicit...
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Employee Perception of the Knowledge Sharing Culture in Kuwaiti Companies: Effect of Demographic Characteristics
INTRODUCTIONKnowledge is a strategic resource that organizations can use to gain competitive advantage (Choi, Poon, & Davis, 2008). Knowledge sharing is the means by which employees contribute to knowledge application in organizations; knowledge...
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Vol. 25, No. 1, June

I presume that all new journal editors grapple with the question of what the roles of an editor are. I had assumed before accepting"the mantle" that the role is chiefly that of gatekeeper-ensuring the integrity of the peer-review process, and that the...
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Fragmented Practice: Creating and Maintaining Information-Rich Websites in SMEs
INTRODUCTIONIn enterprises of all sizes, the organisation of online information and other aspects of website design are critical activities in creating an effective website. Designing and implementing optimal Web information structures support various...
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An Exploratory Study of School Librarians' Emotional Response to Change in the Workplace
INTRODUCTIONIn the workplace, change is inevitable. There will be personnel changes, reorganisations and changes made in response to technological or societal changes. In essence, workplace change is part of life. As the saying goes, "change happens."Libraries...
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Components and Factors in Integrating Information Literacy Instruction in Elementary Education Using a Virtual Learning Environment
INTRODUCTIONInformation literacy enables a person's self-learning and knowledge acquisition. Information literacy should be developed at the elementary level since it forms the foundation of education, which aims to develop fundamental skills of thinking,...
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Social Networking Services: A New Platform for Participation in Government Programmes and Policies among Nigerian Youths
INTRODUCTIONIn Nigeria, the long period of military dictatorship denied citizens the opportunity of participation in government policies and programmes. This resulted in the growth and development of the Nigerian economy without a corresponding improvement...
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Vol. 24, No. 2, December

Internet Filters and Academic Freedom: Librarian and Stakeholder Perceptions and Their Impact on Access to Information
INTRODUCTIONThe use of Internet filters has been adopted by colleges and universities to monitor and sometimes block access to online content. While filters do play a role in eliminating content that a community finds offensive, there is no mandatory...
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Issues in Information Behaviour on Social Media
INTRODUCTIONSocial media applications have encroached into all areas of our lives, and are having a major impact on how we live, work, play, learn, socialize and vote! Social media in its various manifestations present a golden opportunity and rich environment...
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Collectively Figuring It Out: Foreign-Trained Health Professionals and Labor Market Integration
Conclusion. Foreign-trained health professionals are faced with a combination of unfamiliar healthcare system, terminology, information sources and informationseeking practices. Online communities supported by online discussion forums help these health...
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Relevance Judgment When Browsing a Health Discussion Forum: Content Analysis of Eye Fixations
INTRODUCTIONMore and more people are seeking and accessing health information on the Internet. A telephone survey of adults in the United States conducted in 2012 by PEW Internet & American Life Project (Fox & Duggan, 2013) found that 59% of...
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Young Learners' Use of Social Media for Information Seeking: Exploring Core LIS Journals from 2010-2014
INTRODUCTIONIn recent years a growing interest in research on social media has emerged in many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. The development is demonstrated by an increasing number of scholars now labeling their research "social...
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Search Delegation, Synthesists and Expertise on Social Media
INTRODUCTION"It is somewhat ironic that we live in a culture that rewards specialization, yet most specialized scientific and professional knowledge is built on syntheses of diverse data and ideas." (Gazan, 2006).Social media is blurring the boundaries...
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Vol. 24, No. 1, June

Streaming Availability and Library Circulation: An Exploratory Study
INTRODUCTIONThe past year has been momentous for home consumption of movies and television programming. 2013 saw the venerable video rental chain Blockbuster cease rental operations and liquidate all holdings, it also saw Netflix grow from 29.2 million...
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Four Types of Undergraduate Library Users, Based on Their Profile of Library Use, Knowledge and Perceptions
INTRODUCTIONStudents behave differently during information searching in libraries according to their patterns of library use, knowledge and perceptions. Because of these differences, some students appear to be better than others in using libraries. The...
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Ontology Modeling for a Drought Management Information System
INTRODUCTIONThailand has an average annual rainfall of over 1,300 mm. and suffers from frequent flood and drought due to the uneven distribution of rainfall. Flood usually occurs during the monsoon season (September-October) when there is intense precipitation....
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Developing a Framework for Analyzing Organizational Stories
INTRODUCTIONOrganizational leaders use stories to espouse their vision and to promote expected organizational mindsets and behaviors. Richard Branson (2008), CEO of Virgin Group, used stories to communicate Virgin's philosophies about people, innovation,...
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Learning Styles: Factors Affecting Information Behavior of Thai Youth
INTRODUCTIONInformation behavior is becoming a fundamental and strategic aspect of intelligent citizenship. For organizations, understanding information behavior helps to support information systems design and enhance the strategic scanning capability...
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Vol. 23, No. 2, September

Being Interdisciplinary: A Look into the Background and Experiences of iSchool Faculty Members
ABSTRACTThis two-stage study provides an in-depth examination of iSchool's interdisciplinary approach in education and research via the lens of iSchool faculty members' background and experiences. At the first stage, a content analysis of faculty online...
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Selecting the Right Search Term in Query-Based Systems for deduplication/Die Wahl Des Suchbegriffs in Anfragebasierten Systemen Zur Erkennung Bibliographischer Dubletten/Sélection De Mot De Recherche Dans Les Systèmes Basés Sur Des Reqûetes En Vue De Détecter Les Doublons Bibliographiques
Essentially three approaches could be identified when choosing a proper search term to detect bibliographic duplicates. Stop words are excluded in all of them, then (1) just the first term of an entry will be selected or (2) that term is selected, which...
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Technology Impacts on Curriculum of Library and Information Science (LIS) - a United States (US) Perspective
Abstract:Information technology (IT) has tremendously influenced and changed library and information services at libraries and information agencies. The education of library and information science (LIS) professionals is also strongly impacted by IT,...
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Detecting Collaboration Patterns among iSchools by Linking Scholarly Communication to Social Networking at the Macro and Micro Levels
ABSTRACTInformation schools (iSchools) have grown along with heightened understanding of the rapid changes taking place in the information society and in the humanities. This growth has led to the characteristics of multidisciplinarity and the need for...
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Vol. 22, No. 2, September

The Role of Information Professionals in Geoscience Data Management: A Western Australian Perspective
AbstractThe research project investigated the role of information professionals in geoscience data management. Data management professionals in organisations which generate geoscience data across the government, academic and corporate sectors in Western...
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Getting the Picture: Interviews and Photo Elicitation at Edmonton Public Library
AbstractAs part of its Library Spaces Business Plan initiative, Edmonton Public Library (EPL) conducted interviews paired with photo elicitation to explore customers' perceptions of their library spaces and to better understand how customers use those...
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Vol. 22, No. 1, March

Scholarly Communication's Mess: Can Economic Analysis Help?
AbstractThis paper constitutes a trial of a game- and decision-theory based approach that is intended to examine elements of the complexities of scholarly communication as an economic endeavor. Both individual and institutional kinds of games are analyzed...
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Counting Cataloging: Moving beyond Statistics to Measure the Value of Cataloging
AbstractGiven the budgetary and technological changes facing academic libraries, it has become necessary for librarians to become self-advocates, describing and defending the work they do. Most research in this area is dedicated to public services, with...
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Vol. 21, No. 2, September

Mobile Technologies - Information on the Move ... or Stuck in a Groove? - A South African Perspective1
Abstract:Mobile technologies present exciting and new opportunities to those who have not been able to access digital information before or provide additional opportunities for access. Education programmes and curricula are being revitalized through...
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Vol. 21, No. 1, March

Geographic Information Systems (Gis) in Public Library Assessment
AbstractThis paper details three projects utilizing geographic information systems (GIS) in the assessment of public libraries. The benefits of GIS include the abilities to generate maps to convey more information than through other means and to allow...
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Changing Times and Requirements: Implications for LIS Education
ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study is to identify how library and information studies educators are refining curricula to ensure students are learning the knowledge and skills necessary to work in our rapidly changing field. This study, utilizing a mixed-method...
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Medium Rare: Exploring Archives and Their Conversion from Original to Digital Part Two- the Holistic Knowledge Arsenal of Paper-Based Archives
AbstractThis paper is the second installment in a two-part series on the physicality of archival material in the context of the digital age. The first part reviewed key lessons in the history of new technologies that have affected archival practice....
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Librarian as Fair Witness: A Comparison of Heinlein's Futuristic Occupation and Today's Evolving Information Professional
There has been a continuing discussion in library literature on the library as place and on the image of librarians in popular media, but there is little information on the librarian as person. The discussion on librarianship as a profession tends to...
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Gender and Citation in Two LIS E-Journals: A Comment
In LIBRES Vol 19, 1, 2010 Linsay Reece-Evans reported research which examined a bibliometric analysis of gender and citation in two LIS E-Journals: LIBRES and Information Research.Reece-Evans makes the salient point that women outnumber men at a ratio...
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Vol. 20, No. 1, March

Library Experiences of Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans Flood Survivors
AbstractMore than one million residents were displaced by Hurricane Katrina and the New Orleans Flood. Uprooted from their lives and dispersed across the country, survivors found themselves hundreds of miles away from home. Some found comfort and much...
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The Public Library as a Critical Institution in South Africa's Democracy: A Reflection
AbstractSouth Africa came out of apartheid rule in 1994. This transition has brought with it its own set of challenges including that of access to information, an essential pillar in upholding a democracy. In this transitional period, South Africa is...
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Accessing the Collection of a Large Public Library: An Analysis of OPAC Use
AbstractDespite widespread use of Internet search engines, the online catalogue is still the main pathway to the collection of a particular library. The use of Internet search engines does, however, have implications for user expectations around the...
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Gender and Citation in Two LIS E-Journals: A Bibliometric Analysis of LIBRES and Information Research
AbstractThough women outnumber men at a ratio of approximately 4:1 in the library and information science (LIS) field as a whole and 3:1 in academic librarianship, past studies suggest that male-authored LIS print journal articles outnumber female-authored...
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Vol. 19, No. 2, September

Academic Library Data from the United States: An Examination of Trends
AbstractThere is no doubt that there have been changes in recent years in academic libraries, their institutions, and the behaviors of their users. The literature in librarianship offers opinions and forecasts on a number of trends in services, resources,...
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Public Libraries and Their Contribution towards Economic Development: A Discussion
AbstractThis paper discusses the public library's role in society as a focal point for local economic development, adapted to the countries in the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR - composed of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay). It proposes a...
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Use of Bibliometrics in LIS Research
AbstractLibrary and Information Science (LIS) literature mirrors the development of the LIS profession, which needs to be analyzed for growth of the profession and to overcome its weaknesses. Bibliometric methods have been widely used in LIS research...
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The Availability and Accessibility of Vertical File Collections in Jamaican Libraries
AbstractSmall island developing states are often characterized by weak local publishing industries and infrastructure, which leads to the unavailability of locally relevant publications. Given this reality, the vertical file collections are therefore...
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Vol. 19, No. 1, March

Library Consortia in China
AbstractThis paper traces the history and development of library consortia in China from 1980 to the present. It also gives examples and descriptions of various types of library consortia in China, including academic, public, special, multi-type library...
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Digital Rights Management and Access to Information: A Developing Country's Perspective
AbstractDigital rights management systems (DRMs) together with technological protection measures (TPMs) have become a controversial topic of discussion around copyrighted works, particularly since the controversial Sony BMG case. This paper addresses...
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Implementing Information Literacy in Higher Education: A Perspective on the Roles of Librarians and Disciplinary Faculty
Communities and organizations spend money on library materials and services as a cost effective way to help community members gain access to the works and ideas of others so as to answer questions, solve problems, learn new things, and explore entertainment...
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