Central European Journal of Public Health

Provides articles on all aspects of public health.

Articles from Vol. 20, No. 1, March

15th World Conference on Tobacco or Health Singapore, 20-24 March 2012
Singapore, 20 March 2012: In a major milestone for Singapore in the fight against smoking, Health Minister Gan Kim Yong officially opened the 15th World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCTOH) in the presence of some of the world's most influential leaders.Present...
Attitudes of Hungarian Dental Professionals to Tobacco Use and Cessation
SUMMARYSmoking is the most preventable cause of death worldwide. The regularity of visits of patients to dental offices offers a valuable contact for health professionals and the healthcare system to initiate anti-smoking activity. However, these contacts...
Brazil to Become World's Largest Smoke-Free Country
Washington, D.C., 15 December, 2011 (PAHOAVHO) - The Government of Brazil today enacted a new law that protects the health of its more than 190 million inhabitants by prohibiting smoking in all enclosed collective-use spaces - both public and private....
Chan to World: Stand with Australia
SINGAPORE, 22 March 2012 -WHO Director-General Margaret Chan today urged the world to "stand shoulder to shoulder" against the tobacco industry's attempts to overturn Australia's new pathbreaking tobacco control law.The Australian law requires tobacco...
Comprehensive Tobacco Control Measures - the Overview of the Strategies Recommended by Who
SUMMARYAccording to the World Health Organization, there are more than one billion smokers in the world, and tobacco is said to kill half of its users. The European Region of WHO, with only 15% of the world's population, faces nearly one third of the...
Determination of Lead and Arsenic in Tobacco and Cigarettes: An Important Issue of Public Health
SUMMARYContents of lead and arsenic were determined in 617 tobacco samples and 80 samples of cigarettes. The mean content of lead in tobacco was 0.93 µg/g (range 0.02-8.56 µg/g) and arsenic was 0.15 µg/g (range <0.02-2.04 µg/g). The mean content of...
Editorial
More than 60 years ago, in 1951, two important epidemiological studies introduced by R. Doll et al., and J. Wynder et al., using modern scientific approach demonstrated clear relationship between smoking and lung cancer. More than 10 years later, the...
Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Absence from Work in Women in Nis, Serbia
SUMMARYExposure to environmental tobacco smoke leads to very serious health effects, especially on the respiratory system. The objective of this paper was to estimate the influence of passive smoking on absence from work because of respiratory problems...
Factors Associated with Tobacco Smoking and the Belief about Weight Control Effect of Smoking among Hungarian Adolescents
SUMMARYIntroduction: The relationship between body weight and smoking has been well-documented among adult populations, but the data among youth are inconsistent. This study explores the relationship among social, behavioural, body weight-related factors...
Household Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Respiratory Diseases among Children in Nis (Serbia)
SUMMARYThe authors investigated the relationship between household environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and prevalence of respiratory symptoms and diseases as well as absenteeism related to respiratory illness in schoolchildren. The study sample...
Identifying Gender Differences among Romanian Non-Smoking Junior High School Students
SUMMARYObjectives: The purpose of this study was to assess gender differences regarding perceptions of smoking between Romanian non-smoking boys and girls, to facilitate the development of effective smoking prevention programmes.Methods: Cross-sectional...
Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey (Gyts) Data to Tobacco Control Policy in Turkey - 2003 and 2009
SUMMARYObjective: The purpose of this paper is to use data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Turkey in 2003 and 2009 to examine changes in tobacco use and important tobacco control measures.Methods: The GYTS were conducted in grades...
Parental Education and Family Status-Association with Children's Cigarette Smoking
SUMMARYBackground: Social influences are among the most important factors associated with children's and adolescents' smoking. Social norms in families, peer groups, professional and municipal communities influence the individuals ones by the process...
Selected Aspects of Tobacco Control in Bulgaria: Policy Review
SUMMARYThis paper seeks to outline the challenges of tobacco consumption control in the transitional economy of Bulgaria. It focuses on issues of taxation, high unemployment, and smuggling while attempting to meet European Union (EU) requirements for...
Smokers with Intracranial Aneurysms Who Underwent Neurosurgical or Endovascular Treatment Have Not Stopped Smoking One Year after Surgery
SUMMARYSmoking increases the risk of forming, growing, and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed patients with intracranial aneurysms treated by neurosurgical or endovascular treatment - 154 patients (45 men, 109 women, 15 to...
Smoking Prevention Activities at the Third Faculty of Medicine of Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
In recent years, the Third Medical Faculty of Charles University in Prague has joined the policy of the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Union in order to prevent and reduce smoking among faculty members and students - future health professionals....
Support for Population Level Tobacco Control Policies in Hungary
SUMMARYBackground: Smoking is the leading, preventable risk factor for premature death and disability in Hungary. The objective of this paper was to assess the social acceptability of and the predictors of holding favourable attitudes toward tobacco...
The Analysis of Tobacco Consumption in Croatia - Are We Successfully Facing the Epidemic?
SUMMARYTobacco is the largest cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to analyse several health and economically related indicators of tobacco consumption: smoking prevalence, standardized death rates (SDRs) from lung cancer and the...
The Influence of Cigarette Smoke on the Selected Bronchoalveolar Cells in Experiment
SUMMARYThe occurence of lung diseases (obstructive, malignant) resulting from smoking has an increasing tendency. The lung is the primary organ at risk from the effects of inhaled cigarette smoke and smoking has been implicated as a contributing factor...
Variations in Nicotine Yields between Single Cigarettes
SUMMARYIntroduction and Aims: It is beyond any doubt that nicotine yield in cigarettes as determined using standard ISO method bears almost no relation to smokers' actual intake. However, the ISO method is still in use in many countries where the government...
What Limits the Effectiveness of School-Based Anti-Smoking Programmes?
SUMMARYBackround: It is generally accepted that living in families where there are smokers, children are stressed not only by the harmful physical exposure to second-hand and third-hand tobacco smoke, but also by the negative models of the adult relatives'...
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